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Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014
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Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014

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How people can be involved in managing groundwater for 'Participatory Groundwater Management' in Himachal Pradesh.

How people can be involved in managing groundwater for 'Participatory Groundwater Management' in Himachal Pradesh.

Published in: Environment, Technology, Travel

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  • 1. Springshed Management- A hydrogeological Approach: A case study of Sirmaur District of Himachal Pradesh, India Presented by Dr. Sunesh Sharma People’s Science Institute Dehradun
  • 2. Source: VIS, People’s Science Institute Location of Selected AR Site; Thanakasoga Panchayat
  • 3. Villages Total HH Brahmin HH Rajput HH SC HH Total Population 1) Luhali 23 23 0 211 2) Satter- bhadon 13 8 3 2 135 3) Dhyali 40 6 30 3 249 4) Dandor 48 19 1 28 278 5) Thanakasoga 93 24 17 52 564 Total 217 57 74 85 1437 Demographic structure of the villages
  • 4. Cropping pattern in Action research site Ginger Maize Colcocasia Pulses
  • 5. Water Availability versus demand(April,2012) Note: • Villagers fulfill the gap of the shortage of water availability by storing water supplied by IPH. IPH water supply is irregular, water supply is twice in a week in the summer season. • As per Himachal govt norms: 70 lpcd and 30 lpd per cattle
  • 6. Methodology
  • 7. Interventions • Geological mapping of the village • Recharge area demarcation • Spring inventory • Installation of rain-gauge • Water discharge data collection monthly basis • Water quality sampling and analysis of WQ data • Formation of Water management committee and Water user groups • Sensitization of WMC and WUGs through meeting and exposure tour • Nursery establishment • Estimation and planning for recharge activities • Recharge structures (earth works ) construction and vegetative measures (plantation) • Social fencing for recharge areas
  • 8. Map of Luhali Village 548 548 1096 Legends Agr. Land Irri. Agr. Land Private Pasture Land Waste Land Settlement Bowari Spring Bowri Community forest Land Stream
  • 9. Geological Map of Luhali Quartzite Phyllite Fracture Fault Legends Sandstone Bowri Spring
  • 10. Phyllite Quartzite
  • 11. Geological Cross section of Luhali village Quartzite Phyllite Major Fracture Sandstone Fault Fracture Legends Recharge Area Bowri Spring
  • 12. Groundwater sources and their recharge area in Luhali village
  • 13. Vegetative Measures Staggered Trenches C C T Reserve Forest DIW Activities Proposed in Recharge Area of Bowri-1 & Bowri-2 in Luhali Village
  • 14. Time –trends chart PGWM with school children PRA Nukkad Natak for awarene
  • 15. Activities under exposure visit
  • 16. Source cleanliness by WUGs
  • 17. WUGs meeting
  • 18. Nursery Nursery establishment
  • 19. Agreements Copies
  • 20. On-site Water Discharge Measurement and Water Quality Analysis in PSI Lab
  • 21. Deep Infiltration Well(DIW)
  • 22. Month wise water discharge of different sources in selected villages 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph: Thanakasoga Rainfall Thana Kasoga B-1 (Mandir) Thana Seasonal spring-1 Thana Kasoga B-2 Thanaka Seasonal spring-2 Thana Kasoga B-3 Thana Kasoga B-4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Rainfallinmm DischargeinPLM Hydrograph-Dhayli Rainfall Dhyali B-5(Sita) Dhyali B-6 (Kishan) Dhayli-Maroga Recharge activities is done in Thanakasoga-B1 &B2, Seasonal spring -1 and 2 in August 2013 Recharge activities is done in Dhayli B-5&B-6 in August 2013
  • 23. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph:Luhali Rainfall Luhali B-1 (Shiv Mandir) Luhali B-2 (Pradhan) Luhali B-4 (Lower) Recharge activities are done in Luhali B-4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph: Sattarbadon Rainfall Sattar Bhadon B-1 Sattar Bhadon B-2 (School)
  • 24. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 CFU/100ml Source Fecal Coliform Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After Before PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  • 25. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 μmho/cm Source Electric Conductivity Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  • 26. 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 mg/lt Source Iron Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  • 27. Change in irrigation pattern Before PGWM After PGWM
  • 28. Impacts • WUGs and WMCs formation • Water quality and sanitation • Artificial water recharge capacity • Equitable benefit sharing mechanism • Water usage pattern • Coordination between villages • Source cleanliness • Social protection(protocols) • Change in irrigation pattern • Awareness at panchayat level • Convergence of PGWM with IWMP and MGNREGA • Groundwater development vs management in mountain areas
  • 29. Thanks