• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Maxillofacial injuries (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
 

Maxillofacial injuries (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

on

  • 136 views

...


Dental Courses by Indian Dental Academy
The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

Statistics

Views

Total Views
136
Views on SlideShare
136
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Maxillofacial injuries (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Maxillofacial injuries (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Presentation Transcript

    • INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES
    • GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES • FUNCTION • SMELL • SEE • TALK GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD “APPEARANCE” EAT HEAR BREATHE • • • www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES TRAUMA: PHYSICAL FORCE RESULTS IN INJURY F = mv2 ETIOLOGY • ASSAULTS • FALL • INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS • RTA • SPORTS INJURIES • WAR INJURIES GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES SERIOUS TRAUMA: DEATH TRIMODAL DISTRIBUTION • SECONDS TO MINUTES • MINUTES TO HOURS (GOLDEN HOUR) • AFTER DAYS GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR COMPLICATIONS UNRECOGNIZED SERIOUS AIRWAY CERVICAL SPINE HAEMORRHAGE GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR AIRWAY BREATHING CIRCULATION DEFORMITY EXPOSURE GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR AIRWAY • SUCTION • CHIN LIFT - JAW THRUST • AIRWAYS • CRICO / TRACHY • OXYGEN GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR BREATHING CHEST INJURY • Pneumothorax • Cardiac tamponade • Ruptured diaphragm GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR CIRCULATION I.V. ACCESS TRANSFUSION Hypovolemia- SHOCK GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR: CIRCULATION Hypovolemic shock • Tachycardia • Hypotension • Cold clammy skin • Loss of peripheral pulse • Falling urinary output • Confusion & disorientation GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES GOLDEN HOUR DISABILITY Patient‟s response „AVPU‟ Awake Verbal stimuli Painful stimuli Unconscious GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT PLAN Eye witness report Clinical diagnosis (ABCDE) Neurological examination - G.C.S - Cranial Nerves GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • EYE OPENING VERBAL RESPONSE MOTOR RESPONSE GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES Secondary survey ABDOMEN Occult blood sequestration Tenderness / acute abdomen Gastric decompression (N.G tube) Direct peritoneal lavage GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES Secondary survey EXTREMITIES Reduced perfusion Traumatic amputation Compartmental Syndrome Site for major blood loss (1-6 units) GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES EXTRA-ORAL EXAMINATION Inspection • Swelling • Hematoma • Skin lacerations / defects • Facial nerve • Mouth opening www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES EXTRA-ORAL EXAMINATION Palpation • Tenderness • Crepitation • Contour irregularities (step) • Depressed / Penetrating bone GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES EXTRA-ORAL EXAMINATION Soft tissues (contusion tissue loss) Foreign bodies Nerves Ducts Blood vessels (remember tetanus) GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD (NOSE / EAR / EYE)www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES INTRA-ORAL EXAMINATION Inspection • Asymmetry, Swelling • Bleeding, Hematoma • Occlusal plane / Step deformity • Mucosal lacerations • Teeth: fracture avulsion dislocation GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES INTRA-ORAL EXAMINATION Palpation • Bimanual • Tenderness • # line / Step deformity • Crepitation • Teeth movement, Number • Missing parts • Sensory distribution V1 - V3 ( SALIVARY GLANDS / TONGUE / PALATE ) GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION (based on clinical examination) Plain radiographs Location & Severity of fractures Radio-opaque foreign bodies CT scans Intra-cranial injuries Orbital & naso-ethmoidal injuries GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES Primary management (ABCDE) Neurological assessment (GCS) Control of pain analgesics Control of infection antibiotics Surgical planning GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES Classification of fractures 1)Relation to overlying soft tissues Closed / Simple Open / Compound Complicated 2)Type of fracture Green stick Single Multiple Comminuted ( oblique / transverse / sagittal & degree of dislocation ) GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES Classification of fractures Additional features • Pathologic • Atrophic • Impacted • Direct / indirect (contra-coup) • Blow out / in GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD 3) Anatomical Location www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • www.indiandentalacademy.com THANK YOU For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Thank You For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com