Gullbekk & Mikki - Libraries supporting research communities: partners in scientific communication

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Gullbekk & Mikki - Libraries supporting research communities: partners in scientific communication

  1. 1. Libraries supporting research communities – partners in scientific  communication Eystein Gullbekk, University og Oslo Library Susanne Mikki, University of Bergen Library LILAC 2012, GLASGOW
  2. 2. Outline: • The changing role of the library – Are we facing a dilemma?• Challenges• Strategic work• Knowledge based  development – The needs of researchers• Libraries’ competencies?
  3. 3. A dilemma?• Can we identify current tasks and challenges  faced by researchers and design tailored  services that meet the new needs? Agents of change? Or supply on demand? 
  4. 4. We are challenged• Accessability• Durability• Completeness (Ball 2011)
  5. 5. We are challenged• Accessability  – Multiplicity of sources  – Digital access• Durability – Who is responsible? Increasingly complex question• Completeness – Beyond a question of the local collections – Overlaps: global accessability and intensified  communication
  6. 6. Challenging contextual factors of  research and research support • International cooperation – Prestige, rankings, publications, funding, co‐authorship and shared credits• International competition• Funding regimes – Measurements, benchmarking, EU driven proposals • Multidiciplinarity – Areas rather than disciplines  • From print to digital publications – Digitalisation, globalisation, critical evaluation• Reduced gap between formal and informal scholarly communication  – Blurred line between products and processes• Competencies – social, personal , language, ICT, critical evaluation, administration 
  7. 7. Formal Scholarly Informal Scholarly Communication Communication Knowledge creation (Problem solving) Publication Experiment (Collecting statistics) Verification/falsification Hypothesis Idea Desire for knowledge(formulation of questions) (Ball 2011)
  8. 8. Dissemination Media• The Research Council of Norway: Open Access to  results as condition for funding• Blogs – http://www.hmml.org/news10/Blogs.htm – http://hmmlorientalia.wordpress.com/• Social media (Facebook, academia.edu,  mendeley, zotero)• Preprint (Institutional repositories)• Primary data etc. (arXive, RePEc, GenBank, SSB…)
  9. 9. Competencies:   as addressed in the UiO project  ”Quality in Ph.d.‐programmes”Possible generic components? – Presenting your project – Researchers and the information society   – Adding knowledge in a globalised research community   – The efficient researcher  Hyllseth, 2012
  10. 10. Challenging contextual factors of  research and research support • International cooperation – Prestige, rankings, publications, funding, co‐authorship and shared credits• International competition• Funding regimes – Measurements, benchmarking, EU driven proposals • Multidiciplinarity – Areas rather than disciplines  • From print to digital publications – Digitalisation, globalisation, critical evaluation• Reduced gap between formal and informal scholarly communication  – Blurred line between products and processes• Competencies – social, personal , language, ICT, critical evaluation, administration 
  11. 11. • The Universities of Oslo and Bergen Libraries:  currently establishing dedicated units and  functions in order to strengthen our research  support• Collaborative and knowledge based process
  12. 12. Policy (stakeholders)“Cutting‐edge international research will be supported through strategic  investments and cooperation related to research infrastructure.” (University of Oslo Strategy 2010) ”UoO depends on researchers and research groups winning prestigious  awards and quality based funding” (University of Oslo Annual Plan 2012 – 2014, our translation)”UoO will develop support functions and offer the professional development  needed in order to support canididates suceed on these arenas” (University of Oslo Annual Plan 2012 – 2014, our translation)
  13. 13. Policy and stakeholders cont.“The universitys success in achieving international recognition must be  demonstrated by achieving good results in recognised rankings, publishing extensively in respected fora, winning funding in international research  programmes and ensuring that its researchers and students are attractive participants in international research and educational partnerships.The following priority areas will help achieve this main objective:• encouraging international publishing through good support and information  services• continuing to develop the University Library as an infrastructure for  research, and gaining• more funding for scientific equipment and other research infrastructure (University of Bergen Strategy 2011 – 2015)
  14. 14. Information Management for  Knowledge Creation  (2010 – 2013)• Literature review – 55 studies selected and  reviewed• Qualitative research – 3 focus group interviews  (21 PhD‐students)  – 2 focus group interviews  (15 supervisors)
  15. 15. Selected findings• Need for efficiency – Self‐sufficiency : a strong norm – Time management: signals self‐sufficiency  – Use of information rescourses should help increase the  efficiency• PhD canditates use of information services – Habits established prior to PhD work – base for further  learning • Perception of skills – High self confidence, but insecurity related  to gaining  an overview – Libraries and librarians: operate according to a ”deficit  model”
  16. 16. Selected findings II• Publishing – Diciplin based variation:  formal requirements vs informal pressures – Random supervision 
  17. 17. Selected findings III• Reported critria for successfull supervision (libraries) – Integration of Information literacy with other  research skills – Make visible the complexities involved in  information searches  – Address multidiciplinarity – Tailored services – Market services better – Strenghten knowledge about research processes
  18. 18. Our libraries Annual Plans (2012‐2014)Provide collections and services that enables us   to actively support UoO’s position as an  international leading research institution – Internationalisation – Competencies  – Dissemination – Impact – Knowledge based development
  19. 19. Main challenge?… could very well be our own competencies – the dilemma – Identifying needs for the future / recruitment – Changing organisation
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