Synthesizing Informal and Formal Science towards Water Resource
                           Management
                    ...
INTRODUCTION

   THIS PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS

        Background
        Experiences from Village
        Derived Underst...
INTRODUCTION


        THIS PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS
              Background
                 Like Hakims and Vaids (Tradi...
Experience With Rupa Kaka (A Rural Experts) in Khari Village
 •    Participatory research methodology
        – Developmen...
APPROACH Contd…


     • Methodology
              – Development of Common Terminology
              – Well Inventory and ...
Informal Science                                                   Formal Science
Common
               Use Based         ...
• Aquifer Identification
                 – Well inventory to
                   understand sub surface
                  ...
Recharge Experiment – Convince the People and
                                        Building Self Confidence
           ...
Strategies for Water Resource
Development and Preparation of
Action Plan – Aquifer Management


                          ...
Derived Understandings

 • Four Aquifers In the District - Sandstone, Laterite, Weathered
      Basalt and Alluviums


   ...
Derived Understandings contd…

 • Salinity Pattern –
        – Inherent Salinity due to Marine Deposits
        – Salinity...
Derived Understandings contd…
                 Simple Matrix for Resource Development Strategies


               Catchmen...
Utilization of Derived Understandings contd…
               Development of Training Programme for Para Professional




 2...
Utilization of Derived Understandings contd…
               Development of Training Programme for Para Professional




 2...
Utilization of Derived Understandings contd…
               Development of Training Programme for Para Professional




 2...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
General Training Programme                  Advance Tra...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
            CASE STUDY OF BLOCK LEVEL DRINKING WATER PL...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme

                                                      ...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
                       Internship Training Programme
  ...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
               Drinking water protection Guideline-Vill...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
                                        Drinking water ...
Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme
               Drinking water protection Guideline-Vill...
Status and Activities of Para Workers In Kachchh
                 From 2005-2009

ACT has given General training to 119 Pa...
Two Team of Para Workers have Emerged in two
                                 Areas

              PARAB – In Abadasa Talu...
THANKS
 yogeshjadeja@gmail.com
 www.act-inida.org
21 May 2009
                          ACT
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Arid Communities and Techologies -- Role of Barefoot Geologists

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Arid Communities and Techologies -- Role of Barefoot Geologists

  1. 1. Synthesizing Informal and Formal Science towards Water Resource Management Case Studies from Kachchh PRESENTATION BY DR. YOGESH JADEJA Arid Communities and Technologies BHUJ - GUJARAT 21 May 2009 ACT
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION THIS PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS Background Experiences from Village Derived Understandings Utilization of Derived understanding Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme Status and Activities of Para Professionals in Kachchh 21 May 2009 ACT
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION THIS PRESENTATION HIGHLIGHTS Background Like Hakims and Vaids (Traditional doctors) every region has rural experts with specialization in water resources. A combination of their informal science and knowledge of the region when combined with engineering and geological principles can create a strong people’s movement towards water self sustainability. Capacity building of rural youth for planning, Development, and Management 21 May 2009 ACT
  4. 4. Experience With Rupa Kaka (A Rural Experts) in Khari Village • Participatory research methodology – Development of Information sharing mechanism • Common dictionary for local term and technical term • Knowledge Exchange – Theoretical knowledge by technical person – Practical Knowledge by Rural Experts • References of the other similar areas – Problem Identification • Discussion about various aspects of resource in past and present • Chronology of events with respect to major intervention or phenomenon • Site observations and studies – Verification of data and conclusion • Technical feasibility Studies • Experiments • Participatory Planning • Based on experiments and feasibility studies planning process with respective village-user groups by using various tools e.g. models, charts, games etc. 21 May 2009 ACT
  5. 5. APPROACH Contd… • Methodology – Development of Common Terminology – Well Inventory and aquifer identification – Surface geological studies and mapping for aquifer extension – Recharge experiment in Laterite for demonstration of function of different engineering structures – Planning 21 May 2009 ACT
  6. 6. Informal Science Formal Science Common Use Based Type Sub Type Type Sub Type Dictionary Classification Aquifers Sag pan Zina Dana valo sag Sand stone Fine grain sandstone Mota Dana Valo Coarse grain sandstone sag For effective communication Rato Sag Ferruginous sand stone Dholo Sag Calcareous and siliceous sandstone Kalmindh Basalt Weathered basalt Davadi Rati Davadi Laterite Red layer of laterite Dholi Davadi White and soft layer of laterite Danto Dyke Fault Kamp Alluvium Barad Alluvium with coarse material Rocks utilize Kamrai Toda Calcareous fine grained Rubble of limestone, and sand stones as Building compact sandstone Chhipar Regular shaped stone Material Padadhi Rati Padadhi Sandstone Ferruginous fine grained compact sandstone Dholi Padadhi Siliceous fine grained compact sandstone, Milliolite Gajiya Calcareous compact machine cut stone Pakal Pano Crystalline limestone Chunano Paththar Limestone Mineral Mung matti Bentonite Deposits Chinai Matti China clay China clay, ball clay, fire clay Saline Mulai Kali Mulai Marine deposited Shale Carbonaceous shale Formations Pili Mulai Calcareous shale 21 May 2009 Kanyo Iron oxide ACT
  7. 7. • Aquifer Identification – Well inventory to understand sub surface extension and other aquifer properties – Surface geological mapping • Surface extension of aquifer • Demarcation of Zones of Salinity 21 May 2009 ACT
  8. 8. Recharge Experiment – Convince the People and Building Self Confidence – Verification of data and conclusion and to frame strategies • Recharge experiment in laterite • Demonstration of techniques and structures – Percolation tank – Gabbian Structure – Sub surface check dam 21 May 2009 ACT
  9. 9. Strategies for Water Resource Development and Preparation of Action Plan – Aquifer Management HAMIRSAR LAKE HAMIRSAR LAKE 21 May 2009 ACT
  10. 10. Derived Understandings • Four Aquifers In the District - Sandstone, Laterite, Weathered Basalt and Alluviums Sandstone Laterite Weathered Basalt Alluvium 21 May 2009 ACT
  11. 11. Derived Understandings contd… • Salinity Pattern – – Inherent Salinity due to Marine Deposits – Salinity Ingress from Sea • Shallow Aquifers in coastal areas • In deep ground water – Increasing Salinity due to Evaporation in Rann Areas influences Shallow Aquifers Rann Hills Evaporite Deposits Shallow Aquifer Systems Inherent Salinity Due to Marine Deposited Rocks Sea Water Intrusion 21 May 2009 ACT
  12. 12. Derived Understandings contd… Simple Matrix for Resource Development Strategies Catchment Description Water Harvesting Techniques Location Geomorphic Permeable Stratum Impermeable stratum Unit Non Saline Saline Non Saline Saline Upper Catchment Hills, Rocky CD GS ST Large ST Large uplands Middle-Upper Catchment Undulating Plains GS(U/S) SD (M) STp - STr ST Large GS & Stp SCD (D/S) Middle-Lower Catchment More or less even GS (U/S) & PT GS (U/S) & PT GS (U/S) & GS &Stp Plains (M) SCD (D/S) (D/S) ST (D/S) Lower Catchment Flat lands FB & WW FB & WW ST Small ST Small SCD SCD FB &WW FB &WW Key Groundwater Recharge CD Check Dam ST Storage Tank Soil Moisture Conservation GS Gabbian Structure FB Farm Bund Surface Storage PT Percolation Tank STp / STr Silt Trap/Staggered Trench Salinity Prevention SCD Subsurface Check dam WW Waste Weir 21 May 2009 ACT
  13. 13. Utilization of Derived Understandings contd… Development of Training Programme for Para Professional 21 May 2009 ACT
  14. 14. Utilization of Derived Understandings contd… Development of Training Programme for Para Professional 21 May 2009 ACT
  15. 15. Utilization of Derived Understandings contd… Development of Training Programme for Para Professional 21 May 2009 ACT
  16. 16. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme General Training Programme Advance Training Objective: To Develop ability to Conceptualization of Objective: Technical Ability to Implement Water Resource Development Programme with technical Water Resource Planning competence of designing, costing, site management etc. along with community Qualification: Writing and reading ability with little work experience of water resource development as Qualification: Should have passed General training supervisor etc. / at least appeared in secondary school or Secondary / Higher secondary / Graduate in any subject Inputs: Inputs: Understanding Base Understanding Base • Understanding on Regional Geo-hydrology • Use wise water resource development o Perspectives • Cost benefit analysis of respective structure o Problems • Impact assessment • Hydrological Cycle • Water Resource Management • Integrated Approach for Planning • Feasibility Analysis • Social and economic dimensions Skill Base • Mapping Skill Base • Rock Identification • Designing, Surveys, and estimation of water • Map base calculation resource structures • Estimation of Runoff • Computer literacy • Identification of Recharge / Runoff Potential • Appropriate site identification for particular Areas water harvesting structure • Site Management, Supervision Duration: 45 Days stretch over 3 months Divided in 7 21 May 2009 • Water quality analysis ACT
  17. 17. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme CASE STUDY OF BLOCK LEVEL DRINKING WATER PLANING Approach Developed By ACT- Sahjeevn (withs WASMO c n i p )v i n i p i N )n i v k i n ) Äy & r h viG p¹Fr i # # b[ mT) r i[ r i [ m b [ ) T Gi ¹ i v p F r # ni> )yi g g > ) i i n y # ki[ii O # [ i O i k # sm i D > m D > s i # t[i r nl )yi i r [ t l y n ) i u # j Ki] K ] j i # K)r sr i # mYiLi i[ [ L Y i mi 4 0 4 8 (kl i[ )Tr m r ) r K s i j & 1 : 45 gim Y i[ j yi> j p ir ni (vkisn) j $(r yit C[ bFi k . s&r ) Y # Aii[ ni[(vkis a n[(r cij < gim} #t {14 i[ (vt r N Ä Yi siY[ Aii[ ni[(vkis {29 gim} yvA #t i[ s ) Y & r Aii[ (vkis {2 gim} #t i[ j & 2 : {88 gim} Y i[ # K& D a i[ a i & D K [ j yi>hyit Aii[ n& ir kimkr vin) j $(r yit C[ #t > sm . Aii[ n& m kim{70 gim} # t > ir s i[ (r c ij < i A ii[ n& ir kim{ 9 gim} oir # t > sm i[ (vt r N Ä yi siY[ Aii[ n& ir kim{3 gim} yvA #t > sm i[ a iv s&ir Ni siY[A ii[ n& ir kim{2 gim} F #t > sm i[ k&i (r cij < i piN)n) g&v_ii s&ir v) {04 gim} v oir N F i[ j &1 Y j & 3 : 33 gim Y i[ j &2 Y j &3 Y j yi> # t ni Ä Yipnn) j $(r yit C[ Aii[ yvA . Ä Yipnn) j $(r yit {31 gim} yvA i[ piN)n) g&v_ii pr Ä Yipnn) j $(r yit {2 gim} N yvA i[ 21 May 2009 ACT
  18. 18. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme CASE STUDY OF BLOCK LEVEL DRINKING WATER PLANING S # viG p¹Fr i # # gg)yi[ D m [ b[ mT) r i[ Gi ¹ i v p F r ® r i [ m b [ ) T S # CiD i & r r )cij < iT[ m S # S # S # S S # # S S # # S SS # ## S S # # S # S # S # S S # # S # S # S # S # S # S# S #S# S # # ni>)yi g S # S SS # ## S # S # S # > ) g i i n y nl )yi # ki[ii O # k&im m t i KD A r i[ v i> L k t spiT)y B& r )y r cni At ki>ni Yr i[ p [ i O i k # sm i D > m D > s i ki>ni Yr i[1.5 m p ). z)Ni diNi viLi[ sig pR Yr t[i r piN) Fr ivt i[ KDk c)kN) m - b& iT) TT& # nl )yi i r [ t S # vt <in p)vini piN)ni[k&i[ m v n ) l y i # S vt <in k&ia i[ m v # z)Ni diNi viLi[ j L spiT) 3 m). r A ia i[ t $ sig pR {10 m Yr ).} nd)a i[ j Ki] u # K ] j i c)kN) miT) gim s)m n) i gim r h[ i>ni (vA ir i[ ni N k t vt <in spiT)y j L A ii[ i[ m #t K)r sr i # mYiLi i[ [ L Y i mi b& TT& N s& Ä hr cni (ct y& vt <in gg)yi D pis[ m [ m r ) r Ks i a iv[ k&n& l v >piepl ienY) 0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 Kilometers gimsiY[j i[ iN D 5 0 5 10 (kl i[ )Tr m Percolation tank and Well base Strategy s&r ) Y # k&i - 2 v a i[ ) u>ieviL i piN) Fr iv) Sk[t vi KD C D [ ki[ Y & ) s r k& u>ie 10.25 m l D ). vF& D u>ieviLi piN) Fr iv) Sk[t [ i KD v ki[ # # S S k&i - 1 v k& u>ie11.75 m l D ). piN) n Fr iv) Sk[t [ i KD v ki[ K& D a i[ # S # S k&i - 3 v # s&ipr j k& u>ie 7.90 m l D ). a i & D K [ 9T bk[ T a [ .T).a l . f [ < a ir .a [ . 100 m l ). t Livm hil m i> i> s& (c Yt i[ piN)ni[ # S vt <in k&ia i[ m v Br ivi[ r A ia i[ t s& KiN[ i& (ct #> vr sid pC)n& vim piN)n& > i> k& > nd)a i[ $ a ir .a [ 96.00 m l )Tr gim s)m n) i gim r h[ i>ni (vA ir i[ ni N k t ki> p vt <in spiT)y j L A ii[ i[ m #t s& Ä hr cni (ct y& vr sid ph[ in& vim piN)n& l > i> k& > # S p)vini piN) m s& k&i[ iT[ (ct v $ a ir .a [ . 91.00 m l )Tr s& t Liv s&ir Ni (ct F k&i[ 3 v- d& PkiLvO i> sid ph[ in& i< vr m l > B& A r )y l ix (Nkt i -B&t $ k&im piN)n& ir .a [ . 87.9 m v i> >a l )Tr k&i[ 2 v- a [ v)f r KD - ki> k k p k&i[ 1 v- a [ v)f r KD j iD 14.50 m k kn) ie ) vr sid ph[ i piN)n& [ l 9.0 m l >v l ). vr sid bid piN)n& vl 4.0 m >[ l ). c&ini[p¸Yr n d&kiLni vP piN)n& [ l 12.10 m P [ < >v l ). Shallow zone development with respect to water table fluctuation in drougnt spiT)y B& r )y r cni At nd)n) r [ ) t ki>ni Yr i[ p c)kN) m iT)ni Yr i[ r iJ v t Liv # Svt <in k&ia i[ m v r A ia i[ t nd)a i[ gim s)m n) i gim r h[ i>ni (vA ir i[ ni N k t K)r i>Ni (vA ir g t vt <in spiT)y j L A ii[ i[ m #t Csr i s& Ä hr cni (ct y& piN)n) a iv s&ir Ni F # S ° # S p)vini piN) m s& k&i[ iT[ (ct v s& t Liv s&ir Ni (ct F k[ m T^ [ T c pºT )Tmº Only Pond base Strategy Through upgrading its catchments 21 May 2009 ACT
  19. 19. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme Internship Training Programme Objective: To enhance capacity of para professional to lead group of Para professionals, work independently on management guideline preparation such as drinking protection guideline, Participatory irrigation management through dam / well. Can be withdrawal strategy / technology or knowledge transfer for decentralized management Qualification: Should cleared Advance training, graduates from local (rural) area or Technical education like engineering, diploma, surveyor etc. or work experience as Para professional or leadership quality Inputs: Understanding Base • Use wise management aspects • Research objectives • Impact Monitoring • Social conflict / dimension • Institutionalization • Technologies (GIS software etc) • Decision support system 21 May 2009 Skill Base ACT • Preparation guideline
  20. 20. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme Drinking water protection Guideline-Village LAKHNIYA Clayey part eroded and fluvial sand deposited. This river sand is confined aquifer. Check dam in upstream is supporting structure for recharging. 21 May 2009 ACT
  21. 21. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme Drinking water protection Guideline-Village DABAN # Miyani Dam # # Saranvado talav ## # Lakharai # talav Vinzaniyo # talav N # Water Body # Well Location Stream 0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 Kilometers # Gamtal Ves 1 Village Boundary # Ve Thicknes Basalt Ves 4 Ves 1 # s s of # # 1 no. 0-9.6m aquifer # Ves 4 Legend Sattlement 2 0-6.9m # # Sattlement dw well # N # Ves 1 Village Well Ves 5 3 No zone x # Watershed # 4 0-5.2m Ves 5 # 200 0 200 400 Meters 21 May 2009 # Ves 2 # 5 No zoneACT Ves 2
  22. 22. Para Professionals (Bare Foot Workers) Capacity Building Programme Drinking water protection Guideline-Village KARAMATA VES Thickness no. of 1 0-12.4 m Sandstone 2 0-7 m 3 No zone 4 0-16.6 m 5 0-14 m Drinking water well is near ves no 1. Total depth of well is 9.6 m, where total thickness is 12.4 m. 21 May 2009 ACT
  23. 23. Status and Activities of Para Workers In Kachchh From 2005-2009 ACT has given General training to 119 Para Water Engineers and 48 Para Agriculturists along with Network Organization (KNNA) 27 Para Water Engineers have gone through Advance Training 4 Para workers are taking internship training 21 May 2009 ACT
  24. 24. Two Team of Para Workers have Emerged in two Areas PARAB – In Abadasa Taluka and provides technical support to Three Organization and Individual Panchayat / Pani Samiti through Block Level Decentralized Drinking Water Programme – “Pani Thiye Panjo” Pachchham Para Technician Associat (PPT- Association): Is a team of para water engineer, para agriculturist and para veterinary • Have just completed land and water management as well as animal hunbandary action planning in 66 villages of Pachchham Island - located in Great Rann. • Currently working for advocacy part for implementation of planned activities 21 May 2009 • Also three Para professionals among them have started small enterprise for fodder management ACT
  25. 25. THANKS yogeshjadeja@gmail.com www.act-inida.org 21 May 2009 ACT

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