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Swot analysis on sustainable forest policy and management  the Εastern Μacedonia and Τhrace case
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9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid

9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid
Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012, Vassiliki Kazana

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Swot analysis on sustainable forest policy and management the Εastern Μacedonia and Τhrace case Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. Authors Vassiliki Kazana, Angelos Kazaklis, Dimitrios Fotakis,Christos Stamatiou, Paraskevi Koutsona, Anastasia Boutsimea 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 2. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. OBJECTIVE OF THE SWOT STUDY1. Identify the most important internal and external factors in the four groups: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats for sustainable management assessment (Case study: Region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace)2. Identify strategies resulting in a good fit between the internal and external factors of the SWOT basic frame to analyze the strategic decision situation towards sustainable forest policy and management 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 3. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT (SFM) IN GREECE Several planning and evaluation tools particularly in the form of criteria and indicators have been developed to address aspects of assessing sustainable forest management. In the EU territory the best known such tools have been expressed through the MCPFE criteria and indicators, which the member states are committed to use in order to assess, monitor and certify sustainable forest management. In many member states, Greece among them, several problems exist with estimation processes of the MCPFE criteria and indicators. 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 4. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. THE INFORM PROJECT (LIFE08/ENV/GR/000574)Two main problems are targeted with INFORM:1. The lack of a knowledge base to develop and implement a national forest policy on Sustainable Forest Management assessment and implementation monitoring through recording and estimation of the MCPFE criteria and indicators.National Authorities have been committed to fulfil the resolutions of all the Ministerial Conferences onthe Protection of Forests in Europe and particularly of the 4th Ministerial Conference, as well as itsworking program. The commitments involve better cross-sectoral integration and inter-sectoralcollaboration, the interactions between forests and other biome/habitat types within a landscape, andissues of biodiversity conservation, in particular through continued development of criteria, indicatorsand programmes of forest management certification, including and protected areas. Commitmentshave been made also with regard to CBD and UNFF. 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 5. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. THE INFORM PROJECT (LIFE08/ENV/GR/000574)Two main problems are targeted with INFORM:2. The lack of a knowledge base for assessing impacts on forests from climate change and the biodiversity, in order to develop adaptation and mitigation policies at national, regional and local level and contribute to the EU climate change strategy development efforts for post 2012. 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 6. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. THE SWOT SURVEY (Open ended questionnaires) Implemented through the National Forest Governance Council (NFGC)The NGFC consists of:• Forest Service top-level staff (District Offices)• Expert scientists-researchers and• A moderating teamThrough NFGC following a specific expert opinion eliciting methodology isfollowed to identify all the processes/ functions/ driving forces related to thecountry forests and the interactions of forests and their environment for whichspecification of policies are required. 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 7. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. STRENGTHSfor SFM assessment in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) STRENGTHS FREQUENCIES (%) Firewood production 100% Water quality of watersheds 100% Sightseeing of natural and cultural attractions 100% (mountains, natural parks, aesthetic forests, caves, etc) Income generation for the local population 100% Ground water and Spring water 100% Non-wood products 100% Forest recreation/ecotourism 100% Technical wood production 90% Pulpwood production 90% Forage production 90% Mammalian game species 90% Avian game species 90% Employment of local population in forest works 90% Wild flora biodiversity 90% Wild fauna biodiversity 90% Water fauna biodiversity 90% Honey production 20% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 8. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. WEAKNESSESfor SFM assessment in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) FREQUENCIES WEAKNESSES (%) Degraded wood stock 100% Resistance to change 100% Endangered plant species 100% Endangered bird species 100% Illegal logging 100% Illegal game 100% Forest land encroachment 100% Mining activities 100% Land use change 100% Land ownership problems 90% Lack of tools for sustainable forest management 90% assessment Difficulties to enforce the law 90% Endangered water species 90% Endangered mammalian species 90% Personnel shortage 80% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 9. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. OPPORTUNITIESfor SFM assessment in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) FREQUENCIES OPPORTUNITIES (%) New standards for forest management plans 100% Improvement of forest income (revenues from production of non- wood products, eg honey, mushrooms, forest fruits, aromatic 100% plants etc) Environmental awareness on sustainable forest management 100% New tools for sustainable forest management assessment 100% Forest cadastre 100% Personnel training on new technologies for sustainable forest 100% management assessment Expansion of forests/ forest lands 90% Participation in projects 90% Prevention of natural disasters 90% Improvement of forest infrastructure (forest roads, constructions 90% for flood control etc) Increase of forest contribution to the regional GDP 80% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 10. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. THREATSfor SFM assessment in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) FREQUENCIES THREATS (%) Danger of wildfires 100% Danger of deseases 100% Lack of funds for investments 100% Bureaucracy 100% Lack of tools for sustainability assessment in forest management and 100% planning Obsolete standards for management plans 100% Danger of flooding 90% Danger of insects 90% Climate change 90% Danger of landslides 90% Lack of funds for forest management studies 90% Forest Legislation 90% Exploitation system of public forests (Presidential Decree 1126/1986) 90% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 11. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. STRENGTHSPercentage Response Rate for top 5 levels of importance in terms of Strengths for SFM in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) Importance levels STRENGTHS 1 2 3 4 5Firewood production 40% 20% 0% 10% 20%Technical wood 20% 10% 10% 0% 20%productionEmployment of local 0% 10% 40% 10% 0%population in forest worksIncome generation for the 0% 20% 0% 30% 0%local population 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 12. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. OPPORTUNITIES Percentage Response Rate for top 5 levels of importance in terms ofOpportunities for SFM in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) Levels of importance OPPORTUNITIES 1 2 3 4 5 Improvement of wood stock 50% 30% 0% 0% 20% New standards for forest 30% 20% 0% 10% 0% management plans Improvement of forest income (revenues from production of non- wood products, eg honey, 0% 0% 10% 0% 30% mushrooms, forest fruits, aromatic plants etc) Prevention of natural disasters 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% Expansion of forests/ forest lands 0% 0% 20% 0% 10% Environmental awareness on 0% 0% 0% 10% 0% sustainable forest management 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 13. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. WEAKNESSES Percentage Response Rate for top 5 levels of importance in terms ofWeaknesses for SFM in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) Levels of importance WEAKNESSES 1 2 3 4 5 Illegal logging 30% 30% 20% 20% 0% Personnel Shortage 10% 0% 30% 30% 10% Forest land 0% 20% 20% 20% 30% encroachment Land use change 20% 0% 20% 10% 0% Illegal game 10% 20% 10% 10% 0% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 14. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case. THREATS Percentage Response Rate for top 5 levels of importance in terms of Threats for SFM in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace (NFGC, 2012) Levels of importance THREATS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7Lack of funds for 60% 0% 10% 10% 10% 0% 0%investmentsDanger of wildfires 40% 10% 10% 0% 0% 0% 10%Forest legislation 10% 10% 10% 10% 20% 10% 0%Lack of funds forforest management 0% 0% 30% 10% 10% 20% 0%studiesBureaucracy 0% 30% 0% 0% 0% 30% 30% 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 15. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and management The Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case.STRATEGIES FOR SFM in the Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace1. Improvement of wood stock for production of fire wood, technical wood and pulpwood2. Forest recreation/ Ecotourism3. Production of non-wood products4. Preservation of biodiversity5. Game6. Protection from abiotic factors7. Protection from biotic factors 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012
  • 16. SWOT Analysis for sustainable forest policy and managementThe Eastern Macedonia-Thrace case.Thank you for your attention! 9th Meeting of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid Kavala,Greece October 11-13, 2012