PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGEWaterberg Development supports the New GrowthPath2Contribute directly to theobjectives of NGP:• Creation of a favourab...
PAGETFR’s role in the Waterberg3•  Waterberg development is at a critical juncture▪  Reserves confirmed as strategic:–  Dw...
PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGESouth African Coal Resources5Waterberg reserves• Largest remaining coalin SA (> 70%)• Potential to integratelogistics ...
PAGEBotswana Coal ResourcesSource: Bon Terra××××××××××××××××××Folio 1cFolio 1b Folio 1eFolio 1aFolio 1hFolio 1gFolio 1dFol...
PAGEContextualising the Coal System in South AfricaWaterberg FeederCoal BackboneSystem(North of Ermelo)Coal Export Line(So...
PAGETransnet Freight Rail Coal System:Planned Capacity and Future DemandWaterberg FeederCoal Backbone System(North of Erme...
PAGESouth African Coal Rail System DevelopmentInvestment Requirements•  The SA coal system is anintegrated network•  Netwo...
PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGEWaterberg Expansion Strategy: Two PhasesLephalaleOgiesPyramidBroodsnyersplaasRichards BayThabazimbiPhase 1:Interim pha...
PAGEWaterberg : Phase 1Upgrade of Existing LinesLephalaleOgiesPyramidBroodsnyersplaasThabazimbiLothairErmeloExisting LineN...
PAGEWhy a new heavy haul line for Phase 2?• Volumes: Primarily Eskom driven• Current single line via Rustenburg cannotmeet...
PAGEWaterberg New Heavy Haul Line: Phase 2Potential New HH Route (Option 1)ErmeloThabazimbiHammanskraalAtlantaEnvironmenta...
PAGEConnecting the heavy haul line to BotswanaCross border toBotswana• Three river crossingsoptionso  Two crossings nearSt...
PAGERoute	   Distancekm	  ETC(Rbn)	  TransKalahari	  1 500	   96	  Nacala	   2 200	   125	  Waterberg	   970	   32	  Ore L...
PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGERail Technologies to be considered in design of newHeavy Haul line18Regeneration of powerBest opportunities for regene...
PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGEPrivate Sector Involvement• Waterberg heavy haul line is a Regional and National Imperative• Strong sponsor support at...
PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector I...
PAGEPhases 1-650.90.81.20.32.9 4.66.7 7.312.223.433.57.810.815.715.712.301020304050607080Year of Phase AvailabilityTrainsp...
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CASE STUDY - Increasing heavy haul capacity from the Waterberg coalfields – Examining the feasibility study for a coal rail link between Botswana and South Africa

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Cleopatra Shiceka, General Manager Strategy and Planning, from Transnet Freight Rail has presented at the Heavy Haul Rail Africa. If you would like more information about the conference, please visit the website: www.railconferences.com/heavyhaulrail/africa

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CASE STUDY - Increasing heavy haul capacity from the Waterberg coalfields – Examining the feasibility study for a coal rail link between Botswana and South Africa

  1. 1. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  2. 2. PAGEWaterberg Development supports the New GrowthPath2Contribute directly to theobjectives of NGP:• Creation of a favourable and globallycompetitive coal mining sector• Facilitating broad-based participation inthe coal mining sector, and• Contribution to local and national jobcreation targetsCatalytic SIP Programmes• Waterberg IntegratedDevelopment• Durban-Gauteng Development Region• South Eastern Node & Corridor• Saldanha-Northern Cape Corridor
  3. 3. PAGETFR’s role in the Waterberg3•  Waterberg development is at a critical juncture▪  Reserves confirmed as strategic:–  Dwindling reserves and qualities in Mpumalanga–  Strategic source to Eskom to ensure security of supply•  TFR plays a pivotal role to unlock logistics infrastructure and supportemerging miners•  Waterberg development dependent on competitive logistics costs toEskom power stations and exports to Richards Bay and Maputo•  Opportunity to:–  Introduce new rail standards and technologies to provide a capital andoperationally efficient system–  Provide a new connection to Botswana
  4. 4. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  5. 5. PAGESouth African Coal Resources5Waterberg reserves• Largest remaining coalin SA (> 70%)• Potential to integratelogistics solutions withBotswana reservesMpumalangareserves• Historic coal supplybasin• Resources and coalqualities depleting• Strategic shift fromMpumalangaimminent
  6. 6. PAGEBotswana Coal ResourcesSource: Bon Terra××××××××××××××××××Folio 1cFolio 1b Folio 1eFolio 1aFolio 1hFolio 1gFolio 1dFolio 1fFolio 1lFolio 1vFolio 1hFolio 1bFolio3rFolio1fFolio3tFolio 1jFolio 1iFolio 1cFolio3yFolio 1fFolio3sFolio 1fFolio3uFolio3vFolio1cFolio 1sFolio3pFolio1bFolio 1pFolio1dFolio3wFolio 1cFolio 1gFolio 1gFolio 1dFolio 1tFolio 1oFolio 1nFolio 1hFolio 1cFolio 1bFolio1aFolio3qFolio 1eFolio 1rFolio 1eFolio 1dFolio 1uFolio3a2Folio 1abFolio 1lFolio 1gFolio 1cFolio 1iFolio 1iFolio 1fFolio 1xFolio 1qFolio 1mFolio 1kFolio 1aaFolio3zFolio 1jFolio 1wFolio 1kFolio3a1Folio 1aFolio 23aFolio 1yFolio 1zFolio 1aFolio 1aPL158/2007Folio 34bFolio 1ePL077/2006PL076/2006Folio 1acFolio3a4PL056/2005Folio 34eFolio 34cFolio 29eFolio 34dFolio 34aPL026/2007Folio1ePL035/2005PL037/2005PL025/2007PL105/2007PL055/2007Folio 23cPL054/2007PL048/2007PL035/2007PL097/2007PL036/2005PL053/2005PL061/2005PL040/2007PL060/2005PL057/2005PL103/2007PL038/2007PL107/2007PL080/2006PL110/2005PL050/2007PL075/2006PL106/2007PL104/2007PL099/2007PL036/2007PL041/2007PL051/2007PL074/2006PL107/2005PL102/2007PL079/2006Folio3xPL073/2006PL098/2007PL106/2005PL109/2005PL096/2007PL049/2007PL070/2007PL112/2005PL081/2006PL108/2007PL044/2007PL108/2005PL114/2005PL042/2007Folio 1jPL113/2005PL053/2007PL111/2005PL037/2007Folio1gPL037/2000PL046/2007PL002/2004PL001/2004PL039/2007PL069/2007PL052/2007PL232/2007PL043/2007PL047/2007Folio3a3PL151/2007PL100/2007PL231/2007PL045/2007PL003/2004PL230/2007PL055/2005PL101/2007PL054/2005PL233/2007PL162/2007PL156/2007PL093/2007Folio 1dPL152/2007PL023/2007PL031/2005PL153/2007PL157/2007Folio 29aFolio 1bPL027/2007PL035/2000PL222/2007PL150/2007PL155/2007PL011/2004PL022/2007PL148/2007PL154/2007PL032/2007PL171/2007PL021/2007PL078/2006PL031/2007PL028/2007Folio 23dGwetaOrapaKokongTshaneMopipiKasaneGumareGhanziShakaweTsabongJwanengSemolaleBobonongNxaunxauSefhopheMmathetheMaitengweCharles HillGaboroneSeroweMaunPalapyeMahalapyeFrancistownLobatseSelebi-Phikwe0 50 100 150LegendCoal FieldCoal & Coalbed LicencesBotswanaGrootegeluk Mine• Botswana’s resourcesare widespread• Regarded as the 2ndlargest remainingreserve globally• Mineable quantity &quality to beconfirmed
  7. 7. PAGEContextualising the Coal System in South AfricaWaterberg FeederCoal BackboneSystem(North of Ermelo)Coal Export Line(South of Ermelo)Swazi Link SystemSpringbok FlatsCoal FieldsLephalaleMusinaLothairMaputoKomatipoortErmeloOgiesPyramidBroodsnyersplaasRichards BayCFMNew Line> 30mtpaWaterberg< 30mtpaLimpopo CoalFieldsWaterbergCoal FieldsMpumalangaCoal Fields200 wagon26t/axle 25 kV AC100 wagon20t/axle Diesel100 wagon20t/axle DieselThabazimbi100 wagon20t/axle 25 kV AC100 wagon20t/axle 3 kV DCFuture Link200 wagon26t/axle 25 kV ACTurfTunnelHorseshoeCoalfieldsConstraints50 wagon20t/axle 3 kV DCLimpopo Coal andMinerals Feeders
  8. 8. PAGETransnet Freight Rail Coal System:Planned Capacity and Future DemandWaterberg FeederCoal Backbone System(North of Ermelo)Coal Export Line(South of Ermelo)Swazi Link SystemLephalaleMusinaLothairMaputoKomatipoortErmeloOgiesPyramidRichards BayCFMNew Line> 30mtpaLimpopo CoalFieldsWaterbergCoal FieldsMpumalangaCoal FieldsFuture Link200 wagon26t/axle 25 kV ACTunnelCoalfields9723Network ConstraintsGeneral FreightNew Heavy Haul line: InFeasibility* 120807 YearCommittedFutureDemand130 250Limpopo Coal and MineralsFeeders70
  9. 9. PAGESouth African Coal Rail System DevelopmentInvestment Requirements•  The SA coal system is anintegrated network•  Network capacity is shared withvarious commodities•  Increase of capacity across allsub-systems to support demandProjects CompletionETC (un-escalated)Coal 81Mtpa In progress R 31,6 bn*Coal backbone 2018~R5.1 bnCoal 91Mtpa + 2018Swaziland link 2018 #R 5,0 bnOvervaal tunnel 2016 ~R 2bnWaterbergfeederPhase 12012 to 2018 R 5,1 bnWaterberg HHline: Phase 22020 +R32 bn(#) Complimentary investment required by Swaziland Rail(*) Infra and Rolling stock – sustaining and expansion, escalated.
  10. 10. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  11. 11. PAGEWaterberg Expansion Strategy: Two PhasesLephalaleOgiesPyramidBroodsnyersplaasRichards BayThabazimbiPhase 1:Interim phase will deliver anexpected 23Mtpa of additionalcoal capacity by 2018/19through an upgrade of theexisting rail line and powersupply systemsLothairErmeloExisting LineNew LinePhase 2:Develop a new ~ 450km heavyhaul line at 26 tons/axle thatwill extend the coal line fromErmelo to ThabazimbiBotswana Link:Provide heavy haul connectionfrom Waterberg into Botswana
  12. 12. PAGEWaterberg : Phase 1Upgrade of Existing LinesLephalaleOgiesPyramidBroodsnyersplaasThabazimbiLothairErmeloExisting LineNew LineSix stages for additional ~23Mtpa.• Single line capacity to be increasedincrementally by adding more loops,extending existing loops• Provision of arrivals/ departure yardat Lephalale• OHTE change-over at Pyramid for dualvoltage locomotives• Electrification of the Thabazimbi –Lephalale section (25kV AC)• Upgrading of the power supply en-route• Conversion to 26 tons/axle• Construction to commence in 2012 upuntil 2017
  13. 13. PAGEWhy a new heavy haul line for Phase 2?• Volumes: Primarily Eskom driven• Current single line via Rustenburg cannotmeet capacity and operational requirements• Maintenance intensive turf area• Freight and commuter traffic not compatible• It is more cost efficient – capital and operational- to build at HH standards• Suite of mature HH technologies available• Upfront energy efficient design for long termscalability• SA Inc competitiveness: Create a dedicatedfreight corridor to the new coal basin• Regional integration: Onward connectivity toBotswana13
  14. 14. PAGEWaterberg New Heavy Haul Line: Phase 2Potential New HH Route (Option 1)ErmeloThabazimbiHammanskraalAtlantaEnvironmental, social,geology andtopography limitationsmakes finding newalignments challengingbut not impossible•  Ruling grade compatible with coal linestandards in the loaded direction•  Route length ~ 450km•  Thabazimbi to Ermelo – new, 26 tal single linewith 30 long passing loops, 14.7km of singleline tunnels and 14.3km of single line viaducts•  Provision of switching stations, SVC’s & feedertransmission line from Eskom for 25kV AC•  200 wagon trains with head end or DP tractionHammanskraal to Ermelo Longitudinal section
  15. 15. PAGEConnecting the heavy haul line to BotswanaCross border toBotswana• Three river crossingsoptionso  Two crossings nearStockpoort linking toMahalapyeo  One further south tolink to Mmamabula• ~110km new line• Coal line designstandards3280m wide, 4.1m deep2844m wide, 3.8m deep21313969m wide, 4.8m deep23
  16. 16. PAGERoute   Distancekm  ETC(Rbn)  TransKalahari  1 500   96  Nacala   2 200   125  Waterberg   970   32  Ore Line Ext   1 600   76  Techobanine   1 100   99  Regional IntegrationNAMIBIABOTSWANAMOZAMBIQUEZIMBABWESOUTHAFRICANacalaRichards BayWalvis BaySaldanhaTranswana/TechobanineMaputoThe Waterberg heavy haul line remains themost viable option for Botswana’s coalreserves to various eastern seaboard ports
  17. 17. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  18. 18. PAGERail Technologies to be considered in design of newHeavy Haul line18Regeneration of powerBest opportunities for regeneration is in a downgrade and AC environmentDistributed PowerECP (Electronically Controlled Pneumatic) brakingDual-voltage locomotivesTrain Authorisation (Train Control)A suite of rail technologies are available that will improve capacity, operational efficiency, energyefficiency, train handling in challenging terrain, safety, sustainability, etc.Technologieswillbeincludedinthelinespecifications
  19. 19. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  20. 20. PAGEPrivate Sector Involvement• Waterberg heavy haul line is a Regional and National Imperative• Strong sponsor support at PICC level• Traditional funding models not adequate▪ Strong greenfield investment focus▪ Long term and stable investors required (20 years+) i.e. InstitutionalInvestors or Multi-lateral SPVs▪ Debt financing and/or co-financing linked to Annuity Agreements• Various models for funding of infrastructure and rolling stock to beconsidered• Multi-lateral agreements between sovereign countries critical• Integration of planning and timing of regional port expansionscritical20
  21. 21. PAGEContentWaterberg Expansion StrategiesRail TechnologiesQuestionsOverview of the Coal SystemIntroductionPrivate Sector Involvement
  22. 22. PAGEPhases 1-650.90.81.20.32.9 4.66.7 7.312.223.433.57.810.815.715.712.301020304050607080Year of Phase AvailabilityTrainsperDayGFB Coal - ExportThermal Coal CurrentPhase 1 Phase 2Phase 3 Phase 4Phase 5 Phase 6New Single Line79Mtpa57Mtpa33Mtpa32Mtpa17Mtpa12Mtpa9Mtpa3MtpaIndicative Waterberg Capacity Ramp-upPhases 1-6Capacity : ~23Mtpa222012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2025 2026 2038 2043Source: Waterberg FEL 1 StudyNew Heavy HaulLineCapacity : ~80Mtpa23MtpaHeavy Haul Line
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