Assistive robotics


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Robotic aids for supporting independent living of persons who have chronic or degenerative limitiations in motor and/or cognitive abilities, such as the severely disabled and the elderly

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  • Robot therapy, which uses robots as substitution for animals in “animal therapy,” is a new application of the robots in welfare and medical fields. The seal robot named PARO has been developed especially for the robot therapy since 1993. PARO was commercialize in Japan in 2005 and in Europe and the US in 2009, and has been used at hospitals and facilities in about 30 countries. Recent researches revealed that robot therapy has the same effects on interacting people as like animal therapy. In 2009, PARO was certified as a “biofeedback medical device” by the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in the US. PARO can be applied to various kinds of therapy as like real animals, but this presentation focuses on applications to elderly with dementia because explicit differences before and after interacting with PARO can be easily observed. Some typical cases and interesting special cases will be introduced. In addition, PARO has been healing victims of disaster by earthquakes in Japan. PARO visited about 20 evacuation shelters, and has been used at about 50 elderly institutions, hospitals, and schools in the disaster area.
  • Assistive robotics

    1. 1. New and Emerging Technologies in Assistive Robotics [email_address]
    2. 2. Assisted Living Technology Mainstream everyday products, services & applications Already applied In development Assistive Technology Mainstream but especially for older people Smart Homes Ambient Intelligence Emerging technologies Workspace Technologies Information Society & Online Services Disease Specific Health Care Technologies ICT Care Services Robotics Mobility Vision Hearing Cognition Materials Biosensors Telematics Alarms E-lock Mobile phone Internet Seniornet Assisted Living Services Digital TV
    3. 3. Challenges <ul><li>Ageing problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more elderly with growing assist demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>dementia, COPD, diabetes, heart problems, asthma, and depression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Single households </li></ul><ul><li>Limited public resources </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of care professionals </li></ul>
    4. 4. Assistive Robotics <ul><li>Robotic aids for supporting independent living of persons who have chronic or degenerative limitiations in motor and/or cognitive abilities, such as the severely disabled and the elderly.   </li></ul>
    5. 5. Rehabilitation Robotics <ul><li>Investigate the application of robotics to therapeutic procedures for achieving the best possible motor and/or cognitive functional recovery for persons with impairments following various diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. stroke & other neuromotor disorders, brain and orthopaedic traumas, cognitive diseases, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Topics <ul><li>Robot assisted mental, cognitive and social therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Robot assisted motor-coordination therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Robot assisted physical training therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility aids for locomotion or navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Robots supporting professional care </li></ul><ul><li>Robot assisted preventive therapies and diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Telerobotics and telemedicine </li></ul>
    7. 7. Robot assisted mental, cognitive and social therapy <ul><li>PARO robotics seal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofeedback Medical Device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed since 1993 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercialized in Japan 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe, USA 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals and facilities in 30 Countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofeedback medical device (FDA 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly with dementia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fukushima Disaster victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 evacuation shelters, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Takanori Shibata, AIST, Japan </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Robotic Weight Loss Coach <ul><li>Autom™ is an in-home weight loss coach that can help people to lose weight and keep it off over time.  </li></ul>
    9. 9. Robot assisted mental, cognitive and social therapy ALIZ-E   human-robot interaction. 
    10. 10. Robotic mediators&quot; for children with autism <ul><li>KASPAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinesics and Synchronisation in Personal Assistant Robots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimally expressive robot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  300 children who suffer from autism </li></ul></ul>University of Hertfordshire
    11. 11. Robot assisted motor-coordination therapy KineAssist Hocoma InMotion Arm Robot
    12. 12. Robot assisted physical training therapy KNee EXOskeleton (KNEXO) Vrije Univ. Brussels Toyota balance training assist robot (2011)
    13. 13. Honda Walking Assist <ul><li>Stride Management Walking Assist </li></ul><ul><li>Bodyweight Support Assist </li></ul>
    14. 14. Robot Aided Mobility Friend Rehab Robot, IA, Uni.Bremen Honda U3-X
    15. 15. Toyota Partner Robots <ul><li>Medical & Welfare Support </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility Support </li></ul><ul><li>Life Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housework Support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Support </li></ul></ul>Humanoid & Robina, Toyota (2005)
    16. 16. Toyota Care Support Independent walking assistance (2011) Care Assist Robot (2011)
    17. 17. Toyota Mobility Support Wiglet, Toyota Mobiro, Toyota
    18. 18. Exoskeletons Agrirobot, Shigeki Toyama, Japan HAL5 Robotic Suite, Cybercyne, Japan (2005)
    19. 19. Cyberdyne Exoskelletons HAL, Cyberdyne, Japan
    20. 20. Exoskeletons ReWalk, Agro Medical technologies, IL Ekso bionics, USA (2010)
    21. 21. Intelligent Prosthetics Deka Arm, USA i-LIMB, Touch Bionics, USA
    22. 22. Meal-Assistance Device Bestic, Sweden (2010) MySpoon, Japan (2006)
    23. 23. Supporting Professional Care   Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Japan (2011) RIBA, Riken, Japan (2010)
    24. 24. Hair-Washing Robot From wetting to shampooing, rinsing, conditioning and drying.
    25. 25. Robotic Bed Robotic bed, Panasonic (2010)
    26. 26. Communication Assistance Robot <ul><li>HOSPI-Rimo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>intermediary to enable comfortable communication between people who are bed ridden or have limited mobility to communicate with other people, for example, their attending doctor in a separate room in the hospital or friends who live far away, as if they were interacting face to face </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Robotic Nursing Assistant From Battle field into Care Centre
    28. 28. Hospital Logistics Robots TUG, Aethon, USA RobCab, Sweden 2010 RoboCourier, Swisslog
    29. 29. Robot assisted preventive therapies and diagnosis TrainiTest, Sweden (2010) Taizo, Japan (2010)
    30. 30. Telepresence
    31. 31. Communication for elderly Action Caring MyJoice InView/IPPI Television, PC, Internet, WLAN, 3G
    32. 32. Telepresence Intouch Health, USA FP7, CompanionAble 2008-2011
    33. 33. Telepresence Robots Tandberg Intouch Health, RP7 2008 Giraff 2010 VGO 2010 QB, Anybots 2011 AVA, iRobots 2011
    34. 34. European Assisted Robotics Projects
    35. 35. Adaptable Ambient Living Assistant
    36. 36. Adaptive Strategies for Sustainable Long-Term Social Interaction
    37. 37. Knowledgeable SErvice Robots for Aging
    38. 38. Nurse-bots and socially assistive robots
    39. 39. Integrated Cognitive Assistive & Domotic Companion Robotic Systems for Ability & Security
    40. 40. Enabling SoCial Interaction Through Embodiment
    41. 41. Multi Purpose Mobile Robot for Ambient Assisted Living
    42. 42. Home care robot for monitoring and detection of critical situations
    43. 43. Multi-Role Shadow Robotic System for Independent Living
    44. 44. Care-O-bot
    45. 45. Domestic Robot for Elderly Assistance
    46. 46. Joint Action for Multimodal Embodied Social Systems
    47. 47.
    48. 48. Antropomatics ARMAR III, IFA, KIT, Germany
    49. 49. Justin DLR, Germany
    50. 50. Future and Emerging Technologies
    51. 51. Japanese Assisted Robotics Projects
    52. 52. Humanoids HRP4, HRP3, AIST, Japan ASIMO, Honda (2011)
    53. 53. Dish Washing Robot
    54. 54. IRT home assistant robot
    55. 55. Twenty-One Waseda University, Japan
    56. 56. Life Support Robotics
    57. 57. Care Robotics Cooperations