Relation to text This slide relates to page 483 of the text. Summary Overview The Internet officially began with the connection of two computers in 1969, and now consists of over 1 billions users worldwide. What changed the Internet the most was development of the World Wide Web, which is the business component of the net. The first advertisements were introduced on the Web via HotWired in 1994, in the form of banner ads. Growth of the Web and Web-based advertising continued until 2000, when there was a “bust” and advertising expenditures dropped by 25 percent. As the number of users of the Net continued to rise, a new crop of advertisers came on board, including many Fortune 100 companies. By 2006, advertising expenditures had exceeded $16.2 billion, with spending projected to reach $42.0 billion by 2011. Use of this slide Use this slide to discuss the phenomenal growth of the Internet and Web-based advertising.
Relation to text This slide relates to pp. 483-484 of the text. Summary Overview No other medium, other than black-and-white television, has been adopted as rapidly as the Internet. Today an estimated 71 percent of households in North America are connected. The reasons for this phenomenon vary: The general public has a desire for information, control of that information, speed, and convenience. Businesses are looking for effective customer targeting, and more direct feedback. Technology has also contributed to adoption of the Internet by facilitating high-speed access, instituting safeguards that increased confidence in the medium, and two-way communication flow. Use of this slide Use this slide to talk about why people, both young and old, have gravitated to the Internet.
Relation to text This slide relates to pp. 484-485 and Exhibit 15-1 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes factors that lead to an effective website: Good overall context Customization Content Connections Communication Commerce To attract visitors to the site and have them return to it requires a combination of creativity, effective marketing, and continual updating of the site. Use of slide This slide can be used to discuss the what is required to develop and maintain a successful website.
Relation to text This slide relates to pp. 484-485 and Exhibit 15-2 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows how Huggies goes well beyond providing information. The site has additional objectives, such as developing a long-term relationship with parents, establishing a brand image for the products, and supporting sales. The HUGGIES Baby Network provides expectant mothers with encouragement and ideas as to how to maintain a happy and healthy pregnancy. The site also provides information to be used once the baby has been born, including how to create a nursery, games to play with the baby, and more. The site is designed to develop one-on-one relationships by offering useful information and product samples to anyone who sends in his or her name, address, and e-mail address. Use of this slide This slide can be used to demonstrate the effective use of the Internet in the IMC process.
Relation to text This slide relates to p. 485 and Figure 15-2. Summary Overview Adweek magazine publishes a Web site Hot List, which lists the top sites and what makes them effective. For instance: Facebook has 16.5 million unique visitors per month who spend an average of 67 minutes on the site. MySpace attracts the 18 to 25 demographic and has over 60 million unique visitors per month. YouTube is the leading user-generated video site with over 50 million unique visitors per month. TMZ.com offers real-time Hollywood celebrity gossip. Disney.com is an innovative, interactive site for both kids and parents Veoh is a diverse virtual community of independent publishers. Funny or Die is a comedy-video Web site that combines user-generated content with original, exclusive content. Discovery.com brings viewers engaging stories and extraordinary experiences from around the world. Use of this slide Use this slide to discuss some of the most successful Web sites, and why they attract the high number of visitors that they do.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 486-488 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows some of the possible communications objectives sought when using the Internet, such as: Creating awareness Generating interest Disseminating information Creating an image Creating a strong brand Stimulating trial Creating buzz Gaining consideration Use of this slide This slide can be used to explain the use of the Internet for achieving communication objectives. The next slides provide examples of various companies that have effectively used their websites to achieve these objectives.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 486 and Exhibit 15-3 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows how Snapple attempts to use the Web to generate interest in their site as well as in their product. Snapple, in its attempt to attract visitors and hold their interest, has created a fun site with many places to visit while learning about Snapple product. An information center, games, product information, sales items, and even an opportunity to personalize the site are all available. Use of this slide This slide can be used to shows how a company like Snapple can use its Web site and entertainment to help get consumers more interested in its products.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 487 and Exhibit 15-5 of the text. Summary Overview Many Web sites are designed to reflect the image a company wants to portray. This slide shows the consumer website www.akademiks.com, which is an excellent example of a website used for image building. Not all companies have been successful in creating a brand image on the Internet. Branding and image-creating strategies must be specifically adapted to this medium. Use of this slide This slide can be used as an example of a Web site that is used for image building.
Relation to text This slide relates to pp. 487-488. Summary Overview Branding is a complicated process, especially on the Internet. New or less well-known brands may have to assume different strategies than those used by more established brand. The Internet, like other direct-response media, are best suited to a highly targeted audience. Branding, on the other hand, requires a broad, generic audience. Successful branding does not take place overnight. When marketers discover that the Internet will not allow them to establish their brands quickly, many return to a focus on ROI or the bottom line. Use of this slide Use this slide when discussing the time, effort, and money that is required to achieve branding online.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 488 of the text. Summary Overview This slide demonstrates another use of the Internet, which is the direct sale of goods and services. E-Commerce has become an important part of the worldwide web, both to consumers and to businesses. E-commerce may be a primary objective for a Web site-only business, but it may be a secondary objective of businesses that sell primarily through their brick-and-mortar stores. Use of this slide This slide can be used to introduce the concept of e-commerce. Most students will be familiar with the concept, but may need to be reminded that it is part of the IMC program, and e-commerce isn’t always the primary object of a Web site.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 488 of the text. Summary Overview E-commerce continues to grow at a very fast pace. Walmart.com, the online sales channel for Wal-Mart, recorded over 500 million visitors and $1.17 billion in sales in 2005, and expected a 40 percent increase in visitors in 2006. Circuit City allows customers to order online and pick up merchandise at the store. Others, including Amazon and eBay have Internet sites only. The strong growth of E-commerce is expected to continue, in both business-to-business and consumer markets. Use of this slide When used with the previous slide, this slide provides additional insight into the e-commerce aspects of the Internet. Many companies are maintaining their “brick and mortar” stores and operations but are now selling through the Internet as well.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 488 and Exhibit 15-7 of the text. Summary Overview Perhaps one of the most well known and successful e-commerce sites on the Internet is that of ebay. Essentially an online auction, eBay allows users to both sell and purchase products and services. While many online e-commerce sites are extensions of the company’s brick and mortar store, ebay is an example of an e-commerce only site. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide an example of an e-commerce site that students are probably already familiar with. Nevertheless, it serves as an example of the potential for success in this medium.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 488-498 of the text. Summary Overview As part of the IMC program, the Internet will be most effective when integrated with other media, including: Advertising Sales promotion Personal selling Public relations Direct marketing Research studies have shown that by integrating the Internet with other IMC components, overall communication is more effective. In addition, getting visitors to come to ones website may require effective use of other IMC program elements. Use of this slide This slide can be used to discuss how the various IMC tools should be combined with the Internet to create a more effective IMC program. The next slides discuss and provide examples of the integration with these components.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 490-491 of the text. Summary Overview The slide shows various forms of advertising that can be done on the Internet. These include: Banners— the most common form of ads that appear on web pages, they appear as side panels, skyscrapers, or verticals Sponsorships— companies pay to sponsor a section of the site, or the sponsor provides dollars in return for name association and also provides content Pop-Ups/Pop-Unders— ads that appear underneath the Web page and become visible only when the user leaves the site Interstitials— ads that appear on the screen while you are waiting for the site’s content to download Push Technologies— technology which allows the website to “push” information to the potential customer rather than waiting for them to find it Links— a link to a different site that provides related or similar information or materials Use of this slide This slide can be used to discuss the various forms of advertising that are available to the Internet advertiser. More forms will be presented on a later slide.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 490 and Exhibit 15-8 of the text, which discusses forms of advertising on the web. Summary Overview This slide shows examples of banner ads, which encourage the viewer to click through for more information about the product. Banner ads are the most common form of advertising found on the Internet. Unfortunately, banner ads are not very effective. They have low scores on recall and click-through rates. Use of this slide This slide can be used to show one form of banner advertising. You may wish to engage students in a discussion of why they believe banner ads are ineffective.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 491-494 of the text. Summary Overview The slide shows various forms of advertising that can be done on the Internet. These include: Paid Search— the fastest growing form of advertising on the Internet; advertisers pay only when a consumer clicks on an ad or link from a search engine page Behavioral Targeting— based on the targeting of consumers according to their web-surfing behaviors Contextual Ads— ads based on the content of the website on which they appear Rich Media— a broad range of interactive digital media that exhibit dynamic motion through video, audio, and animation Additional Forms —there are too many forms to cover here, but the most recognized are Podcasting, RSS feeds, and Blogs. Use of this slide This slide can be used to discuss various forms of advertising that are available to the Internet advertiser. Additional information on Podcasting, RSS, and blogs will follow.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 492-493 of the text. Summary Overview The increased penetration of broadband into households has increased the attention given to rich media. Three common forms of advertising are Podcasting , Really Simple Syndication (RRS), and blogs . Use of this slide This slide can be used to discuss the various types of rich media.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 493-494 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows three additional ways to deliver advertising messages on the Internet: Podcasting , which is used to distribute radiolike files for downloading into iPods and other MP3 players Really Simple Syndication (RSS) , which is a specification that uses XML to organize and format Web-based content in a standard way so that it can be distributed to multiple websites. Blogs , which consist primarily of periodic articles and other writings, normally presented in reverse chronological order. Use of this slide When used with the previous two slides, this slide provides additional insight into the various and evolving forms of Internet advertising.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 494-495 and Exhibit 15-11 of the text. Summary Overview Companies sometimes offer contests, sweepstakes, downloadable coupons, and more to encourage visits to their sites, as well as to establish brand loyalty. This slide shows the Yahoo Web site, on which a sweepstakes and pictures of prior winners are prominently displayed. It is a good example of using sales promotions on the Internet. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide an example of the use of sales promotion on an Internet site.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on page 495 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes various perspectives as to whether the Internet will replace or enhance personal selling as we now know it. Those who feel that the Internet will replace personal selling note that selling via the Internet reduces the high cost of personal selling and vastly increases reach. Those who propose that the Internet will enhance personal selling cite the following: Web sites have become a primary source of information Visitors become part of the potential customer base, and can be more easily qualified Improves one-on-one relationships by providing timely information to customers Stimulates trial through demonstrations or samples offered online Visitors to the site can request a personal sales call or follow-up Cross-selling is easier through the Web site In a well-designed IMC program, the Internet and personal selling are designed to complement one another. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide an overview of the arguments as to whether the Internet will replace or enhance personal selling efforts.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 495-496 and Exhibit 15-13 of the text. Summary Overview This slide provides an example of how Chrysler uses its website for public relations efforts. Many companies now use their websites to provide information about the company, product and service information, news and events, and an archive of press releases. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide a good example of a company using their website for public relations purposes. Students should be encouraged to visit various corporate web sites to see how they are similar and how they differ.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 496 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows a webpage from Ben & Jerry’s, which uses its website to promote products and images as well as showcasing the causes it supports and champions such as global warming, peace, and social and environmental issues. Many philanthropic and nonprofit organizations have found the Internet to be a useful way to generate funds. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide a good example of public relations on the Internet.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 497 of the text. Summary Overview Email is often used by catalogers and others who conduct direct marketing on the Internet. Email is highly targeted, relies heavily on lists, and attempts to reach those with specific needs. Direct mail usage on the Internet continues to increase, but has recently fallen under attack as a result of significant increases in the use of SPAM or online junk mail. Like its traditional direct mail counterpart, critics of SPAM have attempted to enact legislation to prohibit or limit its use. Use of this slide This slide can be used to provide a brief overview of the characteristics of using email for direct marketing purposes. You might initiate a discussion of similarities and dissimilarities between traditional direct mail and the electronic version.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on page 487 of the text. Summary Overview This slide shows some of the characteristics of another direct marketing tool that is now being used on the Internet, the infomercial. Infomercials contain program content similar to that of television. At the same time, due to its interactive capabilities, the Web allows for greater audience interaction. While not as common as email, the infomercial is gaining in popularity on the Internet. Use of this slide This slide can be used show students how the Internet can also make use of other traditional forms of direct marketing.
Relation to text This slide relates to pp. 497-498 of the text. Summary Overview E-commerce, or direct sales on the Internet, has exploded. Online spending for 2007 was expected to exceed $400 billion, with strong growth predicted over the next few years. In addition, up to 69 percent of those polled said they research products online, but buy through traditional outlets. That means that there is plenty of room for growth. QVC, the home-shopping TV channel, and HSN, the Home Shopping Network, have both established an online shopping site. Although not purely home-shopping sites, Amazon and eBay sell a lot of products online as well. Use of this slide Use this slide when discussing E-commerce.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 498-500 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes some of the measures of effectiveness for Internet, including: Internet-specific measures XMOS, which simultaneously measures online and offline advertising in the same campaign Traditional measures , including Recall and retention measures, to determine whether viewers remember seeing ads Surveys, which can be used to determine everything from site usage to attitudes Sales, a prime indicator of effectiveness Tracking of such things as brand awareness, ad recall, message association, and purchase intent Use of this slide This slide shows some of the ways marketers can attempt to measure the effectiveness of various aspects of their Internet strategy and consumer reaction to their web sites.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on p. 500 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes just a few of the many sources available for acquiring information about the Internet, such as Arbitron, the Audit Bureau of Circulation, and Nielsen Net Ratings. Numerous other sources are also available, as many are well-known providers of traditional marketing information. Use of this slide This slide can be used to show companies that provide information and measurement data for the Internet.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 500-501 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes the advantages of the Internet. Advantages include: Targeting capabilities Message tailoring Interactive capabilities Information access Sales potential Creativity Exposure Speed Complementing other IMC elements Use of this slide This slide can be used to explain the advantages of marketing on the Internet, including target marketing, interactive capabilities, sales potential, exposure, and speed. The Internet offers numerous advantages, but it still has limitations, which will be presented on the next slide.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on pp. 500-501 of the text. Summary Overview This slide summarizes the disadvantages of the Internet, including: Measurement problems , such as unreliable research numbers. Annoyance with such things as slow download, having to install additional software, and navigation difficulty. Clutter . As the number of ads increases, the likelihood of your ad being noticed drops accordingly. Potential for deception . The Center for Media Education has referred to the Web as “a web of deceit” in regard to advertisers’ attempts to target children with subtle advertising messages. In addition, data collection often occurs without the consumers’ knowledge, and hacking and credit card theft are major issues. Privacy . Like their direct-marketing counterparts, Internet marketers must not impinge upon the privacy of users. Poor reach . Although Internet numbers are growing by leaps and bounds, its reach still lags behind television. Irritation . Consumers are unhappy with clutter, email SPAM, pop-ups, and pop-unders. Use of this slide This slide can be used to explain the disadvantages of marketing on the Internet.
Relation to text This slide relates to material on page 503-504 and Exhibits 15-16 and 15-17 of the text. Summary Overview There are two additional interactive media available to the marketer for use in an IMC program, interactive TV and wireless. Interactive TV, or iTV, has been available for some time, but has not caught on as expected. Wireless, while new and relatively small in regard to media billings, is catching on quickly, and offers a variety of potential uses for the marketer. Use of this slide This slide can be used to remind students that two additional interactive marketing media are available, in addition to the Internet.
The Internet and Interactive Media
The Internet and Interactive Media Chapter 15 Advertising And Promotion, 6/E - Belch Group 8 Integrated Marketing CommunicationsAditya GSN Indrajit Bage N Krishna Chaitanya Neeraj Panghal Prateek JaiswalSilpa Kamath
Growth in Internet Advertising1994 – Advertisements on HotWired1994 – Advertisements on HotWired 2000-2002 – 25 percent drop 2000-2002 – 25 percent drop 2005 – Internet advertising at 2005 – Internet advertising at $10 billion $10 billion2006 – Internet advertising exceeds2006 – Internet advertising exceeds $16.9 billion $16.9 billion
Hot Web SitesFacebook Disney.comMySpace VeohYouTube Funny or DieTMZ.com Discovery.com
Internet Communications Objectives Create Create Awareness Awareness Gain Gain Generate GenerateConsiderationConsideration Interest Interest Create Buzz Objectives Objectives Disseminate Disseminate Create Buzz Information Information Create an Create anStimulate TrialStimulate Trial Image Create a Strong Create a Strong Image Brand Brand
Branding is Complicated Long-term Requires Requires Long-terminvestment different different investment strategies strategies Branding BrandingThe costsThe costs Requires a Requires a are high are high broad audience broad audience
E-Commerce Direct Direct selling of selling of May be May begoods andgoods and primary primary services services or or through through secondary secondary the the objective objective Internet Internet
E-Commerce Trends E-Commerce E-Commerce Fast growth in Fast growth inRapid growth ratesRapid growth rates “downloadable” “downloadable” likely to continue likely to continue purchases purchases Both consumer and Both consumer and business-to-business business-to-business
The Internet and IMC Advertising Advertising Sales Promotions Sales PromotionsThe Internet siteThe Internet site should be should be Personal Selling Personal Sellingintegrated with: integrated with: Public Relations Public Relations Direct Marketing Direct Marketing
Advertising on the Internet (Part 1) Forms of Internet Advertising Forms of Internet Advertising Banners Banners Interstitials Interstitials Push PushSponsorshipsSponsorships Technologies Technologies Pop-ups/ Pop-ups/ Pop-unders Links Links Pop-unders
Advertising on the Internet (Part 2) Forms of Internet Advertising Forms of Internet Advertising•Paid Search•Paid Search Contextual Ads Contextual Ads•Behavioral targeting•Behavioral targeting Additional Forms Additional Forms•Rich media•Rich mediaOnline commercialsOnline commercials Podcasting Podcasting Video on demand Video on demand RSS feeds RSS feeds Webisodes Webisodes Blogs Blogs
Rich Media A broad range of interactive digital media A broad range of interactive digital mediathat exhibit dynamic motion, taking advantage that exhibit dynamic motion, taking advantage of enhanced sensory features such as video, of enhanced sensory features such as video, audio, and animation. audio, and animation. Online Commercials Online Commercials Video on Demand Video on Demand Other Forms Other Forms
Additional Internet Advertising Forms Podcasting, RS syndication, Blogs Podcasting, RS syndication, Blogs
Personal Selling on the InternetMay ReplaceMay Replace Reduces cost of personal calls Reduces cost of personal calls Personal Personal Selling Selling Increases potential reach Increases potential reachMay Enhance May Enhance Primary source of information Primary source of information Personal PersonalSelling EffortsSelling Efforts Valuable source of leads Valuable source of leads Stimulates trial Stimulates trial Improves 1-on-1 relationships Improves 1-on-1 relationships Cross-selling Cross-selling Prospects request sales calls Prospects request sales calls
Direct Mail (Email) Direct Mail Direct Mail (Email) (Email) Often used by Often used by Highly targeted Highly targeted catalogers catalogersTries to reach thoseTries to reach those Relies on Relies on w/specific needs w/specific needs email lists email lists
Internet Infomercials Program content similar Program content similarInfomercialsInfomercials to television, cable or to television, cable or satellite satellite Web provides for greater Web provides for greater audience interaction audience interaction
Measures of Effectiveness Internet-Specific Measures Internet-Specific Measures Cross-Media Optimization Cross-Media Optimization Studies (XMOS) Studies (XMOS) Traditional Measures Traditional MeasuresRecall/retentionRecall/retention Surveys Surveys Tracking Tracking Sales Sales
Sources of Measurement Data Arbitron Arbitron Data Data MRI and SMRB MRI and SMRBSourceSource Audit Bureau of Circulation Audit Bureau of Circulation Internet Advertising Bureau (IAB) Internet Advertising Bureau (IAB) Nielsen Net Ratings Nielsen Net Ratings Jupiter MediaMetrics, Inc. Jupiter MediaMetrics, Inc.
Internet Marketing Pros and Cons Advantages Target Marketing Target Marketing Sales Potential Sales Potential Message Tailoring Message Tailoring Creativity CreativityInteractive CapabilitiesInteractive Capabilities Exposure/Speed Exposure/Speed Information Access Information Access Complement to IMC Complement to IMC
Internet Marketing Pros and Cons DisadvantagesMeasurement problemsMeasurement problems Privacy Privacy Annoyance Annoyance Poor reach Poor reach Clutter Clutter Irritation IrritationPotential for deceptionPotential for deception
Test Your KnowledgeInteractive TV, interactive CD-ROMs, kiosks, andinteractive phones: A) Are viewed by businesses as breeches of consumer rights to privacy B) Can be used as contributors to an IMC program C) Cannot be linked with traditional advertising media D) Replace the Internet in most IMC programs E) Are not viewed as viable elements within a well-designed IMC program
Additional Interactive Media Interactive TV— Wireless—Allows viewers to Communicationsinteract with the through satellite program and broadcast systems advertising or cellular phones