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The Impact of the Economy on Children and Families
 

The Impact of the Economy on Children and Families

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A side presentation that highlights the negative impact of the current economic downside on children and families, with an emphasis on a social justice perspective.

A side presentation that highlights the negative impact of the current economic downside on children and families, with an emphasis on a social justice perspective.

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    The Impact of the Economy on Children and Families The Impact of the Economy on Children and Families Presentation Transcript

      • Presented by:
      • Irwin Nesoff, DSW
      • Associate Professor Social Work
      • To the
      • Wheelock College
      • Political Caucus
      • February 24, 2010
      • www.costofwar.com
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • All social primary goods - liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect - are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any or all of these goods is to the advantage of the least favored.
      • A theoretical person who, shrouded in a veil of ignorance, must design a just society without foreknowledge of his or her own status in that society, that individual will choose a system of justice that adequately provides for those positioned on the lowest rungs of society. The individual will do so because he or she may end up in such a disadvantaged position and will want to be adequately provided for.
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • In the year 2000 there were 301 billionaires
      • In 2004 there were 400 billionaires
      • In 2001 17.6% of all US families ha $0 net worth
      • By 2007 that number increased to 18.6% of all US families
      • From 1979-2005 the top 5% of income households saw an increase of 81% in their net worth
      • In that same period, the lowest 20% of income households saw a 1.1% decrease in their income
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • Food Insecurity
      • In 2008 14.6% (17 million) of all US households experienced food insecurity.
      • An 11.1% increase in just one year
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • 2007 Survey by US Conference of Mayors
      • Families with children comprise 23% of homeless population
      • 21 cities surveyed
        • 19 reported increases in homeless population
        • 11 reported increases in employed people who are homeless
        • 21 reported increases in people requesting food aid
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • National Coalition for the Homeless
      • There are 200,000 homeless veterans on any given night
      • 400,000 vets experience homelessness in a 12 month period
      • 200,000 children are homeless on any given night
      • 1.35 million children experience homelessness in a twelve month period
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • National Alliance to End Homelessness
      • 1999-2006 Funding for public housing declined by 25%
      • 1997-2007 approximately 170,000 units of public housing were lost to deterioration
      • 2004-2007 housing vouchers for poor families reduced by 150,000
      • 2004-2007 Federal funding for affordable housing and community development reduced by more than $114 billion
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • Homeless High School Students
      • Recent report in Boston Globe
      • 4.2% of Mass. High school students are homeless
      • 2006-2007 679,724 homeless HS students
      • 2007-2008 794,617 homeless HS students
      • MCAS Test Scores
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA. Homeless Youth General Population English 62% passed 90% passed Math 45% passed 85% passed Took test 33% 99%
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • Prevention efforts that include
      • mediation services that help families negotiate with their landlord,
      • financial assistance to help families pay for back rent or utilities,
      • emergency assistance in food, clothing, transportation vouchers, and other basic necessities.
      • Housing First.
      • a set of interventions designed to help families transition more rapidly out of the shelter system; it includes crisis intervention, re-housing quickly as possible, follow-up case management, and housing support services to prevent the reoccurrence of homelessness.
      • Housing assistance.
      • one-time payment of a security deposit and first month’s rent
      • short–term subsidy that helps families pay for housing for several months
      • or a subsidy of $100 to $300 per month for a year or more.
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
      • Targeting services.
      • Services designed to help families access and maintain stable housing
      • as well as increase economic self-sufficiency
      • improve family and child well-being.
      • Data and planning.
      • Data is used help design plans to end homelessness,
      • evaluate programs
      • assess cost-effectiveness
      • efficiently target scarce resources.
      • The use of plans and data allows communities to set specific goals and identify progress.
      Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA. Hourly Wages One Adult One Adult, One Child Two Adults Two Adults, One Child Two Adults, Two Children Living Wage $11.58 $21.00 $16.71 $26.16 $33.29 Poverty Wage $5.04 $6.68 $6.49 $7.81 $9.83 Minimum Wage $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00
    • www.livingwage.geog.psu.edu/ Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College Boston, MA Monthly Expenses One Adult One Adult, One Child Two Adults Two Adults, One Child Two Adults, Two Children Food $234 $381 $452 $599 $746 Child Care $0 $602 $0 $602 $1,065 Medical $93 $184 $186 $277 $368 Housing $955 $1,163 $955 $1,163 $1,163 Transportation $267 $463 $535 $730 $926 Other $193 $380 $387 $573 $760 Monthly After-Tax Income Required $1,743 $3,172 $2,515 $3,944 $5,027 Annual After-Tax Income Required $20,916 $38,065 $30,177 $47,326 $60,327 Annual Taxes $3,154 $5,600 $4,570 $7,065 $8,905 Annual Before Tax Income Required $24,089 $43,689 $34,764 $54,412 $69,250 Annual Living Wage Income $21,075 $38,220 $30,485 $47,611 $60,587 Annual Minimum Wage Income $14,560 $14,560 $29,120 $29,120 $29,120
    • Irwin Nesoff, DSW Associate Professor, Wheelock College, Boston, MA.