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Habits   /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
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Habits /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.


Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
00919248678078

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Habits   /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Habits /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Presentation Transcript

  • HABITS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • • • • • • • Thumb / Digit sucking Tongue thrusting Lip-sucking / lip-biting Nail biting Mouth breathing Bruxism www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Thumb / digit sucking habit • Freudian’s psychoanalytic theory • Benjamin’s learned-behavior theory www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Haryett (1967) experiment Children were divided into 6 grps. 1) no treatment 2) psychological t/t 3) palatal arch 4) palatal arch & psychological t/t 5) palatal crib* 6) palatal crib & psychological t/t www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Rooting & placing reflex theory www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Clinical manifestations www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Extra-oral convex profile, incompetent lips, Increase in ant. face ht. (long face) Saggital • Proclination of upper anteriors • Retroclination of lower anteriors • Protruded premaxilla • Retruded mandible • Class II skeletal (&/or dental) relation Vertical • Anterior open bite • Intrusion of lower anteriors Transverse • Collapse of upper arch (posterior crossbite) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Treatment of thumb-sucking • Phase 1 – normal & sub-clinically significant sucking (0-3 yrs.) encourage breast feeding Nuk-sauger nipple • Phase 2 – clinically significant sucking (3-7yrs.) psychological counseling extra-oral restraining device • Phase 3 – intractable sucking (7yrs. Onwards) psychological counseling reminder charts & parental guidance intra-oral appliance mechanical obstruction neuromuscular aid psychological crutch www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Mechanical blocking device • Rake • Fork • Grate www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • Tongue thrusting • Anterior • Posterior (lateral) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Etiology of ant. Tongue thrust • • • • • • Bottle feeding Inheritance Enlarged tongue Ankyloglossia Enlarged tonsils / adenoids Secondary to thumb-sucking habit www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • • Tongue at rest www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Preparatory swallow : - bolus collected on posterior part of tongue - complete seal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • • Oral phase : -palate withdraws - Tongue drops - - hyoid bone starts to rise www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • • Pharyngeal phase : - superior pharyngeal wall constricts - hyoid moves further upward & forward www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • • Esophageal phase : - return to rest www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Characteristics of tongue thrust • A thrusting movement of tongue against ant. teeth • Slight or no contraction of muscles of mastication • Strong contraction of the lip musculature • Movement of the hyoid bone in oblique or forward direction • Distortion of speech sounds www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • Lip-sucking / lip-biting • Mostly lower lip www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • Mouth breathing www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com