Springshed Management-
A hydrogeological Approach: A case study of
Sirmaur District of Himachal Pradesh, India
Presented b...
Source: VIS, People’s
Science Institute
Location of Selected AR Site;
Thanakasoga Panchayat
Villages
Total
HH
Brahmin
HH
Rajput
HH
SC HH
Total
Population
1) Luhali 23 23 0 211
2) Satter-
bhadon
13 8 3 2 135
3) Dhya...
Cropping pattern in Action research site
Ginger
Maize
Colcocasia
Pulses
Water Availability versus demand(April,2012)
Note:
• Villagers fulfill the gap of the shortage of water availability by st...
Methodology
Interventions
• Geological mapping of the village
• Recharge area demarcation
• Spring inventory
• Installation of rain-ga...
Map of Luhali
Village
548 548 1096
Legends
Agr. Land
Irri. Agr.
Land
Private
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Settlement
Bowari
Spr...
Geological Map of Luhali
Quartzite
Phyllite
Fracture
Fault
Legends
Sandstone
Bowri
Spring
Phyllite
Quartzite
Geological Cross section of Luhali village
Quartzite
Phyllite
Major
Fracture
Sandstone
Fault
Fracture
Legends
Recharge
Are...
Groundwater sources and their recharge area in Luhali village
Vegetative
Measures
Staggered
Trenches
C C T
Reserve
Forest
DIW
Activities Proposed in Recharge Area of Bowri-1 & Bowri-2 ...
Time –trends chart
PGWM with school children
PRA
Nukkad Natak for awarene
Activities under exposure visit
Source cleanliness by WUGs
WUGs meeting
Nursery
Nursery establishment
Agreements Copies
On-site Water Discharge Measurement and Water
Quality Analysis in PSI Lab
Deep Infiltration Well(DIW)
Month wise water discharge of different sources in selected villages
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
4...
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Rainfallinmm
DischargeinLPM
Hydrograph:Luhali
Rainfall
Luhali B-1 (Shiv Mand...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4
CFU/100ml
Source
Fecal Coliform
Before PGWM pilot implement...
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4
μmho/cm
Source
Electric Conductivity
Before PGWM pilo...
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4
mg/lt
Source
Iron
Before PGWM pilot imple...
Change in irrigation pattern
Before PGWM After PGWM
Impacts
• WUGs and WMCs formation
• Water quality and sanitation
• Artificial water recharge capacity
• Equitable benefit ...
Thanks
Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014
Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014
Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014
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Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014

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How people can be involved in managing groundwater for 'Participatory Groundwater Management' in Himachal Pradesh.

Published in: Environment, Technology, Travel
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Transcript of "Springshed Management in HP_Dr Sunesh Sharma (PSI)_2014"

  1. 1. Springshed Management- A hydrogeological Approach: A case study of Sirmaur District of Himachal Pradesh, India Presented by Dr. Sunesh Sharma People’s Science Institute Dehradun
  2. 2. Source: VIS, People’s Science Institute Location of Selected AR Site; Thanakasoga Panchayat
  3. 3. Villages Total HH Brahmin HH Rajput HH SC HH Total Population 1) Luhali 23 23 0 211 2) Satter- bhadon 13 8 3 2 135 3) Dhyali 40 6 30 3 249 4) Dandor 48 19 1 28 278 5) Thanakasoga 93 24 17 52 564 Total 217 57 74 85 1437 Demographic structure of the villages
  4. 4. Cropping pattern in Action research site Ginger Maize Colcocasia Pulses
  5. 5. Water Availability versus demand(April,2012) Note: • Villagers fulfill the gap of the shortage of water availability by storing water supplied by IPH. IPH water supply is irregular, water supply is twice in a week in the summer season. • As per Himachal govt norms: 70 lpcd and 30 lpd per cattle
  6. 6. Methodology
  7. 7. Interventions • Geological mapping of the village • Recharge area demarcation • Spring inventory • Installation of rain-gauge • Water discharge data collection monthly basis • Water quality sampling and analysis of WQ data • Formation of Water management committee and Water user groups • Sensitization of WMC and WUGs through meeting and exposure tour • Nursery establishment • Estimation and planning for recharge activities • Recharge structures (earth works ) construction and vegetative measures (plantation) • Social fencing for recharge areas
  8. 8. Map of Luhali Village 548 548 1096 Legends Agr. Land Irri. Agr. Land Private Pasture Land Waste Land Settlement Bowari Spring Bowri Community forest Land Stream
  9. 9. Geological Map of Luhali Quartzite Phyllite Fracture Fault Legends Sandstone Bowri Spring
  10. 10. Phyllite Quartzite
  11. 11. Geological Cross section of Luhali village Quartzite Phyllite Major Fracture Sandstone Fault Fracture Legends Recharge Area Bowri Spring
  12. 12. Groundwater sources and their recharge area in Luhali village
  13. 13. Vegetative Measures Staggered Trenches C C T Reserve Forest DIW Activities Proposed in Recharge Area of Bowri-1 & Bowri-2 in Luhali Village
  14. 14. Time –trends chart PGWM with school children PRA Nukkad Natak for awarene
  15. 15. Activities under exposure visit
  16. 16. Source cleanliness by WUGs
  17. 17. WUGs meeting
  18. 18. Nursery Nursery establishment
  19. 19. Agreements Copies
  20. 20. On-site Water Discharge Measurement and Water Quality Analysis in PSI Lab
  21. 21. Deep Infiltration Well(DIW)
  22. 22. Month wise water discharge of different sources in selected villages 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph: Thanakasoga Rainfall Thana Kasoga B-1 (Mandir) Thana Seasonal spring-1 Thana Kasoga B-2 Thanaka Seasonal spring-2 Thana Kasoga B-3 Thana Kasoga B-4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Rainfallinmm DischargeinPLM Hydrograph-Dhayli Rainfall Dhyali B-5(Sita) Dhyali B-6 (Kishan) Dhayli-Maroga Recharge activities is done in Thanakasoga-B1 &B2, Seasonal spring -1 and 2 in August 2013 Recharge activities is done in Dhayli B-5&B-6 in August 2013
  23. 23. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph:Luhali Rainfall Luhali B-1 (Shiv Mandir) Luhali B-2 (Pradhan) Luhali B-4 (Lower) Recharge activities are done in Luhali B-4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Rainfallinmm DischargeinLPM Hydrograph: Sattarbadon Rainfall Sattar Bhadon B-1 Sattar Bhadon B-2 (School)
  24. 24. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 CFU/100ml Source Fecal Coliform Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After Before PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  25. 25. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 μmho/cm Source Electric Conductivity Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  26. 26. 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 Thana-1 Thana-2 Dhayli-5 Dhayli-6 Luhali-4 mg/lt Source Iron Before PGWM pilot implementation (October-2012) After PGWM pilot implementation(October-2013)
  27. 27. Change in irrigation pattern Before PGWM After PGWM
  28. 28. Impacts • WUGs and WMCs formation • Water quality and sanitation • Artificial water recharge capacity • Equitable benefit sharing mechanism • Water usage pattern • Coordination between villages • Source cleanliness • Social protection(protocols) • Change in irrigation pattern • Awareness at panchayat level • Convergence of PGWM with IWMP and MGNREGA • Groundwater development vs management in mountain areas
  29. 29. Thanks
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