Appcelerator idc-q4-2011-mobile-developer-report
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Appcelerator idc-q4-2011-mobile-developer-report Appcelerator idc-q4-2011-mobile-developer-report Document Transcript

  • Appcelerator / IDCQ4 2011 Mobile Developer ReportSummaryAppcelerator and IDC surveyed 2,160 Appcelerator Titanium developers from November 2-3, 2011 on perceptionssurrounding mobile OS trends and priorities. Findings reveal that Amazon’s new Kindle Fire edged Samsung GalaxyTab as the leading Android Tablet in North America, on par with interest for the iPad prior to its launch in April 2010,and second only to the Galaxy Tab globally with developers. Microsoft’s Windows Phone 7 also decisively movedahead of RIM’s BlackBerry OS to become the clear number three mobile OS behind iOS and Android. Appceleratorand IDC also continued their research into how companies are making the move from the web to mobile. Thisquarter, the report dives deep into understanding the priorities companies are making with their mobile strategyand how mobile is fundamentally transforming customer relationships.The Rise of Amazon, Microsoft, and Samsung … and An Improved Outlook for NokiaAs the mobile industry advances, contenders are finding success by securing new footholds and partnerships tocompete against Apple’s dominance. Amazon announced the Kindle Fire, a smaller, cheaper Android-based tabletthat leverages its large content library while Microsoft’s Window’s Phone 7 is building strong European developerenthusiasm thanks to its Nokia partnership. Developers and businesses gave high marks to these strong moves,which contrast sharply against BlackBerry OS, BlackBerry’s QNX-based PlayBook, and webOS, all of which collapsedin interest with developers this past quarter. Below are the topline findings from this quarter’s report: Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 1
  • • Amazon’s new Kindle Fire ignites developer interest. When surveyed among 15 Android tablets, the low- cost, content-rich eReader was second only to the Samsung Galaxy Tab globally in developer interest. A regional breakdown shows Amazon edging Samsung in North America for the top slot. At 49% very interested in North America, the Kindle Fire is just 4 points less than interest in the iPad (53%) prior to its launch in April 2010. • Appcelerator and IDC found in January 2011 that among developers price was the single most important factor for Android tablets to compete successfully against the iPad. Fast forward to November 2011 and developers cite price again as the leading reason for interest in the Kindle Fire. Rounding out the top 5 tablets, respondents eye Amazon’s rich content ecosystem, Appstore, target demographic, and eCommerce integration as the key reasons for interest in the new eReader. • When considering Kindle Fire’s potential drawbacks, fragmentation and lack of features like camera and geo-location were the two top concerns cited by developers. Assuming Amazon sells well this holiday season, Android developers will need to consider yet another set of different capabilities. The difference this time? Google will be less able to exert control over Amazon’s divergent Android path. • Windows Phone 7 separated from the pack to become the clear number three mobile platform this quarter. The OS climbed 8 points to 38% of respondents saying they are ‘very interested’ in the platform, the highest ever for Microsoft. • Microsoft is enjoying symbiotic success with Nokia. When asked why developers are more interested in Windows Phone 7 now than a year ago, a plurality (48%) said it was the Microsoft/Nokia partnership. Nokia also received high marks from its new Lumia Windows Phone 7 smartphone announcement last month, with 28% of developers saying they are ‘very interested’ in developing for the device. This is more than double the interest in Nokia’s own Symbian and MeeGo OSes since Appcelerator began reporting mobile platform interest in January 2010. • This quarter saw a sharp fall-off in developers reporting that they are ‘very interested’ in RIM offerings with BlackBerry OS phones dropping 7 points to 21% and PlayBook QNX-based tablets dropping 6 points to 13%. Put another way, there’s now more interest in Nokia’s new Lumia Windows Phone lineup than RIM’s smartphones. • HTML5 continues to keep developer interest. Sixty-six percent of developers are very interested in building HTML5 mobile websites, the same as last quarter. • Connected TV app development interest continues to slide. A year ago, 44% of developers were very interested in developing for Google TV. Even with a second version announced last month, only 20% expressed the same enthusiasm for Google TV this round. However Apple TV saw a smaller decline from 40% a year ago to 27% today. • iOS continues to reign at number one in developer interest levels with 91% of respondents saying they are ‘very interested’ in developing for the iPhone, followed by the iPad at 88%. Apple continued to hold onto its number one position in part due to iOS 5, which was cited as the most significant announcement this past quarter. • Android phones fell nearly 4 points to 83% while tablets fell nearly 6 points to 68%. While the drop was likely due in part to interest in iOS 5, developers nevertheless saw Samsung’s rise to the number one smartphone manufacturer as the second most significant development of the past quarter after iOS 5.2 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • A Deeper Look at Mobile Priorities Across the Mobile Relationship LifecycleOver the past couple quarters, Appcelerator and IDC have been analyzing how businesses are making the move fromthe web to mobile. Earlier this year, we discussed how companies were maturing through several phases of adoption.This quarter, we asked developers and businesses to rank 23 mobile objectives for their most recent application. Wethen clustered this analysis into what we call the ‘mobile relationship lifecycle’ to define objectives in 4 areas: reach,engagement, loyalty, and monetization. Reach: Businesses view deploying to multiple devices with native applications and mobile websites as the number one priority. Making the transition more efficient by leveraging a company’s resources also ranked high. Engagement: Building applications that are easy-to-use with a native user interface was the next most important objective, followed by application performance. Both are seen as key to driving engagement with users and echo the general sentiment that application utility is critical. These core concerns trumped even media, location and social features in priority. Loyalty: Application notifications and using analytics to measure application feature usage ranked in the middle of the pack for most respondents. Monetization: Advertising still trumps in-application purchasing as a preferred monetization model. When it comes to mobile commerce, the top priority is making payments easy. Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 3
  • Amazon Kindle Fire Lights UpAndroid Tablet DevelopersThis quarter, we polled developer interest on 15 currently shipping Android devices to determine which devices areseparating from the pack and how eReaders like the Kindle Fire and Barnes & Noble NOOK are changing the game:Worldwide, the Kindle Fire came in second behind Samsung’s Galaxy Tab as developer’s most preferred Android tablet.Appcelerator and IDC then looked at a regional breakdown to see how the results changed:4 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • In North America, the Kindle Fire edges out the Galaxy Tab, while Samsung ranks higher than Amazon in Europe andconsiderably higher in Asia. At 49% ‘very interested’ in North America, interest in the Kindle Fire is similar to levelsseen for the iPad prior to its launch (53% in April 2010). Although technically a statistical tie in North America betweenAmazon and Samsung, Amazon is demonstrating impressive momentum among developers especially with a 7” screendevice when developers have previously expressed overwhelming preference for much larger screen size tablets.Also note in North America there are high levels of interest in the Barnes & Noble NOOK. Combined, these Android-based eReader devices make up half of the top four Android tablets and the NOOK may well move up with itsrecently-announced new version and expansion outside the US.Looking deeper into the primary reasons for interest in the Kindle Fire, Appcelerator and IDC found a similar sentimentto that shared at the beginning of the year: Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 5
  • In the Q1 2011 survey, price was seen as the most important factor for Android tablet success because it is a majorfactor that can quickly differentiate one tablet from another. However, throughout the year, most tablet manufacturerslaunched at a $500+ price point and subsequently ran right into direct competition against the iPad. Today, Samsungisn’t disclosing tablet sales figures, while Amazon shared their impressive numbers after the first weekend.In Q4 2011, a plurality (38%) of developers again mentioned that price was the number one factor for their interestin Kindle Fire. At USD $199, Amazon has landed at a price point that is even more accessible by the mass market.Further, survey respondents see Amazon’s rich content library as a key success factor. Going forward, expect a lot ofplayers to attempt to emulate Amazon’s success by trimming their Android tablet prices and seeking new waysof content differentiation.Yet, despite all of their enthusiasm, developers have two key concerns with the Kindle Fire:The biggest challenge with the Kindle Fire is fragmentation. What we’re likely to see out of the holiday season is abifurcated Amazon-backed-Android and Google-backed-Android tablet market. The second concern, lack of Androidfeatures, is intertwined with the problem of the first, fragmentation. Different versions mixed with different capabilitieswill add to a company’s already complex plans for mobile adoption. Amazon will need to adopt some coherentversioning policy to maintain developer interest long-term as it continues to shadow Android development behindGoogle.6 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • Major Platform Ranking ShuffleIn addition to Amazon shaking up the mobile scene, Appcelerator and IDC also found that there was the mostmovement throughout the mobile OS rankings since Appcelerator started tracking mobile platforms in January, 2010.Consolidation, new players, and partnerships are defining a rapidly evolving mobile landscape as we end the year.Priorities changed significantly this quarter due in large part to HP pulling the plug on Palm/webOS devices and Nokiaincreasingly putting its weight behind Windows Phone 7. Appcelerator and IDC continue to see HTML5 maintaining itsimportance, but still behind iOS and Android native application development. Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 7
  • Below is a historical look at how the mobile OS picture has evolved since January 2010:8 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • At the top of the rankings, iOS, Android, and HTML5 interest remained largely the same this quarter. • iOS held its leadership position at 91% very interested in iPhone development and 88% for iPad, both of which are unchanged from Q3 2011. • Android phones declined nearly 4 points and Android tablets declined nearly 6 points as interest in iOS 5 and weak tablet sales weighed on Google’s OS. • This was the second quarter tracking HTML5 mobile web, which held its position unchanged at 66%. It will be interesting to see how Android tablet priorities stack up to mobile web as the two track closer together in the middle of the list.Due to several announcements over the past 3 months, there was significant movement in the bottom-half ofthe rankings:Interest in Windows Phone 7 jumped significantly to 38% worldwide this quarter as anticipation over Nokia Lumiasales, new Windows Phone Mango release, and potential for Tablets and Windows 8 integration pushed the OShigher on the priority list. What’s interesting is how different parts of the world view the importance of WindowsPhone and why. Appcelerator’s global developer base is close to evenly split throughout North America (37%),Europe (38%), and the rest of the world (25%). We looked at Windows Phone interest across geographies and sawdiffering levels of interest and rationale:Nokia is seeing a resurgence in its opportunity as it launches its Lumia Windows Phone 7 devices. Twenty-eightpercent of global developers and businesses, and more so in Europe, are very interested in building for the Lumia.Note that this level is more than double the level of interest in Symbian or MeeGo since Appcelerator and IDC startedtracking last year: Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 9
  • Beyond Windows Phone 7, the rest of the OSes dropped dramatically in interest levels. BlackBerry phones now havejust 21% of the developer population very interested in the device category, down half from its peak in early 2010.The newer BlackBerry PlayBook is down to just 13%, which is lower than the TouchPad was before HP pulled the plugearlier this year. webOS, Symbian, and MeeGo round out the bottom.With Google launching a new version of Google TV with 3rd-party app support, Appcelerator and IDC took a look tosee if the connected TV picture had changed.Both Apple TV and Google TV remain very low priorities for businesses that are increasingly facing more and moredemand from customers seeking an ever-wider array of smartphone and tablets. In fact, interest in Google TV hasdropped by half over the past year. Low volume and continuing pushback from the major networks will likely hinderthe TV app ecosystem well into 2012.10 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • Transforming Customer Relationships:A Look at Mobile PrioritiesAs businesses across the globe make the move to mobile, many are looking to understand best practices by whichmobile can transform and add value to their customer relationships. This quarter, Appcelerator and IDC surveyedbusinesses and developers to understand their most important priorities for their most recent mobile project toget a better sense of ‘real-world’ mobile strategies in action. We then clustered the results into four categories thatbroadly define the objectives that most companies have when considering how mobile adds value to their customerrelationships: reach, engagement, loyalty, and monetization:Each of these categories and corresponding mobile priorities is discussed further below, with a summary chartprovided at the end of this report for reference.iOS or Android. iPad or iPhone. Tablet or eReader. Native App or Mobile Website. Aligning a company’s valueproposition to the appropriate mobile devices and experiences is an important first step to understanding howto reach business customers where they are. Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 11
  • Most businesses surveyed want as much reach as possible, but it is important to align objectives surrounding userexperience and target demographic with device capabilities. Many iPhone and Android phone applications tend tobe more utilitarian in nature while iPad and Android tablet applications leverage tablets’ expanded screen real estateto allow for deeper and richer engagement. Newer devices like eReaders target different customer demographics. Inshort, stay away from a ‘one-size-fits-all’ mobile strategy.Time-to-market and leveraging existing skills were also ranked as high priorities. Accomplishing these goals makes acompany more agile, which in turn enables a business to compete more efficiently and manage ever-increasing levelsof mobile fragmentation.This defines the core of the app or mobile web experience. User experience, location, social hooks, and cloud-connectivity all play an important role in determining how business customers will engage with your applications.Respondents to the survey prioritize an easy-to-use, high-performing native user interface as the primary customerengagement consideration when moving to mobile. This reflects the idea that many mobile experiences are essentiallyutilitarian and that understanding the utility nature of a company’s brand (eg: recipes for a consumer packaged goodscompany) is important. Certainly, location, social, and media are also key considerations, but are secondary to a richuser experience.A well-known study published by Pinch Media (now Flurry) showed that 80% of mobile applications were neverused beyond the first day. When it comes to loyalty, notifications and analytics are two key considerations to ensurecustomers come back.12 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • Respondents generally considered loyalty as secondary to their reach and engagement objectives, but Appceleratorand IDC advise that all companies making the move to mobile have a robust analytics strategy from the outset.Measuring success, iterating, and then improving on that success is an often overlooked component of a longer-termmobile strategy; however, this is the one defining trait that all of Appcelerator’s top applications have in common.Last quarter, we looked at 8 monetization models and found an increasing trend toward business models that scalethrough the use of the application (eg: advertising and in-app purchase) vs. the initial purchase of the app itself (eg:app store sales).When it comes to transactions in applications, advertising continues to be the business model of choice, however,survey respondents all agreed that making payments easy is the key priority for in-app purchasing and commerce.For reference, on the next page is a stack rank of all 23 mobile objectives included in this quarter’s survey. Each ofthese objectives has been categorized into one of the four key mobile relationship lifecycle categories and rankedfrom highest to lowest. Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 13
  • 14 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • Concluding ThoughtsThis quarter marks the start of a new chapter for the mobile industry. First, Barnes & Noble and now Amazonare paving the way for a whole new class of eReader and media tablet entrants into the field. Gone are the dayswhen differentiation was based primarily on device capabilities and OS selection. New content ecosystems, newdemographics, and lower price points will help reshape mobile heading into 2012. Microsoft and Nokia are alsoshowing that while the mobile industry does change quickly, the longer-term trend favors those that shed legacyconstraints, strike bold partnerships, and invest the resources to remain competitive. Finally, priorities from businessesmaking the move to mobile are converging around how to make the most of the reach and engagement opportunitythat these devices offer while at the same time navigating the challenges of fragmentation and scale. Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 15
  • About the Appcelerator / IDCQ4 2011 Mobile Developer ReportThis survey was conducted from November 2-3, 2011. Appcelerator and IDC surveyed 2,160 of over 225,000mobile developers who use Appcelerator’s Titanium application development platform on their plans, interests,and perceptions of the major mobile and tablet OS providers. Developers were individually invited from Appcelerator’suser registration database to complete a web response survey. A raffle for a free iPad 2 was made and only oneresponse per user was allowed. Respondents’ answers were given freely with no incentive or compensation fortheir participation.Appcelerator developers represent a uniquely broad spectrum of backgrounds. Twenty-nine percent of respondentsclassify themselves as independent developers, with the other 71% coming from businesses. Appcelerator has a globalaudience, with 37% surveyed stating they live in North America, 38% in Europe, and 25% throughout the rest of theworld. Note also that Appcelerator developers come from a web development background, so although they buildapplications with Appcelerator Titanium, they are used to working across multiple platforms. About Appcelerator Appcelerator is the leading enterprise-grade, cross-platform development solution on the market today, with over 1.6 million developers using its software to power over 30,000 cloud-connected mobile, desktop, and web applications used on 30 million devices every day. The company’s flagship offering, Appcelerator Titanium, is the only mobile cloud platform to enable fully native, cross-platform mobile app and HTML5 web development, from a single codebase. Appcelerator’s customers can leverage their existing skills and open, industry standard technologies to decrease time-to-market and development costs, increase customer adoption and revenues, and enjoy greater flexibility and control. For more information, please visit About IDC International Data Corporation (IDC) is the premier global provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets. IDC helps IT professionals, business executives, and the investment community to make fact-based decisions on technology purchases and business strategy. More than 1,000 IDC analysts provide global, regional, and local expertise on technology and industry opportunities and trends in over 110 countries. For more than 46 years, IDC has provided strategic insights to help our clients achieve their key business objectives. IDC is a subsidiary of IDG, the world’s leading technology media, research, and events company. You can learn more about IDC by visiting Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved.
  • Report Inquiries:Scott Schwarzhoff Scott EllisonVP, Marketing - Appcelerator VP, Mobile & Consumer Connected Platforms - sellison@idc.comOffice: 650-269-5962 Office: 650-350-6440Media Inquiries:Carmen Hughes Michael ShirerIgnite PR press@idc.comOffice: 650-227-3280 ext. 101 Office: 508-935-4200Mobile: 650-576-6444 Copyright © 2011 Appcelerator, Inc. and IDC. All Rights Reserved. 17