Capt. Ian Ives - CSL Aust - Transhipment – No Port? No Problem!

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Capt. Ian Ives delivered the presentation at 2014 Africa Iron Ore conference.

The Africa Iron Ore conference is the annual gathering for iron ore and stainless steel executives engaged in the African Region.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/africaironoreconference14

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Capt. Ian Ives - CSL Aust - Transhipment – No Port? No Problem!

  1. 1. Johannesburg, 3rd June, 2014 HIGH CAPACITY TRANSHIPMENT SYSTEMS Presented At
  2. 2.  About CSL  Why Transhipment  Transhipment Solutions  Transhipment Evolution  Next Generation of Transhippers Agenda 2
  3. 3. About CSL 3 About 70 bulkers and Transhippers CSL AFRICA ● • 100 years old in 2013 • HQ in Montreal, Canada • Handles approx 100 million tons bulk cargo annually • Designs, builds, owns and operates maritime bulk material handling assets • Global presence with operations in Asia, Australia, the Americas, Europe and Africa
  4. 4. Why Transhipment in West Africa (and therefore, why not big ports) 4  Oceanic Bathymetry  Few Natural deep water ports  But typically -25m found 5-10 nm from shore  Fragmented nature of mining developments along coast prevents volume consolidation in “mega-ports”  National borders, natural topography barriers, long, uneven ramp up by neighbor projects  Uncertainty  Volume ramp-up, Price, Sovereign issues  Capital preservation  Lead time – Investment Decision to First Ore
  5. 5. Why Transhipment Small Port Development 5 A suitable strip of coastal land Build a stock pile pad, or load direct from a rail car dumper Construct a jetty Add a conveyor and ship-loader … Out to Depth of 5.0m
  6. 6. Why Transhipment Big Vs. Smaller ships to China 6 - 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 $8,500 / $20,500 / $15,500 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $10,000 / $22,000 / $17,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $15,000 / $27,000 / $22,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $20,000 / $32,000 / $27,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $25,000 / $37,000 / $32,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $30,000 / $42,000 / $37,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $35,000 / $47,000 / $42,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont $40,000 / $52,000 / $47,000 for Cape RT / Cape ex cont / PMX&Supra ex Cont US$/Ton TC market rates Freight cost – West Africa to China TC Sensitivity - US$ 700/t IFO - 12 knots Cape on RT bss Cape ex cont PMX ex Cont Supra ex cont Base Case At Base Case rates Cape vs PMX : US$ 10-15 Capes vs Supra : US$ 16-20
  7. 7. Why Transhipment Cost and Lead Time 7 Transhipment Cost/Ton< $3.00 • An appropriately scaled system with a reasonable utilization (70- 80%) • High fixed / Low variable cost = utilization critical • Distance, TSV size and load rate = obvious impact Lead Time27 Months • Shipyard selection/Class approval = 4 months • Construction + trials = 21 months • Positioning Voyage + On site commissioning = 2 months
  8. 8. 8 Transhipment Solutions Which solution is right for you? Iron ore in Whyalla – Gravity based SUL barge Iron ore in Whyalla – Gravity based TSV Iron ore in West Africa – Gravity based SUL Vessel Crane Based Storage Transhipper
  9. 9. Transhipment Solutions Approach 9 High Volume Systems Gravity based Reliable Built-for-Purpose solutions “Incremental Engineering” around proven solution – No prototyping Focus on safety/environment
  10. 10. 10 Transhipment Solutions TSV – Optimisation Red numbers = laytime for a 172,000dwt Cape in days All basis Single shore loader: 6,000 TPH 4.2d 5.7d 8.1d 2.1d 2.9d 4.1d 2.0d 2.3d 2.7d - 2 500 000 5 000 000 7 500 000 10 000 000 12 500 000 15 000 000 17 500 000 20 000 000 22 500 000 25 000 000 5 nm 20 nm 40 nm Distance Shore to Anchorage MT/Annum 20,000 MT TSV Annual Throughput (300 days/80%) 3.2d 3.9d 5.1d 1.7d 2.0d 2.6d 1.7d 1.9d 5 nm 20 nm 40 nm Distance Shore to Anchorage 40,000 MT TSV Annual Throughput (300 days/80%)
  11. 11. 11 Transhipment Evolution Generation Change Iron ore in Whyalla – 1st Generation Iron ore in Whyalla – 2nd Generation Interim Solutions – Iron Ore West Africa High Capacity TSV – 3rd Generation (?)
  12. 12. 12 Transhipment Evolution “Interim Solutions” – Existing Gravity Self-Unloaders “Lakers” – topping off capes for export “Lakers ” – blending off-shore “CSL Atlas” - transhipping Iron ore in Liberia “CSL Spirit” - transhipping Iron ore in Canada
  13. 13. Transhipment Evolution “1st Generation” – Project Specific Solution 13
  14. 14. Transhipment Evolution “1st Generation” – Technology Innovation 14
  15. 15. 15 Transhipment Evolution “2nd Generation CSL WHYALLA” – TSV Conversion Prior to conversion Transhipping off Whyalla Cape loading boom fitted Existing SUL boom replaced
  16. 16. Transhipment Evolution “2nd Generation CSL Trimnes” – Next conversion 16
  17. 17. TRANSHIPMENT EVOLUTION “2nd Generation CSL Trimnes” – Next conversion 1717 • Installation of shiploader • Modification of incline boom Bigger Bow/stern thrusters Single point loading system Upgraded winches Fendering New auxiliary engines Bridge Modification Plastic lining in cargo holds Hold strengthening for heavy cargoes
  18. 18. 18 Next Generation Transhipment Shuttle Vessels – “Game Changer” of the future. • Built-for-purpose Transhipment Shuttle Vessels • Single vessel transhipment system, no other equipment required • Flexible Design – size range from 12,000 to 60,000 DWT • Draft down to as little as 5 meters • Single Point Loading System – if required. • Gravity reclaim, Incline conveyors, one or two ship-loaders • Up to 10,000 TPH peak transhipment rate • Highly maneuverable • Azimuth thrusters fore/aft, position reference system • No tugs required • Loads capes up to 250,000dwt • Environmentally friendly – Zero Dust
  19. 19. 19 Next Generation Twin Loaders 30k to 60k Dwt
  20. 20. 20 Next Generation Single Loader – 12k to 25k Dwt
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Thank you 3 June, 2014 HIGH CAPACITY TRANSHIPMENT SYSTEMS NO PORT! – NO PROBLEM!

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