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KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
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KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy




The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call



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    KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy KIDNEY LOCATION /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Presentation Transcript

    • Kidney Location: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • “What is man but an ingenious machine designed to turn with ‘infinite artfulness’, the red wine of shiraz into urine” …! Isak Denison www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Kidney damage is the major cause of Morbidity and Mortality in patients with Diabetes, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis etc. (no 1 cause of death in the present time) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Introduction:  150gm each  1700 liters of blood filtered  180 L of Gfiltrate  1.5 l of urine / day.  150gm, retro-peritoneal organ  Renal Artery & Vein  One half of kidney is sufficient – reserve  Filtration, Excretion, Secretion, Hormone synthesis. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Kidney Anatomy: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Nephron Structure: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Kidney Histology: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Kidney Histology: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Diseases of Kidney: Glomerulonephritis Glomerular diseases Destruction of glomeruli by immune or infections. Acute tubular necrosis Tubular diseases Necrosis of tubules by toxins or infections. Pyelonephritis Interstitial disease Infections Nephrosclerosis Vascular diseases –– thickening of blood vessels Hypertension leading to microwww.indiandentalacademy.com infarctions.
    • Clinical Syndromes: Nephritic syndrome. – Oliguria, Haematuria, Proteinuria, Oedema. Nephrotic syndrome. – Gross proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, Acute renal failure – Oliguria, loss of Kidney function - within weeks Chronic renal failure. – Over months and years - Uremia www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Immune Glomerulonephritis: C.Immune Complex ANTI-GBM www.indiandentalacademy.com HEYMANN
    • Glomerulonephritis:    1. 2. 3. 4. Immune mechanisms – Most common Toxins - poisoning Metabolic – acidosis, hemolysis, etc. Activation of complement system destruction of glomerular structure Inflammation Affect renal function – excess filtration or decreased filtration. (with RBC & WBC) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • •Normal •Proliferative •Post strepto www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Mesangiocapillary GN: (MPGN) www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Chronic Glomerulonephritis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Urolithiasis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Urolithiasis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Urolithiasis Hydronephrosis: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Urine Microscopy :  Cells Casts Crystals. Crystals  Casts are formed within nephron.  Casts Suggest Kidney pathology.  Casts can be made up of Protein, lipid, cells or mixed.  Crystals suggest high concentration or altered solubility. www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Formation of Casts: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Granular Cast: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • RBC Casts: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Epithelial Casts in Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Granular Casts in Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • WBC Cast Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • RBC in Urine : www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • WBC in Urine : www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Urine Oxalate Crystals: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • Mixed Cast Urine: www.indiandentalacademy.com
    • www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com