Clinical photography (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Clinical photography (2) /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3.  SLR – Single Lens Reflex www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  15. 15. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. FORMATS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Resolution www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. dpi = dots per inch Pixels – Picture Elements ppi =pixels per inch www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Courtesy Dr Akhter Hussain Courtesy ::Dr Akhter Hussain www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. Shutter Speed www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Depth of Field www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23.     Increase the illumination of the subject to stop down the aperture. Don’t get any closer to the subject than you have to. Focus on something in the middle of the scene (front to back) since in close-ups, depth of field is half in front and half behind the plane of critical focus. To increase depth of field, switch to aperture priority mode and select a small aperture such as f/11. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24.       rapid turn-around checkable exposure accuracy no ageing of photos dust and scratches are irrelevant built in white balance immediate viewing www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25.      no film or processing costs inexpensive storage easy retrieval duplication easy transmission around the world in seconds is entirely feasible www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27.  The facial photograph requirement for each case report is One profile photograph  One frontal photograph  One smiling photograph [ optional ]  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28.      photographs to be taken with relaxed lips views with lips lightly touching are also acceptable Supplemental photographs may be included and are encouraged Glamour photos are not necessary Head oriented to Frankfort Horizontal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29.  computer generated images are used, they must have high resolution of color and clarity  they must accurately represent both soft and hard tissues  all records are legal documents and must not be altered www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30.    Quality standardized facial photographic color prints of post card size, with the face positioned as a vertical frame Patient’s head oriented accurately in all three planes of space and on Frankfort Horizontal One (1) or more anterior views – frontal, and optionally one (1) smiling photograph www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31.      One (1) or more lateral views, facing to the right OR left Background free of distractions Quality lighting revealing facial contours Ears exposed for purpose of orientation Eyes open and looking straight ahead. Glasses removed www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. EXTRA ORAL PHOTOS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. OPTIONAL PHOTOS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34.  The minimum intraoral photographic requirement for each case report is: one (1) frontal view,  one (1) right lateral view, and  one (1) left lateral view with the teeth in maximum intercuspation,  one (1)each of mandibular and maxillary occlusal views in color.  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  35. 35.  They should be oriented to the occlusal plane.  If mirror images are used, print them in reverse and mount them as you are looking at the patient.  Slides are not permitted. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  36. 36.      Quality standardized post card sized intra oral prints in color. Patient’s occlusal plane parallel with the top and bottom of the color. One (1) frontal view in maximum intercuspation. Two (2) lateral views (right and left). Two (2) occlusal views (maxillary and mandibular). www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37.      Free of distractions (i.e., labels and fingers). Lighting should reveal anatomical contours with minimal shadows. Use two (2) cheek retractors. Free of saliva and/or bubbles. Clean dentition. www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  53. 53. Head tilted forward, Head tilted backward, giving exaggerating mandibular Class III appearance www.indiandentalacademy.com retrognathia
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  55. 55.  This can occur if the patient tilts the head too far backward or forward  Try to get every patient into a horizontal Frankfort plane or “natural head position”  long hair should always be asked to tuck it behind their ears so that the Frankfort plane may be assessed accurately and the area of interest is fully exposed www.indiandentalacademy.com
  56. 56. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  57. 57. Lack of symmetry  Marked tilting of occlusal plane and inadequate retraction produce poor photograph.
  58. 58.  The occlusal plane should be horizontal and bisecting the frame, and the clinically correct midline should be right in the center of the slide  The viewfinder should be filled with teeth, with first molars at the outer edges of the viewfinder  Little of the retractor and none of the cheek or lips should be visible www.indiandentalacademy.com
  59. 59.  Photograph with inadequate forward retraction and incorrect magnification (teeth not filling frame)
  60. 60.    In intra oral anterior shots, the focus should be on the lateral incisors In intra oral buccal shots, the focus should be on the premolars Depth of field is not an issue in mirror shots, since all the teeth are on the same plane www.indiandentalacademy.com
  61. 61. Some teeth out of focus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  62. 62.  Photograph with inadequate forward retraction and incorrect magnification (teeth not filling frame)
  63. 63.   If the correct retractors are selected and the lips are pulled not only laterally, but forward, the oral mucosa, rather than skin, will form the background for the teeth in all views Pulling the retractors backward will compress the lips against the alveolus, producing a poor photograph www.indiandentalacademy.com
  64. 64.  Lower occlusal mirror shot includes incisors and terminal molars, with no retractors or fingers visible.
  65. 65. Sagittal discrepancy misrepresented in shot with inadequate retraction and poor camera position www.indiandentalacademy.com
  66. 66. Shot repeated perpendicular to posterior segment with proper retraction www.indiandentalacademy.com
  67. 67.    essential to include the distal surface of the first molar, with the shot taken perpendicular to the posterior segments if possible Proper selection of retractors helps a great deal ask the patient to turn as far as possible to the left or right against the pressure of the retractor www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  72. 72. www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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