INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
ARTICULATORS
&
FACEBOWS
www.indiandentalacademy.com
•DEFINITION of ARTICULATOR:-
A mechanical instrument that
represents temporomandibular joints
and jaws, to which mandibula...
CLASSIFICATION
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• INT. PROSTHODONTIC WORKSHOP AT
UNIV. OF MICHIGAN-1972:
• 1. Class I
• Simple holding instruments capable of accepting
si...
THE BARNTHE BARN
DOOR HINGEDOOR HINGE
ARTICULATOR.ARTICULATOR.
www.indiandentalacademy.com
BonwillBonwill
articulatorarticulator
1858.1858.
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• 2. Class II-
• Instruments that permit horizontal as
well as vertical motion but do not
orient the motion to T.M.J via f...
CLASS-II
CLASS-IIA
CLASS-IIB CLASS-IIC
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• Class II A-
• Instruments in this class permit
eccentric motion based on averages
and will not accept facebow transfer.
...
GYSI SIMPLEX ARTICULATOR:-GYSI SIMPLEX ARTICULATOR:-
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• Instruments in this class permit
eccentric motion based on arbitrary
theories of motion and will not
accept facebow tran...
MONSOON ARTICULATOR.MONSOON ARTICULATOR.
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• Instruments in this class permit
eccentric motion based on
engraved records obtained from the
patient and will not accep...
M.M. HOUSEM.M. HOUSE
ARTICULATORARTICULATOR
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Class III-
•Class III A- Instruments in this class
accept a facebow transfer and protrusive
interocclusal record.
•e.g. Ha...
WHIPMIX SEMI ADJUSTSBLE
www.indiandentalacademy.com
DENTATUSDENTATUS
SEMISEMI
ADJUSTABLEADJUSTABLE
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Class III- B
•Instruments in this class accept a
facebow transfer protrusive interocclusal
records and some lateral intero...
HANAU KINOSCOPE
www.indiandentalacademy.com
GYSI’ TRUBYTE
ARTICULATOR
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Class IV- A
•Instruments in this class will accept
three dimensional dynamic registrations
and utilize a facebow transfer....
TMJ ARTICULATOR
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Class IV-B
•Instruments in this class will accept
three dimensional dynamic registrations
and utilize a facebow transfer. ...
GIRRBACH FULLY ADJUSTABLE.GIRRBACH FULLY ADJUSTABLE.
www.indiandentalacademy.com
ARCON & NON-ARCON
ARTICULATORS.
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
USES OF ARTICULATORS
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• To hold opposing casts in a predetermined
fixed relationship.
• To diagnose dental occlusal conditions in
both natural a...
• To plan dental procedures that involve
positions; contours; & relationship of both
natural and artificial tooth as they ...
• Articulators can be helpful in teaching and
studying occlusion and mandibular
movements.
• To view the lingual occlusion...
REQUIREMENTS OF AN
ARTICULATOR
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• REQUIREMENTS.
• Articulators must accurately maintain centric
position.
The patient’s casts must be easily removable and...
• The articulator should be able to open
and close in a hinge like fashion. The
articulator should accept a facebow
transf...
• For the complete denture construction
in balanced occlusion.
• Condylar guides should allow right
lateral, left lateral ...
FACEBOW
www.indiandentalacademy.com
DEFINITION OF
FACEBOW:-
•A caliper like device used to record the
relationship of maxillary arch to some
anatomical refere...
www.indiandentalacademy.com
USES OF FACE-BOW
•1. It permits a more accurate use of lateral
rotation points for the arrangement of teeth.
•2. It aids i...
• 3. It registers the horizontal relationship
of the casts quite accurately, and thus
assists in correctly location the in...
1. Arbitrary facebow:-1. Arbitrary facebow:-
Fascia facebow - EarpieceFascia facebow - Earpiece
facebow - With orbital ind...
• WHEN TO USE?
www.indiandentalacademy.com
1. Cusp form teeth are used.
2. Balanced occlusion in eccentric position is
desired.
3. A definite cusp fossa or cusp tip ...
5. The occlusal vertical dimension is subject
to change, and the relations of the tooth
occlusal surfaces are necessary to...
• To determine the position of the real condyle
axis of motion.
• Accurate mounting of casts in the articulator,
both in r...
Thank you
For more details please visit
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
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Articulators and facebow/ cosmetic dentistry training

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Indian Dental Academy: will be one of the most relevant and exciting

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practice,Offers certified courses in Dental

implants,Orthodontics,Endodontics,Cosmetic Dentistry, Prosthetic

Dentistry, Periodontics and General Dentistry.

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Articulators and facebow/ cosmetic dentistry training

  1. 1. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. ARTICULATORS & FACEBOWS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. •DEFINITION of ARTICULATOR:- A mechanical instrument that represents temporomandibular joints and jaws, to which mandibular and maxillary casts may be attached to stimulate some or all movements. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. • INT. PROSTHODONTIC WORKSHOP AT UNIV. OF MICHIGAN-1972: • 1. Class I • Simple holding instruments capable of accepting single static registration. • Only vertical motion is acceptable. • e.g. J.B.Gariots, Barn-Door hinge. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. THE BARNTHE BARN DOOR HINGEDOOR HINGE ARTICULATOR.ARTICULATOR. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. BonwillBonwill articulatorarticulator 1858.1858. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. • 2. Class II- • Instruments that permit horizontal as well as vertical motion but do not orient the motion to T.M.J via face bow transfer. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. CLASS-II CLASS-IIA CLASS-IIB CLASS-IIC www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. • Class II A- • Instruments in this class permit eccentric motion based on averages and will not accept facebow transfer. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. GYSI SIMPLEX ARTICULATOR:-GYSI SIMPLEX ARTICULATOR:- www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. • Instruments in this class permit eccentric motion based on arbitrary theories of motion and will not accept facebow transfer. Class II B- www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. MONSOON ARTICULATOR.MONSOON ARTICULATOR. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. • Instruments in this class permit eccentric motion based on engraved records obtained from the patient and will not accept facebow transfer. Class II C- www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. M.M. HOUSEM.M. HOUSE ARTICULATORARTICULATOR www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. Class III- •Class III A- Instruments in this class accept a facebow transfer and protrusive interocclusal record. •e.g. Hanau, Dentatus. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. WHIPMIX SEMI ADJUSTSBLE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. DENTATUSDENTATUS SEMISEMI ADJUSTABLEADJUSTABLE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Class III- B •Instruments in this class accept a facebow transfer protrusive interocclusal records and some lateral interocclusal records. • e.g. Gysi’s Trubyte, Hanau Kinoscope. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. HANAU KINOSCOPE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. GYSI’ TRUBYTE ARTICULATOR www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Class IV- A •Instruments in this class will accept three dimensional dynamic registrations and utilize a facebow transfer. The condylar pathways engraved by the patient. •e.g. T.M.J articulator. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. TMJ ARTICULATOR www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Class IV-B •Instruments in this class will accept three dimensional dynamic registrations and utilize a facebow transfer. The condylar pathways can be selectively angled and customized. • e.g. Denar. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. GIRRBACH FULLY ADJUSTABLE.GIRRBACH FULLY ADJUSTABLE. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. ARCON & NON-ARCON ARTICULATORS. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. USES OF ARTICULATORS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. • To hold opposing casts in a predetermined fixed relationship. • To diagnose dental occlusal conditions in both natural and artificial dentitions. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31. • To plan dental procedures that involve positions; contours; & relationship of both natural and artificial tooth as they relate to each other. To aid in the fabrication of dental restoration and lost dental parts. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. • Articulators can be helpful in teaching and studying occlusion and mandibular movements. • To view the lingual occlusion. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. REQUIREMENTS OF AN ARTICULATOR www.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34. • REQUIREMENTS. • Articulators must accurately maintain centric position. The patient’s casts must be easily removable and attachable to the articulator without loosing the horizontal and vertical relationship. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  35. 35. • The articulator should be able to open and close in a hinge like fashion. The articulator should accept a facebow transfer. • The articulator should have an incisal guide pin with positive stop that is adjustable and calibrated. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  36. 36. • For the complete denture construction in balanced occlusion. • Condylar guides should allow right lateral, left lateral and protrusive movements www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37. FACEBOW www.indiandentalacademy.com
  38. 38. DEFINITION OF FACEBOW:- •A caliper like device used to record the relationship of maxillary arch to some anatomical reference point or points and then transfer the relationship to an articulator. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  39. 39. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  40. 40. USES OF FACE-BOW •1. It permits a more accurate use of lateral rotation points for the arrangement of teeth. •2. It aids in securing the anteroposterior cast position with relation to the condyles of the mandible. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  41. 41. • 3. It registers the horizontal relationship of the casts quite accurately, and thus assists in correctly location the incisal plane. • 4. It is an aid in the vertical positioning of the casts on the articulator www.indiandentalacademy.com
  42. 42. 1. Arbitrary facebow:-1. Arbitrary facebow:- Fascia facebow - EarpieceFascia facebow - Earpiece facebow - With orbital indicatorfacebow - With orbital indicator - With nasal relator- With nasal relator 2. Kinematic facebow2. Kinematic facebow www.indiandentalacademy.com
  43. 43. • WHEN TO USE? www.indiandentalacademy.com
  44. 44. 1. Cusp form teeth are used. 2. Balanced occlusion in eccentric position is desired. 3. A definite cusp fossa or cusp tip to cusp inclination is desired. 4. Interocclusal check records are used for verification of jaw positions.www.indiandentalacademy.com
  45. 45. 5. The occlusal vertical dimension is subject to change, and the relations of the tooth occlusal surfaces are necessary to accommodate the change. 6. When there is significant error in antroposterior, lateral, vertical relations www.indiandentalacademy.com
  46. 46. • To determine the position of the real condyle axis of motion. • Accurate mounting of casts in the articulator, both in relation to the position of the condyles and to certain points on the head. • www.indiandentalacademy.com
  47. 47. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com

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