• Save
condyle
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

condyle

on

  • 703 views

...


The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.


Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
00919248678078

Statistics

Views

Total Views
703
Views on SlideShare
703
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
32
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

condyle condyle Presentation Transcript

  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANAGEMENT Primary management (ABCDE) Neurological assessment (GCS) Control of pain analgesics Control of infection antibiotics Surgical planning www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental academy www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES • Applied surgical anatomy • Classification • Clinical features • Radiological features • Management - immediate - definitive • Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD View slide
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Applied surgical anatomy Curved bone Thickness of cortices Neurovascular bundle Dentition Attachment of Muscles GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com View slide
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Applied surgical anatomy Areas of weakness •teeth •foramen •alveolar bone •angle •ramus •Condyle GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD Blood supply Nerve supply www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES •Applied surgical anatomy •Classification •Clinical features •Radiological features •Management - immediate - definitive •Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification Anatomical site •symphysis •parasymphysis •body •angle •ramus •condyle •coronoidwww.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification Relation to site of injury -Direct -Indirect www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification Condition of fractured fragments Green Stick Simple Compound Comminuted www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification: type of displacement (angle) Angle of mandible Extra oral:Gonion Intraoral: Junction of alveolar bone and ramus Fracture of angle mandible Greater fragment :teeth bearing segment Lesser fragment: ramus GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification Angle # Displacement of Ramus (post edentulous fragment) Favorable: Minimal displacement Unfavorable: Gross displacement Viewed from side: Horizontal Viewed from www.indiandentalacademy.com above: Vertical GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • Horizontally Favourable Unfavourable www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • Vertically Favourable Unfavourable www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Classification # with reference to dentition Dentulous Child Adult Edentulous Dentulous jaw with a posterior edentulous fragment www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Applied surgical anatomy Classification Clinical features Radiological features Management immediate definitive Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Clinical Features Inspection Hemorrhage Pain Swelling Altered occlusion Sublingual ecchymosis Halitosis Paraesthesia www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Clinical Features Palpation Confirm inspectory findings Tenderness Fracture line/step Crepitation Paraesthesia Abnormal mobility www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Applied surgical anatomy Classification Clinical features Radiological features Management immediate definitive Complications GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Radiographic features OPG / Lateral oblique P A mandible Intra oral occlusal view Confirms Site and severity of # Direction & displacement of # Condition of teeth in line of # Presence of bony pathology www.indiandentalacademy.com ( 2 radiographs @ 90 deg ) GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Applied surgical anatomy Classification Clinical features Radiological features Management immediate definitive Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Objectives RESTORE FORM & FUNCTION Remember A B C D E Precise diagnosis Early reduction Adequate fixation and immobilization Rehabilitation / restoration of function www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Immediate (Primary) ABCDE Temp immobilization Analgesics Antibiotics Diet & OHI www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Definitive Reduction Fixation Immobilization Rehabilitation www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management REDUCTION Closed Advantages No need for a G.A Can be used in comminuted # Continuity defects ( gun shot injuries) Disadvantages Accuracy of reduction ambiguous Poor fracture alignment www.indiandentalacademy.com Inadequate reduction GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • Mandibular fractures Closed reduction  Dental wiring  Arch bar  Cap splints  Gunning splints  Extra-oral pin fixation www.indiandentalacademy.com GK MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management CLOSED REDUCTION AIM : Immobilization (IMF for 6 weeks) •Ivy eyelet wiring •Direct wiring GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES •Ivy eyelet wiring GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management CLOSED REDUCTION AIM : Immobilization (IMF) •Arch Bar Wiring •Extra oral pin fixation GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • CAP SPLINT www.indiandentalacademy.com GK MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • Gunning splint www.indiandentalacademy.com GK MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management REDUCTION Open Exposure of fracture skin / mucosa Direct reduction and fixation - Transosseous Wiring - Plate & Screw Osteosynthesis www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Open REDUCTION Plate & Screw Osteosynthesis (Titanium/Stainless steel) Compression plates Mini plates Lag Screws GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Open REDUCTION Plate & Screw Osteosynthesis Stainless steel Mini plates GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management REDUCTION Open Advantages Accurate reduction & fixation Alignment under direct visualization Disadvantages Need for a G.A & Hospitalization www.indiandentalacademy.com Expenses !!! GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Open REDUCTION Miniplate Osteosynthesis (Champy) Small malleable plate( 2 - 2.5 mm thickness) Trans oral approach No post op IMF www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management OPEN REDUCTION Miniplate Osteosynthesis Symphysis/Parasymphysis/body/angle Eyelets / Arch bars Temp IMF Intraoral Approach Exposure of fracture site(s) Curettage (haematoma) Reduction of Fracture Temporary Immobilization (IMF) www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management OPEN REDUCTION Miniplate Osteosynthesis Clinical applications Mini plate application & fixation Debridement & removal of IMF Recheck occlusion & Closure www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • Dynamic compression plates www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • Lag Screw Fixation www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Management Postoperative management Control of pain Control of infection Post op radiographs Physiotherapy Diet Regular follow up www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Edentulous mandibles Simple #s Healing uncomplicated !!!! Displacement of # fragments variable Classification( Luhr et al) According to height of bone Class 1 : 16 - 20mm Class 2 : 11 - 15mm Class 3 : less than 10mm GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Edentulous mandibles Treatment Methods Closed Reduction & Fixation Intra oral appliances: gunning splints Dentures trimmed & relined (stabilized with Circumferential wiring) Extra-oral pin fixation Immobilization period 4-6 weeks www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Edentulous mandibles Treatment Methods Open Reduction & Fixation •Intra-osseous wiring •Mini-plate osteosynthesis Bilateral body #s ( bucket handle # ) (class 2 & 3) primary rib grafting reconstruction plate Precaution www.indiandentalacademy.com Excessive periosteal stripping GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Paediatric Considerations Growth Tooth buds Treatment Minimal immobilization Minimal intervention Cap splints Circum-mandibular wiring www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • CIRCUMMANDIBULAR WIRING www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Classification Clinical features Radiological investigations Treatment options Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Indirect injury - Chin Direct injury - Zygoma www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Classification Clinical features Radiological investigations Treatment options Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Classification Anatomical: Intra / extra capsular Unilateral / bilateral Radiographic 2 radiographs @ Right angle OPG, PA mandible 1) Level of # 2) Relationship to mandible www.indiandentalacademy.com 3) Relationship to glenoid fossa GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Classification Level of # Head HEAD (Intra capsular) Neck Sub Condylar NECK SUB CONDYLAR # www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Classification Relationship to mandible Undisplaced Deviated Displaced www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Classification Relationship to glenoid fossa Undisplaced Displaced www.indiandentalacademy.com Dislocated GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Classification Clinical features Radiological investigations Treatment options Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Clinical features Pain & Tenderness Painful limitation in mouth opening Occlusal derangement Bleeding from ear www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Clinical features - Unilateral # condyle Deviation to affected side Midline shift Lateral movements limited GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Clinical features - Bilateral # condyle Gagging of posterior teeth Anterior open bite Lateral movements limited GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Radiographic investigations 2 radiographs @ right angles OPG, PA mandible Optional : Trans Pharyngeal Trans Cranial Trans Orbital C.T coronal views www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Classification Clinical features Radiological investigations Treatment options Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Management (Conservative) No active treatment Immobilization (7-10 days) Active physiotherapy www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Management (Surgical) Open reduction & fixation Grossly dislocated #s www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Etiology Classification Clinical features Radiological investigations Treatment options Complications www.indiandentalacademy.com GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES MANDIBULAR FRACTURES Condylar Fractures Complications Malocclusion Damage to teeth TMJ pain Ankylosis Open reduction Scar Nerve damage Intra-operative haemorrhage www.indiandentalacademy.com Avascular necrosis GK / MAXFAC SDM DHARWAD
  • If you cannot convince people - confuse them www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • THANK YOU For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com