3/07/2012

Shipping and the Environment: The
Great Barrier Reef Perspective
Regional Ports Conference 28 June 2012
Mr Andr...
3/07/2012

Good news
The Great Barrier Reef is:
• One of the most diverse and remarkable
ecosystems in the world
• One of ...
3/07/2012

What was once considered
‘pristine’…..

1890

1994

Inshore biodiversity program

Because of the overwhelming
e...
3/07/2012

Perception studies
2010
Shipping was perceived as
the greatest threat to the
reef when respondents
were prompte...
3/07/2012

Shipping in the Reef
•12 ports in GBR
• Most ports are excluded from the
Marine Park
•Cargoes > $17 billion
• >...
3/07/2012

Increases in Shipping

14000

12000

11633

10000
8404

8000

6980
6000

Capesize Vessels
Panamax Size
EPBC Ref...
3/07/2012

Predicted increases in shipping vary
depending on the source (EPBC, Abbot
Point CIA, DRET, QRC)
It is safe to s...
3/07/2012

AIS Reports 2010 in GBR on a 2 x 2
kilometre grid – relative height
This model incorporates data which is © Aus...
3/07/2012

Great Barrier Reef
Shipping Incidents

Shen Neng 1

9
3/07/2012

Shen Neng 1 damage

GBR Region
expanding ports

Townsville Port – Expanding

Abbot Point– Expanding

Hay Point–...
3/07/2012

New proposed GBR
region ports
Wongai – New Port Proposal
• new port at Bathurst Head
• 1 berth/jetty
• Tranship...
3/07/2012

In Summary
1. Currently 298 mtpa coal export throughout all of Australia in 2010
(31% of the worlds total)
2. T...
3/07/2012

Outlook Report
•Produced by the GBRMPA
Key Threats:
•
•
•
•

Climate change
Catchment runoff
Coastal developmen...
3/07/2012

Management of
Shipping in the GBR
Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) declaration in 1990
Compulsory pilotag...
3/07/2012

Designated Shipping
Area
•Ships may only navigate within
the DSA and the General Use
Zone.
•Ship operators requ...
3/07/2012

Vessel Tracking
Service
• Mandatory reporting
• Monitoring and surveillance
•Automatic Identification
System
•A...
3/07/2012

GBR Strategic
Assessment
QUEENSLAND ASSESSMENT
GBRMPA ASSESSMENT

SHIPPING
CUMULATIVE
IMPACTS
WATER
QUALITY
INI...
3/07/2012

GBR Strategic
Assessment
Both Strategic Assessments are being carried out under the Environment
Protection and ...
3/07/2012

Management- History
of key issues

Ports and
shipping?

Thank you
www.gbrmpa.gov.au

andrew.skeat@gbrmpa.gov.au...
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Andrew Skeat, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority: Shipping and the environment: The Great Barrier Reef perspective

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Andrew Skeat, General Manager, Marine Park Management, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority delivered this presentation at the 2012 Regional Ports conference in Perth/Australia. showcase the latest port developments and assess the policy, planning and operating strategies designed to maximise the efficiency of Australia's regional ports: gateways for facilitating trade, engagement and regional growth. For more information, please visit www.informa.com.au/regionalports13

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Andrew Skeat, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority: Shipping and the environment: The Great Barrier Reef perspective

  1. 1. 3/07/2012 Shipping and the Environment: The Great Barrier Reef Perspective Regional Ports Conference 28 June 2012 Mr Andrew Skeat, General Manager, Marine Park Management Introduction The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest natural feature and one of the most diverse 1
  2. 2. 3/07/2012 Good news The Great Barrier Reef is: • One of the most diverse and remarkable ecosystems in the world • One of the healthiest coral reef ecosystems • A leading example of world's best practice management 2
  3. 3. 3/07/2012 What was once considered ‘pristine’….. 1890 1994 Inshore biodiversity program Because of the overwhelming evidence, we have identified the need to have an integrated inshore biodiversity program to address the cumulative impacts on inshore © Guido Parra biodiversity 3
  4. 4. 3/07/2012 Perception studies 2010 Shipping was perceived as the greatest threat to the reef when respondents were prompted on a number of specific threats(~60%) and second highest when unprompted Figure 1. Perceptions of the main threats to the Great Barrier Reef - Total QLD Coastal Region and Southern Capital Cities (unprompted) How much do you agree or disagree the Great Barrier Reef is under threat from shipping? The grounding of the Shen Neng 1 is likely to have played a major role in the observed increase of 'shipping' in the threats ranking by the public. 4
  5. 5. 3/07/2012 Shipping in the Reef •12 ports in GBR • Most ports are excluded from the Marine Park •Cargoes > $17 billion • > 10000 ship movements per year •Many use “Inner Route” •1 major incident every couple of years •No major oil spill – yet ? 5
  6. 6. 3/07/2012 Increases in Shipping 14000 12000 11633 10000 8404 8000 6980 6000 Capesize Vessels Panamax Size EPBC Referrals 4000 2000 0 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 Capesize Vessel is based on 150,000 tonne dry bulk carrier (6.7 ships for 1 million tonne of cargo) Panamax Size is based on 90,000 tonne dry bulk carrier (11 ships for 1 million tonne of cargo) 6
  7. 7. 3/07/2012 Predicted increases in shipping vary depending on the source (EPBC, Abbot Point CIA, DRET, QRC) It is safe to say that we can expect at least a doubling in ship numbers in the GBR Region Cairns Townsville Mackay/Hay Pt 7
  8. 8. 3/07/2012 AIS Reports 2010 in GBR on a 2 x 2 kilometre grid – relative height This model incorporates data which is © Australian Maritime Safety Authority 2010 Cairns Townsville Mackay/Hay Pt AIS 2010 2km x 2km Grid GPS coordinates reported <20 21 - 50 51 - 100 101 - 200 201 - 500 501 - 1000 >1001 Expected trend using a trebling of reports for future shipping volumes This model incorporates data which is © Australian Maritime Safety Authority 2010 Cairns Townsville Mackay/Hay Pt AIS 2010 2km x 2km Grid GPS coordinates reported <20 21 - 50 51 - 100 101 - 200 201 - 500 501 - 1000 >1001 8
  9. 9. 3/07/2012 Great Barrier Reef Shipping Incidents Shen Neng 1 9
  10. 10. 3/07/2012 Shen Neng 1 damage GBR Region expanding ports Townsville Port – Expanding Abbot Point– Expanding Hay Point– Expanding Gladstone Port – Expanding 10
  11. 11. 3/07/2012 New proposed GBR region ports Wongai – New Port Proposal • new port at Bathurst Head • 1 berth/jetty • Transhipping in the Marine Park • Anticipated increases in shipping from 0 to 12 per annum initially Fitzroy Terminal Project – New Port Proposal • new port in Raglan Creek (close to Port Alma) • 1 berth/jetty • Transhipping in the Marine Park • Anticipated increases in shipping from 0 to 60 per annum initially Balaclava Island– New Port Proposal • new port on Balaclava Island (close to Port Alma) • 1 berth/jetty • Involves 5.5 million cubic metres of dredging • Disposal site unknown (Marine Park likely) • Anticipated increases in shipping from 0 to over 60 per annum initially Wongai Underground Mine Proposal Port of Townsville Berth 12 and Port Expansion Balaclava Island Coal Terminal Fitzroy Terminal Project 11
  12. 12. 3/07/2012 In Summary 1. Currently 298 mtpa coal export throughout all of Australia in 2010 (31% of the worlds total) 2. The biggest coal export port in the world proposed at Abbot Point 3. Between 700 and 800 million tonnes of coal being proposed for export from GBR Region ports, with ships travelling through the Marine Park 4. If approved, the current proposals for new ports and expansion of existing ports may have local and regional impacts on the GBR and its users Major GBRMPA Concerns Declining inshore Great Barrier Reef: 1. potential impacts of dredging and dredge material disposal at sea are i. the reduction of light penetration, ii. direct smothering of benthic habitats, iii. consequent impacts on inshore fauna and impacts on other users of the Marine Park 2. Increase in shipping and associated risks 3. Impacts of coal pollution 12
  13. 13. 3/07/2012 Outlook Report •Produced by the GBRMPA Key Threats: • • • • Climate change Catchment runoff Coastal development Fishing Outlook Report 2009 "The impact of dredging and construction of port facilities – such as seabed disturbance, transport and re-suspension of contaminants, alteration of sediment movement and changes in coastal processes – can be significant, but are localised." 13
  14. 14. 3/07/2012 Management of Shipping in the GBR Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) declaration in 1990 Compulsory pilotage regime implemented in 1991 Ship reporting system established in 1997 where ships are required to report their position Coastal vessel traffic service in 2004 allowing near real time monitoring of ship traffic Management of Shipping (continued) Zoning plan introduced in 2004 allowing ships to transit the reef in Designated Shipping Areas only Emergency management towage system in 2006 An extensive aids-to-navigation network such as lights, buoys and satellite systems Extension of the vessel traffic service REEFVTS (ship reporting and monitoring system) to the southern most boundary of the Great Barrier Reef in July 2011 14
  15. 15. 3/07/2012 Designated Shipping Area •Ships may only navigate within the DSA and the General Use Zone. •Ship operators require a permit from GBRMPA to navigate outside the DSA or General Use Zone. •Fines up to A$5.5 million apply for operating a ship in a zone other than those mentioned above without the written permission of the GBRMPA. Compulsory Pilotage 15
  16. 16. 3/07/2012 Vessel Tracking Service • Mandatory reporting • Monitoring and surveillance •Automatic Identification System •Automated Position Reporting •VHF Reporting VTS has reduced groundings by about 80% GBR Strategic Assessment GBRMPA and the Queensland Government have formally agreed to undertake a comprehensive strategic assessment of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent coastal zone • It will examine the effectiveness of existing management arrangements in protecting Great Barrier Reef values • It will also look at the cumulative impacts of development proposals on Great Barrier Reef values 16
  17. 17. 3/07/2012 GBR Strategic Assessment QUEENSLAND ASSESSMENT GBRMPA ASSESSMENT SHIPPING CUMULATIVE IMPACTS WATER QUALITY INITIATIVES ISLAND MGT Terms of Reference • Describe existing management arrangements • Describe GBR values (matters of national environmental significance) • Identify and analyse impacts, including cumulative impacts, on GBR values • Describe how management arrangements avoid, mitigate, offset impacts on GBR values • Identify key uncertainties and risks in decision making processes, describe how these will be addressed, including monitoring, reporting and adaptive management processes • Recommend changes to existing management arrangements where deficiencies are identified 17
  18. 18. 3/07/2012 GBR Strategic Assessment Both Strategic Assessments are being carried out under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 2012 • Public comments received for draft Terms of Reference (April) • Comments considered and final TORs being prepared (June) • NOW - Draft strategic assessment 2013 • Public comment on draft strategic assessment (March) • Finalise strategic assessment (July) Potential Future Management? • • • Need inclusion of environmental protective measures for shipping management Review of Associated Protective Measures (PSSA) • Caps on ship numbers (?) • Limitation of ship sizes (?) • Further compulsory pilotage (?) North East Shipping Management Plan • AMSA/MSQ/GBRMPA • Holistic shipping management for the region • Torres Strait • Coral Sea • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 18
  19. 19. 3/07/2012 Management- History of key issues Ports and shipping? Thank you www.gbrmpa.gov.au andrew.skeat@gbrmpa.gov.au 19

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