Cleopatra Shiceka, Transnet Freight Rail: Increasing heavy haul capacity from the Waterberg coalfields – Examining the feasibility study for a coal rail link between Botswana and South Africa
 

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Cleopatra Shiceka, Transnet Freight Rail: Increasing heavy haul capacity from the Waterberg coalfields – Examining the feasibility study for a coal rail link between Botswana and South Africa

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Cleopatra Shiceka, General Manager Strategy and Planning, Transnet Freight Raildelivered this presentation at the 2012 Heavy Haul Rail Africa conference. Heavy Haul Rail Africa 2014 will cover all the ...

Cleopatra Shiceka, General Manager Strategy and Planning, Transnet Freight Raildelivered this presentation at the 2012 Heavy Haul Rail Africa conference. Heavy Haul Rail Africa 2014 will cover all the relevant issues including government and resource sector perspectives on future developments in heavy haul rail infrastructure, opportunities to source relevant funding, regulatory progress, challenges in planning and construction, rolling stock requirements, maintenance and capacity enhancement. To view the full agenda and to register, please visit the conference website http://www.railconferences.com/hhrailafrica

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Cleopatra Shiceka, Transnet Freight Rail: Increasing heavy haul capacity from the Waterberg coalfields – Examining the feasibility study for a coal rail link between Botswana and South Africa Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 2. Waterberg Development supports the New Growth Path Catalytic SIP Programmes Contribute directly to the objectives of NGP: •  reation of a favourable and globally C competitive coal mining sector •  acilitating broad-based participation in F the coal mining sector, and •  ontribution to local and national job C creation targets • Waterberg Integrated Development • Durban-Gauteng Development Region • South Eastern Node & Corridor • Saldanha-Northern Cape Corridor PAGE 2
  • 3. TFR’s role in the Waterberg •  Waterberg development is at a critical juncture ▪  Reserves confirmed as strategic: –  Dwindling reserves and qualities in Mpumalanga –  Strategic source to Eskom to ensure security of supply •  TFR plays a pivotal role to unlock logistics infrastructure and support emerging miners •  Waterberg development dependent on competitive logistics costs to Eskom power stations and exports to Richards Bay and Maputo •  Opportunity to: –  Introduce new rail standards and technologies to provide a capital and operationally efficient system –  Provide a new connection to Botswana PAGE 3
  • 4. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 5. South African Coal Resources Waterberg reserves •  argest remaining coal L in SA (> 70%) •  otential to integrate P logistics solutions with Botswana reserves Mpumalanga reserves •  istoric coal supply H basin •  esources and coal R qualities depleting •  trategic shift from S Mpumalanga imminent PAGE 5
  • 6. Botswana Coal Resources Kasane × Shakawe × Nxaunxau •  Botswana’s resources are widespread •  Regarded as the 2nd largest remaining reserve globally •  Mineable quantity & quality to be confirmed PL114/2005 × PL112/2005 PL113/2005 PL111/2005 Gumare PL110/2005 × PL109/2005 PL108/2005 PL107/2005 PL148/2007 Maun PL150/2007 Maitengwe PL106/2005 Gweta PL151/2007 PL152/2007 × Folio 1a × PL153/2007 PL154/2007 Folio 1b Folio 1c PL055/2005 Folio 1d Folio1g Folio 1e Mopipi Folio1b Folio1a Botswana Folio1e Folio1f Folio 1f Francistown Orapa × Folio1d Folio 1g PL076/2006 × PL023/2007 Folio 1h PL075/2006 PL078/2006 PL074/2006 PL036/2007 Ghanzi PL022/2007 PL021/2007 PL077/2006 Folio1c PL079/2006 PL073/2006 PL080/2006 Folio 1i PL037/2007 Semolale PL081/2006 PL040/2007 × Folio 1j PL037/2005 PL041/2007 PL054/2005 Folio3p Charles Hill Selebi-Phikwe PL036/2005 PL039/2007 Sefhophe PL044/2007 PL061/2005 PL042/2007 Folio3r Bobonong PL035/2005 PL060/2005 PL038/2007 Folio 1i × Folio 1j Folio 1k × Folio 1l PL053/2005 PL026/2007 PL025/2007 PL045/2007 Serowe Folio 1a Folio3s Folio3u × PL001/2004 Folio3q PL043/2007 PL028/2007 PL155/2007 PL031/2005 Folio3w Folio 1b Folio 1c Folio 1d Folio3t PL002/2004 PL230/2007 × Palapye PL027/2007 PL222/2007 PL046/2007 Folio 1f Folio3v Folio3y Folio 1j PL047/2007 Folio3a1 PL231/2007 Folio 1f Folio3x Folio 1a Folio 1b Folio 1c Folio 1d Folio 1h PL093/2007 Folio 1i Folio 1e Folio 1e PL037/2000 Folio 1g Folio3z Folio3a2 PL232/2007 Folio3a3 Folio 1k Folio 1l Folio 1m Folio 1n Folio 1p Folio 1o PL003/2004 PL035/2000 Folio 29a Mahalapye PL031/2007 Folio 1g PL233/2007 Folio 29e Folio3a4 PL101/2007 Folio 1h Folio 1a Folio 1b Folio 1r Folio 1q PL048/2007 PL049/2007 PL050/2007 PL032/2007 PL099/2007 PL051/2007 PL097/2007 PL096/2007 PL098/2007 PL102/2007 PL100/2007 PL171/2007 Folio 1c Folio 1c Folio 1d PL011/2004 Folio 1t Folio 1s Folio 1f PL053/2007 PL054/2007 Folio 1g PL055/2007 PL105/2007 PL103/2007 Folio 1e PL107/2007 PL052/2007 Folio 1u Folio 1v PL106/2007 PL104/2007 PL057/2005 PL056/2005 PL158/2007 Folio 1ac Folio 1x Tshane PL156/2007 Grootegeluk Mine PL157/2007 PL108/2007 Folio 1ab PL035/2007 Folio 1w PL162/2007 PL069/2007 PL070/2007 Folio 34e Folio 34a Folio 34b Folio 34c Folio 1y Folio 34d Kokong × Folio 1z Folio 1aa Folio 23c Folio 23a Folio 23d Jwaneng Gaborone × × Lobatse Mmathethe × Legend Coal Field Coal & Coalbed Licences Tsabong 0 50 100 150 × PAGE Source: Bon Terra
  • 7. Contextualising the Coal System in South Africa Musina Limpopo Coal Fields Waterberg Coal Fields Waterberg Feeder Lephalale 100 wagon 20t/axle Diesel Coal Backbone System (North of Ermelo) Springbok Flats Coal Fields Thabazimbi Turf 200 wagon 26t/axle 25 kV AC Waterberg < 30mtpa New Line > 30mtpa Mpumalanga Coal Fields 50 wagon Komatipoort Horse 20t/axle 3 kV DC shoe CFM Pyramid 100 wagon 20t/axle 25 kV AC Ogies 100 wagon 20t/axle 3 kV DC Maputo Broodsnyersplaas Lothair Ermelo Tunnel Coal Export Line (South of Ermelo) Future Link 100 wagon 20t/axle Diesel 200 wagon 26t/axle 25 kV AC Swazi Link System Limpopo Coal and Minerals Feeders Constraints Coalfields Richards Bay PAGE
  • 8. Transnet Freight Rail Coal System: Planned Capacity and Future Demand Musina Waterberg Coal Fields 80 130 200 wagon 26t/axle 25 kV AC Coal Backbone System (North of Ermelo) 70 Lephalale 23 Waterberg Feeder Limpopo Coal Fields Coal Export Line (South of Ermelo) 250 New Line > 30mtpa Swazi Link System Komatipoort CFM Pyramid Ogies Mpumalanga Coal Fields Ermelo Lothair Future Link Maputo 7 Year Committed Tunnel * Network Constraints General Freight New Heavy Haul line: In Feasibility Coalfields Limpopo Coal and Minerals Feeders 97 120 Richards Bay Future Demand PAGE
  • 9. South African Coal Rail System Development Investment Requirements •  The SA coal system is an integrated network •  Network capacity is shared with various commodities •  Increase of capacity across all sub-systems to support demand Projects Completion ETC (unescalated) Coal 81Mtpa In progress R 31,6 bn* Coal backbone 2018 Coal 91Mtpa + 2018 Swaziland link 2018 #R 5,0 bn Overvaal tunnel 2016 ~R 2bn Waterberg feeder Phase 1 Waterberg HH line: Phase 2 ~R5.1 bn (*) Infra and Rolling stock – sustaining and expansion, escalated. 2012 to 2018 R 5,1 bn 2020 +R32 bn (#) Complimentary investment required by Swaziland Rail PAGE
  • 10. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 11. Waterberg Expansion Strategy: Two Phases Botswana Link: Provide heavy haul connection from Waterberg into Botswana Existing Line New Line Lephalale Phase 2: Develop a new ~ 450km heavy haul line at 26 tons/axle that will extend the coal line from Ermelo to Thabazimbi Thabazimbi Pyramid Ogies Broodsnyersplaas Lothair Phase 1: Ermelo Interim phase will deliver an expected 23Mtpa of additional coal capacity by 2018/19 through an upgrade of the existing rail line and power supply systems Richards Bay PAGE
  • 12. Waterberg : Phase 1 Upgrade of Existing Lines Six stages for additional ~23Mtpa. •  ingle line capacity to be increased S incrementally by adding more loops, extending existing loops Lephalale •  rovision of arrivals/ departure yard P at Lephalale Thabazimbi •  HTE change-over at Pyramid for dual O voltage locomotives Pyramid Ogies Broodsnyersplaas Ermelo Existing Line Lothair •  lectrification of the Thabazimbi – E Lephalale section (25kV AC) •  pgrading of the power supply enU route •  onversion to 26 tons/axle C •  onstruction to commence in 2012 up C until 2017 New Line PAGE
  • 13. Why a new heavy haul line for Phase 2? • Volumes: Primarily Eskom driven • Current single line via Rustenburg cannot meet capacity and operational requirements • Maintenance intensive turf area • Freight and commuter traffic not compatible • It is more cost efficient – capital and operational - to build at HH standards • Suite of mature HH technologies available • Upfront energy efficient design for long term scalability • SA Inc competitiveness: Create a dedicated freight corridor to the new coal basin • Regional integration: Onward connectivity to Botswana PAGE 13
  • 14. Waterberg New Heavy Haul Line: Phase 2 Potential New HH Route (Option 1) Environmental, social, geology and topography limitations makes finding new alignments challenging but not impossible Thabazimbi Atlanta •  Ruling grade compatible with coal line standards in the loaded direction •  Route length ~ 450km •  Thabazimbi to Ermelo – new, 26 tal single line with 30 long passing loops, 14.7km of single line tunnels and 14.3km of single line viaducts •  Provision of switching stations, SVC’s & feeder transmission line from Eskom for 25kV AC •  200 wagon trains with head end or DP traction Hammanskraal Ermelo Hammanskraal to Ermelo Longitudinal section PAGE
  • 15. Connecting the heavy haul line to Botswana 1 2 Cross border to Botswana •  hree river crossings T options 2844m wide, 3.8m deep o  Two crossings near Stockpoort linking to Mahalapye o  One further south to link to Mmamabula 3969m wide, 4.8m deep 1 2 3280m wide, 4.1m deep 3 •  110km new line ~ •  oal line design C standards 3 PAGE
  • 16. Regional Integration The Waterberg heavy haul line remains the most viable option for Botswana’s coal reserves to various eastern seaboard ports Nacala MOZAMBIQUE ZIMBABWE NAMIBIA Route   BOTSWANA Walvis Bay Transwana/ Techobanine Maputo SOUTH AFRICA Richards Bay Distance km   ETC (Rbn)   Trans Kalahari   1 500   96   Nacala   2 200   125   970   32   Ore Line Ext   1 600   76   Techobanine   1 100   99   Waterberg   Saldanha PAGE
  • 17. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 18. Rail Technologies to be considered in design of new Heavy Haul line A suite of rail technologies are available that will improve capacity, operational efficiency, energy efficiency, train handling in challenging terrain, safety, sustainability, etc. Regeneration of power Best opportunities for regeneration is in a downgrade and AC environment Technologies will be included in the line specifications Distributed Power ECP (Electronically Controlled Pneumatic) braking Dual-voltage locomotives Train Authorisation (Train Control) PAGE 18
  • 19. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 20. Private Sector Involvement • Waterberg heavy haul line is a Regional and National Imperative • Strong sponsor support at PICC level • Traditional funding models not adequate ▪ Strong greenfield investment focus ▪ Long term and stable investors required (20 years+) i.e. Institutional Investors or Multi-lateral SPVs ▪ Debt financing and/or co-financing linked to Annuity Agreements • Various models for funding of infrastructure and rolling stock to be considered • Multi-lateral agreements between sovereign countries critical • Integration of planning and timing of regional port expansions critical PAGE 20
  • 21. Content Introduction Overview of the Coal System Waterberg Expansion Strategies Rail Technologies Private Sector Involvement Questions PAGE
  • 22. Indicative Waterberg Capacity Ramp-up Capacity : ~23 Capacity : ~80 Mtpa Phases 1-6 New Heavy Haul Line Mtpa 80 79Mtpa GFB Thermal Coal Trains per Day Phase 2 Phase 4 Phase 5 60 Coal - Export Phase 1 Phase 3 70 Phase 6 Current Heavy Haul Line 40 32Mtpa 30 Phases 1-6 20 3Mtpa 0.3 1.2 0.9 9Mtpa 2.9 23Mtpa 12Mtpa 4.6 15.7 15.7 New Single Line 50 10 57Mtpa 17Mtpa 7.8 12.3 6.7 2020 10.8 23.4 12.2 7.3 2019 33.5 33Mtpa 0.8 5 0 2012 2017 Source: Waterberg FEL 1 Study 2018 2025 2026 2038 2043 Year of Phase Availability PAGE 22