Muscles Of Mastication
INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiand...
Introduction
 Muscles

of mastication develop from
the mesoderm of the first pharyngeal
arch.
 They are innervated by th...
Description
 They

are functionally classified as:

– Jaw elevators:
•
•
•
•

Masseter
Temporalis
Medial pterygoid
Upper ...
Other related Muscles.
 Orbicularis

oris

anterior oral seal

 Buccinator

and Tounge
Help to
keep the bolus of food on...
Masseter
 It

has 3 layers:
 Superficial layer:
– Origin: lower border of the zyg.arch(ant 2/3)
– Insertion: lateral sur...
Masseter - Cont.
 Middle

layer:

– Origin: Medial surface of the anterior 2/3
Lower border of the posterior 1/3 of zyg a...
Masseter - Cont.
 Deep

layer:

– Origin: Medial surface of zygomatic arch
– Insretion: upper part of the ramus

www.indi...
Masseter
 Action:

– Elevation (deep fibers)
– Protraction (superficial fibers)
 Nerve

supply:

– Anterior division of ...
Temporalis
 Has

2 heads:

– Deep head (anterior, middle and
posterioe fibers)
– Superficial head (much smaller)

www.ind...
Temporalis


Origin: Temporal fossa, Temporal fascia
– In an area bound by the inferior temporal line above and
the infra...
Temporalis
 Action:

– Elevation (anterior fibers)
– Protraction (posterioe fibers)
 Nerve

supply:

– Anterior division...
Lateral Pterygoid



Has 2 heads:
Upper head:
– Origin: infratemporal surface & crest of the greater wing of sphenoid
– ...
Lateral pterygoid cont.
 Lower

head:

– Origin: Lateral surface of the lateral
pterygoid plate
– Insertion: as upper hea...
Lateral Pterygoid cont.
Action:
1. Both muscles produce
depression of the mandible.
2. Lat. & Med pterygoid on 1 side
prot...
Lateral ptrygoid cont.


Nerve supply: Anterior division of mandibular
nerve (nerve to lateral pterygoid)

www.indiandent...
Medial pterygoid
 Has

2 heads
 Superficial head:
– Origin: a) maxillary tuberosity
b) neighboring part of palatine
bone...
Medial Pterygoid (sup. head)

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Medial pterygoid cont.
 Deep

head:

– Origin: Medial surface of the lateral
pterygoid plate.
– Insertion: as upper head....
Medial Pterygoid (deep head)

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Thank You
www.indiandentalacademy.com
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Muscles of mastication_2v /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Muscles of mastication_2v /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. Muscles Of Mastication INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. Introduction  Muscles of mastication develop from the mesoderm of the first pharyngeal arch.  They are innervated by the Mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. Description  They are functionally classified as: – Jaw elevators: • • • • Masseter Temporalis Medial pterygoid Upper head of lateral pterygoid – Jaw depressors • • • • Lower head of lateral pterygoid Anterior digastric Geniohyoid Mylohyoid www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. Other related Muscles.  Orbicularis oris anterior oral seal  Buccinator and Tounge Help to keep the bolus of food on the occ. Surface of teeth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. Masseter  It has 3 layers:  Superficial layer: – Origin: lower border of the zyg.arch(ant 2/3) – Insertion: lateral surface of the ramus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. Masseter - Cont.  Middle layer: – Origin: Medial surface of the anterior 2/3 Lower border of the posterior 1/3 of zyg arch. – Insertion: lateral surface of the ramus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Masseter - Cont.  Deep layer: – Origin: Medial surface of zygomatic arch – Insretion: upper part of the ramus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. Masseter  Action: – Elevation (deep fibers) – Protraction (superficial fibers)  Nerve supply: – Anterior division of mandibular nerve (masseteric nerve)  Blood supply: – Transverse facial artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Temporalis  Has 2 heads: – Deep head (anterior, middle and posterioe fibers) – Superficial head (much smaller) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. Temporalis  Origin: Temporal fossa, Temporal fascia – In an area bound by the inferior temporal line above and the infra temporal crest below  Insertion: – Cronoid process in its medial aspect (apex, anterior and posterior border) – Anterior border of the ramus. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. Temporalis  Action: – Elevation (anterior fibers) – Protraction (posterioe fibers)  Nerve supply: – Anterior division of the mandibular nerve (2 deep temporal nerves) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. Lateral Pterygoid   Has 2 heads: Upper head: – Origin: infratemporal surface & crest of the greater wing of sphenoid – Insertion: enters the TMJ & inserted into: a) ptrygoid fovea of the neck of the mandible b) articular disc c) capsule of TMJ (anterior aspect) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. Lateral pterygoid cont.  Lower head: – Origin: Lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate – Insertion: as upper head www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Lateral Pterygoid cont. Action: 1. Both muscles produce depression of the mandible. 2. Lat. & Med pterygoid on 1 side protrude the mandible to the opposite side. 3. Lat & Med pterygoid on the 2 sides cause side to side movement  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Lateral ptrygoid cont.  Nerve supply: Anterior division of mandibular nerve (nerve to lateral pterygoid) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. Medial pterygoid  Has 2 heads  Superficial head: – Origin: a) maxillary tuberosity b) neighboring part of palatine bone. _ Insertion: Medial surface of the angle & ramus below the mandibular foramen. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Medial Pterygoid (sup. head) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. Medial pterygoid cont.  Deep head: – Origin: Medial surface of the lateral pterygoid plate. – Insertion: as upper head.  Action: 1) both muscles elevate the mandible. 2 & 3 as in lateral pterygoid.  Nerve supply: Trunk of the mandibular nerve (nerve to medial pterygoid muscle) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Medial Pterygoid (deep head) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. Thank You www.indiandentalacademy.com

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