Grammar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Grammar

on

  • 373 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
373
Views on SlideShare
369
Embed Views
4

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0

1 Embed 4

http://nofriindra2013.blogspot.com 4

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Grammar Grammar Presentation Transcript

    • ENGLISH Grammar Evaluation
    • TENSES PRESENT TENSE PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE PRESENT PROGRESIVE TENSE PAST TENSE PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE SIMPLE PAST TENSE PAST PERFECT TENSE PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE FUTURE PAST TENSE FUTURE PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE FUTURE PAST TENSE FUTURE PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE FUTURE PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE FUTURE TENSE FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE FUTURE PROGRESSIVE TENSE
    • PRESENT TENSE • Simple present tense • Present progressive tense • Present perfect tense • Present perfect progressive tense
    • Simple present tense • Merupakan perubahan pada bentuk kata kerja yang menunjukkan adanya kejadian yang terjadi secara berulang-ulang, atau merupakan kebenaran umum • Ciri-ciri keterangannya: every day, every day, every Sunday, every month, every year, every weak dll.
    • a.nominal No Subject To Be (not) Adjective complement 1. I am (not) here every month 2. we/ you/ they are (not) at home every night 3. he/ she/ it is (not) very poor
    • b. Bentuk verbal No. Subject Verb I (s/es) complement 1. they (don’t) go to zoo every sunday 2. you (don’t)study English at school 3. mother/ she/ he/ it (doesn’t go) goes to the market every morning
    • Bentuk kalimat tanya nominal No To Be Subject Adjective complement 1 are they/you a new person here? 2. is he/ she very poor? Bentuk kalimat tanya verbal No do/ does subject verb I complement 1. do you speak spanish? 2. does she go to school every day?
    • Present progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung pada saat sekarang • Ciri-ciri keterangan: now, right now, to day, this morning.
    • Bentuk sentence No Subject To Be(not) verb + ing complement 1. I am (not) playing in the yard now 2. they are (not) fishing in the river now 3. she is (not) studying hard Khusus untuk kata yang melukiskan perasaan seperti dislike, like, want, forget, believe, expect, prefer, remember, realize, know, see, hear, smell, notice, taste, belong to, owe, own. Maka tidak boleh ditambahkan ing dan tobe walaupun pengucapan kalimatnya pada saat sedang berlangsungnya peristiwa. Contoh: 1. I like Mr. Deschamp (correct) 2. I am liking Mr. Deschamp (incorrect)
    • Present perfect tense • Ialah bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa inggris yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang telah dikerjakan (pada masa lampau)dan masih ada hubungannya dengan masa sekarang. Masa lampau bisa sekarang, baru saja, tadi, kemarin, minggu lalu, bulan lalu, tahun lalu dan sebagainya. Waktu yang demikian itu harus menggunakan bentuk present perfect. • Biasanya kalimat present perfect ditandai dengan kata: since 1995, three times, two times
    • Bentuk nominal no subject have (not) been complement 1. I/ you/ they/we have (not) been to Disney before 2. he/ she/ it has(not) been shot by me just now
    • Bentuk verbal no subject have/ has (not) verb I complement 1. I / you/ we/ they have(not) eaten 2. we have (not) sung indonesia raya together 3. she/ he/ it has (not) met your mother 4. we have (not) killed the bear in the forest
    • Present perfect progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa masa lampau dan berlangsungnya sampai sekarang dan kejadian itu mungkin masih dilakukan dimasa mendatang. • Ditandai dengan kata : all week, all day, since, for ten years, dan lain-lain
    • Example no subject have/ has (not) been verb I + ing complement 1 she has (not) been working here for three hours 2. they have (not) been training English for month 3. she has (not) been looking for me since yesterday
    • Past tense • Simple past tense • Past progressive tense • Past perfect tense • Past perfect progressive tense
    • Simple past tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi dimasa lampau (bersifat sederhana) dan tidak ada hubungannya sama sekali dengan masa sekarang serta waktu terjadinya diketahui. • Ciri penandanya: last week, yesterday, last years, ago, last Saturday.
    • Bentuk nominal no subject to be (not) complement 1 I was (not) here last night 2. they were (not) happy last week Bentuk verbal no subject verb II complement 1. I went last week 2. she went to Bali yesterday
    • congratulations badu 12 you passed the test dear , your score 100 no subject didn’t verb I complement 1 you didn’t kick my cat yesterday 2. she didn’t go to Bali yesterday
    • Past progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung dimasa lampau ketika kejadian atau peristiwa lain terjadi. • Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sedang terjadi di waktu lampau . • Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah dimulai namun masih tetap berlangsung ketika kejadian lain terjadi di waktu lampau . • Tanda waktu yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk past progressive tense adalah: -when (biasanya diikuti oleh past tense) -while (biasanya diikuti oleh past progressive) -as -all day yesterday The whole day last Monday
    • Example no subject was/ were (not) verb + ing complement 1 I /she/ he/ it was(not) writing a lesson all day yesterday 2 they/ we/ you were (not) studying biology yesterday 3 they were playing football all afternoon last sunday When you called me, I was studying English
    • Past perfect tense • Adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian (perbuatan)dimasa lalu yang sempurna selesai sebelum perbuatan lain dilakukan. • Tanda waktu(time signal) – Before (past perfect- before –past tense) – After(past tense-after-past perfect) – Until (past tense-until-past perfect) – As soon as (past tense-as soon as-past perfect)
    • Bentuk nominal no subject had (not)+ been complement 1. I /you/ they/ we/ he/she/it had(not)been at school 2. I /you/ they/ we/ he/ she/it had(not)been there a long time
    • Bentuk verbal no subject had(not) Verb III complement 1 I / you/ they/ we/ he/ she/it had(not) left before my parents come 2 they had(not) left before you arrived
    • Past perfect progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau kejadian dimasa lampau yang berlangsung sebelum terjadi peristiwa lain pada waktu yang lampau pula. • Tanda waktu: tanda waktu yang seringkali dipergunakan dalam past perfect progressive tense adalah sebagai berikut: when(ketika) until(hingga)
    • sentence no subject had(not) been verb I + ing complement 1. I /you /they /we /he/ she/ it had (not) been abusing me before I went 2 they had(not) been sleeping until I came to met them
    • Future tense • Simple future tense • Future progressive tense • Future perfect tense • Future perfect progressive tense
    • Simple future tense • Adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan dikerjakan di waktu mendatang. Ciri penandanya yaitu terdapat kata tomorrow, next week, next month, next year, next Saturday. • Tanda waktu (time signal): tanda waktu yang biasa digunakan dalam bentuk simple future tense adalah sebagai berikut: this afternoon, to night, tomorrow, if , before, after, till, next week, next Sunday, soon,when,while, as soon as, until.
    • Bentuk nominal no subject will/shall (not) be complement 1. she will(not) be at home tomorrow 2. the shrimp will(not) be fished by them at the dam
    • Bentuk verbal no subject will/ shall (not) verb I complement 1 I will(not) go to Semarang tomorrow 2 I shall(not) boil water in the kitchen 3 she will(not) keep certificate in the cupboard 4 we shall(not) dig a well tomorrow
    • Future progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan(sedang)berlangsung pada waktu mendatang. Ciri penandanya biasanya menggunakan kata at five next week, at this time tomorrow, dan lain sebagainya.
    • Example no subject will/shall(not) be verb I + ing complement 1 my mother will(not) be teaching math at five o’clock next week 2 I shall(not) be going out at six tomorrow morning 3 you will(not) be helping me if you have a change 4 we shall(not) be proposing for a job at seven o’ clock
    • Future perfect tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang telah dilakukan dimasa lampau selesai pada waktu lain dimasa yang akan datang. Ciri-ciri penandanya biasanya terdapat kata by the time, by the end of, before, dsb. • Time signal (tanda waktu): – By Sunday (menjelang hari minggu) – By the end of this week (menjelang akhir minggu ini) – By next month(menjelang bulan depan)
    • Bentuk nominal no subject will/ shall (not) have been complement 1 she will(not) have been at home 2 the wild boar will(not) have been here a year by next week
    • Example no subject shall/ will(not) have been verb I + ing complement 1 I shall(not) have been teaching at this SMP for three years 2 he will(not) have been composing foe a year by the end of this year 3 it will(not) have been swimming for two days the end of this week 4 I shall(not) have been staying here for five years by the end of the month
    • Bentuk verbal no subject will/ shall (not) have verb III complement 1 my sister will(not) have read two novel of Agatha writes by the end of this week 2 we shall(not) have arrived at India by Monday 3 they will(not) have arrived at Semarang by this week
    • Future perfect progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah terjadi dimasa lampau dan perbuatan itu mungkin akan berlangsung pada waktu yang berlainan dimasa mendatang. • Tanda waktu(time signal) By the end of ……(menjelang akhir…..) By the end of this year(menjelang akhir tahun ini).
    • Past future tense • Past future tense • Past future progressive tense • Past future perfect tense • Past future perfect tense
    • Past future tense • Yaitu bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa dimasa lampau yang akan dilakukan. • Tanda waktu(time signal): The next day before (keesokan harinya) The day before (kemarin dulu). The month before (bulan sebelumnya)
    • Bentuk nominal no subject should/ would(not) be complement 1. money would(not) be given by me if you came to my shop 2. a letter would(not) be send by us day yesterday, if you did not come
    • Bentuk verbal no subject should/ would(not) verb I complement 1 we should(not) send a letter the day before, if you didn’t come 2 you would(not) visit in my home the week before 3 she would(not) follow the traveling the month before
    • Past future progressive tense • Ialah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan (sedang)dilaksanakan dimasa lampau. • Tanda waktu(time signal): tanda waktu yang sering dipergunakan dalam bentuk past future progressive tense adalah sebagai berikut: At this time the following day (saat ini hari berikutnya) At five yesterday (jam lima kemarin ) On Monday last week (hari senin minggu lalu)
    • Example no subject should/ would (not) be verb I + ing complement 1 I should(not) be beginning an examination at this time following day 2 we would(not) be playing at six o’clock yesterday morning 3 she would (not) be reading the novel at six o’clock last Sunday 4 I should(not) be watching TV at nine o’clock last night
    • Past future perfect tense • Ialah bentuk yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa di masa lampau yang akan selesai dan manakala syaratnya dipenuhi atau dapat menyatakan syaratnya dipenuhi atau dapat menyatakan suatu pengandaian yang tidak mungkin terjadi karena syaratnya sudah pasti tidak terpenuhi. • Tanda waktu (time signal): tanda waktu yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk past future perfect tense adalah: if
    • Bentuk nominal no subject should/ would (not) have been complement 1 my work would (not) have been finished by me if I had worked hard 2 I should (not) have been looked by my uncle if you had not given the news 3 I should (not) have been looked for by my uncle if you given the news
    • Bentuk verbal no subject should/ would(not) have verb III complement 1 I should(not) have worked if I had graduated 2 he would(not) have left I his parents came
    • Past future perfect progressive tense • Adalah suatu bentuk yang digunakan untuk menyatakan perbuatan atau peristiwa dimasa lampau yang akan sudah sedang berlangsung. • Tanda waktu(time signal): tanda waktu yang sering digunakan dalam bentuk past future perfect progressive tense adalah sebagai berikut: By last Christmas(menjelang natal yang lalu) By the end of this month(menjelang akhir bulan lalu)
    • Example no subject should/ would(not) have been verb I + ing complement 1 we should(not) have been teaching English at SMP for 3 years by the end of last year 2 they would(not) have been waiting for three hours, by last sunday 3 I should(not) have been teaching English at SMA for 3 years, by the end of last year. 4 you would (not) have been studying mathematics for two month by the end on the last month
    • 1 READ THIS TEXT TO ANSWER to :Ruth I’d like to congratulate You on passing your exam. I do hope you are always successful. love Joshua 1.
    • 1. Why does Joshua send the card ? because a. He wants to tell Ruth about his exam b. He wants to congratulate Ruth c. His exam is difficult to do d. He wants to be successful text
    • 2. Rearrange the jumbled words into a good sentence? door after the lock out you go 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 a. 4-3-1-2-6-7-5 b. 6-7-5-4-2-3-1 c. 7-5-6-4-3-1-2 d.4-3-1-6-7-5-2
    • dear Catherine I’m sorry I can’t pick you up at the air pot but luckily, my friend Steve can (he works at night, so he is free in the morning). I just want to make sure about the information .your phone arrives at 11 a.m. on June 25th and your flying on KLN AIR #1327. is that right? I told Steve to look for a woman with two young girls but he wanted more information. Do you look the same? What about your daughters? You shouldn’t have a problem finding Steve at the airport. He’s very tall and thin. He has curly brown hair, a moustache, and a beard. I can’t wait to see you! love Ronny This text for number 3 to 6 3 4 5 6
    • 3. How many persons will Steve meet at the airport? a. One b. two c. three d. Four Text
    • 4. Steve will pick Catherina with her daughters at the airport because…………… a. He is busy b. He is free in the morning c. He works at the air port d. He wants more information Text
    • 5. “ I can’t wait to see you!” (last sentence). What does the word “you” refer to? a. Catherine b. Steve c. The water d. Roni Text
    • 6. “……but luckily, my friend Steve can”. What does the underlined word mean? a. Accidently b. Actually . c. Basically d. Fortunately Text
    • For question 7 to 9 choose the suitable word to complete the text below A tiger once caught a fox while hunting for food. The fox was very bold. “ I am the king of the forest,” he said. But the tiger grew……..(7) and said that he would eat the fox at once. “ if you don’t believe me, come for a walk with me,” answered the fox quite calmly. ”you’ll soon see whether all the other animals are afraid of me or not.” The tiger agreed to go with the fox……(8) all the animals saw them coming…..(9) ran away as fast as they could. The tiger never found out the animals were really frightened of him and not the fox. a. Very strong b. Quite friendly. c. Very strong d. Rather sad 7.
    • A tiger once caught a fox while hunting for food. The fox was very bold. “ I am the king of the forest,” he said. But the tiger grew……..(7) and said that he would eat the fox at once. “ if you don’t believe me, come for a walk with me,” answered the fox quite calmly. ”you’ll soon see whether all the other animals are afraid of me or not.” The tiger agreed to go with the fox……(8) all the animals saw them coming…..(9) ran away as fast as they could. The tiger never found out the animals were really frightened of him and not the fox. For question 7 to 9 choose the suitable word to complete the text below a. If b. So c. When d. Because 8.
    • A tiger once caught a fox while hunting for food. The fox was very bold. “ I am the king of the forest,” he said. But the tiger grew……..(7) and said that he would eat the fox at once. “ if you don’t believe me, come for a walk with me,” answered the fox quite calmly. ”you’ll soon see whether all the other animals are afraid of me or not.” The tiger agreed to go with the fox……(8) all the animals saw them coming…..(9) ran away as fast as they could. The tiger never found out the animals were really frightened of him and not the fox. For question 7 to 9 choose the suitable word to complete the text below a. He b. It c. She d. They 9
    • 10. Lidia :what a lovely purse! Anne: thank you. I ………. It my self. Lidia : did you ? Anne :yes, I did. a. Make b. Made c. Am making d. Was making
    • Congratulations……………… You passed the test see your score here