A P F A M G S Project


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A P F A M G S Project

  1. 1. FAO-Programme Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (APFAMGS) Project presentation by Ravi Kanth Ganti Project Associate APFAMGS Empowering farming communities to collectively manage their Groundwater resources Pune, 21st May 2009
  2. 2. Background • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is implementing the Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater systems (APFAMGS) Project as a Nationally Executed (NEX) project over 4 years (2004- 09). • The Implementation is through a federation of 63 registered farmer Institutions guided by 9 NGO’s. • Operational area of the project is spread over 40 mandals forming part of 303 Panchayats in 7 districts. • The operational unit is Hydrological Unit (63 HU’s) spread over 638 habitations.
  3. 3. Project Premise APFAMGS project’s approach is to empower people’s institution to identify solutions to mange groundwater distress Demystify science, offer skills, capacity and knowledge (no infrastructure support/ incentives) Strengthen people’s institutions to build pro-active partnerships between up- stream and downstream water users Group action ensure farmers work unitedly towards managing available groundwater resource optimally Fully informed Farmers take tough decisions voluntarily (sacrifice for collective gain) Women’s participation in decision making ensures improved groundwater governance
  4. 4. Farmer Water School (FWS) approach adopted to promote group learning for improving skills and knowledge on Demand Side Management • 30 Farmers meet as a school once every 15 days for 12 months (June–May) to discuss and diagnose the different problems related to resource availability based on the data they have collected • Non formal Education Tools utilized to understand the science of Hydrology • Short and long term experiments serve to identify solutions for addressing typical problems • Implemented through farmer facilitators who are already trained and have adequate experience • FWS provides most contents of a formal Hydrology course in an informal mode • 15000 Farmer Facilitators graduated over the 3 years, whose services are used by project, government and other programmes Farmer Water Schools
  5. 5. 1 Introduce new concepts and content Clarify concepts and content 2 Apply new content/concepts to a concrete issue 3 Reflect and identify new issues 4 Transfer learning to the community 5 Experiential Learning Cycle Ballot Box exercise (assessment of knowledge)
  6. 6. Promote People’s Institution for community action Capacity building of community with new knowledge and skills Farmer led data collection, creation of data base, dissemination and analysis Demonstrate reduce water use and increased wealth DecisionMaking IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY Habitation, Hydrologic unit level Gender Equity Democratic institution Water as Common Property Resource Participatory Hydrologic Monitoring Crop Water Balance Link water availability to water use for agriculture Farmer Water Schools Demystify science
  7. 7. Data Collection Network 4333 farmer volunteers (men and women) collect data regularly from • 190 rain gauge stations (every 5 sq kms) • Groundwater levels form 2109 monitoring wells (every sq km) • well discharge measurement from 969 monitoring wells • Surface flow from 63 flow gauging stations • Groundwater quality from 300 drinking water source (seasonal) • Data organized as Computerized data base • Data sharing with Government and institutions
  8. 8. Data validation Data collection conform to standard protocols accepted for the different parameters Data recorded in log books and made available for regular validation check Real time data shared with entire community using display boards Data Analyzed by community for computing water balance for planning the appropriate crops
  9. 9. People’s Institutions • Multi layer inclusive institution (638-GMC, 63-HUN) run the programme on their own supported by 9 NGO’s – Ground water Management Committee (GMC) operate at the Habitation level with membership of men and women farmers – GMC’s within a hydrological boundary federated to form Hydrological Unit Network (HUN) – HUN’s provided with legal cover (registered under societies act) to receive funds and implement the project on their own – HUN’s receive funds from NGO’s and transact all business independently – Furnish monthly reports, annual balance sheet and develop vision document – Institutions ensure farmers overcome selfish interests and work towards common goal – Institutions consolidate individual views, develop common perspective towards handling groundwater distress collectively – Institutions tap government schemes related to water savings and inputs for agriculture
  10. 10. Crop Water Budget (CWB) • Crop Water Budget (CWB) exercise carried out annually for individual Hydrological Units. • Farmers make information out of the data collected for planning the cropping system • Quantify amount of groundwater that can be safely pumped • Assess risks associated with high water consuming crops • Set framework for adoption of appropriate crop plan without sacrifices • Identify opportunities for water savings and improving crop water efficiency • Link with government schemes for tapping investments for improved crop water efficiency
  11. 11. falling water levels seasonal Drying of wells Poor pump efficiency groundwater pumping far more than recharge Managedepletion Reduceddeclinein47HU Results of Pro-active Management of Groundwater Depletion by Farmers ImproveWaterUseEfficiency Diversifycroppingsystem Reduced pumping Crop Changes Water Saving devices Check growth of new wells Local Governance ContinuedgroundwaterDepletionin58HU
  12. 12. Restraint in groundwater pumping Groundwater pumping for agricultural use significantly controlled over the four years
  13. 13. Balance Comparison 2006-07& 2007-08 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Thundlavagu Chinneru Peddavanka Peethuruvagu Nakkillavagu NaidupalliVagu Bodicherla Tarlupaduvagu Vemuleru Thandrasila Rommonivagu Maruvavanka Peddavagu Erravagu Bokkineru LingojipalliVagu Uppuvagu Rallavagu Bhaskararaokunta Buchammakonetivanka Pulivagu Mulabandla Chandravagu Mekaleru Erravanka Narsireddipalli Kanugalavagu Rallavagu Chandrasagar Hydrological Units BalanceinMCMs No change 18 HUs Decrease 5HUs Increase 35 HUs Improved Groundwater Balance Groundwater Balance favorably altered in 53 Hydrological Units led by Demand Side Groundwater Management
  14. 14. Water Savings Practices • Vermicompost: Groundnut(Gn),Chillies (Chl), Sweet Orange(S.Orn), Tomatoe(Tmt) • Sprinkler: Gn, Sun Flower (SFl), Chl, Tmt, Cotton (Ctn), Others • Mulching: Gn, Chl, S.Orn, Tmt • Check Basin: Gn, SFl • Alternate Furrow: SFl, Chl, Tmt, Others • Drip: Gn, Chl, S.Orn, Tmt, Horticulture (HrtClt), Mulberry (Mbry), Otrs • Ridges and furrow SFl • Conveyance Pipes All Crops %of water savings achieved using devices, rrigation methods Drip PVC pipes Sprinkler Ridges & Furrow Check basin Vermi-compost Alternate furrow Mulching 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Sugarcane Sweetorange Tomato Blackgram Rice Gingerly Groundnut Sunflower Chilies Cotton RedGram Savings achieved in diferent crops through water saving practices
  15. 15. Quantification of Water Savings Water savings through devices and efficient irrigation 32 MCM Efficient paddy / reduction in paddy area 53 MCM
  16. 16. • Community successfully restricted the construction of bore-wells that are not critical • Improved Efficiency of pump performance • Prevented usage of in- efficient bore-wells • Rejuvenated abandoned open dug wells • Increased groundwater recharge at Hydrologic Unit level Number of Active Pumping Borewells 21500 22000 22500 23000 23500 24000 24500 25000 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Year NoofWells Check Growth of new wells
  17. 17. Dissemination of Project Learning's • Regular Learning Workshop on Demand Side Groundwater Management • Participants include Government Officers, Programme Managers of International Agencies, NGO’s, Government Project Staff and farmers • Visitors from Central, State agencies, Bi-Lateral, International Projects, students and bureaucrats • Training Faculty largely farmers , facilitators, village co-coordinators supported by project staff.
  18. 18. IT enabling Demand Side Groundwater Management by Community
  19. 19. Project Web Site http://www.apfamgs.org
  20. 20. Relevance of APFAMGS learning’s – Alternative model for managing groundwater distress through community empowerment with knowledge and skills. – Implementation limited to parts of 7 districts in Andhra Pradesh, has however reached to number of districts through other programmes of State Governments. – Concept can be safely adopted for managing all natural resources and addressing the issue of climate change – Offers a good model for CGWB planning to take water balance estimation at micro-basin level for the entire country (large scope for community participation, large area coverge and substantial cost reduction) – FAO-APFAMGS fully equipped to help design programmes, collaborate with government agencies in implementation and offer trainings.
  21. 21. email: ananthmaniin@yahoo.com http://www.apfamgs.org Thank You