Wax patterns in fpd/ dentistry course in india

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Wax patterns in fpd/ dentistry course in india

  1. 1. WAX PATTERNS IN FPD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • History • Waxes • Armamentarium • Wax pattern fabrication  Coping fabrication  Wax pattern removal and evaluation  Proximal surfaces  Axial surfaces  Occlusal morphology  Margin finishing • Conclusion • References www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3.  INTRODUCTION  HISTORY www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. WAXES Dental waxes are organic polymers consisting of hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Molecular weight ranges from 400-4000 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. Classification  According to origin  According to use and application www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. ACCORDING TO ORIGIN Natural Synthetic - Mineral - Plant - Insect - Animal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. ACCORDING TO USE AND & APPLICATION Pattern waxes Processing Impression waxes waxes www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. INLAY CASTING WAX Composition 1. Paraffin-chief content 2. Gum dammar 3. Carnauba wax,Ceresin or Candelilla wax 4. Beeswax 5.Colouring agent www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION According to ANSI and ADA sp no 4  Type 1 a medium wax. Used for direct technique.  Type 2 a softer wax.Used for indirect technique. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. Properties 1. Flow: flow % requirements for ADA sp no 4 Type of inlay wax 30 Max 37 Max 40 Min Max 45 Min Max Type 1 --- 1.0 --- 20 70 90 Type 2 1.0 --- 50 --- 70 90 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. 2. Thermal properties - Thermal conductivity - Coefficient of thermal expansion may expand 0.7% with an increase in in temperature of 200 C and contract as much as 0.35% when it is cooled from 370 C to 250 C - Average co-efficient of thermal expansion: 350 x 10-6 0 /C www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. 3.Wax distortion - Elastic memory This can result from thermal changes,release of stresses on cooling,time and temperature during storage etc. Other desirable properties of inlay waxes include: - Color - Residue ADA sp no 4 requires that the melted wax when vaporized at 5000 C shall leave behind no solid residue in excess of 0.10% of the original weight of the specimen. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Armamentarium • PKT waxing instruments (no 1 to no 5) • No 7 wax spatula • Laboratory knife with blade • Sharp colored pencil (contrasting to wax) • Sable brush • Bunsen burner • Inlay wax • Occlusal indicator powder • Die lubricant www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  17. 17. WAX PATTERN FABRICATION The following sequence is recommended: 1. Coping fabrication. 2. Wax pattern removal and evaluation. 3. Proximal surfaces. 4. Axial surfaces. 5. Occlusal surfaces. 6. Margin finishing. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. COPING FABRICATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. WAX PATTERN REMOVAL & EVALUATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. PROXIMAL SURFACES www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. AXIAL SURFACES Emergence Profile www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. OCCLUSAL MORPHOLOGY Cusp fossa Cusp marginal ridge 1. Location of occlusal contact on opposing teeth. Occlusal fossae only. Marginal ridges and occlusal fossae. 2. Relation with opposing tooth. Tooth-to-tooth Tooth-to-two-teeth 3. Advantages. Occlusal forces are directed parallel with long axis of the tooth. These forces are near the center of the tooth, placing very little stress on the tooth. Found in 95% of all adults. Can be used for single tooth restorations. 4. Disadvantages. Rarely found in natural teeth. Used when restoring several contacting teeth and teeth opposing them. Food impaction and displacement of teeth may arise if functional cusps wedge into a lingual embrassure. 5. Application. Full mouth reconstruction. Most restorations in daily practice Classification of occlusal arrangements www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  27. 27. WAXING TECHNIQUE There are two wax added techniques for waxing occlusal surface of restoration. 1st technique given by E.V. Payne H.L. Lundeen promoted the same technique using wax of a different color for each of the features. Usually associated with cusp-marginal ridge occlusal scheme 2nd technique given by P.K. Thomas Most often associated with cusp-fossae occlusal scheme www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MAXILLARY TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MANDIBULAR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. CUSP-FOSSA ARRANGEMENT www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. MARGIN FINISHING www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. WAXING FOR ANTERIOR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34. Wax pattern for the functionally generated path technique www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  36. 36. SUMMARY & CONCLUSION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37. REFERENCES • Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Rosensteil. • Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Herbert T. Shillenburg. • Philips Science of Dental Materials. 10th edition, Kenneth J. Anusavice. • Restorative Dental Materials. 6th edition, Robert J. Craig. • Theory and Practice of Ceramo-metal restorations. Mashiro Kuwata. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  38. 38. • Periodontal considerations of crown contour. Perel ML. JPD, 1971; 26: 627-630. • Current controversies in axial contour design. Anthony HL, Tjan. JPD, 1980; 44: 536-540. • Crown contours and gingival response. Lee M. Jameson, Willam Melone, JPD 1982; 47: 620-624. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 1, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1989; 62: 4-10. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 2, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1990; 63: 374-379. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  39. 39. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com

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