Arab Countries Climate Positions
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Arab Countries Climate Positions

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A matrix for the position of each Arab country in the UN climate negotiations taken from submissions or from direct communication with delegates. This document is work in progress and will be......

A matrix for the position of each Arab country in the UN climate negotiations taken from submissions or from direct communication with delegates. This document is work in progress and will be updated regularely

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  • 1. Arab Country Summary of Submissions and Positions Global goal CO2 A1 aggregate target A1 Aggregate target Next commitment Low-emission Global goal (oC) Global goal (% reduction) concentration for 2020 for 2050 period development plans Notes Voluntary, recorded in an international registry held by UNFCCC Secretariat. Major emitting developing Alliance of countries [based on Small Island absolute emissions] States 350 ppm; peak year: take specific NAMA (AOSIS) 1.5 degrees More than 85% 2015 45% 95% 5 year* targets. Low carbon 20%, but 30% if others development developed countries strategies containing At least 50% below 1990 by commit to ambitious NAMAs. For 2050; need to reassess global reductions and developing European goal in 2016 in the light of IPCC developing countries countries: 15-30% Union 2 degrees AR5 450 ppm* contribute adequately 80%* NO POSITION below BAU NAMAs important to achieve global goal and substantial At least 40% below deviation from Algeria NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION 1990 80-90% below 1990 NO POSITION baseline in NA1 Bahrain NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 2. Global goal CO2 A1 aggregate target A1 Aggregate target Next commitment Low-emission Global goal (oC) Global goal (% reduction) concentration for 2020 for 2050 period development plans Notes Developing countries have voluntary responsibility in mitigation, on different levels according to the Egypt NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION level of development Jordan NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION Developing carbon No specific and GHG No specific numbers, Decision should be based on No specific numbers, Ambitious levels, no No specific numbers, position, management preference for IPCC sound science and political preference for IPCC further details preference for IPCC preference to G77 strategies on Kuwait ranges* realism* ranges* expressed* ranges* position* voluntary basis* Issue of NAMAs is crosscutting and 2 degrees, other Preference for 8 needs approval goals based on IPCC At least 40% below years with mid- from several Lebanon AR4 NO POSITION NO POSITION 1990* 85%* term review* NO POSITION ministries Libya NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION At least 40% below At least 85% below 1990 (as part of June 1990 (as part of June Voluntary, no MRV. 2009 statement with a 2009 statement with a MRV only if support Morocco NO POSITION NO POSITION 350-400 ppm* group of countries) group of countries) NO POSITION is public/multilateral* Oman NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 3. Global goal CO2 A1 aggregate target A1 Aggregate target Next commitment Low-emission Global goal (oC) Global goal (% reduction) concentration for 2020 for 2050 period development plans Notes A1 support MRVed, differentiation of actions based on Voluntary pledges by historic NA1 and responsibility, corrensponding special national support in NAMA circumstances, registry, no to social and human differentiation among development and Qatar NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NA1 degree of resilience Support a long term A1 Stated that no No binding global goal under Stated that no number Do not support a mid target, figure not Saudi Arabia number is needed shared vision is needed term target for A1 specified 8 year NAMAs voluntary Should take development and growth needs into Commitment consideration and No position, period and date of should be contingent preference for No position, IPCC AR5 on technology, Well below 2 No position, preference for scientific based or preference for issuance should finance, capacity Sudan degrees* scientific based or IPCC figures* IPCC figures* ambitious levels* NO POSITION be compatible.* building* Development of National Action Plans for mitigation, to be MRV'd. Encouraging the development of Natural gas for No position, renewebale energy electricity soon for preference for 350 No position, No position, preference and energy terrestrial transport Syria Intention 2 degrees* NO POSITION ppm* preference for 40% * for 80-90%* No preference* efficiency.* sector* For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 4. Global goal CO2 A1 aggregate target A1 Aggregate target Next commitment Low-emission Global goal (oC) Global goal (% reduction) concentration for 2020 for 2050 period development plans Notes No official position 2 degrees, other No position, No position, submitted outside goals based on IPCC preference for 25-40% No position, preference preference for 8 NAMAs can be the African Union Tunisia AR4* NO POSITION NO POSITION * for at least 70%* years* MRVed if supported* and G77 & China UAE NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION Yemen NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION * information from delegate For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 5. Finance scale Finance source Financial institution CDM Bunkers Adverse impact Sectoral approach Notes IMO and ICAO to Any new financing address international should be under the emissions from authority of the COP. avaition and maritime Establish Convention transport in Adaptation Fund on cooperation with Sectoral approach to Funding must be grant-based the polluter pays processes under be considered under Alliance of and generated from developed principle, to UNFCCC and KP. NAMAs, particularly Small Island country parties as well as complement not Consideration should for major emitting States market mechanisms and private replace the KP be given to developing (AOSIS) NO POSITION sector sources. Adaptation Fund. NO POSITION implications for SIDS countries. €22 to 50 billion/ yr by 2020 from Propose creating a international public An institutional system Framework for funding, on the basis that is accetable to Action on of ability to pay, donors and recipients Adaptation to build responsibility for and a registry to match Aviation and transport a more climate emissions, and finance with needs in in the Copenhagen Advanced resilient society emissions reduction developing countries agreement, EU developing countries through effective commitments of low carbon supports the use of as part of their low adaptation contributing development global market-based Minimize adverse carbon development supporting countries. The EU strategies. EF, reform instruments to reduce impacts strategies, set sustainable fair contribution to improve emssions. An particularly on the ambtious baselines development . would be of € 2 to 15 Domestic private and public effectiveness and In transition to sector international poorest and most for specific sectors Considers CCS a billion per year (10% finance could deliver 20 to 40%, efficiency, main its role specific mechanisms agreement to be vulnerable parties and which can allow key technology to 30%) in 2020 the carbon market up to around as the entity operating set end date for CDM approved in 2011 on without for participation in especially during depending on the 40%, and international public the financial in sectors participating the basis of compromising the sectoral crediting the transitional European outcome of the finance could cover the mechanism of the in international furtherwork in IMO and ultimate objective and trading periods towards low Union agreement. remainder. convention competition ICAO of the UNFCCC mechanisms carbon economy For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 6. Finance scale Finance source Financial institution CDM Bunkers Adverse impact Sectoral approach Notes Should be Exempt developing cooperative and not countries or give them imposed by some NAMAs can financial and parties on others achieve substantial technologicall support and should not deviation from to enable them to Response undermine baseline if support Only from developed countries, comply with measures to be differentiation if significant and no further details on how money Programmatic CDMs incremental costs and addressed under between A1 and consistent with NA1 Algeria NO POSITION will be generated* NO POSITION under NAMAs constraints adaptation NA1 needs Bahrain NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION All vulnerabilities Generally share the NO POSITION; Public funding complemented Should be handled of developing views expressed preference for agreed with private sector, direct under the IMO and countries should under the G77 & Egypt full incremental cost. access to funding* NO POSITION NO POSITION ICAO * be addressed* NO POSITION China Jordan NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION Should be handled under the IMO and ICAO within the Kuwait shares the Additional funding principles of the Minimize adverse global communities' from Annex II parties Increase effectiveness UNFCC especially impacts as well as Violates the core concerns on within the ranges Mechanism under the of CDM under KP, no common but impacts of principle of the addressing climate proposed by the Preference for Norwegian COP, no further details further details differentiated response UNFCC principle of change on Kuwait G77* Financial Mechanism* expressed* expressed* responsibility* measures* comprehensivenss* equitable basis* Full consideration for developing countries suffering All relevant emissions from abnormal must be included in burden due to Only from developed countries, mitigation efforts, adverse impacts 0.5 to 1% of A1 GNP no further details on how money Public funds, low share Nuclear power should including maritime and or response Lebanon (G77 position) will be generated* of private* not recieve support aviation transport measures NO POSITION Libya NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 7. Finance scale Finance source Financial institution CDM Bunkers Adverse impact Sectoral approach Notes Only from developed countries, Keep under new Consider response 0.5 to 1% of A1 GNP no further details on how money If multilateral, then agreement, facilitate Exempt Arab measures under Morocco (G77 position)* will be generated* under COP* procedure* countries* mitigation only* NO POSITION Oman NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION Oppose sectoral approach and setting Support G77 & China targets or trade position ie 0.5- 1% Annex I to provide the bulk of New financial Response related regulations GNP, funding should financing, mainly public finance. mechanism under the Should be handled measures to be and standards under Recognize natural be new and Access to funding direct for COP (support G77 & Support Saudi under the IMO and addressed under concept of sectoral gas as a possible Qatar additional recipients China position) Arabia's position* ICAO * adaptation approach transitional option Support and accreditation mechanism, a new institution under COP CCS within CDM, (Sep to match proposed 29, together with action and support, Kuwait called for clean provide direct fuels in CDM), supervision, focus the promotion of Support G77+China efforts, channel all the cooperation in new and additional resources, avoid technology based on principle of Annex I countries to provide fragmentation, and development of clean equity, direct access bulk of funding, proceeds from facilitate the fossil fuels and non- Response Against sectoral without layers of CDM and JI, access to funding flow of finances in a energy uses of fossil Against emissions measures to be approach prefer conditionality and must be direct for recipient balanced and fair fuels such as reductions from addressed under economy wide Saudi Arabia barriers countries manner petrochemicals bunkers adaptation approach Figure should be Adverse impacts is adequate and based Should cover relevant more key than on scientifically Only from developed countries, priorities, have fair response sound no further details on how money regional distribution measures for the Sudan methodologies.* will be generated* NO POSITION and access* NO POSITION country's situation* NO POSITION For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.
  • 8. Finance scale Finance source Financial institution CDM Bunkers Adverse impact Sectoral approach Notes In principle under mitigation not under adaptation, Governemental budget A1 Keep CDM Cooperatition between better for countries, no further details on Financial mechanisme mechanism, no further UNFCCC and IMO and developing poor Syria NO POSITION how money will be generated* under COP* details expressed* ICAO* countries* NO POSITION Should be considered in the agreement. But Response Preference for Include in new position will depend on measures to be mechanism under agreement, facilitate consequences yet to addressed under Against the sectoral Tunisia NO POSITION NO POSITION COP and-or bilateral* procedure* be determined* adaptation* approach* UAE NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION Yemen NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION NO POSITION * information from delegate For feedback please write to njamal@indyact.org or mkahi@indyact.org.