BUILDING
INFORMATION
MODELLING &
MANAGEMENT
26TH AUGUST 2013
PREPARED FOR
BIM SUMMIT
Case study of fast-track Design and Construct
delivered using BIM
Comparative Contractor Margins
Industry Productivity
Circa CT1
• 8 storey, 14920m² GFA commercial
office building
• New relationships with all parties
• Subcontractors engaged...
Demonstrating Certainty
River Quay, South Bank - Fabrication
Demonstrating Certainty
Demonstrating Certainty
Demonstrating Certainty
Circa CT1
• 8 storey, 14920m² GFA commercial office building
• New relationships with all parties
• Subcontractors engaged...
APR DECAUGMAY JUN JUL SEP OCT NOV
420 Flinders Street
MAR
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION
SCHEMATIC
DESIGN
S...
CONSTRUCTION
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION
SCHEMATIC
DESIGN
APR DECAUGMAY JUN JUL SEP OCT NOV
SUBCONTRACTO...
Issued for construction
29th June
Issued for construction
7th September
Issued for construction
9th November
Issued for co...
Architectural Revit Model
50% through Construction Documentation
Structural Revit Model
50% through Construction Documentation
Subcontractor Services CAD Duct / IFC Model
50% through Construction Documentation
One way digital
communication
Two way digital
communication
Traditional
communication
Legend
Cardno
(Landscape)
Hollywood
...
• Major BIM collaborator
• Prior relationship equalled
TRUST
• Motivated to learn
• Integration of structural and
architec...
• Major BIM collaborator
• Contracted initially for
mechanical services, later
contracted to model fire
services and cable...
• Lead services consulting
engineer
• No documentation beyond
Design Development
• Engaged by Hollywood
Plumbing (plumbing...
• Started in Jan 2013, after
construction documentation
was completed.
• Model has been incorporated
into both Revit and
N...
• Consultants novated to Hutchinson’s during Design Development.
• Influential in getting subcontractors to contribute to ...
Clash Detection
4D Timelining
Export for FM
Static
Documentation
Base model
‘background’
Dynamic
BVN
(Fitout
Architect)
FM...
Associate / Project
Architect
Integrated
Delivery Manager
Model Manager
/ Architect
Senior
Architectural
Technician
Archit...
BIM Execution Planning
• Initially driven by us, the Fast track, D & C compressed time frame
limited our ability develop a...
Index of NATSPEC BIM EP
Sections deleted shown in red.
Embracing Change
• Structural engineer modelled concrete to architects dimensional set
out requirements
• Architect used s...
Architecture Structure
Concrete Set Out
Architecture Structure Services
Leveraging Model Information
Leveraging Model Information
Additional set out visuals for concrete package
Project Team Action List
Contains model views, sketches and notes
Bring Decisions Forward to Reduce Time & Cost
Element Ownership Schedule
Mapping out the dates of ownership exchange
100 200 300
Briefing / Pre Design Conceptual Design Schematic Design Developed Design
400 500 600
Contract Documents Const...
Specified Services Equipment
Co-ordinating services with pre-cast concrete
Specified Services Equipment
Navisworks co-ordination model, showing real equipment sizing
Revit Sun Shading Prototype
3D Sectional Study in Revit, Engineering Analysis
Integrated Revit Model
(Architectural, Structural and Services)
Integrated Revit Model
(Architectural, Structural and Services)
Sectional views through Navisworks model
Concrete set out
drawing – model
elements from
structural model,
all dimensions
provided by
architect.
Linking the structu...
FM Pilot
from Building Information Model to intelligent Building Information Management
Facilities Management
By considering the FM Ready modeling requirements at the initial stages, it
is possible to produce a...
Facilities Management
• Objective:
 To pilot Facilities Management integration as a learning exercise for the
key project...
Facilities Management
• Process:
1. We Specified FM Ready Model requirements.
2. We Clarified throughout the project.
3. W...
The Role of the Model in FM
The Model acts as the link between model elements and information to be loaded to the FM Syste...
The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM
The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM
The handover information is linked to the objects, equipment syst...
The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM
E.g. Isolate the AHUs and select an object to see all linked info...
The Role of the Model in FM Operations
The Model acts as the visual navigation interface for integrated FM Applications
FM iBIM Video Demonstration
Visual Navigation Interface Demonstration Scenario:
We are currently working in our FM Work Or...
FM iBIM Video Demonstration
Facilities Management
• Learnings
 Stakeholder and project team engagement, clarity and commitment
is key.
 Process is m...
Consultants Contractor Facility Manager
Building Asset Management
Enabling the continuity of asset information through the...
• Model collaboration pushed within the limitations of Revit for a phase 2B project.
• Changes of communication processes ...
Andrew Gutteridge
Andrew Gutteridge
Andrew Gutteridge
Andrew Gutteridge
Andrew Gutteridge
Andrew Gutteridge
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Andrew Gutteridge

  1. 1. BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING & MANAGEMENT 26TH AUGUST 2013 PREPARED FOR BIM SUMMIT
  2. 2. Case study of fast-track Design and Construct delivered using BIM
  3. 3. Comparative Contractor Margins
  4. 4. Industry Productivity
  5. 5. Circa CT1 • 8 storey, 14920m² GFA commercial office building • New relationships with all parties • Subcontractors engaged after DD • BIM included; • Architecture • Structure • Limited mechanical 420 Flinders Street • 7 storey, 12635m² GFA commercial office building • Builder and lead consultants from Circa CT1 • Subcontractors engaged during DD • BIM includes; • Architecture, Structure • Mechanical, Electrical, Hydraulics • Fire • Steel Fabrication • 4D, 7D Project Comparison River Quay • Traditional Tender • Consultants carried over from a previous project • No contractor involvement until after documentation • BIM included; • Architecture • Structure • Mechanical • Quantity Surveyor • Steel Fabrication, post documentation
  6. 6. Demonstrating Certainty
  7. 7. River Quay, South Bank - Fabrication Demonstrating Certainty
  8. 8. Demonstrating Certainty
  9. 9. Demonstrating Certainty
  10. 10. Circa CT1 • 8 storey, 14920m² GFA commercial office building • New relationships with all parties • Subcontractors engaged after DD • BIM included; • Architecture • Structure • Limited mechanical 420 Flinders Street • 7 storey, 12635m² GFA commercial office building • Builder and lead consultants from Circa CT1 • Subcontractors engaged during DD • BIM includes; • Architecture, Structure • Mechanical, Electrical, Hydraulics • Fire • Steel Fabrication • 4D, 7D Project Comparison
  11. 11. APR DECAUGMAY JUN JUL SEP OCT NOV 420 Flinders Street MAR DESIGN DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION SCHEMATIC DESIGN SUBCONTRACTORS (MECH, ELEC, HYD, FIRE) Circa CT1 CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION DESIGN DEVELOPMENT SUBCONTRACTORS (MECH, ELEC, HYD, FIRE) 2011 APR DECAUGMAY JUN JUL SEP OCT NOVMAR 2012 Key Differences
  12. 12. CONSTRUCTION DESIGN DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION SCHEMATIC DESIGN APR DECAUGMAY JUN JUL SEP OCT NOV SUBCONTRACTORS (MECH, ELEC, HYD, FIRE) basement issued for construction basement slab poured ground slab poured lump sum D&C agreement between client and contractor Programme (420)
  13. 13. Issued for construction 29th June Issued for construction 7th September Issued for construction 9th November Issued for construction 30th November Staged Documentation
  14. 14. Architectural Revit Model 50% through Construction Documentation
  15. 15. Structural Revit Model 50% through Construction Documentation
  16. 16. Subcontractor Services CAD Duct / IFC Model 50% through Construction Documentation
  17. 17. One way digital communication Two way digital communication Traditional communication Legend Cardno (Landscape) Hollywood Plumbing (Hyd Subcontractor) Hutchinson Builders (Builder) SDF Electrical (Elec Subcontractor) Firerite Services (Fire sprinklers) Microfire (Fire alarm) Yong Feng (Screen Subcontractor) XL Precast (Precast Concrete Subcontractor) MCG (Certifiers) MWA (Acoustic) Lambert & Rehbein (Traffic) FM Performance ideas! (Facilities Management) BVN (Fitout Architect) Lancini Group (Client/Building Owner) Hunter Construction Services (Client Rep) WSP (Mech, Elec, Fire) Bornhorst & Ward (Structural & Civil) WSP (Hydraulic) VAE Group (Mech Subcontractor) Casa Engineering (Steel Subcontractor) Inhabit (Façade engineer) Arkhefield (Project Architect & Integrated Delivery Manager) Consultant Sub-Contractor Contractor Client Facility Management Project Team Structure
  18. 18. • Major BIM collaborator • Prior relationship equalled TRUST • Motivated to learn • Integration of structural and architectural models was a key joint goal • Change in communication critical Bornhorst + Ward Structural Engineering
  19. 19. • Major BIM collaborator • Contracted initially for mechanical services, later contracted to model fire services and cable trays for other subcontractors • CAD Duct caused difficulties translating model information into BIM • Unfamiliarity with Design Development process • Benefitted greatly from prototyping process as the mechanical services are being fabricated in Brisbane and shipped to Townsville. VAE Group Mechanical Subcontractor
  20. 20. • Lead services consulting engineer • No documentation beyond Design Development • Engaged by Hollywood Plumbing (plumbing sub- contractor) to model hydraulics services in Revit WSP Group Mechanical, Electrical, Hydraulic and Fire Services Engineering
  21. 21. • Started in Jan 2013, after construction documentation was completed. • Model has been incorporated into both Revit and Navisworks and checked against existing structural steel modelling and architectural detailing. CASA Engineering Steel Fabricator
  22. 22. • Consultants novated to Hutchinson’s during Design Development. • Influential in getting subcontractors to contribute to the BIM. • Hutchinson’s Primavera construction programme was integrated into the Navisworks BIM. • Foreman on site is making use of the Navisworks model to supplement existing documentation. Hutchinson Builders Contractor Schedule comparing planned vs. actual build progress using the Navisworks model.
  23. 23. Clash Detection 4D Timelining Export for FM Static Documentation Base model ‘background’ Dynamic BVN (Fitout Architect) FM Performance ideas! (Facilities Management) VAE Group (Mech Subcontractor) Casa Engineering (Steel Subcontractor) Navisworks Model Arkhefield (Architect) Bornhorst & Ward (Structural & Civil) WSP (Hydraulic) Integrated Revit Model Hutchinson Builders (4D) RVT IFC Model Workflow
  24. 24. Associate / Project Architect Integrated Delivery Manager Model Manager / Architect Senior Architectural Technician Architectural Student Principal Interior Designer Architect Senior Architectural Technician Arkhefield Team Structure
  25. 25. BIM Execution Planning • Initially driven by us, the Fast track, D & C compressed time frame limited our ability develop and resolve the BIM EP fully • Based upon NATSPEC template, the initial documents are overly complicated and daunting • Ideally should be managed and driven by the architect, with authority.
  26. 26. Index of NATSPEC BIM EP Sections deleted shown in red.
  27. 27. Embracing Change • Structural engineer modelled concrete to architects dimensional set out requirements • Architect used structural engineers and subcontractors services models for integrated documentation • Communication urgency and forward planning • Prototyping the building rather than documenting a contract
  28. 28. Architecture Structure Concrete Set Out
  29. 29. Architecture Structure Services Leveraging Model Information
  30. 30. Leveraging Model Information Additional set out visuals for concrete package
  31. 31. Project Team Action List Contains model views, sketches and notes
  32. 32. Bring Decisions Forward to Reduce Time & Cost
  33. 33. Element Ownership Schedule Mapping out the dates of ownership exchange
  34. 34. 100 200 300 Briefing / Pre Design Conceptual Design Schematic Design Developed Design 400 500 600 Contract Documents Construction Post Contract LOD: Level of Development
  35. 35. Specified Services Equipment Co-ordinating services with pre-cast concrete
  36. 36. Specified Services Equipment Navisworks co-ordination model, showing real equipment sizing
  37. 37. Revit Sun Shading Prototype 3D Sectional Study in Revit, Engineering Analysis
  38. 38. Integrated Revit Model (Architectural, Structural and Services)
  39. 39. Integrated Revit Model (Architectural, Structural and Services)
  40. 40. Sectional views through Navisworks model
  41. 41. Concrete set out drawing – model elements from structural model, all dimensions provided by architect. Linking the structural, mechanical, hydraulic and steel fabrication models into our Revit model. Confirm detailing with the steel fabrication model in Revit during CA Documentation
  42. 42. FM Pilot from Building Information Model to intelligent Building Information Management
  43. 43. Facilities Management By considering the FM Ready modeling requirements at the initial stages, it is possible to produce a model that is useful throughout the full building Lifecycle. • This is important to the client, as:  the majority of the interoperability losses are borne by owners, and  the majority of expenditure is incurred during the operational phase. A Hospital's maintenance cost is equivalent to the capital cost every two to thee years!! 12% 22% 66% Planning, Design, & Engineering Construction Operations and Maintenance NIST GCR 04-867, Cost Analysis of Inadequate Interoperability in the U.S. Capital Facilities Industry • 66% of interoperability losses are borne by owners • $0.23/ existing SF/year
  44. 44. Facilities Management • Objective:  To pilot Facilities Management integration as a learning exercise for the key project participants. – Client desired an FM Ready model – Not mandated in the Contract – Approach freed participants to invest in innovation without contractual risk.
  45. 45. Facilities Management • Process: 1. We Specified FM Ready Model requirements. 2. We Clarified throughout the project. 3. We Verified by integrating to a real FM system.
  46. 46. The Role of the Model in FM The Model acts as the link between model elements and information to be loaded to the FM System. 1) COBie schedules (Construction Operations Building information exchange) contain most of the data 2) Commissioning & Handover Documentation is linked to the model Revit + COBie Plug-in COBie Schedules Facility Management System Input from Consultants, Contractor and Subcontractors Navisworks Commissioning & Handover Documentation
  47. 47. The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM
  48. 48. The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM The handover information is linked to the objects, equipment systems and major assets and is accessible easily via the model.
  49. 49. The Role of the Model in Commissioning & Handover for FM E.g. Isolate the AHUs and select an object to see all linked information. Retrieve all relevant documentation (e.g. specs, test reports, technical information, manufacturer’s data, etc.)
  50. 50. The Role of the Model in FM Operations The Model acts as the visual navigation interface for integrated FM Applications
  51. 51. FM iBIM Video Demonstration Visual Navigation Interface Demonstration Scenario: We are currently working in our FM Work Order system, checking real-time operational performance stats - when we get a call about the air conditioner in Retail 1. • Before we create a work order we want to identify the unit • Check to see if a service request is already in the system • See if this type of unit has issues in other locations
  52. 52. FM iBIM Video Demonstration
  53. 53. Facilities Management • Learnings  Stakeholder and project team engagement, clarity and commitment is key.  Process is more about identification and management of assets and information critical to operation.  Remember the ultimate audience for the model and keep naming/description conventions consistent and de-jargoned.  Once the participants know what is required there is relatively little ongoing overhead for them contributing to an FM Ready model.
  54. 54. Consultants Contractor Facility Manager Building Asset Management Enabling the continuity of asset information through the briefing, design, construction, commissioning and operation phases of project delivery. OperationsCommissioningConstructionDesignBriefing Contractor Sub-contractor Consultants Contractor Sub-contractor Collaborative Design Data As Built Information, Warranties and Certificates Operations and Maintenance Data & Performance Analysis Revit ArchiCAD Zuuse SmartSight - iBIM Maximo Zuuse Navisworks ZuuseContractor + Sub-contractor Architect Structural Engineer MEP Consultants Contractor CAD Duct Tekla StruCAD
  55. 55. • Model collaboration pushed within the limitations of Revit for a phase 2B project. • Changes of communication processes and forward planning are key. • Significant time investment required to manage BIM processes. • BIM Execution Plans will become a vital document, ideally should be managed and driven by the architect with authority. • Design and Construct projects are conducive to the delivery of a phase 2B project. • Principle agreements between clients, contractor, consultants and subcontractors need to be in place early. This enables ownership and reward to motivate engagement. Outcome Summary
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