Wax patterns in fpd/ dentistry course in india

  • 604 views
Uploaded on



Indian Dental Academy: will be one of the most relevant and exciting training center with best faculty and flexible training programs for dental professionals who wish to advance in their dental practice,Offers certified courses in Dental implants,Orthodontics,Endodontics,Cosmetic Dentistry, Prosthetic Dentistry, Periodontics and General Dentistry.

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
604
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. WAX PATTERNS IN FPD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 2. Contents • Introduction • History • Waxes • Armamentarium • Wax pattern fabrication  Coping fabrication  Wax pattern removal and evaluation  Proximal surfaces  Axial surfaces  Occlusal morphology  Margin finishing • Conclusion • References www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 3.  INTRODUCTION  HISTORY www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 4. WAXES Dental waxes are organic polymers consisting of hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Molecular weight ranges from 400-4000 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 5. Classification  According to origin  According to use and application www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 6. ACCORDING TO ORIGIN Natural Synthetic - Mineral - Plant - Insect - Animal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 7. ACCORDING TO USE AND & APPLICATION Pattern waxes Processing Impression waxes waxes www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 8. INLAY CASTING WAX Composition 1. Paraffin-chief content 2. Gum dammar 3. Carnauba wax,Ceresin or Candelilla wax 4. Beeswax 5.Colouring agent www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 9. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 10. CLASSIFICATION According to ANSI and ADA sp no 4  Type 1 a medium wax. Used for direct technique.  Type 2 a softer wax.Used for indirect technique. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 11. Properties 1. Flow: flow % requirements for ADA sp no 4 Type of inlay wax 30 Max 37 Max 40 Min Max 45 Min Max Type 1 --- 1.0 --- 20 70 90 Type 2 1.0 --- 50 --- 70 90 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 12. 2. Thermal properties - Thermal conductivity - Coefficient of thermal expansion may expand 0.7% with an increase in in temperature of 200 C and contract as much as 0.35% when it is cooled from 370 C to 250 C - Average co-efficient of thermal expansion: 350 x 10-6 0 /C www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 13. 3.Wax distortion - Elastic memory This can result from thermal changes,release of stresses on cooling,time and temperature during storage etc. Other desirable properties of inlay waxes include: - Color - Residue ADA sp no 4 requires that the melted wax when vaporized at 5000 C shall leave behind no solid residue in excess of 0.10% of the original weight of the specimen. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 14. Armamentarium • PKT waxing instruments (no 1 to no 5) • No 7 wax spatula • Laboratory knife with blade • Sharp colored pencil (contrasting to wax) • Sable brush • Bunsen burner • Inlay wax • Occlusal indicator powder • Die lubricant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 15. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 16. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 17. WAX PATTERN FABRICATION The following sequence is recommended: 1. Coping fabrication. 2. Wax pattern removal and evaluation. 3. Proximal surfaces. 4. Axial surfaces. 5. Occlusal surfaces. 6. Margin finishing. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 18. COPING FABRICATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 19. WAX PATTERN REMOVAL & EVALUATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 20. PROXIMAL SURFACES www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 21. AXIAL SURFACES Emergence Profile www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 22. OCCLUSAL MORPHOLOGY Cusp fossa Cusp marginal ridge 1. Location of occlusal contact on opposing teeth. Occlusal fossae only. Marginal ridges and occlusal fossae. 2. Relation with opposing tooth. Tooth-to-tooth Tooth-to-two-teeth 3. Advantages. Occlusal forces are directed parallel with long axis of the tooth. These forces are near the center of the tooth, placing very little stress on the tooth. Found in 95% of all adults. Can be used for single tooth restorations. 4. Disadvantages. Rarely found in natural teeth. Used when restoring several contacting teeth and teeth opposing them. Food impaction and displacement of teeth may arise if functional cusps wedge into a lingual embrassure. 5. Application. Full mouth reconstruction. Most restorations in daily practice Classification of occlusal arrangements www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 23. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 24. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 25. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 26. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 27. WAXING TECHNIQUE There are two wax added techniques for waxing occlusal surface of restoration. 1st technique given by E.V. Payne H.L. Lundeen promoted the same technique using wax of a different color for each of the features. Usually associated with cusp-marginal ridge occlusal scheme 2nd technique given by P.K. Thomas Most often associated with cusp-fossae occlusal scheme www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 28. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MAXILLARY TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 29. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MANDIBULAR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 30. CUSP-FOSSA ARRANGEMENT www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 31. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 32. MARGIN FINISHING www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 33. WAXING FOR ANTERIOR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 34. Wax pattern for the functionally generated path technique www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 35. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 36. SUMMARY & CONCLUSION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 37. REFERENCES • Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Rosensteil. • Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Herbert T. Shillenburg. • Philips Science of Dental Materials. 10th edition, Kenneth J. Anusavice. • Restorative Dental Materials. 6th edition, Robert J. Craig. • Theory and Practice of Ceramo-metal restorations. Mashiro Kuwata. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 38. • Periodontal considerations of crown contour. Perel ML. JPD, 1971; 26: 627-630. • Current controversies in axial contour design. Anthony HL, Tjan. JPD, 1980; 44: 536-540. • Crown contours and gingival response. Lee M. Jameson, Willam Melone, JPD 1982; 47: 620-624. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 1, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1989; 62: 4-10. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 2, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1990; 63: 374-379. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 39. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com