Six keys to Optimal Occlusion

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INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Introduction
Classic guideline in ortho diagnosis – ‘Sine qua non’ of proper occlusion –
“cusp of upper first perm molar m...
Six keys – optimal = most desirable or satisfactory –
Webster’s dictionary
Interdependent elements of the structural syste...
Key I : Molar Relationship


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Key

II : Crown Angulation (Tip)

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Crown Angulation (Tip)

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Key

III : Crown Inclination



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Crown Inclination

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www.indiandentalacademy.com
Key

IV : Absence of Rotations



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Key

V : Tight Contacts

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Key

VI : Occlusal Plane
Flat to slight curve of Spee


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Terminologies
 Andrew’s Planemid transverse plane of every crown
 Clinical crown – visible intraorally/on cast
anatomic ...
Terminologies
FA point- point on the FACC that
separates the gingival half of clinical
crown from the occusal half
Facial ...
Andrews classified brackets into three types1. Non programmed appliance-a set of brackets designed the same
for all tooth ...
The Straight Wire Appliance
• Fully programmed appliance- Slot-siting feature
- Convenience feature
- Auxiliary feature
ww...
The Straight Wire Appliance
• Slot siting featureMid Transverse plane:
Feature 1- mid transverse planes of the slot
stem a...
Feature 3-each bracket inclined base must be contoured
occluso- gingivally

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Mid sagittal plane
Feature 4- mid sagittal plane of the slot stem and crown must be
same.
Feature 5 -the plane of the brac...
Feature 6 - Base should match the m-d contour of the tooth.

•Feature 7 - the vertical component should be parallel to
one...
Mid frontal plane
• Feature 8 – all slots point must have same distance
between
them and the crown embrasure line.

www.in...
The Straight Wire Appliance
•

Convenience feature-.

1.

The gingival tie wings of the post Brackets extend farther
later...
3)
4)
5)

Facial surface of the incisor and canine brackets are
designed to parallel their bases.
In mandibular brackets t...
Convenience feature-
The Straight Wire Appliance
•
-

Auxiliary feature –
Power arms
Hooks
Face bow tubes
Utility tubes
Rotational wings

www.i...
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Leader in continuing dental education

www.indiandentalacademy.com
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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

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Transcript of " six keys to optimal occlusion /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy "

  1. 1. Six keys to Optimal Occlusion www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. Introduction Classic guideline in ortho diagnosis – ‘Sine qua non’ of proper occlusion – “cusp of upper first perm molar must occlude in the groove btw the mesial & middle buccal cusps of the lower first perm molar” Angle (1899) Angle did not contend that this factor alone enough Acceptable molar relationships with obvious inadequacies seen 120 casts of Naturally occuring optimal occlusions studied from 1960 – 64 to ascertain which characteristics would be found consistently in all the models. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. Six keys – optimal = most desirable or satisfactory – Webster’s dictionary Interdependent elements of the structural system of optimal occlusion. Serve as base for evaluating occlusion Can be used as treatment objectives in most patients Make it possible to assess the occlusion form the facial & occlusal sites without using measuring devices or articulating paper. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. Key I : Molar Relationship  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. Key II : Crown Angulation (Tip) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Crown Angulation (Tip) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. Key III : Crown Inclination  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. Crown Inclination www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. Key IV : Absence of Rotations  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Key V : Tight Contacts www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Key VI : Occlusal Plane Flat to slight curve of Spee  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. Terminologies  Andrew’s Planemid transverse plane of every crown  Clinical crown – visible intraorally/on cast anatomic crown – 1.8mm (Orban)  FACC – LACC in earlier writings all teeth except molars – most prominent portion of the central lobe on each crown’s facial surface for molars – buccal groove www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Terminologies FA point- point on the FACC that separates the gingival half of clinical crown from the occusal half Facial plane – tangent to FA point eqidistant from gingival and occlusal extremities. Embrasure line –at level of mid transverse plane – connecting most facial portions of the contact areas of the teeth
  18. 18. Andrews classified brackets into three types1. Non programmed appliance-a set of brackets designed the same for all tooth types ,relying totally on wire bending. 2. Partly programmed appliance- a set of brackets designed with some in built features ,but always require some wire bending 3. Fully programmed appliance- a set of brackets designed to guide teeth directly to their goal positions with unbent wires. – Straight wire Appliance. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. The Straight Wire Appliance • Fully programmed appliance- Slot-siting feature - Convenience feature - Auxiliary feature www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. The Straight Wire Appliance • Slot siting featureMid Transverse plane: Feature 1- mid transverse planes of the slot stem and crown must be the same. Feature 2-base of the bracket for each tooth type must have same inclination as the facial plane of the crown. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. Feature 3-each bracket inclined base must be contoured occluso- gingivally www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Mid sagittal plane Feature 4- mid sagittal plane of the slot stem and crown must be same. Feature 5 -the plane of the bracket base at its base point must be identical to the facial plane of the crown at the FA point. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. Feature 6 - Base should match the m-d contour of the tooth. •Feature 7 - the vertical component should be parallel to one another. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Mid frontal plane • Feature 8 – all slots point must have same distance between them and the crown embrasure line. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. The Straight Wire Appliance • Convenience feature-. 1. The gingival tie wings of the post Brackets extend farther laterally . Base are inclined . 2. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. 3) 4) 5) Facial surface of the incisor and canine brackets are designed to parallel their bases. In mandibular brackets the tie wings are designed with least amount occlusofacial prominence Bracket identification. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. Convenience feature-
  28. 28. The Straight Wire Appliance • - Auxiliary feature – Power arms Hooks Face bow tubes Utility tubes Rotational wings www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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