16th conference hellenic forestry society

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16th conference hellenic forestry society

  1. 1. Strategic planning for sustainable forest management assessment: A SWOT Analysis for the forests of the Region of Kentriki Makedonia in Northern Greece Vassiliki Kazana1, Dimitrios Fotakis1, Christos Stamatiou1, Angelos Kazaklis2, Anastasia Boutsimea1, Paraskevi Koutsona1, Dimitrios Raptis1 1Kavala Institute of Technology, Department of Forestry & Natural Environment Management at Drama, 1st km Drama-Mikrohori, 66100 Drama, Greece, e-mail: vkazana@teikav.edu.gr 2 OLYMPOS- Centre for Integrated Environmental Management, 39 Androutsou Str., 55132 Kalamaria, Thessaloniki, Greece 16th Hellenic Forestry Society Conference, Thessaloniki, October 6-9, 2013
  2. 2. Aims of the study The main aims of this study were through a SWOT application to: 1. identify the most important internal and external factors for sustainable management assessment and monitoring of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands and 2. identify forest strategies resulting in a good fit between those internal and external factors. The work reported in this study is part of the overall effort to analyze the strategic forest planning environment in Greece towards sustainable forest management (SFM) assessment and monitoring of the country’s forests and forest lands using as a first stage of analysis the SWOT approach
  3. 3. Methodology The SWOT approach was implemented through a survey carried out during a Workshop of the Greek National Forest Governance Council. The National Forest Governance Council (NFGC) was established within the frame of the INFORM project financed through LIFE and the Special Secretariat of Forests of the Ministry of Environment, Energy & Climate Change (www.inform-life.gr) The main role of the NFGC is to support the development process of a knowledge base for national forest policy on sustainable forest management assessment and monitoring of the country’s forests and forest lands. NFGC consists of a moderating team, Forest Service top-level staff from all over the country, scientists of different expertise related to the management of forests and forest land and representatives of opinion influencing stakeholders in fields of concern to sustainable forest management.
  4. 4. Methodology The SWOT Approach •SWOT analysis is typically carried out in group meetings •During the discussion sessions the moderators solicit and record the participants’ comments under the 4 SWOT groups: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. •In the current study an open-ended questionnaire was designed by the authors, who are the moderators of the NFGC. The questionnaire was handed out to the Forest Service NFGC members during a workshop. •The members could add any other factor not included in the list in any of the 4 SWOT groups. They were also asked to rank in ordinal way all the factors, internal and external in each of the 4 SWOT groups.
  5. 5. Case study area Case of the Region of Kentriki Makedonia Forests in Northern Greece All the responses of the NFGC members, who are responsible for forests and forest lands of the Kentriki Makedonia (KM) Region classified into the “Strengths”, “Weaknesses”, “Opportunities” and “Threats” groups.
  6. 6. SWOT Analysis for SFM assessment and monitoring of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests
  7. 7. Results- Strengths A total of 12 internal factors constitute the “Strengths” of the KM Region Forest Sector for sustainable forest management assessment and monitoring. All the “Strengths” factors, which were recorded even once, are presented in this table. S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 Technical wood production Firewood production Pulp wood production Forage production Mammalian game species Avian game species Water quality of watersheds Sightseeing of natural and cultural attractions (mountains, natural parks, aesthetic forests, caves, etc) Income generation for the local population of the mountain area Employment of local population in forest works Infrastructure Forest cadastre “Strengths” of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands for SFM assessment and monitoring
  8. 8. Results- Strengths Based on the agreement response percentage of the NFGC members the most important (rated among the top 5) “strength” factors of the KM Region’s forests are: • firewood production (100%) • technical wood production (90%) • employment of the local population in forest works (90%) • income generation for the local population (75%) • sightseeing of natural and cultural attractions (75%) • forage production (75%)
  9. 9. Results- Weaknesses A total of 13 internal factors were recorded as “Weaknesses” of the KM Region’s forests for sustainable forest management assessment and monitoring. All the “Weaknesses” factors, which were recorded even once, are presented in this table. W1 Degraded wood stock W2 Personnel shortage W3 Lack of funds for investments W4 Lack of funds for management plan studies W5 Forest land tenure problems W6 Bureaucracy W7 Forest legislation W8 Lack of tools for sustainable forest management assessment and integration in forest management plans W9 W11 Exploitation system of public forests Lack of know-how (new technologies and tools for sustainable forest management) Outdated forest management plan standards W12 Difficulties to enforce the law W13 Resistance to change W10 “Weaknesses” of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands for SFM assessment and monitoring
  10. 10. Results- Weaknesses Based on the agreement response percentage of the NFGC members the most important weaknesses (rated among the top 5) for SFM of the KM Region’s forests are: • lack of funds for investments (90%) • forest land tenure problems (85%) • lack of funds for forest management plan studies (80%) • personnel shortage (70%) • forest legislation (70%)
  11. 11. Results- Opportunities A total of 18 external factors were recorded as “Opportunities” of the KM Region’s forests for sustainable forest management assessment and monitoring. All the “Opportunities” factors, which were recorded even once, are included in this table. O1 O2 O3 O4 O5 O6 O7 O8 O9 O10 O11 O12 O13 O14 O15 O16 O17 O18 Updated forest management plan standards Expansion of forest lands Wood stock improvement Production of non-wood products Game improvement Rangelands improvement Forest recreation/ecotourism development Forest income improvement (income from production of non-wood products e.g. honey, mushrooms, fruits, herbs, etc.) Support of mountainous population employment Income support of mountainous population Participation in projects Environmental awareness on sfm issues Capacity building Biodiversity conservation/protection Natural disasters prevention Forest cadastre Infrastructure Training staff in new technologies for sustainable forest management “Opportunities” of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands for SFM assessment and monitoring
  12. 12. Results- Opportunities Based on the agreement response percentage of the NFGC members the most important opportunity factors (rated among the top 5) for SFM of the KM Region’s forests are: • woodstock improvement (85%) • updated forest management plan standards (80%) • production of non-wood products (70%)
  13. 13. Results- Threats A total of 12 external factors were recorded as “Threats” of the KM Region’s forests and forest lands for sustainable forest management assessment and monitoring. All the “Threats” factors, which were recorded even once, are included in this Table. T1 Wildfires T2 Flooding T3 Diseases T4 Insects T5 Climate change T6 Landslides T7 Endangered water wild fauna T8 Illegal logging T9 Illegal hunting T10 Forest land encroachment T11 Mining activities T12 Land use change “Threats” of the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands for SFM assessment and monitoring
  14. 14. Results- Threats Based on the agreement response percentage of the NFGC members the most important threats (rated among the top 5) for SFM of the KM Region’s forests are: • wildfires (100%) • illegal logging (100%) • diseases (70%) • forest land encroachment (70%) • illegal hunting (70%)
  15. 15. Conclusions All in all, for the Kentriki Makedonia Region’s forests and forest lands • The most important processes identified in the “Strengths” category in the frame of forest management sustainability involve the well established production processes and financial issues. • The external factors grouped under the “Weaknesses” category included mainly institutional type of processes, most probably related to the financial crisis the country is currently undergoing. • The external factors grouped under the “Opportunities” category involved processes related to improvement of main “Strength” factors, such as wood stock improvement. • Finally, the most important external factors grouped under the “Threats” category are mainly processes associated with protection from abiotic or biotic factors.
  16. 16. Conclusions • Several processes (such as water quality of watersheds, mining activities etc.) were rated as most important by a smaller number of KM/ NFGC members, therefore, these processes should be taken into consideration in terms of forest management sustainability assessment at finer spatial aggregation scales.
  17. 17. Conclusions The analysis of internal and external factors classified under the “Strengths”, ‘Weaknesses”, “Opportunities” and “Threats” categories provided a basic frame for strategic forest planning. On the basis of this analysis for the forests of the KM Region, the following strategies were identified as alternative forest strategies to be considered for further evaluation towards achieving forest sustainability. – Improvement of wood stock for firewood and technical wood production – Forest recreation/ Ecotourism – Production of non-wood products – Protection from abiotic factors – Protection from biotic factors
  18. 18. Conclusions Overall, the SWOT Analysis was proved a helpful frame to analyze the strategic forest planning environment towards assessing and monitoring forest management sustainability. It provided information on the main processes to be included in the forest sustainability assessments and helped identify alternative strategies between internal and external factors.
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention

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