MINOR ORAL SURGICAL
PROCEDURES

INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com
ww...


WHY DO WE NEED A MINOR SURGERY ?

OR


WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS?

www.indiandentalacademy.com


# TOOTH ------------ TRANS ALVEOLAR EXT



IMPACTED TOOTH----SURGICAL REMOVAL



SMALL CYST ----- ENUCLEATION



PER...


REQUIREMENTS OF ANY SURGICAL
PROCEDURE:
RAISE A FLAP
BONE GUTTERING
REMOVE
-TOOTH
-LESION
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY











DIAGNOSIS
BASIC NECESSITIES OF SURGERY
ADEQUATE VISIBILITY & ASSISTANCE
- ADEQUA...
ADEQUATE ACCESS—GOOD FLAP



PRINCIPLES OF FLAP:
1) BROAD BASE

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2) FLAP
“SIDES HAVE TO BE EITHER PARALLEL
OR CONVERGE FROM BASE TO APEX”

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3)

LENGTH : BREADTH
2
:
1

www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com


BETTER TO INCLUDE THE AXIAL BLOOD
SUPPLY

www.indiandentalacademy.com


BASE OF THE FLAP SHOULD NEVER BE:
- STRETCHED
- TWISTED

www.indiandentalacademy.com
PRINCIPLES OF INCISIONS



- SHARP BLADE
- FIRM CONTINIOUS STROKE

www.indiandentalacademy.com



-AVOID CUTTING VITAL STRUCTURES
-GO LAYER BY LAYER

www.indiandentalacademy.com


-INCISE PERPENDICULAR TO THE
EPITHELIAL SURFACE
-EASY SUTURING
-DECREASE NECROSIS

www.indiandentalacademy.com


-INCISE OVER HEALTHY BONE

www.indiandentalacademy.com


-NEVER INCISE OVER BONY
PROMINENCES



-NEVER INCISE THE ATTACHED GINGIVA,
OVER THE FACIAL ASPECT OF THE
TOOTH



-NE...
www.indiandentalacademy.com
TYPES OF MUCOPERIOSTEAL FLAP


1) ENVELOP FLAP



2) THREE CORNERED



3) FOUR CORNERED

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ENVELOP FLAP

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THREE & FOUR CORNERED FALP

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www.indiandentalacademy.com
BONE REMOVAL


TECHNIQUES FOR BONE REMOVAL:
-CHISEL
-BUR

www.indiandentalacademy.com
CHISEL









BUR

Difficult and
complicated procedure
Pt not comfortable
Increased duration
Less bone necrosis,
l...
TOOTH SPLITTING ( SURGICAL
REMOVAL OF AN IMPACTED
TOOTH OR A BROKEN TOOTH)

www.indiandentalacademy.com


SURGICAL REMOVAL OF AN IMPACTED
TOOTH

www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com


SURGICAL REMOVAL OF A BROKEN
TOOTH ( TRANS ALVEOLAR
EXTRACTION)

www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
DIAGNOSIS


LISTEN-----HISTORY



EXAMINATION



INVESTIGATION
RADIOLOGICAL
BIO CHEMICAL

www.indiandentalacademy.com
BASIC NECESSITIES FOR SURGERY


ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE
-STERALIZATION

www.indiandentalacademy.com
TISSUE HANDLING


A SURGEON WHO HANDLES TISSUES
GENTLY IS REWARDED WITH...(MONEY! !)

www.indiandentalacademy.com
DON’T PULL OR STRETCH THE
TISSUES…………….

www.indiandentalacademy.com


HOLD THE TISSUE WITH A TISSUE
FORCEPS AND NEVER PINCH….

www.indiandentalacademy.com
HEMOSTASIS




ACHIEVED BY EITHER GAUZE OR
COTTON
APPLY PRESSURE
PACK
HAVE PATIENCE



NEVER WIPE
www.indiandentalacade...


CLAMPPING A VESSEL----LIGATION



THERMOCOAGULATION



TOPICAL HEMOSTSTIC AGENTS
EPINEPHRINE
GELFOAM
THROMBIN
OXIDISE...
DEAD SPACE


AREA OF WOUND DEVOID OF TISSUE
AFTER CLOSURE



AFTER REMOVING TISSUES, ORGANS IN
DEPTHS OF WOUND



FAILU...
ELIMINATION


PROPER SUTURING OF TISSUE PLANES



PRESSURE DRESSING



PACK EMPTY SPACE INCORPORATING
WITH ANTI BIOTICS...
SUCTION DRAIN

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Thank you
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Leader in continuing dental education

www.indiandentalacademy.com
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Minor Oral Surgical Procedures / oral surgery courses training by indian dental academy

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Welcome to Indian Dental Academy
The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy has a unique training program & curriculum that provides students with exceptional clinical skills and enabling them to return to their office with high level confidence and start treating patients

State of the art comprehensive training-Faculty of world wide repute &Very affordable.

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  • Minor Oral Surgical Procedures / oral surgery courses training by indian dental academy

    1. 1. MINOR ORAL SURGICAL PROCEDURES INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
    2. 2.  WHY DO WE NEED A MINOR SURGERY ? OR  WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS? www.indiandentalacademy.com
    3. 3.  # TOOTH ------------ TRANS ALVEOLAR EXT  IMPACTED TOOTH----SURGICAL REMOVAL  SMALL CYST ----- ENUCLEATION  PERIAPICAL SURGERIES—APISECTOMY  PRE PROSTHETIC SURGERIES: --ALVEOPLASTY --SMALL TORI REMOVAL www.indiandentalacademy.com
    4. 4.  REQUIREMENTS OF ANY SURGICAL PROCEDURE: RAISE A FLAP BONE GUTTERING REMOVE -TOOTH -LESION www.indiandentalacademy.com
    5. 5. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    6. 6. PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY          DIAGNOSIS BASIC NECESSITIES OF SURGERY ADEQUATE VISIBILITY & ASSISTANCE - ADEQUATE ACCESS -ADEQUATE LIGHT -SURGICAL FIELD FREE OF EXCESS BLOOD AND FLUIDS FLAP DESIGN TISSUE HANDLING HAEMOSTASIS DEAD SPACE MANAGEMENT SUTURING EDEMA CONTROLL www.indiandentalacademy.com
    7. 7. ADEQUATE ACCESS—GOOD FLAP   PRINCIPLES OF FLAP: 1) BROAD BASE www.indiandentalacademy.com
    8. 8. 2) FLAP “SIDES HAVE TO BE EITHER PARALLEL OR CONVERGE FROM BASE TO APEX” www.indiandentalacademy.com
    9. 9. 3) LENGTH : BREADTH 2 : 1 www.indiandentalacademy.com
    10. 10. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    11. 11.  BETTER TO INCLUDE THE AXIAL BLOOD SUPPLY www.indiandentalacademy.com
    12. 12.  BASE OF THE FLAP SHOULD NEVER BE: - STRETCHED - TWISTED www.indiandentalacademy.com
    13. 13. PRINCIPLES OF INCISIONS   - SHARP BLADE - FIRM CONTINIOUS STROKE www.indiandentalacademy.com
    14. 14.   -AVOID CUTTING VITAL STRUCTURES -GO LAYER BY LAYER www.indiandentalacademy.com
    15. 15.  -INCISE PERPENDICULAR TO THE EPITHELIAL SURFACE -EASY SUTURING -DECREASE NECROSIS www.indiandentalacademy.com
    16. 16.  -INCISE OVER HEALTHY BONE www.indiandentalacademy.com
    17. 17.  -NEVER INCISE OVER BONY PROMINENCES  -NEVER INCISE THE ATTACHED GINGIVA, OVER THE FACIAL ASPECT OF THE TOOTH  -NEVER INCISE THE PAPILLA www.indiandentalacademy.com
    18. 18. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    19. 19. TYPES OF MUCOPERIOSTEAL FLAP  1) ENVELOP FLAP  2) THREE CORNERED  3) FOUR CORNERED www.indiandentalacademy.com
    20. 20. ENVELOP FLAP www.indiandentalacademy.com
    21. 21. THREE & FOUR CORNERED FALP www.indiandentalacademy.com
    22. 22. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    23. 23. BONE REMOVAL  TECHNIQUES FOR BONE REMOVAL: -CHISEL -BUR www.indiandentalacademy.com
    24. 24. CHISEL       BUR Difficult and complicated procedure Pt not comfortable Increased duration Less bone necrosis, less dry socket and less infection Good healing Less swelling       Easy procedure Comfortable Less duration More necrosis More chances for Dry socket and infection Delayed healing and more swelling www.indiandentalacademy.com
    25. 25. TOOTH SPLITTING ( SURGICAL REMOVAL OF AN IMPACTED TOOTH OR A BROKEN TOOTH) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    26. 26.  SURGICAL REMOVAL OF AN IMPACTED TOOTH www.indiandentalacademy.com
    27. 27. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    28. 28. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    29. 29. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    30. 30. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    31. 31.  SURGICAL REMOVAL OF A BROKEN TOOTH ( TRANS ALVEOLAR EXTRACTION) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    32. 32. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    33. 33. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    34. 34. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    35. 35. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    36. 36. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    37. 37. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    38. 38. DIAGNOSIS  LISTEN-----HISTORY  EXAMINATION  INVESTIGATION RADIOLOGICAL BIO CHEMICAL www.indiandentalacademy.com
    39. 39. BASIC NECESSITIES FOR SURGERY  ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE -STERALIZATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
    40. 40. TISSUE HANDLING  A SURGEON WHO HANDLES TISSUES GENTLY IS REWARDED WITH...(MONEY! !) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    41. 41. DON’T PULL OR STRETCH THE TISSUES……………. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    42. 42.  HOLD THE TISSUE WITH A TISSUE FORCEPS AND NEVER PINCH…. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    43. 43. HEMOSTASIS   ACHIEVED BY EITHER GAUZE OR COTTON APPLY PRESSURE PACK HAVE PATIENCE  NEVER WIPE www.indiandentalacademy.com
    44. 44.  CLAMPPING A VESSEL----LIGATION  THERMOCOAGULATION  TOPICAL HEMOSTSTIC AGENTS EPINEPHRINE GELFOAM THROMBIN OXIDISED CELLULOSE www.indiandentalacademy.com
    45. 45. DEAD SPACE  AREA OF WOUND DEVOID OF TISSUE AFTER CLOSURE  AFTER REMOVING TISSUES, ORGANS IN DEPTHS OF WOUND  FAILURE TO APPROXIMATE WOUND IN LAYERS www.indiandentalacademy.com
    46. 46. ELIMINATION  PROPER SUTURING OF TISSUE PLANES  PRESSURE DRESSING  PACK EMPTY SPACE INCORPORATING WITH ANTI BIOTICS  SUCTION DRAIN www.indiandentalacademy.com
    47. 47. SUCTION DRAIN www.indiandentalacademy.com
    48. 48. Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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