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    Other important info Other important info Presentation Transcript

    • Other important info Arlie, Anne, Nitikia , Mamta
    • Art History
      • is an academic discipline dedicated to the reconstruction of the social, cultural, and economic context in which an artwork was created
      • Is closely related to other dicipline such as anthropology history, and sociology.
    • Aesthetics
      • Philosophical inquiry into the nature and expression of beauty
    • Art Criticism
      • The explanation of current art events to the general public via press.
    • Formal Analysis
      • Focuses on the visual qualities of the work of art itself
      • Basic assumption: the artist makes decisions related to the visual aspects of the artwork that can reveal to the visual aspects that can reveal to something to us about the meaning
    • Contextual Analysis
      • Involves looking outside of the work of art in order to determine its meaning
    • Corinthian Style
      • Set figures against a floral, ornamented background
    • “ Contrapposto”
      • Counter positioning, was involved to show the body to its best advantage
    • Barrel Vaults
      • Romanesque churches: formed of a tunnel of arches
    • Vault
      • An arch shaped structure that is used as a ceiling or as a support roof
    • Ribbed Vaults
      • A framework of thin stone ribs of arches built under the intersection of the vaulted section of the ceiling
    • Flying Buttresses
      • Additional bracing material and arches placed on the exterior of the buliding
      • Allowed larger windows many of which filled with beautiful glass, and higher ceilings
    • Linear (single vanishing point)
      • Developed by Brunelleschi
      • Masaccio (also used aerial perspective) given credit for putting it into practice
    • Sfumato
      • Used in “Mona Lisa”
      • Italian: “-fumo” =smoke
      • Allows forms to blend subtly into one another without perceptible transitions.
    • Chiaroscuro
      • Dramatic contrast of light and dark
      • Tintoretto (1518- 16594)
      • Heighten the emotional impact of his subjects
    • Reformation
      • Most important event that impacted the 16 th century
    • Counter Reformation
      • Emphasized even more that before lavish church decoration and art of highly dramatic and emotional nature
      • Church’s reaction to Protestant Refromation
    • Arbitrary Color
      • Used by a group of artists led by Henri Matisse (1869-1954)
      • Used color so intense that they violatied the sensebilities of critics and the public alike
      • aka “fauves” or “wild beasts”
    • Positive Space
      • Objects shaped or forms that occupy
    • Negative Space
      • Area around the objects, shapes, or forms
    • Hue
      • Another word for color
    • Color Wheel
      • The organization of hues into a visual scheme
    • Value
      • The lightness or darkness of a color
    • Neutrals
      • White and blacks are not hues they are neutrals
    • Intensity
      • Refers to the brightness or purity of a color
    • Local Color
      • Refers to the “true” color of an object or area as seen in normal daylight
    • Optical color
      • Refers to the effect that special lighting has on the color of objects
    • Composition
      • Refers to the artists organization of the elements of art
    • Rhythm
      • Is the principal that we associate with movement or pattern
    • Motif
      • Single element of pattern
      • Ex: quilt design one or more motifs are repeated to create and overall pattern
    • Pattern
      • Involves the repetition of certain elements -color or line- or motifs within a work of art
      • Many patterns use regular repetition
    • Balance
      • Refers to the equal distribution of visual weight in a work of art
    • Approximate Symmetry
      • Many artist use this, to avoid the rigidity and monotony that may accompany a symmetrical composition
    • Asymmetrical Balance
      • Visual balance that is achieved through the organization of unlike objects
    • Focal Point
      • Element that contrasts with the rest of a composition where the eye tends to rest
    • Proportion
      • The size and relationship among the parts of a composition
    • Scale
      • The dimensional relation of the parts of a work to the work in its entirety, and can refer to the overall sizr if an artwork
    • shading
      • Used to change values;
      • Different types :
        • Hatching
        • Cross-hatching
        • Stippling
    • Screen prints
      • Other kinds of prints: includes relief prints, intaglio prints, lithographs,
    • Relief Printmaking
      • Artist cuts away parts from surface of the plate
    • Intaglio Prints
      • Works in the opposite manner as relief prints
    • engraving
      • Carving tools are used to cut lines into the surface of the plate
    • Etching
      • Process in which the design is incised through a layer of wax or varnish applied to the surface of a metal plate
    • Lithography
      • Process in which the image is drawn with a waxy pencil or crayon directly on the plate, which can be made of stone, zinc or aluminum
    • Pigments
      • Finely ground material that may be natural or synthhtic
    • Binders
      • Hold the grains of pigment together and allows the paint to adhere
      • Ex: Egg yolks, linseed oil, and wax
    • Solvent
      • Water or oil that can be added to change the consistency of the paint or alter its drying time
    • Fresco
      • Usually used to paint on ceilings and walls
      • Artist mixes pure powdered pigments with ater and applies them to a wet plaster, (Can’t be changed once applied)
      • Fresco Secco : the artist applies paints to a dry rather than a wet plaster
    • Glaze
      • Thin transparent or semi-transparent layers that are applied over another color to alter it slightly
    • Encaustic
      • Colored molten wax is fused with the surface via the application of hot irons
      • In Ancient Egypt grave markers were painted with this type of paint
    • Gouache
      • Is a water-based opaque paint that is similar to school-quality tempera, but of higher quality
    • Slip
      • Slab-built pots ar emade by rolling out clay and cutting carefully measured pieces , which are then assembled by applying liquid clay(slip) ti tge edges that are to be joined
    • Post-and lintel construction
      • Technique in which a long stone or wooden beam is placed horizontally across upright posts