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  • 1. 1環境制約からみた21世紀の科学文明と生活国際連合大学・東京大学安井 至http://www.yasuienv.netで本資料を配布中です。
  • 2. YlabCREST2Contents Introduction What is the Keyword? = Sustainability Definition of Sustainability How to Measure Development? Transitions in Environment, Japanese Case Analysis for Transitions in Environment Environmental Kuznets Curve CO2 Emission Energy Use EcoPremium A New Life Style Conclusions
  • 3. YlabCREST14How Can We Measure HD? What is the human development index(HDI) developed by UNDP?The HDI – human development index – is asummary composite index that measures acountrys average achievements in threebasic aspects of human development:longevity, knowledge, and a decent standardof living. Longevity is measured by life expectancy at birth;knowledge is measured by a combination of theadult literacy rate and the combined primary,secondary, and tertiary gross enrolment ratio; andstandard of living by GDP per capita (PPP US$).
  • 4. YlabCREST211970 2000 2050Dioxin & POPsAir PollutionWater & Sea PollutionResource & Energy ConsumptionSoil & Sediment PollutionDepletion of Ozone LayerEnvironmental Problemsand Time Constants inJapanGlobal WarmingEDC Problem

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