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Sebuah laporan yang berisi kinerja pertumbuhan industri batubara Indonesia, pertumbuhan perusahaan batubara Indonesia, dan pertumbuhan industri batubara dunia. Laporan ini meliputi data produksi, ...

Sebuah laporan yang berisi kinerja pertumbuhan industri batubara Indonesia, pertumbuhan perusahaan batubara Indonesia, dan pertumbuhan industri batubara dunia. Laporan ini meliputi data produksi, ekspor-impor, pangsa pasar, sumber daya dan cadangan batubara, serta harga batubara Indonesia dan dunia. Selain itu, juga menyajikan kinerja perusahaan batubara Indonesia, dari sisi produktifitas sampai kinerja keuangannya.

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Laporan industri batubara indonesia 2014. Presentation Transcript

  • 1. LAPORAN INDUSTRI Studi Kinerja Industri Batubara Prospek Industri, Kinerja Industri, Pertumbuhan Pasar, dan Kinerja Perusahaan Terbit April 2014
  • 2. BAB I: PROSPEK INDUSTRI BATUBARA 1.1. Potensi Industri Batubara 1.1.1. Potensi Pasar 1.1.2. Potensi Sumber Daya 1.2. Tantangan Industri Batubara 1.2.1. Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Dunia 1.2.2. Regulasi Pemerintah BAB II: STATISTIK KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2.1. Pertumbuhan Industri Batubara Indonesia 2.1.1. Produksi 2.1.2. Ekspor 2.1.3. Penjualan Dalam Negeri 2.1.4. Impor 2.1.5. Supply & Demand 2.1.6. Harga 2.1.7. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan 2.2. Pertumbuhan Industri Batubara Dunia 2.2.1. Produksi 2.2.2. Ekspor 2.2.3. Impor 2.2.4. Harga 2.2.5. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan BAB III: PASAR INDUSTRI BATUBARA 3.1. Pasar Dalam Negeri 3.1.1. Konsumsi 3.1.2. Pangsa Pasar 3.1.3. Industri Pembangkit Listrik 3.1.4. Industri Semen 3.2. Pasar Luar Negeri 3.2.1. Konsumsi 3.2.2. Pangsa Pasar 3.2.3. Pasar Cina 3.2.4. Pasar India 3.2.5. Pasar Amerika BAB IV: PERUSAHAAN BATUBARA INDONESIA 4.1. Posisi Perusahaan terbaik 4.1.1. Peringkat Produksi Terbaik 4.1.2. Peringkat Penjualan Terbaik 4.2. Kinerja & Profil Bisnis Perusahaan Batubara 4.2.1. Adaro Energy 4.2.2. Bukit Asam 4.2.3. Indo TamabangRaya Megah 4.2.4. Bayan Resources 4.2.5. Bumi Resources 4.2.6. Berau Coal 4.2.7. Kideco Jaya Agung 4.2.8. Adimitra Baratama Nusantara 4.2.9. Asmin Koalindo Tuhup 4.2.10. Indomining 4.2.11. Kartika Selabumi Mining 4.2.12. Toba Bara Sejahtera 4.2.13. Mahakam Sumber Jaya www.indoanalisis.co.id i DAFTAR ISI STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014
  • 3. I. PROSPEK INDUSTRI BATUBARA ……….....…………………………………………….……….………………………………………. 1.1 Potensi Industri Batubara .................................................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 1.1. Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia, 2009 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................................. Gambar 1.2. Prediksi Kebutuhan Batubara untuk Pembangkit Listrik, 2014 – 2022 ........................................................................................................... Gambar 1.3. Prediksi Konsumsi Batubara Dalam Negeri Berdasarkan Industri, 2014 ............................................................................................................ Gambar 1.4. Prediksi Konsumsi Semen di Indonesia, 2014 – 2017 ........................................................................................................................................ Gambar 1.5. Periode Keemasan Penjualan Luar Negeri Batubara Indonesia, 2009 - 2013................................................................................................... Gambar 1.6. Prediksi Konsumsi Batubara Cina, 2010 – 2040 ............................................................................................................................................... Gambar 1.7. Prediksi Konsumsi Batubara India, 2010 – 2040 .............................................................................................................................................. Gambar 1.8. Pertumbuhan Volume Sumber Daya Batubara 2004 – 2013 ......................................................................................................................... Gambar 1.9. Pertumbuhan Volume Cadangan Batubara 2004 – 2013 ......................................................................................................................... 1.2 Tantangan Industri Batubara …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... Gambar 1.10. Perbandingan Harga Batubara Australia dengan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Cina, India, Indonesia, Amerika, dan Jepang, 2001 – 2019 ........... II. STATISTIK KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA .…………………………………………….……….………………………………….….. 2.1 Pertumbuhan Industri Batubara Indonesia ......................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 2.1. Tren Pertumbuhan Volume Produksi Batubara Indonesia (Versi ESDM dan EIA), 2000 – 2014 ....................................................................... Gambar 2.2. Gambar 2.2. Tren Pertumbuhan Volume Ekspor Batubara Indonesia Versi BPS, BI, dan Kementerian ESDM, 2006 – 2013 ....................... Gambar 2.3. Perbandingan Tren Volume dan Nilai Ekspor Batubara Indonesia, 2005 – 2013 ............................................................................................. Gambar 2.4. Perbandingan Tren Volume dan Nilai Ekspor Batubara Indonesia Setiap Bulan, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013 ........................................ Gambar 2.5. Tren Pertumbuhan Penjualan Batubara Dalam Negeri (Domestik), 2000 – 2014 ........................................................................................... Gambar 2.6. Tren Pertumbuhan Volume Impor Batubara Indonesia Versi ESDM, 2000 – 2011 ............................................................................................ Gambar 2.7. Tren Pertumbuhan Volume Impor Batubara Indonesia Versi BI, 2007 – 2013 ................................................................................................. Gambar 2.8. Tren Supply & Demand Batubara Indonesia, 2000 – 2014 ............................................................................................................................. Gambar 2.9. Tren Pertumbuhan Harga Batubara Acuan (HBA) Setiap Bulan, Januari 2009 – Maret 2014.......................................................................... Gambar 2.10. Perbandingan Harga Batubara Acuan dengan Volume Ekspor, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013 .................................................................. Gambar 2.11. Perbandingan Harga Batubara Acuan dengan Nilai Ekspor, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013......................................................................... Gambar 2.12. Tren Jumlah Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Indonesia 2004 – 2013 ................................................................................................ Gambar 2.13. Komposisi Kualitas Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Indonesia Berdasarkan Jumlah Kalori, 2012 .................................................... Gambar 2.14. Jumlah Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Indonesia Berdasarkan Propinsi, 2012.................................................................................. 2.2 Pertumbuhan Industri Batubara Dunia .................................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 2.15. Tren Volume Produksi Batubara Enam Negara Produsen Terbesar Dunia, 1980 – 2012 ........................................................................... Gambar 2.16. Posisi Enam Negara Produsen Batubara Terbesar Dunia, 2012 ................................................................................................................... 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 20 20 21 22 23 23 24 25 26 27 27 27 www.indoanalisis.co.id ii DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014
  • 4. Gambar 2.17. Prediksi Tren Volume Produksi Batubara Empat Negara Besar dan Total Dunia, 2015 – 2040 ................................................................... Gambar 2.18. Tren Volume Ekspor Batubara Lima Negara Eksportir Terbesar Dunia, 1980 – 2011 ................................................................................ Gambar 2.19. Posisi Lima Negara Eksportir Batubara Terbesar Dunia, 2011 ....................................................................................................................... Gambar 2.20. Tren Volume Impor Batubara Lima Negara Utama Dunia, 1980 – 2011 ..................................................................................................... Gambar 2.21. Prediksi Pertumbuhan Volume Impor Batubara Empat Negara Utama Dunia, 2011 – 2040 ...................................................................... Gambar 2.22. Perbandingan Tren Harga Batubara Acuan Indonesia, Australia, dan Columbia, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013 ..................................... Gambar 2.23. Cadangan Batubara Dunia Berdasarkan Wilayah, 2010 ............................................................................................................................... Gambar 2.24. Volume dan Persentase Cadangan Batubara Dunia Berdasarkan Negara, 2010 ......................................................................................... Tabel 2.1. Cadangan Batubara di Berbagai Negara di Dunia, 2010 .......................................................................................................................................... III. PASAR INDUSTRI BATUBARA INDONESIA .…………………………………………….……….………………………………….….. 3.1 Pasar Dalam Negeri ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.1. Tren Pertumbuhan Konsumsi Batubara Dalam Negeri, 2000 – 2013 ............................................................................................................. Gambar 3.2. Prediksi Konsumsi Batubara Dalam Negeri Berdasarkan Sektor Industri, 2014 ............................................................................................ Gambar 3.3. Pangsa Pasar dan Volume Konsumsi Batubara Dalam Negeri Berdasarkan Sektor Industri Indonesia, 2000 – 2011 ....................................... Gambar 3.4. Volume Konsumsi Batubara oleh Pembangkit Listrik, 2003 – 2013 ................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.5. Prediksi Kompoisis Batubara untuk PLN, Anak Perusahaan PLN, dan Pembangkit Listrik Swasta, 2014 ......................................................... Gambar 3.6. Prediksi Kebutuhan Batubara untuk Pembangkit Listrik, 2014 – 2022 .......................................................................................................... Tabel 3.1. Prediksi Produksi Pembangkit Listrik dengan Bahan Bakar Batubara dan Bahan Bakar Lainnya, 2014 – 2022 ................................................. Gambar 3.7. Gambar 3.7. Komposisi Batubara dalanm Bauran Energi yang Digunakan PT. PLN, 2008 – 2012 .................................................................. Gambar 3.8. Konsumsi Batubara oleh PT. PLN Berdasarkan Wilayah dan Anak Perusahaan, 2012 ................................................................................... Gambar 3.9. Harga Batubara Rata-rata oleh PT. PLN, 2004 – 2013 .................................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.10. Harga Batubara Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja PLN dan Anak Perusahaan PLN, 2012 ..................................................................................... Tabel 3.2. Daftar Pemasok/Suplier Batubara ke PT. PLN ...................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.11. Pertumbuhan Konsumsi Semen Dalam Negeri, 2002 – 2013 ....................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.12. Pertumbuhan Konsumsi Semen Dalam Negeri Berdasarkan Wilayah di Indonesia, 2012 – 2013 ................................................................. Gambar 3.13. Prediksi Produksi, Konsumsi, dan Kapasitas Terpasang Semen di Indonesia, 2014 – 2017........................................................................... Gambar 3.14. Konsumsi Batubara PT. Semen Indonesia, 2011 – 2012 .............................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.15. Konsumsi Batubara PT. Indocement Tunggal Perkasa, 2010 – 2012 ........................................................................................................... 3.2 Pasar Luar Negeri ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.16. Volume Konsumsi Batubara Enam Negara Utama Dunia, 1980 – 2012 ......................................................................................................... Gambar 3.17. Prediksi Volume Konsumsi Batubara Dunia, 1980 – 2040 .............................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.18. Prediksi Konsumsi Dunia terhadap Batubara Berdasarkan Sektor Industri, 2010 – 2040 ............................................................................ Gambar 3.19. Pangsa Pasar dan Volume Penjualan Ekspor Batubara Indonesia Berdasarkan Negara, 2006 – 2012 .......................................................... Gambar 3.20. Komposisi Pasar Ekspor Batubara Indonesia di Pasar Luar Negeri, 2011 – 2012 .......................................................................................... 28 29 29 30 30 31 32 32 33 34 15 35 35 36 37 38 38 38 39 40 41 41 42 43 44 44 45 45 46 46 46 47 48 49 www.indoanalisis.co.id iii DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014
  • 5. www.indoanalisis.co.id iv DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014 Gambar 3.21. Komposisi Pemasok Batubara ke Cina Berdasarkan Asal Negara, 2012 ....................................................................................................... Gambar 3.22. Konsumsi Batubara Cina, 2000 – 2012 .......................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.23. Prediksi Total Konsumsi Cina, 2010 – 2040 .................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.24. Prediksi Total Konsumsi Cina terhadap Batubara Berdasarkan Sektor Industri, 2010 – 2040 ..................................................................... Gambar 3.25. Volume Impor Batubara India, 2009 – 2013 ................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 3.26. Prediksi Volume Konsumsi Batubara India, 2010 – 2040 ............................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.27. Volume Konsumsi Batubara Amerika, 2007 – 2013 ....................................................................................................................................... Gambar 3.28. Prediksi Volume Konsumsi Batubara Amerika, 2009 – 2040 ........................................................................................................................ IV. PERUSAHAAN BATUBARA INDONESIA .…....………………………………………….……….………………………………….….. 4.1. Posisi Perusahaan Terbaik .................................................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.1. Peringkat Produksi Perusahaan Batubara Utama Indonesia, 2009 – 2013 .................................................................................................... Gambar 4.2. Peringkat Penjualan Batubara Perusahaan Batubara Utama Indonesia, 2010 – 2013 ................................................................................. 4.2. Kinerja & Profil Bisnis Perusahaan Batubara ........................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.3. Struktur Bisnis Adaro Energy dan Anak Perusahaannya .................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.4. Tren Volume Produksi Batubara Adaro Energy, 1992 – 2013 ......................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.5. Tren Volume Penjualan Batubara Adaro Energy, 1992 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.6. Komposisi Volume Penjualan Batubara Dalam Negeri Vs Ekspor dari Adaro Energy, 2005 – 2013 .............................................................. Gambar 4.7. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara Adaro Energy, 2013 ................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.8. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara Adaro Energy Berdasarkan Negara, 2012 – 2013 ....................................................................................... Gambar 4.9. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara Adaro Energy Berdasarkan Industri, 2012 – 2013 .................................................................................... Tabel 4.1. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Adaro Energy, 2013 .............................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.10. Lokasi Operasional Pertambangan Batubara Adaro Energy dan Anak Perusahaannya ................................................................................. Gambar 4.11. Kinerja Keuangan Adaro Energy, 2008 – 2013 .............................................................................................................................................. Tabel 4.2. Kinerja Keuangan Perusahaan Adaro Energy, 2008 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.12. Struktur Bisnis PT Bukit Asam dan Anak Perusahaannya .................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.13. Tren Volume Produksi Batubara PT Bukit Asam. 2002 – 2013 .................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.14. Tren Volume Penjualan dan Prediksi Penjualan Batubara PT Bukit Asam, 2002 – 2017 ............................................................................. Gambar 4.15. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara PT Bukit Asam, 2012 – 2013 .................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.16. Tren Harga Batubara PT Bukit Asam untuk Pasar Domestik dan Pasar Ekspor, 2008 – 2013 ........................................................................ Gambar 4.17. Total Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara PT Bukit Asam, 2013 ................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.18. Lokasi Operasional PT Bukit Asam dan Anak Perusahaannya, 2013 ............................................................................................................. Gambar 4.19. Kinerja Keuangan PT Bukit Asam, 2009 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.3. Kinerja Keuangan Perusahaan PT Bukit Asam, 2009 – 2013 .............................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.20. Struktur Bisnis Indo Tambangraya Megah dan Anak Perusahaannya ............................................................................................................. Gambar 4.21. Struktur Bisnis Indo Tambangraya Megah dan Anak Perusahaannya ............................................................................................................. 50 50 51 51 52 52 53 53 54 55 55 56 57 57 58 59 60 61 62 62 63 64 65 65 66 67 68 69 69 70 71 72 72 73 74 DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL
  • 6. www.indoanalisis.co.id v DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014 Gambar 4.22. Tren Volume Produksi Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah, 2009 – 2013 ...................................................................................................... Gambar 4.23. Tren Volume Penjualan Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah Berdasarkan Anak Perusahaan, 2010 – 2013 .............................................. Gambar 4.24. Tren Volume Penjualan Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah Berdasarkan Negara, 2009 – 2013 .............................................................. Gambar 4.25. Tren Harga Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah, 2010 – 2013 ...................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.26. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah Berdasarkan Negara, 2011 – 2013 .............................................................. Gambar 4.27. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah, 2011 – 2013 ........................................................................................ Tabel 4.4. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Indo Tambangraya Megah dan Anak Perusahaannya, 2011 – 2013 ........................................................ Gambar 4.28. Lokasi Operasional Indo Tambangraya Megah dan Anak Perusahaannya, 2013 .......................................................................................... Gambar 4.29. Kinerja Keuangan Indo Tambangraya Megah, 2009 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.5. Kinerja Keuangan Indo Tambangraya Megah, 2009 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.30. Tren Volume Produksi Batubara Bayan Resources, 2008 – 2013 ................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.31. Tren Volume Penjualan Batubara Bayan Resources, 2009 – 2013 .............................................................................................................. Gambar 4.32. Pangsa Pasar Batubara Bayan Resources, 2013 ............................................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.33. Tren Nilai Penjualan Batubara Bayan Resources Berdasarkan Segmen Pasar, 2011 – 2013 .......................................................................... Tabel 4.6. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Bayan Resources, 2013 ............................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.34. Kinerja Keuangan Bayan Resources, 2009 – 2013 ......................................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.7. Kinerja Keuangan Bayan Resources, 2010 – 2013 ................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.35. Biaya Produksi Batubara BUMI, KPC, dan Arutmin, 2010 – 2012 ...................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.36. Volume Pertambangan Batubara KPC & Arutmin, 2011 – 2013 .................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.37. Volume Produksi Batubara KPC & Arutmin, 2011 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.38. Volume Produksi Batubara Arutmin Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja, 2011 – 2012 ........................................................................................... Gambar 4.39. Volume Pertambangan Batubara Arutmin Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja, 2011 – 2012 ................................................................................... Gambar 4.40. Volume Produksi Batubara KPC Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja, 2011 – 2012 ................................................................................................... Gambar 4.41. Volume Pertambangan Batubara KPC Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja, 2011 – 2012 .......................................................................................... Gambar 4.42. Volume Penjualan Batubara KPC & Arutmin, 2011 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.43. Volume Penjualan Batubara Arutmin Berdasarkan Wilayah Kerja, 2011 – 2012 ........................................................................................... Gambar 4.44. Pangsa Pasar Batubara Bumi Resources Berdasarkan Negara, 2012 ............................................................................................................ Tabel 4.8. Volume Penjualan Batubara BUMI Resources Berdasarkan Negara, 2012 ........................................................................................................... Tabel 4.9. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara KPC, 2011 – 2012 ....................................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.10. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Arutmin, 2011 – 2012 ........................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.45. Lokasi Opersional Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC), 2013 ......................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.46. Lokasi Operasional Arutmin, 2013 ................................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.47. Kinerja Keuangan BUMI Resources, 2009 – 2013 ......................................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.11. Kinerja Keuangan BUMI Resources, 2009 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.48. Volume Produksi Batubara Berau Coal, 2009 – 2013 ...................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.49. Volume Penjualan Batubara Berau Coal, 2010 – 2013 ..................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.50. Pangsa Pasar Batubara Berau Coal, 2011 – 2012 .............................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.51. Jumlah Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Berau Coal, 2012 ............................................................................................................... 75 76 77 78 78 79 79 80 81 81 83 84 85 85 86 88 88 90 90 90 91 91 92 92 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 97 98 98 99 100 101 102
  • 7. Tabel 4.12. Sumber Daya Batubara Berau Coal, 2012 ......................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.52. Lokasi Operasional Berau Coal, 2012 ............................................................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.53. Pendapatan Berau Coal Berdasarkan Perusahaan Pembeli, 2011 - 2013 ..................................................................................................... Gambar 4.54. Pendapatan Berau Coal Berdasarkan Negara Target Penjualan, 2011 – 2013 ............................................................................................. Gambar 4.55. Kinerja Penjualan dan Laba Bersih Berau Coal, 2010 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................ Tabel 4.13. Kinerja Keuangan Berau Coal, 2008 – 2013 ...................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.56. Volume Produksi Batubara Kideco Jaya Agung, 1998 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.57. Volume Penjualan Batubara Kideco Jaya Agung, 2000 – 2013 ................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.58. Pangsa Pasar Penjualan Batubara Kideco Jaya Agung, 2012 ....................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.59. Sumber Daya dan Cadangan Batubara Kideco Jaya Agung, 2012 .................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.60. Lokasi Operasional Kideco Jaya Agung ........................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.61. Kinerja Keuangan Kideco Jaya Agung, 2008 – 2013 ..................................................................................................................................... Tabel 4.14. Kinerja Keuangan Kideco Jaya Agung, 2008 – 2013 ........................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.62. Kinerja Operasional PT. Adimitra Baratama Nusantara ................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.63. Pangsa Pasar PT. Adimitra Baratama Nusantara .......................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.64. Lokasi Operasional PT. Adimitra Baratama Nusantara .................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.65. Kinerja Operasional PT. Asmin Koalindo Tuhup, 2009 -2011 ........................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.66. Pangsa Pasar PT. Asmin Koalindo Tuhup, 2011 ............................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.67. Lokasi Operasional PT. Asmin Koalindo Tuhup ............................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.68. Kinerja Operasional PT. Indomining, 2007 – 2012 ........................................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.69. Pangsa Pasar dan Penjualan PT. Indomining, 2009 – 2011 .......................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.70. Lokasi Operasional PT. Indomining ................................................................................................................................................................. Gambar 4.71. Kinerja Operasional PT. Kartika Selabumi Mining 2007 – 2011 ..................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.72. Pangsa Pasar PT. Kartika Selabumi Mining ................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.73. Lokasi Operasional PT. Kartika Selabumi Mining ......................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.74. Kinerja Opeasional PT. Toba Bara Sejahtera, 2008 – 2013 ............................................................................................................................ Gambar 4.75. Pangsa Pasar PT. Toba Bara Sejahtera .......................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.76. Lokasi Operasional PT. Toba Bara Sejahtera ................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.77. Kinerja Operasional PT. Mahakam Sumber Jaya, 2011 – 2013 ..................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.78. Pangsa Pasar PT. Mahakam Sumber Jaya ..................................................................................................................................................... Gambar 4.79. Lokasi Operasional PT. Mahakam Sumber Jaya ........................................................................................................................................... www.indoanalisis.co.id vi DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABEL STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014 102 103 104 104 105 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 111 112 112 112 113 113 113 114 114 114 115 115 115 116 116 116 117 117 117
  • 8. 2.1.6. HARGA 2.1. PERTUMBUHAN INDUSTRI BATUBARA INDONESIA Harga Batubara Turun, Volume Ekspor Terus Tumbuh Turunnya harga batubara dunia dan harga batubara acuan Indonesia ternyata tidak membuat volume ekspor ikut turun. Ini menunjukan bahwa pasar tetap membutuhkan batubara Indonesia, namun karena terjadi kelebihan suplai batubara di pasar dunia, maka harga batubara menjadi turun. Untuk itu, agar harga kembali naik dan seperti di awal 2011, maka perlu adanya pembatasan ekspor atau mulai fokus pada pasar dalam negeri. www.indoanalisis.co.id 23 Gambar 2.10. Perbandingan Harga Batubara Acuan dengan Volume Ekspor, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013 Sumber: Diolah dari Bank Indonesia dan Kementerian ESDM 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 - 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 40.000 45.000 Jan-09 Apr-09 Jul-09 Okt-09 Jan-10 Apr-10 Jul-10 Okt-10 Jan-11 Apr-11 Jul-11 Okt-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Jul-12 Okt-12 Jan-13 Apr-13 Jul-13 Okt-13 Volume Eskpor (Ribu Ton) Harga Batubara Acuan (USD/Ton) - 500.000 1.000.000 1.500.000 2.000.000 2.500.000 3.000.000 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Jan-09 Apr-09 Jul-09 Okt-09 Jan-10 Apr-10 Jul-10 Okt-10 Jan-11 Apr-11 Jul-11 Okt-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Jul-12 Okt-12 Jan-13 Apr-13 Jul-13 Okt-13 Nilai Ekspor (Ribu USD) Harga Batubara Acuan (USD/Ton) Gambar 2.11. Perbandingan Harga Batubara Acuan dengan Nilai Ekspor, Januari 2009 – Desember 2013 Sumber: Diolah dari Bank Indonesia dan Kementerian ESDM Harga Batubara Turun, Nilai Ekspor Ikut Turun Sebuah ironi, ketika harga batubara turun dan volume ekspor tetap naik, tetapi nilai ekspor tidak stabil, malah semakin turun. Ini menunjukan bahwa harga batubara semakin lemah bila ekspor terus naik dan fenomena kelebihan suplai tetap terjadi. Karena itu, pemerintah ikut turun tangan agar para pelaku bisnis batubara dalam negeri mengarahkan penjualannya pada pasar dalam negeri. Dengan begitu, maka volume ekspor menjadi turun dan fenomena kelebihan suplai batubara dapat terselesaikan. STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014 CONTOH TAMPILAN
  • 9. 57,40 1,39 19,91 Pembangkit PLN Anak Perusahaan PLN Produsen Listrik Swasta 3.1.3. INDUSTRI PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK 3.1. PASAR DALAM NEGERI www.indoanalisis.co.id 38 Gambar 3.5. Prediksi Kompoisis Batubara untuk PLN, Anak Perusahaan PLN, dan Pembangkit Listrik Swasta, 2014 Sumber: Diolah dari PLN dan Kementerian ESDM Total 2014 78,7 Juta Ton 78,7 83 94 106 114 120 131 143 151 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Batubara (Juta ton) Gambar 3.6. Prediksi Kebutuhan Batubara untuk Pembangkit Listrik, 2014 - 2022 Sumber: Diolah dari PLN dan Kementerian ESDM 5,5% 13,3% 12,8% 7,5% 5,3% 9,2% 9,2% 5,6% Pertumbuhan Tahun 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 HSD 22.668 17.288 12.476 9.702 5.918 6.072 5.874 6.266 6.855 MFO 4.662 5.524 5.179 3.980 635 656 653 660 721 Gas 44.317 45.895 48.860 49.929 45.149 41.762 40.504 39.990 42.553 LNG 10.105 13.695 16.472 18.564 26.771 26.839 27.038 28.554 29.753 Batubara 134.066 153.229 173.111 189.722 211.721 226.459 250.577 273.059 288.807 Hydro 10.457 11.127 11.743 14.635 15.227 16.209 18.196 20.062 21.990 Surya/Hybrid 4 4 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 Biomass 37 37 105 148 117 109 109 109 109 Impor - 767 767 767 657 767 767 767 767 Geothermal 10.375 10.618 11.179 14.693 18.575 29.849 31.695 36.050 48.089 Total 236.709 258.184 279.899 302.145 324.775 348.727 75.420 405.524 439.650 Tabel 3.1. Prediksi Produksi Pembangkit Listrik dengan Bahan Bakar Batubara dan Bahan Bakar Lainnya, 2014 – 2022 (GWH) Sumber: Diolah dari PLN dan Kementerian ESDM STUDI KINERJA INDUSTRI BATUBARA 2014 CONTOH TAMPILAN