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Wax patterns in FPD /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.


Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
00919248678078

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  • 1. WAX PATTERNS IN FPD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education • www.indiandentalacademy.com • www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 3. Contents • • • • • Introduction History Waxes Armamentarium Wax pattern fabrication       Coping fabrication Wax pattern removal and evaluation Proximal surfaces Axial surfaces Occlusal morphology Margin finishing • Conclusion • References www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 4.  INTRODUCTION  HISTORY www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 5. WAXES Dental waxes are organic polymers consisting of hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Molecular weight ranges from 400-4000 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 6. Classification  According to origin  According to use and application www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 7. ACCORDING TO ORIGIN Natural - Mineral - Plant - Insect - Animal Synthetic www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 8. ACCORDING TO USE AND & APPLICATION Pattern waxes Processing waxes www.indiandentalacademy.com Impression waxes
  • 9. INLAY CASTING WAX Composition 1. Paraffin-chief content 2. Gum dammar 3. Carnauba wax,Ceresin or Candelilla wax 4. Beeswax 5.Colouring agent www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 10. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 11. CLASSIFICATION According to ANSI and ADA sp no 4  Type 1 a medium wax. Used for direct technique.  Type 2 a softer wax.Used for indirect technique. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 12. Properties 1. Flow: flow % requirements for ADA sp no 4 Type of inlay wax 30 Max 37 40 45 Max Min Max Min Max Type 1 --- 1.0 --- 20 70 90 Type 2 1.0 --- 50 --- 70 90 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 13. 2. Thermal properties - Thermal conductivity - Coefficient of thermal expansion may expand 0.7% with an increase in 0 in temperature of 20 C and contract as much as 0.35% when it is cooled from 370 C to 250 C - Average co-efficient of thermal expansion: -6 0 350 x 10 /C www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 14. 3.Wax distortion - Elastic memory This can result from thermal changes,release of stresses on cooling,time and temperature during storage etc. Other desirable properties of inlay waxes include: - Color - Residue ADA sp no 4 requires that the melted wax when vaporized at 5000C shall leave behind no solid residue in excess of 0.10% of the original weight of the specimen. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 15. Armamentarium • • • • • • • • • PKT waxing instruments (no 1 to no 5) No 7 wax spatula Laboratory knife with blade Sharp colored pencil (contrasting to wax) Sable brush Bunsen burner Inlay wax Occlusal indicator powder Die lubricant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 16. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 17. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 18. WAX PATTERN FABRICATION The following sequence is recommended: 1. Coping fabrication. 2. Wax pattern removal and evaluation. 3. Proximal surfaces. 4. Axial surfaces. 5. Occlusal surfaces. 6. Margin finishing. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 19. COPING FABRICATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 20. WAX PATTERN REMOVAL & EVALUATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 21. PROXIMAL SURFACES www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 22. AXIAL SURFACES Emergence Profile www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 23. OCCLUSAL MORPHOLOGY Classification of occlusal arrangements Cusp fossa Cusp marginal ridge 1. Location of occlusal contact on opposing teeth. Occlusal fossae only. Marginal ridges and occlusal fossae. 2. Relation with opposing tooth. Tooth-to-tooth Tooth-to-two-teeth 3. Advantages. Occlusal forces are directed parallel with long axis of the tooth. These forces are near the center of the tooth, placing very little stress on the tooth. Found in 95% of all adults. Can be used for single tooth restorations. 4. Disadvantages. Rarely found in natural teeth. Used when restoring several contacting teeth and teeth opposing them. 5. Application. Full mouth reconstruction. Food impaction and displacement of teeth may arise if functional cusps wedge into a lingual embrassure. Most restorations in daily practice www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • 27. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 28. WAXING TECHNIQUE There are two wax added techniques for waxing occlusal surface of restoration. 1st technique given by E.V. Payne H.L. Lundeen promoted the same technique using wax of a different color for each of the features. Usually associated with cusp-marginal ridge occlusal scheme 2nd technique given by P.K. Thomas Most often associated with cusp-fossae occlusal scheme www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 29. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MAXILLARY TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 30. CUSP MARGINAL RIDGE FOR MANDIBULAR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 31. CUSP-FOSSA ARRANGEMENT www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 32. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 33. MARGIN FINISHING www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 34. WAXING FOR ANTERIOR TEETH www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 35. Wax pattern for the functionally generated path technique www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 36. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 37. SUMMARY & CONCLUSION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 38. REFERENCES • Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Rosensteil. • Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics. 3rd edition, Herbert T. Shillenburg. • Philips Science of Dental Materials. 10th edition, Kenneth J. Anusavice. • Restorative Dental Materials. 6th edition, Robert J. Craig. • Theory and Practice of Ceramo-metal restorations. Mashiro Kuwata. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 39. • Periodontal considerations of crown contour. Perel ML. JPD, 1971; 26: 627-630. • Current controversies in axial contour design. Anthony HL, Tjan. JPD, 1980; 44: 536-540. • Crown contours and gingival response. Lee M. Jameson, Willam Melone, JPD 1982; 47: 620-624. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 1, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1989; 62: 4-10. • Emergence profile in natural tooth contour. Part 2, Burney M. Croll, JPD 1990; 63: 374-379. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 40. Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com

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