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Japan-China Relations Enter a New Era 1972 1978 1978 1982 1983 1984Establishing a Mutually BeneficialRelationship Based on The Path of Japan-China Friendship Japan and China have developed their relationsCommon Strategic Interests steadily since the normalization of diplomatic ties. Japan and China are neighboring countries, separated onlyPrime Minister Abe’s Visit to China by a narrow strip of water, that have deep historical and cultural ties and a history of exchanges for more than 2,000Opens the Door to a New Era years. In the 20th century, the two countries experienced anin Japan-China Relations unhappy period, including the last war, and a period ofAt the invitation of Premier Wen Jiabao of the People’s abnormal relations, but through the efforts of many people,Republic of China, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited “Joint Communique of the Government of the People’s Prime Minister Abe and Chinese counterpart Wen.China on October 8, 2006, for the first time in his official Republic of China” was issued in 1972, which marked thecapacity. Prime Minister Abe then had candid, unreserved normalization of diplomatic relations. The Treaty of Peacetalks with President Hu Jintao, Chairman of the Standing and Friendship Between Japan and the People’s Republic ofCommittee of the National People’s Congress Wu Bangguo, China was concluded in 1978. Their relations developedand Premier Wen Jiabao, which fostered trust further steadily including a visit by Their Majesties the Emperor andbetween the two nations. Under the recognition that it is Empress to China in 1992. President Jiang Zemin visited Prime Minister Shinzo Abe meets with President Hu Jintao in Beijing. Japan in 1998, and a Japan-China Joint Declaration wasthe solemn responsibility of both countries in the new erato contribute constructively to the peace, stability, and issued calling for the establishment of “partnership ofdevelopment of Asia and the world, both sides shared the friendship and cooperation for peace and development.”view that by setting the two wheels of politics and economy During Prime Minister Abe’s visit to China in October 2006,in motion, they will elevate the Japan-China relations to a “Japan-China Joint Press Statement” was released,higher dimension and build a mutually beneficial relationship announcing the building of a mutually beneficial relationship Foreign Minister Aso welcomesbased on common strategic interests, which will enable both based on common strategic interests. Chinese counterpart Li in Tokyo.countries to more effectively tackle regional and globalissues. Japan’s Cooperation for China Helps Support Development of the Chinese Economy Since the implementation of reform and open policies, China’s economy has achieved amazing growth and development. From the view point that China’s stable development is extremely important for the peace and An afforestation project in Sichuan prosperity not only of Japan, but also of the entire Province. Asia-Pacific region, Japan has consistently supported China’s reform and open policies through measures such as official development assistance, which has been provided since 1998 2001 Former Prime Minister Ohira’s visit to China in 1979. Japanese volunteer nurse in Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region. Japanese volunteer agricultural technology instructor in Guizhou Province. 1992 1997 2000 2006
1Bilateral Relationship The Japan-China Relationship in Numbers 0 A Deepening Relationship1985 Mutual Benefit 1975 1980 of 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Japan and China are enjoying their closest ever relationship, for instance, in terms of economic relations and person-to- person exchanges, and are thus becoming increasingly interdependent. Economic ExchangesJapan-China Relation (US$ million) 200 190 Japan’s ODA to China (¥ billion, up to 2005) Loan Aid ....................................................................................... 3,133.1 Grant Aid .......................................................................................... 147.1in the International Community 180 170 Technical Cooperation ................................................................. 155.8 Total ............................................................................................ 3,436.0 160 150 Total Trade Volume Japan’s Import 140 Japan’s Export 130Japan and China in the World— 120As Responsible Countries in the Region 110 100 Reference: Trade Volume in 1972 (US$ thousand)Japan and China are playing a responsible role in the region Japan’s Export: 609; Japan’s Import: 491; Total: 1,100 90with impact on setting the future course of the peace and 80prosperity in Asia and the world. Strengthening cooperation 70with China in a wide variety of fields is highly important for 60Asia and the international community. Japan and China have 50responsibilities to act for global peace and prosperity. Japan 0and China are required to cooperate further to tackle global 1983 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 (year) Source: Trade Statistics of Japan, Ministry of Finance (Converted to U.S. dollar by Japanand international challenges such as the North Korean issue, External Trade Organization)regional cooperation in East Asia, and UN reform, and to Exchange of Peoplepromote dialogue and exchanges at various levels in the Top envoys to the Six-Party talks join hands in Beijing. Number of Visitors (2006) ....................... Approx. 4.73 million Number of Visiting Studentsareas of political affairs, economy, security, society, culture • From Japan to China ....................................... Approx. 3.75 million • From Japan to China (2005) ................................................... 18,874and so on. They are efforts to achieve a mutually-beneficial • From China to Japan ....................................... Approx. 0.98 million (Based on Chinese statistics; second only to South Korea)relationship based on common strategic interests between • From China to Japan (2006) ................................................. 89,711both countries, which will be built on the outcome of Prime Number of Japanese Residing in China (2005) ..... 114,899Minister Abe’s visit to China in October 2006. (including Hong Kong) Number of Sister City/State Relationships ...................... 322 (as of February 28, 2007) Desertification prevention becomes an important issue. Residents get their birds vaccinated against bird flu in Beijing. Japan’s Path of a Peaceful Country On October 8, 2006, Prime Minister Abe made the first official also share. This feeling will not change in the future.” visit to China by a Japanese Prime Minister since the visit by Prime Minister Abe further explained that postwar Japan Former Prime Minister Obuchi in 1999. During his visit, Prime has consistently walked the path of a peaceful nation, maintaining Minister Abe held talks with President Hu Jintao, Chairman of freedom and democracy as its foundations, and that Japan will the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress Wu continue to contribute to world peace. This stance was received Bangguo, and Premier Wen Jiabao. The leaders held candid, with positive appreciation by the Chinese side. This exchange of unreserved discussion about the futures of the two countries and views was also included in the Japan-China Joint Press Statement. built a relationship of trust. Concerning historical perceptions, the Japanese and Chinese At that time, Prime Minister Abe stated to the Chinese governments have started joint research on history by scholars leaders, “Japan shall look at past history squarely and shall from the two countries. This was based on an agreement by the continue to conduct itself as a peaceful nation. Japan has come heads of state in last October to increase mutual understanding through the 60 years of the postwar period on the basis of by deepening objective perceptions of histor y through deep remorse over the fact that Japan in the past has caused joint research on the history of more than two millennia of tremendous damage and suffering to the people of the Asian Japan-China relations, the unfortunate historical events in the countries, and left scars in those people. This feeling is shared by modern era, and the development of Japan-China relations in the the people who have lived these 60 years and is a feeling that I post-war era.
w The Foundation of Japan-China Friendship Mutual Understanding through Exchange Japan-China 21st Century Friendship Program The Japanese and Chinese governments are using a variety of frameworks to support people-to-people exchanges between Japan and China to nurture the feelings of mutual People-to-people Exchanges trust among the Japanese and Chinese peoples, a foundation between Japan and China for the long-term development of Japan-China relations. In particular, the Japan-China 21st Century Friendship Program, In 2006, travelers between Japan and China reached 4.7 mainly consisting of high school students, was launched in million (980,000 Chinese travelers to Japan and 3.7 million 2006, to promote exchange among the youth who will lead Japanese travelers to China). In addition, the number of future relations between the two countries. In the first year Japanese citizens in China exceeds 100,000 (approximately of the program, approximately 1,200 Chinese high school Japan’s first lady Mrs. Akie Abe welcomes students from China. 115,000 as of October 2005) and Chinese citizens living in students were invited to Japan, where they deepened their Japan number more than 500,000 (approximately 520,000 as understanding of Japan through school visits and stays with of the end of 2005). In this way, people-to-people exchanges, Japanese families. About 150 Japanese students went to the foundation of the Japan-China relationship, continue to Chinese tourists in group for Japan (Sep. 2002) China at the invitation of the Chinese side. Prime Minister expand. Abe agreed with his Chinese counterparts to the long-term implementation of this program, aiming at promoting this Foreign Students in Japan by type of exchange from the perspective of planting the seeds Number of Visitors of Japan-China friendship for the future. Country/Region of Origin (million) Total A cooking class in a Japanese high Chinese and Japanese students felt tremendous 4 From Japan to China Japan-China school sorrow upon parting. From China to Japan Others 15,651 Exchange Year of Culture and Sports China 74,292 3 In 2007, Japan and China will celebrate the 35th anniversary Projected Goals for the Japan-China of the normalization of diplomatic relations. On this Exchange Year of Thailand 1,734 Total 2 Culture and Sports 2007 U.S.A. 1,790 117, 927 occasion, 2007 has been designated as “The Japan-China Exchange Year of Culture and Sports 2007” to nurture trust 1. Vietnam 2,119 Youth exchanges (with the participation of the youth Malaysia 2,156 1 between the peoples of the two countries based on mutual who will be tomorrow’s leaders) Taiwan 4,211 0 understanding and to build a stable Japan-China relationship for the future generations. These programs are expected to 2. Grass-roots exchanges (joint participation by citizens of both countries and hands-on programs) As of May 2006 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Sources: Annual Report of Statistics on Legal Migrants, Ministry convey the image of the “new Japan and Japanese people,” including a perspective on Japanese history over the 60-year 3. Cultural exchanges (introducing Japan’s contemporary culture in accordance with the needs) 4. of Justice (for Chinese visitors to Japan during 1975–2005 and Korea 15,974 Japanese visitors to China during 1975 – 95); China Statistical Sports exchanges Source: Japan Student Services Organization Yearbook (for Japanese visitors to China during 2000–04); and China post-war period, to Chinese citizens who will lead the next (support for the 2008 Beijing Olympics) National Tourism Administration (for Japanese visitors to China in 2005) generation. 5. Economic exchanges (stabilization of existing markets and development of new markets) 6. Social action program (assistance to poor areas, environmental protection, etc.) (US$ million) 200 Web address http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/china/jccs2007/ 190 180 170 160 150 Total Trade Volume
The Rewards of Mutual Understanding The Japan-China 21st Century Friendship Program is intended to foster mutual understanding and trust between the peoples of the two countries as the foundation for a long-term relationship. Representative groups of Chinese high school students have started visiting Japan under this program since May 2006. Below are some opinions of Chinese students who visited Japanese schools and homes and Japanese students who accepted the Chinese students in their schools and homes. Chinese Students Who Stayed in Japan Japanese Students of Families Who Accepted Chinese Students at Their Homes In the past, I felt dislike, or more accurately, hated Japan because of historical and other issues. While stayed in Japan, however, I I feel that what we saw and learned through this exchange was came to like it without even realizing it. I hope to become an only a small part of each other’s countries, regions, and schools. emissary of peace and a bridge to friendly relations between I hope to see more exchanges of this type in the future so that China and Japan. It is my strong desire that China and Japan can we can increase our mutual understanding. I truly felt that it engage in exchanges in wide-ranging fields as they did during is necessary to bear in mind that “you can’t think you know the Tang Dynasty. everything about something when you’ve seen just one side of it.” Second-year female high school student from Shenyang City (Third group, Third-year female junior high school student from Akita Prefecture October 2006) There are many problems between China and Japan right The image that I had of Japan in the past was completely now. My impression of China was not so good. Through different from that I have now. I feel that I finally came to learn this exchange program, however, my impressions have been that there are no borders in people’s hearts. I definitely want progressively changed. Japanese students to come to China and to see the real China. First-year female senior high school student from Tokyo First-year female high school student from Zhengzhou City (Fourth group, November 2006) I remember that the Chinese student legs became numb by sitting on tatami during dinner, and that she kindly taught me The parents of the home where I stayed welcomed me warmly, Chinese. Although there were language barriers, we were able and it felt like I was staying in my own home. When it was time to understand each other. to leave, I thought that I shouldn’t cry, but I couldn’t stop tears. Female senior high school student from Tokyo I will never forget the memories of my stay in Japan. Female high school student from Hubei Province (Second group, August 2006) (All from the second group, August 2006) Useful Websites to Know About Japan-China Relationships Embassy and Consulates of Japan in China Japanese International Organizations’ Chinese Office Studying in Japan Embassy of Japan in China Japan Foundation Beijing Office Study in Japan Comprehensive Guide http://www.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/index_e.htm http://www.jpfbj.cn/ http://www.studyjapan.go.jp/en/ Consulate-General of Japan in Shanghai Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) China Office Japan Student Services Organization (JSASSO) http://www.shanghai.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/cn/index_cn.htm http://www.jica.go.jp/china/english/ http://www.jasso.go.jp/index_e.html Consulate-General of Japan in Guangzhou Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet Information on Japan http://www.guangzhou.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/cgjp_cn/ Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet Web Japan (Chinese Version) Consulate-General of Japan in Shenyang http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/index-e.html http://web-japan.org/index-c.html http://www.shenyang.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/cn/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan Foreign Press Center/Japan Branch Office in Dalian, Consulate-General of Japan in Shenyang http://www.fpcj.jp/e/ http://www.dalian.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan http://www.mofa.go.jp/ Japan Center for Asian Historical Records (JACAR) Consulate-General of Japan in Chongqing http://www.jacar.go.jp/english/ http://www.chongqing.cn.emb-japan.go.jp/index_c.htm Japan’s ODA http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/ Statistical Handbook of Japan Consulate-General of Japan in Hong Kong http://www.stat.go.jp/data/handbook/ http://www.hk.emb-japan.go.jp/eng/ Visiting Japan Links http://www.mofa.go.jp/link/visit.html Ministry of Foreign Affairs, JapanPhotos: Japan Foundation, Japan InternationalCooperation Agency (JICA), JIJI PRESS LTD,Kyodo News, The Mainichi Newspapers, and 2-2-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8919 JapanReuters/AFLO Tel: +81-3-3580-3311 http://www.mofa.go.jp Printed in Japan, March 2007