Kidney
Location:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com

www.indiandentalacademy.com
“What is man but an ingenious
machine designed to turn with
‘infinite artfulness’, the red
wine of shiraz into urine” …!
I...
Kidney damage is the major
cause of Morbidity and
Mortality in patients with
Diabetes, Hypertension,
Atherosclerosis etc.
...
Introduction:
 150gm

each
 1700 liters of blood filtered  180 L of
Gfiltrate  1.5 l of urine / day.
 150gm, retro-pe...
Kidney Anatomy:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Nephron
Structure:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Kidney Histology:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Kidney Histology:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Diseases of Kidney:
Glomerulonephritis Glomerular

diseases Destruction of glomeruli by immune
or infections.
Acute tubu...
Clinical Syndromes:
Nephritic syndrome.
– Oliguria, Haematuria, Proteinuria, Oedema.

Nephrotic syndrome.
– Gross protei...
Immune Glomerulonephritis:
C.Immune Complex

ANTI-GBM

www.indiandentalacademy.com

HEYMANN
Glomerulonephritis:



1.
2.
3.
4.

Immune mechanisms – Most common
Toxins - poisoning
Metabolic – acidosis, hemolysis,...
•Normal

•Proliferative
•Post strepto
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Mesangiocapillary GN: (MPGN)

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Chronic Glomerulonephritis:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Urolithiasis:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Urolithiasis:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Urolithiasis Hydronephrosis:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Urine Microscopy :
 Cells Casts Crystals.
Crystals
 Casts

are formed within nephron.
 Casts Suggest Kidney pathology.
...
Formation of Casts:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Granular Cast:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
RBC Casts:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Epithelial Casts in Urine:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Granular Casts in Urine:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
WBC Cast Urine:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
RBC in Urine :

www.indiandentalacademy.com
WBC in Urine :

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Urine Oxalate Crystals:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
Mixed Cast Urine:

www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Leader in continuing dental education

www.indiandentalacademy.com
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KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. Kidney Location: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. “What is man but an ingenious machine designed to turn with ‘infinite artfulness’, the red wine of shiraz into urine” …! Isak Denison www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. Kidney damage is the major cause of Morbidity and Mortality in patients with Diabetes, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis etc. (no 1 cause of death in the present time) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. Introduction:  150gm each  1700 liters of blood filtered  180 L of Gfiltrate  1.5 l of urine / day.  150gm, retro-peritoneal organ  Renal Artery & Vein  One half of kidney is sufficient – reserve  Filtration, Excretion, Secretion, Hormone synthesis. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. Kidney Anatomy: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Nephron Structure: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. Kidney Histology: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Kidney Histology: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. Diseases of Kidney: Glomerulonephritis Glomerular diseases Destruction of glomeruli by immune or infections. Acute tubular necrosis Tubular diseases Necrosis of tubules by toxins or infections. Pyelonephritis Interstitial disease Infections Nephrosclerosis Vascular diseases –– thickening of blood vessels Hypertension leading to microwww.indiandentalacademy.com infarctions.
  11. 11. Clinical Syndromes: Nephritic syndrome. – Oliguria, Haematuria, Proteinuria, Oedema. Nephrotic syndrome. – Gross proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, Acute renal failure – Oliguria, loss of Kidney function - within weeks Chronic renal failure. – Over months and years - Uremia www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. Immune Glomerulonephritis: C.Immune Complex ANTI-GBM www.indiandentalacademy.com HEYMANN
  13. 13. Glomerulonephritis:    1. 2. 3. 4. Immune mechanisms – Most common Toxins - poisoning Metabolic – acidosis, hemolysis, etc. Activation of complement system destruction of glomerular structure Inflammation Affect renal function – excess filtration or decreased filtration. (with RBC & WBC) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. •Normal •Proliferative •Post strepto www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Mesangiocapillary GN: (MPGN) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. Chronic Glomerulonephritis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Urolithiasis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. Urolithiasis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Urolithiasis Hydronephrosis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. Urine Microscopy :  Cells Casts Crystals. Crystals  Casts are formed within nephron.  Casts Suggest Kidney pathology.  Casts can be made up of Protein, lipid, cells or mixed.  Crystals suggest high concentration or altered solubility. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. Formation of Casts: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Granular Cast: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. RBC Casts: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Epithelial Casts in Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. Granular Casts in Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. WBC Cast Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. RBC in Urine : www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. WBC in Urine : www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. Urine Oxalate Crystals: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. Mixed Cast Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31. www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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