Blood supply of face /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.


Indian dental academy has a unique training program & curriculum that provides students with exceptional clinical skills and enabling them to return to their office with high level confidence and start treating patients

State of the art comprehensive training-Faculty of world wide repute &Very affordable.

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Blood supply of face /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. BLOOD SUPPLY OF FACEINDIAN DENTAL ACADEMYLeader in Continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. CONTENTSINTRODUCTIONDEVELOPMENT OF ARTERIESDEVELOPMENT OF VEINSHISTOLOGYARTERIES OF FACE EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY FACIAL ARTERY LINGUAL ARTERY SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL ARTERY MAXILLARY ARTERYVEINS OF FACEAPPLIED ASPECTS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. INTRODUCTIONo requirement of organs – through high capacity transport system –vascular or circulatory system.o rheological properties of bloodo Large volume of bloodo Mechanical properties of heart andmuscular arterieso face – skin, supercial and deep fascia www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. DEVELOPMENT OF BLOOD VESSELS Endothelial development is morphologically first evident in the extraembryonic tissueDifferentiate from mesenchyme derived from parietal hypoblast. Presence of blood islands – converted into vascular endothelium- spaces merge forming network of fine vesselsSolid strands of angioblasts, coalase to form blood vessels In head and neck, cardiac neural crest cells contribute to supporting layers of developing www.indiandentalacademy.com endothelium
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  6. 6.  first seen at ectoderm mesoderminterfaceDevelops from cells ofintraembryonic mesenchymeNo ectodermal cells containangioblastic tissue www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Development of veins Develop initially as symmetric bilateralarray of channels Change principle tissues they drainwith time Differentiate from contrastingmesenchymal layers at different points www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. HISTOLOGYDscn0880.jpg www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  15. 15. Mechanisms controlling blood flow through capillary bed Arteriovenous anasthomoses Precapillary sphincters Thoroughfare channels www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  17. 17. figwww.indiandentalacademy.com
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  20. 20. External carotid artery Branches • Superior thyroid • Ascending pharyngeal • Lingual • Facial • Occipital • Posterior auricular • Superficial temporal • Maxillarywww.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. Branches •Superior thyroid•Ascending pharyngeal •Lingual •Facial •Occipital •Posterior auricular •Superficial temporal •Maxillarywww.indiandentalacademy.com
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  24. 24. Facial arterywww.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. BRANCHES1. CERVICAL PART - ascending palatine - Tonsillar - Glandular - submental2. FACIAL PART - Inferior labial - Superior labial - Lateral nasal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. Lingual arterywww.indiandentalacademy.com
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  28. 28. Superficial temporal artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. Maxillary artery Branches1. Mandibular- deep auricular- anterior tympanic- Middle meningeal- Accessary meningeal- Inferior alveolar2. Pterygoid- deep temporal- Pterygoid- Masseteric- Buccal3. Pterygopalatine- posterior superior alveolar- Infraorbital- Greater palatine www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  34. 34. Veins of facewww.indiandentalacademy.com
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  36. 36. Applied aspects Facial skin highly vascularSkin rich in sebaceous and sweat glands Laxity and fixity of skinMuscle insertion into skin- wounds gape Tortuosity of facial artery Infections of face spread in retrograde direction www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37. References1. Grays anatomy- 38th edition2. Text book of anatomy- Chaurasia3. Human histology- Inderbir singh 4. Anatomy of oral structures- Brand and Isselhard www.indiandentalacademy.com

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