Savova Canuel & Crichton - Mobile technology and information literacy instruction: the McGill Library experience
LILAC 2012Mobile technology andinformation literacy instruction:The McGill Library experience Maria Savova, Claremont Colleges Library Robin Canuel, McGill University Library Chad Crichton, University of Toronto Libraries
By the end of this presentation 1) Have a greater appreciation of the value of mobile technology in a library context 2) Learn how mobile technology can impact the ways librarians and library clients interact with library resources and services 3) Be familiar with some of the challenges libraries and library clients face when using electronic content on mobile devices 4) Learn ways to integrate mobile technology into your information literacy instruction workshops 5) Be familiar with some new ways of searching for information using mobile devices
E-reader and Tablet Ownershipin USAPew Research Center:•Tablet and e-book reader ownershipnearly doubled from 10% to 19%between mid-December 2011 and earlyJanuary 2012•The number of Americans owning atleast one of these digital reading devicesjumped from 18% to 29% in the sameperiod (Rainie, 2012)
iPod 62% Smartphone 55% iPad 8%Dahlstrom, Eden, Tom de Boor, Peter Grunwald, and Martha Vockley, with a foreword by Diana Oblinger. The ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and InformationTechnology, 2011 (Research Report). Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research, October 2011, available from: http://www.educause.edu/ecar.
http://office.microsoft.com/en-ca/images/results.aspx?qu=college%20phone&ctt=1#ai:MP90044224 ECAR Recommendations Integrate technology into courses Professional development for instructors Leverage technologies that students value Nail the basicsECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technologyhttp://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERS1103/ERS1103W.pdf
Mobile Technology for Loan• E-reader loan• iPad loan pilot project
Mobile Learning“Any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed,predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takesadvantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies.” O’Malley, C., Vavoula, G., Glew, J. P., Taylor, J., Sharples, M., & Lefrere, P. (2003)“...meeting learning objectives in ways that transcend geographicallimitations and pursuing the use of technologies that best facilitate thisaim.” Savova & Garsia (2012) http://office.microsoft.com/en-ca/images/results.aspx?qu=cell%20phones#ai:MP900422734|mt:2|
Developing a Mobile TechnologyWorkshop• Connectivity• Accessing e-Content• E-Formats• Digital Rights Management (DRM)• Managing Content• New Ways of Searching for Information
The McGill Library WorkshopMcGill Library from the palm of your hand•Students (part of library orientation program)•Librarians•Faculty•Library Science masters students•Information and Library Technologies students•Health care professionals
Connectivity • Internet capable 2G/3G/4G data plans vs. Wi-Fi only Smartphones Kindle DX Tablets iPod Touch Some e-readers • Not Internet capable Sony Reader Kobo B&N Nook Cybook iLiad Libre
E-Content Questions• Downloadable or online only?• Compatible with which operating systems?• Compatible with mobile devices? Which ones?• What electronic format?• What is the quality of the reading experience on a small screen?• What are the DRM limitations?
Accessing Content View onlineDirect download – view offline Download and transfer – view offline
Using Library Electronic ContentOffline Challenges: • Shortcomings of current catalogues Can it be downloaded? Availability of e-content • Electronic formats • DRM
Reflowable e-Book Formats EPUB – format standard for digital publishing Compatible with almost every device but the Amazon Kindle AZW Kindle Format Compatible with the Amazon Kindle (device and reading apps) MobiPocket Reader Format - universal eBook Reader for PDAs Compatible with most smartphones and some e-readers
Converting PDFs into e-ReaderFriendly Formats Application on Science Direct Free ebook management software
DRM - Digital Rights Management http://office.microsoft.com/en-ca/images/results.aspx?qu=lock&origin=FX010132103#ai:MP900433153|
DRM is Controversial Protection against copyright infringement and digital piracy Restricts the owner rights of a buyer of legally purchased e-book Creates additional technological challenges to borrowing of e-books Time-limited license makes e-book lending possible
Ways in Which DRM RestrictsUser Access• Number of simultaneous users• Duration of access• Printing and copying capabilities• Number of views• Extent of content• Type and number of devices allowed to display the work
Conclusions• In the future, we’ll all simply be moving from screen to screen to screen in our ever more constant digital interactions• Technological advances are fundamentally changing the way that library users interact with digital information• Librarians must leverage their role as teachers in order to help ensure their continued relevance given these advancements• Workshops such as those held at McGill will soon no longer be seen as covering a specialized topic, but will simply be a typical component of traditional information literacy instruction
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