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A P F A M G S Project






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A P F A M G S  Project A P F A M G S Project Presentation Transcript

  • Empowering farming communities to collectively manage their Groundwater resources Pune, 21st May 2009 FAO-Programme Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (APFAMGS) Project presentation by Ravi Kanth Ganti Project Associate APFAMGS
  • Background • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is implementing the Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater systems (APFAMGS) Project as a Nationally Executed (NEX) project over 4 years (2004- 09). • The Implementation is through a federation of 63 registered farmer Institutions guided by 9 NGO’s. • Operational area of the project is spread over 40 mandals forming part of 303 Panchayats in 7 districts. • The operational unit is Hydrological Unit (63 HU’s) spread over 638 habitations.
  • Project Premise APFAMGS project’s approach is to empower people’s institution to identify solutions to mange groundwater distress Demystify science, offer skills, capacity and knowledge (no infrastructure support/ incentives) Strengthen people’s institutions to build pro-active partnerships between up- stream and downstream water users Group action ensure farmers work unitedly towards managing available groundwater resource optimally Fully informed Farmers take tough decisions voluntarily (sacrifice for collective gain) Women’s participation in decision making ensures improved groundwater governance
  • Farmer Water Schools Farmer Water School (FWS) approach adopted to promote group learning for improving skills and knowledge on Demand Side Management • 30 Farmers meet as a school once every 15 days for 12 months (June–May) to discuss and diagnose the different problems related to resource availability based on the data they have collected • Non formal Education Tools utilized to understand the science of Hydrology • Short and long term experiments serve to identify solutions for addressing typical problems • Implemented through farmer facilitators who are already trained and have adequate experience • FWS provides most contents of a formal Hydrology course in an informal mode • 15000 Farmer Facilitators graduated over the 3 years, whose services are used by project, government and other programmes
  • Experiential Learning Cycle 1 Ballot Box Introduce exercise new (assessment of concepts knowledge) and content Clarify 5 4 concepts 2 and content Reflect and Transfer identify new learning to issues the 3 community Apply new content/concepts to a concrete issue
  • IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY Habitation, Gender Hydrologic unit Equity level Promote People’s Institution Democratic for community action institution Farmer Water Capacity building of community with new knowledge and skills Schools Participatory Decision Making Hydrologic Monitoring Crop Water Balance Farmer led data collection, creation of data base, dissemination and analysis Link water availability to water use for agriculture Demonstrate reduce water use and increased wealth Water as Common Property Resource Demystify science
  • Data Collection Network 4333 farmer volunteers (men and women) collect data regularly from • 190 rain gauge stations (every 5 sq kms) • Groundwater levels form 2109 monitoring wells (every sq km) • well discharge measurement from 969 monitoring wells • Surface flow from 63 flow gauging stations • Groundwater quality from 300 drinking water source (seasonal) • Data organized as Computerized data base • Data sharing with Government and institutions
  • Data validation Data collection conform to standard protocols accepted for the different parameters Data recorded in log books and made available for regular validation check Real time data shared with entire community using display boards Data Analyzed by community for computing water balance for planning the appropriate crops
  • People’s Institutions • Multi layer inclusive institution (638-GMC, 63-HUN) run the programme on their own supported by 9 NGO’s – Ground water Management Committee (GMC) operate at the Habitation level with membership of men and women farmers – GMC’s within a hydrological boundary federated to form Hydrological Unit Network (HUN) – HUN’s provided with legal cover (registered under societies act) to receive funds and implement the project on their own – HUN’s receive funds from NGO’s and transact all business independently – Furnish monthly reports, annual balance sheet and develop vision document – Institutions ensure farmers overcome selfish interests and work towards common goal – Institutions consolidate individual views, develop common perspective towards handling groundwater distress collectively – Institutions tap government schemes related to water savings and inputs for agriculture
  • Crop Water Budget (CWB) • Crop Water Budget (CWB) exercise carried out annually for individual Hydrological Units. • Farmers make information out of the data collected for planning the cropping system • Quantify amount of groundwater that can be safely pumped • Assess risks associated with high water consuming crops • Set framework for adoption of appropriate crop plan without sacrifices • Identify opportunities for water savings and improving crop water efficiency • Link with government schemes for tapping investments for improved crop water efficiency
  • Results of Pro-active Management of Groundwater Depletion by Farmers Improve Water Use Efficiency Continued groundwater Depletion in 58 HU falling Reduced pumping Diversify cropping system water levels depletion seasonal Crop Changes Reduced decline in 47 HU Drying of wells Poor pump Water Saving efficiency devices Manage groundwater Check growth of pumping new wells far more than recharge Local Governance
  • Restraint in groundwater pumping Groundwater pumping for agricultural use significantly controlled over the four years
  • B alan ce in M C M s -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 T h u n d lavag u C h in n eru 5HUs Decrease Ped d avan ka Peeth u ru vag u N akkillavag u N aid u p alli Vag u B o d ich erla T arlu p ad u vag u Vem u leru T h an d rasila No change 18 HUs R o m m o n ivag u Side Groundwater Management M aru vavan ka Ped d avag u Erravag u B o kkin eru L in g o jip alli Vag u U p p u vag u Hydrological Units R allavag u B h askararao ku n ta Balance Comparison 2006-07& 2007-08 Increase 35 HUs B u ch am m ako n etivan ka Pu livag u Improved Groundwater Balance M u lab an d la C h an d ravag u M ekaleru Erravan ka N arsired d ip alli K an u g alavag u R allavag u Groundwater Balance favorably altered in 53 Hydrological Units led by Demand C h an d rasag ar
  • Water Savings Practices • Vermicompost: Groundnut(Gn),Chillies (Chl), Sweet Orange(S.Orn), Savings achieved in diferent crops through water saving practices Tomatoe(Tmt) • Sprinkler: Gn, Sun Flower (SFl), Chl, Tmt, Cotton (Ctn), Others 60% • Mulching: Gn, Chl, S.Orn, Tmt 50% • Check Basin: Gn, SFl • Alternate Furrow: SFl, Chl, Tmt, Others 40% % of water savings achieved using devices, rrigation methods • Drip: Gn, Chl, S.Orn, Tmt, Horticulture (HrtClt), Mulberry (Mbry), Otrs 30% • Ridges and furrow SFl 20% • Conveyance Pipes All Crops Drip PVC pipes 10% Sprinkler Ridges & Furrow 0% Gingerly Red Gram Cotton Groundnut Rice Chilies Black gram Tomato Check basin Sugarcane Sunflower Sweet orange Verm i-com post Alternate furrow Mulching
  • Quantification of Water Savings Water savings through devices and efficient irrigation 32 MCM Efficient paddy / reduction in paddy area 53 MCM
  • Check Growth of new wells Num ber of Active Pum ping Borew ells • Community successfully 25000 restricted the construction 24500 of bore-wells that are not 24000 No of Wells 23500 critical 23000 22500 22000 • Improved Efficiency of pump 21500 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 performance Year • Prevented usage of in- efficient bore-wells • Rejuvenated abandoned open dug wells • Increased groundwater recharge at Hydrologic Unit level
  • Dissemination of Project Learning's • Regular Learning Workshop on Demand Side Groundwater Management • Participants include Government Officers, Programme Managers of International Agencies, NGO’s, Government Project Staff and farmers • Visitors from Central, State agencies, Bi-Lateral, International Projects, students and bureaucrats • Training Faculty largely farmers , facilitators, village co-coordinators supported by project staff.
  • IT enabling Demand Side Groundwater Management by Community
  • Project Web Site http://www.apfamgs.org
  • Relevance of APFAMGS learning’s – Alternative model for managing groundwater distress through community empowerment with knowledge and skills. – Implementation limited to parts of 7 districts in Andhra Pradesh, has however reached to number of districts through other programmes of State Governments. – Concept can be safely adopted for managing all natural resources and addressing the issue of climate change – Offers a good model for CGWB planning to take water balance estimation at micro-basin level for the entire country (large scope for community participation, large area coverge and substantial cost reduction) – FAO-APFAMGS fully equipped to help design programmes, collaborate with government agencies in implementation and offer trainings.
  • Thank You email: ananthmaniin@yahoo.com http://www.apfamgs.org