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Waste and climate change

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  • 1. Waste and Climate Change By Christie Keith Zero Waste Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives www.no-burn.org
  • 2. Greenhouse Effect Zero Waste
  • 3. Zero Waste
  • 4. The Glaciers are Disappearing Zero Waste The Rongbuk glaciar in 1968 (above) and 2007. Rongbuk is the largest glacier on Mt. Everest.
  • 5. Drought in the Amazon Zero Waste
  • 6. Extreme Climate Events Zero Waste
  • 7. Crop Failure Zero Waste
  • 8. Global Emissions of Greenhouse Gases Zero Waste 2004 data in the 2007 IPCC, AR4, SPM, Fig 3
  • 9. What Produces Methane? Zero Waste
  • 10. Trashing the Climate Zero Waste Municipal Waste Dump or Landfill Photo by Gigie Cruz Photo by Gigie Cruz Sanitary Landfill with Landfill Gas Collection System under Construction
  • 11. Zero Waste
  • 12. Stuff = 42% of greenhouse gases in U.S. Zero Waste
  • 13. U.S. GHG Emissions Zero Waste Source: US EPA, 2009, Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • 14. Clean Energy Technologies? Zero Waste
  • 15. Incinerators and climate: CO2 Pounds of CO2 per MWh 3500 3000 Zero Waste 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Incinerator Coal Oil fired Natural gas fired SOURCE: US EPA, 2007
  • 16. Landfills gas capture systems do not work as expected Zero Waste
  • 17. Bali, Indonesia Recyclers vs. the Clean Development Zero Waste Mechanism
  • 18. India: Recyclers are the Real Climate Heroes Zero Waste Source: Cooling Agents, Chintan 2009
  • 19. Costs  Karlsruhe, Germany: lost €400,000,000 in 4 years Zero Waste  Frederick County, Maryland, USA: Proposed incinerator would cost US$615,000,000 US Energy Information Administration: it costs more to generate energy from waste than from coal, nuclear, or hydropower projects.
  • 20. Comparing capital costs of recycling and incineration Recycling/Composting: Less Cost per Industrialized Nations ton/day Philippines, recycling collection and $5,000 composting Zero Waste India, recycling collection and composting $1,650 Egypt, recycling micro-enterprises $450 Brazil, recycling cooperatives $5,300 Recycling: Industrialized Nations Typical U.S. recycling facility $30,000 Incineration $136,000- 270,000 Recycling costs based on existing projects. Incineration costs based on World Bank estimates. Source: Institute for Local Self-Reliance report, 2004.
  • 21. Zero Waste for Zero Warming: Solutions for a Finite Planet Zero Waste
  • 22. Reduction in GHG Emissions: Massachusetts Emissions Reduction Recycle/Compost Zero Waste Landfill with gas recovery Incineration 0 500 1000 1500 2000 kg CO2e per ton of waste Source: Assessment of Materials Management Options for the Massachusetts Solid Waste Master Plan Review, Tellus Institute December 2008.
  • 23. Zero Waste
  • 24. Energy Saved or Recovered In Million BTUs/ton of material 80 70 60 50 Zero Waste Reducing 40 Recycling 30 Incineration with 20 energy recovery 10 0 Plastic #1 Newspaper
  • 25. Composting in Indonesia Zero Waste
  • 26. Large-scale Composting Zero Waste
  • 27. Vermicompost Zero Waste
  • 28. Animal Feed Zero Waste
  • 29. Small-scale Biogas Plant Zero Waste
  • 30. Zero Waste
  • 31. Zero Waste
  • 32. www.no-burn.org Zero Waste
  • 33. Zero Waste
  • 34. Mass Burn Incinerator Zero Waste
  • 35. Zero Waste
  • 36. Gasification Incinerator Schematic Zero Waste
  • 37. Life Cycle Emissions Zero Waste