Ob 1

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Ob 1

  1. 1. ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR It has two words ‘ Organisation ’ and ‘ Behaviour ’. Organisation: as two or more individuals who are interacting with each other within a deliberately structured set up and working in an interdependent way to achieve some common objective/s. Organisation comprises of people with different attitudes,cultures, beliefs, norms and values . Behaviour : It is how an individual acts and reacts
  2. 2. <ul><li>Meaning: </li></ul><ul><li>As the study of what people think, feel, and do in and around organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>The study of Organizational Behavior facilitates the process of explaining, understanding, predicting, maintaining, and changing employee behavior in an organizational setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>It is defined “as a field of study that investigates </li></ul><ul><li>the impact that individuals, groups and structure have on behavior within organiisations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an orgn’s effectiveness”. </li></ul><ul><li>- Stephen .P. Robbins. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>· people as organizations, </li></ul><ul><li>· people as resources, </li></ul><ul><li>· people as people. </li></ul><ul><li>Bcoz organizational behavior is concerned specifically with employment – related situations, you should not be surprised to find that it emphasizes behavior as related to concerns such as jobs,work, absenteeism, employment turnover, productivity, human performance and management </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nature of OB <ul><li>OB is an applied behavioral sciences. </li></ul><ul><li>built on contributions from various discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology, Sociology, Social Psychology, </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology and Economics. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Scope of Organizational Behavior <ul><li>Encompasses the study of </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Behavior : Personality, attitude, perception, learning, opinion, motivation and job satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Inter individual Behavior : Group Dynamics, inter-group conflict, leadership, communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior of the organization : such aspects as their formation, structures, effectiveness and formal and informal organisations. </li></ul>
  6. 7. OB MODEL Personality Perception Learning Attitudes and values Motivation Group Dynamics Leadership Power and politics Communication Conflict Orgn Culture Human resources policies & Practices Work stress Org Change and Development Individual Behavior Group Behavior Organization Organizational Effectiveness
  7. 8. Perspectives and Challenges for OB <ul><li>Work Force Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Demographics of work Force </li></ul><ul><li>Changed Employee Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Reorganizations </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Quality and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating Innovation and change </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Ethical Behavior </li></ul>
  8. 9. Foundations of Individual Behavior ENVT Factors Economic Social Norms& Culture Political Personal Factors Age, Gender,Education, Abilities, Marital Status, No of Dependents Orgn System & Resources Physical Facilities Organisation structure & design Leadership Reward System Psychological Personality Perception Attitudes Values Learning Performance Individual Development

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