INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
Leader in continuing dental education
www.indiandentalacademy.com

www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
www.indiandentalacademy.com
 Common Carotid Artery
 External Carotid Artery
 Internal Carotid Artery

www.indiandentalacademy.com
 External Carotid Artery -• Anterior branches
• Posterior branches
• Medial branches
• Terminal branches

www.indiandenta...
 Anterior Branches --

a) superior thyroid artery
b) lingual artery
c) facial artery
 Posterior Branches --

a) occipita...
 Medial Branches --

Ascending Pharyngeal Artery

 Terminal Branches --

a) superficial temporal artery
b) maxillary art...
www.indiandentalacademy.com
 Its relationship to the external laryngeal nerve is

important during thyroid surgeries.

 The artery and the nerve ver...
 Origin – anteromedial part of external carotid

artery at tip of greater cornu of hyoid bone
between superior thyroid an...
First part of lingual artery:
 From origin to posterior

border of hyoglossus

Relations:
-skin, superficial fascia,
plat...
Second part:
 Lies deep to the
hyoglossus, runs along
upper border of hyoid bone

Relations:
- covered by hyoglossus,
ten...
Third part
 Extends from anterior
border of hyglossus to
the tip of tongue
 Arteria profunda linguae

Relations:
 Media...
 Origin – anterior aspect of external carotid artery
 Course – runs upwards in neck, then on face; tortuous in

both pla...
Cervical course
www.indiandentalacademy.com
Facial course

www.indiandentalacademy.com
•

Cervical branches
– Ascending palatine artery
– Tonsillar artery
– Glandular branches
– Submental

•

Facial branches
–...
• Origin – posteriorly

from the external
carotid, 2 cm from its
origin
• Course – Runs

backwards and upwards
deep to low...
Branches –
 Sternocleido mastoid branch
 Mastoid branch
 Stylomastoid branch
 Auricular branch
 Muscular branch
 Des...
www.indiandentalacademy.com
 Cervical Part

( Branchless )
 Cranial Part

a) middle cerebral artery
b) posterior communicating artery
 Major Branch...
Thank you
For more details please visit
www.indiandentalacademy.com

www.indiandentalacademy.com
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Arterial supply of the head & neck /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Arterial supply of the head & neck /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4.  Common Carotid Artery  External Carotid Artery  Internal Carotid Artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5.  External Carotid Artery -• Anterior branches • Posterior branches • Medial branches • Terminal branches www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6.  Anterior Branches -- a) superior thyroid artery b) lingual artery c) facial artery  Posterior Branches -- a) occipital artery b) posterior auricular artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7.  Medial Branches -- Ascending Pharyngeal Artery  Terminal Branches -- a) superficial temporal artery b) maxillary artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9.  Its relationship to the external laryngeal nerve is important during thyroid surgeries.  The artery and the nerve very close to each other higher up but diverge near the gland. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10.  Origin – anteromedial part of external carotid artery at tip of greater cornu of hyoid bone between superior thyroid and facial arteries.  Course – after short course lies deep to hyoglossus muscle, finally leaves the muscle in the tongue to anastomose with the fellow of opposite side  Three parts www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. First part of lingual artery:  From origin to posterior border of hyoglossus Relations: -skin, superficial fascia, platysma and deep fascia -lies on middle constrictor - loop of artery is crossed by hypoglossal nerve. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. Second part:  Lies deep to the hyoglossus, runs along upper border of hyoid bone Relations: - covered by hyoglossus, tendon of digastric, stylohyoid and posterior part of mylohyoid muscle www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. Third part  Extends from anterior border of hyglossus to the tip of tongue  Arteria profunda linguae Relations:  Medial- genioglossus  Lateral – longitudinalis linguae inferior  Below – lingual mucous membrane www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14.  Origin – anterior aspect of external carotid artery  Course – runs upwards in neck, then on face; tortuous in both places  Two parts Cervical part  Facial part www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Cervical course www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. Facial course www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. • Cervical branches – Ascending palatine artery – Tonsillar artery – Glandular branches – Submental • Facial branches – Inferior labial artery – Superior labial artery – Lateral nasal artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. • Origin – posteriorly from the external carotid, 2 cm from its origin • Course – Runs backwards and upwards deep to lower border of posterior belly of digastric ends posteriorly in scalp www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Branches –  Sternocleido mastoid branch  Mastoid branch  Stylomastoid branch  Auricular branch  Muscular branch  Descending branch  Meningeal branch  Occipital branch www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21.  Cervical Part ( Branchless )  Cranial Part a) middle cerebral artery b) posterior communicating artery  Major Branch Ophthalmic artery www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com

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