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Condylar fractures /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Condylar fractures /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CONDYLAR FRACTURES INDIAN ACADEMY DENTAL Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 2. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 3. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 4. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 5. www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • 7. classification • Unilateral / Bilateral • Rowe & killey - intracapsular # - extracapsular # - fractures assotd with injury to capsule, ligaments nd meniscus. - fractures involving adjacent bones. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 8. Clinical classificationMcLennan • Undisplaced- a simple crack seen without alteration in the normal relation of the condyle • Deviation- a simple angulation between the condylar neck nd ramus • Displacement-Overlap of the condylar process nd the ramus. Obliquely fractured condylar fragment lies lateral to ramus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 9. • Dislocation-Here the condyle is out of the TMJ space,the condylar fragment gets pulled anteriorly nd medially by the lateral pterygoid www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • 11. LINDHAL’S Classification • It is based on 3 criteria: -LEVEL OF THE FRACTURE -RELATION OF CONDYLAR FRAGMENT TO MANDIBLE -RELATION OF CONDYLAR HEAD TO THE FOSSA www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  • 13. • Fracture level: -condylar head# -condylar neck# -subcondylar # • Relation of condylar head to mandible -Undisplaced -Deviated -Displacement with medial overlap -Displacement with lateral overlap -Anteroposterior overlap(rarely) -No contact between the fragments www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 14. • Relation of condylar head to glenoid -No displacement -Displacement www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 15. Signs & Symptoms • Evidence of trauma:facial contusions,abrasions,laceration on chin,ecchymosis/hematoma in TMJ area. • Bleeding from the ext.auditory canal • Palpable swelling over the TMJ region • Facial asymmetry either due to softtissue edema or foreshortening of ramus • Pain and tenderness over the TMJ www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 16. • Crepitation over the affected joint. • Malocclusion • Deviation of the mandibular midline, both at rest and with attempted excursion of mandible. • Muscular spasm • Dentoalveolar injuries. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 17. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com