Habits /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.


Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
00919248678078

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Habits /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. HABITS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. • • • • • • Thumb / Digit sucking Tongue thrusting Lip-sucking / lip-biting Nail biting Mouth breathing Bruxism www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. Thumb / digit sucking habit • Freudian’s psychoanalytic theory • Benjamin’s learned-behavior theory www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. Haryett (1967) experiment Children were divided into 6 grps. 1) no treatment 2) psychological t/t 3) palatal arch 4) palatal arch & psychological t/t 5) palatal crib* 6) palatal crib & psychological t/t www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. Rooting & placing reflex theory www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Clinical manifestations www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. Extra-oral convex profile, incompetent lips, Increase in ant. face ht. (long face) Saggital • Proclination of upper anteriors • Retroclination of lower anteriors • Protruded premaxilla • Retruded mandible • Class II skeletal (&/or dental) relation Vertical • Anterior open bite • Intrusion of lower anteriors Transverse • Collapse of upper arch (posterior crossbite) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Treatment of thumb-sucking • Phase 1 – normal & sub-clinically significant sucking (0-3 yrs.) encourage breast feeding Nuk-sauger nipple • Phase 2 – clinically significant sucking (3-7yrs.) psychological counseling extra-oral restraining device • Phase 3 – intractable sucking (7yrs. Onwards) psychological counseling reminder charts & parental guidance intra-oral appliance mechanical obstruction neuromuscular aid psychological crutch www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. Mechanical blocking device • Rake • Fork • Grate www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Tongue thrusting • Anterior • Posterior (lateral) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Etiology of ant. Tongue thrust • • • • • • Bottle feeding Inheritance Enlarged tongue Ankyloglossia Enlarged tonsils / adenoids Secondary to thumb-sucking habit www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. • Tongue at rest www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Preparatory swallow : - bolus collected on posterior part of tongue - complete seal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. • Oral phase : -palate withdraws - Tongue drops - - hyoid bone starts to rise www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. • Pharyngeal phase : - superior pharyngeal wall constricts - hyoid moves further upward & forward www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. • Esophageal phase : - return to rest www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. Characteristics of tongue thrust • A thrusting movement of tongue against ant. teeth • Slight or no contraction of muscles of mastication • Strong contraction of the lip musculature • Movement of the hyoid bone in oblique or forward direction • Distortion of speech sounds www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. Lip-sucking / lip-biting • Mostly lower lip www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. Mouth breathing www.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  35. 35. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  36. 36. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  38. 38. Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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