REMOVABLE APPLIANCES:
DESIGN AND USE
INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.c...
Removable appliances
- can be taken out of the mouth for cleaning
by the patient and adjustment by the
orthodontist

- app...
REMOVABLE APPLIANCE
COMPONENTS
•ACTIVE COMPONENTS
•RETENTIVE COMPONENTS
•ANCHORAGE
•BASEPLATE
ANCHORAGE - DEFINITION
“For every action there is an equal and
opposite reaction” (Newton’s 3rd law)
“Resistance to unwant...
HOW TO CONSERVE / INCREASE
ANCHORAGE
1. Clasp more teeth
2. Move only one or two teeth at a time

3. Use lighter forces
4....
FORCES TO MOVE TEETH
Single tooth movement: no more than 25 - 40
grams per tooth
Apply to the cervical margin of the tooth...
RETENTION
- Achieved by clasps of various types

- Adams’ cribs - molars and premolars
- Southend clasps - incisors

- bal...
CLASP CONSTRUCTION
Adams’ cribs

- molar clasps in 0.7mm stainless
steel round wire
- premolar / deciduous clasps in
0.6mm...
ACTIVE COMPONENTS
SPRINGS

- 0.5mm or 0.7mm wire to move
single teeth or groups of teeth

Constructed in 18/8 austenitic s...
FORCE AND DEFLECTION OF
STAINLESS STEEL SPRINGS
F = k .d .r4
l3
where
r = radius of the wire
d = deflection of the wire
l ...
FORCE AND DEFLECTION OF
STAINLESS STEEL SPRINGS
Increasing the radius of the wire by 2 will result in
the force applied in...
FITTING A REMOVABLE APPLIANCE
1. Check that the appliance is the one for the patient!
2. Check acrylic for sharp edges (es...
FITTING A REMOVABLE APPLIANCE (cont’d)
6. Chat to the patient with appliance in place. Ask
about any discomfort
7. Give wr...
AT THE FIRST REVIEW VISIT:
1. Chat to patient and note speech with appliance in
place. Ask about any problems.
2. Check ap...
AT THE FIRST REVIEW VISIT (cont’d):
5. Teeth should be slightly mobile if movement is
occurring. If teeth are not moving, ...
Clinical Scenarios
•These are designed to facilitate the understanding
of which components carry out which functions
durin...
Clinical scenarios
•
•
•
•

1. Upper incisor behind bite
2. Class III incisors & deep bite
3. Increased OJ - extract 1st p...
PROBLEM 1: UPPER INCISOR INSIDE BITE
RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
Active component: Z-spring to 1/
BITE OPENING: Posterior bite capping to
654 / 456 (more comfortable
for patient)
BASEPLATE: to connect everything together, also
some anchorage
ACTIVATE THE Z-SPRING....
...VOILA!
PROBLEM 2: All four incisors inside bite, with
deep reverse overbite
RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
ANTERIOR RETENTION: Southend clasp 1/1
ACTIVE COMPONENT: Expansion screw to
section 21/12
BITE OPENING: occlusal capping posteriorly
Screw is opened by one quarter turn twice a week
and pushes upper incisors forward over the bite
PROBLEM 3: Increased overjet, proclined incisors
Extract 4/4 to allow overjet reduction
RETENTION: Adams cribs on 6/6 ,
Southend clasp 1/1
ACTIVE COMPONENTS: Palatal finger springs 3/3
with wire guards for
stability
Trim acrylic

BITE OPENING: flat anterior bite plane
3/3 at end of canine retraction
Canines retracted. Now the incisors
must be retracted
RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 with arrowhead
extensions to 5/5
Metal stops mesial to 3/3 to prevent these
teeth from moving forward
ACTIVE COMPONENT: Labial bow in 0.7 mm wire
with large U-loops to allow
activation
BITE OPENING: flat anterior bite plane
Labial bow activated 1-2 mm at each visit by
squeezing vertical legs of U-loops together.
Palatal acrylic must be trimmed ...
End of incisor retraction
Where canines are bucally placed, use buccal
canine retractors, made in either 0.7mm wire
or 0.5mm wire supported by 0.5mm...
Canines can be pushed palatally into the
line of the arch as they move distally
The labial segment can be retracted also with a
0.5mm labial bow with tubing support.
ACTIVATION OF LABIAL BOW: Press the
vertical leg towards the tubing
Position of helix is very important - it must be
placed half-way between the starting position
of the tooth and the desire...
Helix too far anteriorly - tooth will move palatally
Helix too far distally - tooth will move buccally
WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO REDUCE THE OVERBITE
BEFORE REDUCING THE OVERJET?

As incisors tip, the lower incisors prevent furth...
By incorporating an anterior bite plane, the overjet
can be successfully reduced without increasing the
overbite as the in...
Trimming to allow the incisors to retrocline: trim on
palatal aspect, with bur parallel to palatal surface.
Don’t trim fro...
Bite opening - posterior teeth erupt into the space
PROBLEM 4: /5 deflected palatally,
/6 has drifted mesially
RETENTION: Adams cribs 6 / 46 ,
southend clasp 1/1
ACTIVE COMPONENT: Screw section to /6 ,
Z-spring to /5
PROBLEM 5: Buccally placed canine /3
Retention: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
ANCHORAGE REINFORCEMENT:
Headgear tubes on 6/6
ACTIVE COMPONENT: Screw section to distalise
/456
ANCHORAGE REINFORCEMENT:
headgear to tubes on 6/6
Problem 6: Class II div 1, and both upper first permanent
molars are carious
Adams cribs on 73/37, finger springs 5/5 and
4/4, fitted labial bow 21/12
Extract 6/6
Retract 5/5 (with or without headgear support)
Retract 4/4
Adams cribs 74/47, finger springs 3/3,
Southend clasp 1/1
Upper 3/3 retracted
URA with labial bow to retract 21/12
Problem 7: an unerupted 5/ where extraction of
the 4/ would give too much space
FIN

...as they say at the end of all French films
SMILE

HAVE A GOOD DAY
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Removable appliances  /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Removable appliances /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

237 views

Published on


The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
237
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Removable appliances /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. REMOVABLE APPLIANCES: DESIGN AND USE INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. Removable appliances - can be taken out of the mouth for cleaning by the patient and adjustment by the orthodontist - apply their forces by means of springs, screws, and bows of various types - can tip teeth only
  3. 3. REMOVABLE APPLIANCE COMPONENTS •ACTIVE COMPONENTS •RETENTIVE COMPONENTS •ANCHORAGE •BASEPLATE
  4. 4. ANCHORAGE - DEFINITION “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction” (Newton’s 3rd law) “Resistance to unwanted tooth movement” - Proffit, 1993 The area from which the force is applied to move the teeth.
  5. 5. HOW TO CONSERVE / INCREASE ANCHORAGE 1. Clasp more teeth 2. Move only one or two teeth at a time 3. Use lighter forces 4. Occlusal capping 5. Add headgear
  6. 6. FORCES TO MOVE TEETH Single tooth movement: no more than 25 - 40 grams per tooth Apply to the cervical margin of the tooth to reduce the tipping tendency to minimum
  7. 7. RETENTION - Achieved by clasps of various types - Adams’ cribs - molars and premolars - Southend clasps - incisors - ball hooks - interdental embrasure
  8. 8. CLASP CONSTRUCTION Adams’ cribs - molar clasps in 0.7mm stainless steel round wire - premolar / deciduous clasps in 0.6mm wire Southend - 0.6 mm wire Ball hooks - 0.7 or 0.6 mm wire with soldered ball on end
  9. 9. ACTIVE COMPONENTS SPRINGS - 0.5mm or 0.7mm wire to move single teeth or groups of teeth Constructed in 18/8 austenitic stainless steel The more wire incorporated, the greater the range of the spring and the lighter the force exerted
  10. 10. FORCE AND DEFLECTION OF STAINLESS STEEL SPRINGS F = k .d .r4 l3 where r = radius of the wire d = deflection of the wire l = length of the spring k = stiffness of the wire (Young’s Modulus)
  11. 11. FORCE AND DEFLECTION OF STAINLESS STEEL SPRINGS Increasing the radius of the wire by 2 will result in the force applied increasing by 16 times; Increasing the length of the spring by 2 will reduce the force applied by 8 times
  12. 12. FITTING A REMOVABLE APPLIANCE 1. Check that the appliance is the one for the patient! 2. Check acrylic for sharp edges (esp. in palatal rugae area) 3. Fit appliance in patients mouth. Note any rocking, or areas that do not fit and adjust if necessary 4. Tighten clasps and check retention 5. Activate springs and check that teeth are free to move (trim acrylic if necessary)
  13. 13. FITTING A REMOVABLE APPLIANCE (cont’d) 6. Chat to the patient with appliance in place. Ask about any discomfort 7. Give written and verbal instruction to patient and parent. Normally removable appliances are worn 24 hours/day. Warn of initial discomfort, etc. 8. Dismiss patient and arrange next appointment
  14. 14. AT THE FIRST REVIEW VISIT: 1. Chat to patient and note speech with appliance in place. Ask about any problems. 2. Check appliance out of mouth. Note loss of surface lustre, tooth impressions on bite planes etc. 3. Check condition of mouth - palatal mucosa should have indentation or redness if good URA wear. Note any trauma from springs etc 4. Check position of teeth that are being moved and the anchor teeth from the original study models
  15. 15. AT THE FIRST REVIEW VISIT (cont’d): 5. Teeth should be slightly mobile if movement is occurring. If teeth are not moving, look for a cause (acrylic in the way, insufficient activation of springs, unerupted teeth, retained roots, etc) 6. Reactivate springs 1-2mm and tighten cribs. 7. Congratulate patient if appropriate and reappoint * approx. 1mm of tooth movement should occur each month
  16. 16. Clinical Scenarios •These are designed to facilitate the understanding of which components carry out which functions during removable appliance therapy; and also to provide diagramatic illustrations of the various components to facilitate the instructions to the orthodontic laboratory technician.
  17. 17. Clinical scenarios • • • • 1. Upper incisor behind bite 2. Class III incisors & deep bite 3. Increased OJ - extract 1st premolars 4. Palatal displacement of upper premolar • 5. Upper canine displaced buccally • 6. Class 2 div 1 & compromised 6’s • 7. Lower 2nd premolar impeded
  18. 18. PROBLEM 1: UPPER INCISOR INSIDE BITE
  19. 19. RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
  20. 20. Active component: Z-spring to 1/
  21. 21. BITE OPENING: Posterior bite capping to 654 / 456 (more comfortable for patient)
  22. 22. BASEPLATE: to connect everything together, also some anchorage
  23. 23. ACTIVATE THE Z-SPRING....
  24. 24. ...VOILA!
  25. 25. PROBLEM 2: All four incisors inside bite, with deep reverse overbite
  26. 26. RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
  27. 27. ANTERIOR RETENTION: Southend clasp 1/1
  28. 28. ACTIVE COMPONENT: Expansion screw to section 21/12
  29. 29. BITE OPENING: occlusal capping posteriorly
  30. 30. Screw is opened by one quarter turn twice a week and pushes upper incisors forward over the bite
  31. 31. PROBLEM 3: Increased overjet, proclined incisors
  32. 32. Extract 4/4 to allow overjet reduction
  33. 33. RETENTION: Adams cribs on 6/6 , Southend clasp 1/1
  34. 34. ACTIVE COMPONENTS: Palatal finger springs 3/3 with wire guards for stability
  35. 35. Trim acrylic BITE OPENING: flat anterior bite plane
  36. 36. 3/3 at end of canine retraction
  37. 37. Canines retracted. Now the incisors must be retracted
  38. 38. RETENTION: Adams cribs 6/6 with arrowhead extensions to 5/5
  39. 39. Metal stops mesial to 3/3 to prevent these teeth from moving forward
  40. 40. ACTIVE COMPONENT: Labial bow in 0.7 mm wire with large U-loops to allow activation
  41. 41. BITE OPENING: flat anterior bite plane
  42. 42. Labial bow activated 1-2 mm at each visit by squeezing vertical legs of U-loops together. Palatal acrylic must be trimmed away by the same amount.
  43. 43. End of incisor retraction
  44. 44. Where canines are bucally placed, use buccal canine retractors, made in either 0.7mm wire or 0.5mm wire supported by 0.5mm internal diameter tubing where it emerges from the acrylic
  45. 45. Canines can be pushed palatally into the line of the arch as they move distally
  46. 46. The labial segment can be retracted also with a 0.5mm labial bow with tubing support.
  47. 47. ACTIVATION OF LABIAL BOW: Press the vertical leg towards the tubing
  48. 48. Position of helix is very important - it must be placed half-way between the starting position of the tooth and the desired finishing position
  49. 49. Helix too far anteriorly - tooth will move palatally
  50. 50. Helix too far distally - tooth will move buccally
  51. 51. WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO REDUCE THE OVERBITE BEFORE REDUCING THE OVERJET? As incisors tip, the lower incisors prevent further overjet reduction due to increasing overbite
  52. 52. By incorporating an anterior bite plane, the overjet can be successfully reduced without increasing the overbite as the incisors tip palatally
  53. 53. Trimming to allow the incisors to retrocline: trim on palatal aspect, with bur parallel to palatal surface. Don’t trim from the occlusal surface - reduces width of bite plane excessively.
  54. 54. Bite opening - posterior teeth erupt into the space
  55. 55. PROBLEM 4: /5 deflected palatally, /6 has drifted mesially
  56. 56. RETENTION: Adams cribs 6 / 46 , southend clasp 1/1
  57. 57. ACTIVE COMPONENT: Screw section to /6 , Z-spring to /5
  58. 58. PROBLEM 5: Buccally placed canine /3
  59. 59. Retention: Adams cribs 6/6 and 4/4
  60. 60. ANCHORAGE REINFORCEMENT: Headgear tubes on 6/6
  61. 61. ACTIVE COMPONENT: Screw section to distalise /456
  62. 62. ANCHORAGE REINFORCEMENT: headgear to tubes on 6/6
  63. 63. Problem 6: Class II div 1, and both upper first permanent molars are carious
  64. 64. Adams cribs on 73/37, finger springs 5/5 and 4/4, fitted labial bow 21/12
  65. 65. Extract 6/6
  66. 66. Retract 5/5 (with or without headgear support)
  67. 67. Retract 4/4
  68. 68. Adams cribs 74/47, finger springs 3/3, Southend clasp 1/1
  69. 69. Upper 3/3 retracted
  70. 70. URA with labial bow to retract 21/12
  71. 71. Problem 7: an unerupted 5/ where extraction of the 4/ would give too much space
  72. 72. FIN ...as they say at the end of all French films
  73. 73. SMILE HAVE A GOOD DAY

×