An approach to safe drinking water 'RWH'_Subhash (
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An approach to safe drinking water 'RWH'_Subhash (



A look at how rainwater harvesting can provide safe and affordable water in water scarce regions.

A look at how rainwater harvesting can provide safe and affordable water in water scarce regions.



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An approach to safe drinking water 'RWH'_Subhash ( An approach to safe drinking water 'RWH'_Subhash ( Presentation Transcript

  • An approach to Safe, Affordable Drinking Water for water scarcity regions Rain Water Harvesting 19th February, 2013
  • It is daily chore for women in scarcity areas, who walk miles for hours for water!Confidential 2
  • Transported as well……Confidential 3
  • Options - open Bawari, Wells/hand pumps/ PWS Access is the key challenge beside the qualityConfidential 4
  • Key contaminants : fluoride in ground water or microbial in surface! Bacteria 17% Chemical 83%Confidential 5
  • Western region of country worst affected by both Chemical & microbial contamination Open ponds contaminated Ground water very deep & saline forcing rain water as viable option Hydro-geothermo regimeConfidential 6
  • Traditionally people have adopted……… Tankas Bawari (Pond)Confidential 7
  • • HH structures found most appropriate• Affordability ?• No institutional mechanism to support
  • Rain Water Harvesting – a case for water credit Objective: Develop and implement improved approaches to rainwater harvesting throughconstruction optimization, quality assurance and new funding products for sustainability and scale-up Status  Installed ~ 970 household and 40 community kunds in 55 villages  Kunds to provide potable water to ~16,750 villagers  Completed construction / design Members of household with newly Safe Water Network site visit working on improvements constructed kund design improvements with partners  Implemented financial product for households  Introduced quality assurance program Community mobilization Quality assurance, health Quality assurance and Microfinance funding Engineering & design and construction policy whitepolicy impacts & paper productConfidential 9
  • Findings of Cash flow study Savings by Institutions Annual Household Expenditure Source of Credit Interest Rate per MonthConfidential 10
  • Microfinance ProductProducts JL10 (Cistern 1000 L capacity) JL15 (Cistern 1500 L capacity)Loan Amount Rs 10,000 Rs 15,0000Repayment Period 24 months 36 monthsRepayment mode Equated MonthlyService charge SHG 12% perMonthly Installment Rs 500Delivery of product Only through SHG, SHG GuaranteeRepayment Starts After 1 month construction of tank or 2 months of availing credit, whichever is earlierPenalty No prepayment penalty SHG will decide the penalty for missed installments
  • Rainwater Harvesting Operations • 1016 Tanka (Cistern) & access to 16732 • Recovery 52% • Provides water security • 580 Tanka made by other donors (secondary impact) • RWH Tanka partially meet water needs but solves for water securityConfidential 12
  • Community Tank Rejuvenation 40 Community tanks refurbishedConfidential 13
  • Building Local Capability 142 local masons trainedConfidential 14
  • Users views “This is a gift from heaven. I no longer need to carry water 5 hours each day and have more time to earn money” - Below Poverty Line widow who constructed the kund through a loanConfidential 15
  • Household Water SecurityTanka (Cistern) is the key asset at household for storage of water, people do depend on common sources -(i) water resource to supplement requirement (e.g. tanker delivery, ponds, check dams)(ii) consumption (e.g. assess needs - drinking, household, livestock etc)(iii) Ensuring water quality at home, during transit through good protocols Tankers and Camel carts for Baoris/ Talab (Open Lakes) as an fetching water in bulk for the alternate RWH storage system kundsConfidential 16
  • Mainstreaming…… • Government support and Microfinance seems to hold the key for solving the drinking water problem • Financial institutions can play crucial role by providing credit to people through Self Help Groups to construct RWHS • Mainstreaming through ongoing schemes like MGNREGA akin to TSC to fund RWH • Gujarat has demonstrated the approach to support through programmatic intervention with partial financial support to BPL & APL families • Water security at household requires revival of common water storage structures like pond, Talab, Naadi etc, which supplement the requirement once water stored in HH Kund exhaustConfidential 17
  • Thank you..Confidential 18