Trends Stylized DIY – player as co-creator Indie resurgence Artistic skillset Hybridization Simplicity Covert/stealth learning Team integration Real world in three dimensions?
Brothers From Another Planet Film vs. game animation . . .
Film vs. Game Animation Passivity vs. interactivity Common cause: Captivate viewer/players and involve them in story
Film vs. Game AnimationEnvironments Field of vision only No separate environmental objects needed Must work on a 360 degree level – for environment and character POV Interconnected environments must be maintained (what’s beyond the door?) Triggers / scripted events Film Game
Film vs. Game AnimationPower Limitations Rendering engine constantly creating output based on angle of camera following player character, data, and environmental features Digital output must keep up with player input Low, medium & high quality models needed (world map, combat sequences & cut-scenes)
Film vs. Game AnimationProgramming: AI vs. Scripted Motion Viewed but not interacted with Controlled by animators in “puppet” style Sensitive to user control More “alive” than movie models because they react to stimuli and are capable of learning and storing past behavior Film Game
TOP CINEMATICS & CUT-SCENES Red Alert 2 – Intro Metal Gear Solid 4 – Raiden vs. Vamp Final Fantasy X – Sudeki da ne Descent / Freespace – Intro movie Warcraft III – The Death of GromHellscream The Darkness – Jenny’s End Half-Life 2 / Episode 2 – Ending Command & Conquer – Kain Disposes of Seth Final Fantasy VII – Aeris’ Death Portal – Still Alive Suidoken III – Intro Homeworld – Intro / Mothershiplaunch StarCraft – Terran Campaign Ending Twisted Metal Black – Mr Grimm ArTonelico: Melody of Elemia – All Sorts of Awkwardness
Showdown atthe “Uncanny Valley” Campfire stories from those who lived to tell the tale . . .
Uncanny Valley in the Analog World Bunraku Puppet Humanoid Robot
Uncanny Valley Defeat? Bobby Kotick (CEO, Activision) “This has been the Holy Grail in a lot of respects for video games – the ability to have characters on the screen that you can have an emotional connection with. The medium for the last 25 years has been very visceral, interactive, immersive medium – but it was very hard to have characters to actually have empathy towards or an emotional connection with… or that might make you laugh or make you cry; be some catalyst for an emotional reaction… Call Of Duty: Black Ops is the first game where we’ve been able to perfect the facial animation, mouth movement technology so that the lines that are being delivered are believable. The facial animation looks like a real person”
Call of Duty: Black Ops Call of Duty: Black Ops
Uncanny Valley Defeat . . . ? ? ? Guillaume de Fondaumiere – Co-Founder, Quantic Dream When we showed The Casting everyone agreed it was nice and it really showed that there was a potential for creating virtual actors, but we're still at this frontier where we don't totally suspend disbelief. We still have this uncanny valley to bridge. But today, I can officially announce that there is no uncanny valley any more, not in real-time. Our objective is to make this media a mainstream entertainment form with high creative expectations...To us, the only way to reach the level of quality we were targeting for the animation of our characters was to use Vicon motion capture...Demand has been immediate and we have actually already started to rent the system to high-profile video game and advertising clients. Our new studio is fully installed and is functioning almost every day either for complex full body or facial captures.