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Anatomy & physiology /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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Welcome to Indian Dental Academy …

Welcome to Indian Dental Academy
The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy has a unique training program & curriculum that provides students with exceptional clinical skills and enabling them to return to their office with high level confidence and start treating patients

State of the art comprehensive training-Faculty of world wide repute &Very affordable.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education

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  • 1. Dental Anatomy and Masticatory Dynamics INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 2. Today  Intro faculty  Distribute Manual / Discuss Resources  Intro lecture  Mock Quiz  Review Quiz www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 3. Faculty  Ilze Bekeny  Francis Curd  T. Roma Jasinevicius  Jay Joseph  Louis Juliano  Tania Markarian www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 4. DAMD Offices  Next to DentSim Clinic  In BLUE manual – Telephone numbers – E-mail numbers www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 5. Text / Resources   Notes CD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 6. Lecture   Welcome CWRUDay 1 of your professional career the rest of your life!!! – www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 7. From Apprentice www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 8. George Washington’s ‘Teeth’ www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 9. 20th century dentures www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 10. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 11. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 12. From apprentice to professional www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 13. Restorative Dentistry on typodont Procedures executed by 2nd year Dental Student www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 14. Start notes from here Masticatory / Gnathological System www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 15. Masticatory / Gnathological system  Masticatory: – Pertaining to chewing  Gnathology – Science that deals with anatomy, histology, physiology, pathology of the jaws and masticatory system as a whole, including the applicable diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative procedures www.indiandentalacademy.com Frontal view
  • 16. Sagittal view of skull: Jaws: Maxilla – non-movable Mandible - movable Temporomandibular jt www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 17. Mixed Dentition: Primary /Deciduous and Permanent www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 18. Determination of age from teeth present www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 19. 6 year molar www.indiandentalacademy.com LI + CI 8 yr 7 yr
  • 20. Permanent Teeth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 21. Maxillary ANTERIOR Mandibular ANTERIOR www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 22. Anterior Teeth  Maxillary – Central Incisor (2 – right and left) – Lateral Incisor (2 – right and left) – Canine (2 – right and left)  Mandibular – Central Incisor (2 – right and left) – Lateral Incisor (2 – right and left) – Canine (2 – right and left) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 23. Maxillary PreMolars Mandibular PreMolars www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 24. Posterior Teeth - PreMolars  Maxillary – 1st Premolar (2 – right and left) – 2nd Premolar (2 – right and left)  Mandibular – 1st Premolar (2 – right and left) – 2nd Premolar (2 – right and left) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 25. Maxillary Molars Mandibular Molars www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 26. Posterior Teeth - Molars  Maxillary – 1st Molar (2 – right and left) – 2nd Molar (2 – right and left) – 3rd Molar (Wisdom tooth) (2 – right and left)  Mandibular – 1st Molar(2 – right and left) – 2nd Molar (2 – right and left) – 3rd Molar (Wisdom tooth) (2 – right and left) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 27. Division  Arches – Maxillary  Mandibular Quadrants – Maxillary Arch • Right quadrant • Left quadrant  Mandibular Arch Right quadrant Left quadrant Sextants – Maxillary Arch • Right posterior sextant • Anterior sextant • Left posterior sextant Mandibular Arch Right posterior sextant Anterior sextant Left posterior sextant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 28. Maxillary Arch www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 29. RIGHT LEFT Left www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 30. Maxillary Arch Max Right quadrant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 31. Maxillary Arch Max Left quadrant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 32. Maxillary Arch Max Left Posterior sextant Max Right Posterior sextant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 33. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 34. CROWN coronal Cervical line ROOT radicular www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 35. Incisal (ant) Occlusal (post) CROWN coronal Cervical line ROOT radicular APEX apical www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 36. Right Midline www.indiandentalacademy.com Left
  • 37. Right Midline Left Mesial – towards midine Distal Away from midline www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 38. Right Midline M D M D www.indiandentalacademy.com Left
  • 39. Right UNIVERSAL SYSTEM 7 8 9 Left 10 6 11 5 4 3 14 2 1 15 www.indiandentalacademy.com -missing missing 16
  • 40. Mandible numbering system 32 missing missing 31 18 30 19 29 28 27 26 22 25/24 23 www.indiandentalacademy.com 20 21 17
  • 41. Name / number the teeth Using Universal # System www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 42. Name / number the teeth Using Universal # System! 45 6 7 8 www.indiandentalacademy.com 9 10 11
  • 43. 8 9 www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 44. More terminology FACIAL View www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 45. More terminology  Views / aspects of teeth – Facial – Lingual – Mesial (a proximal surface) – Distal ( a proximal surface) – Occlusal (posterior) / Incisal (anterior) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 46. #8 midline DISTAL MESIAL INCISAL Facial View www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 47. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 48. Apical Facial View Mesial Distal www.indiandentalacademy.com Incisal
  • 49. Apical APICAL MIDDLE CERVICAL CERVICAL Mesial MIDDLE Distal INCISAL Incisal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 50. Apical Mesial Middle middle Mesial Middle Incisal www.indiandentalacademy.com Distal Distal
  • 51. Proximal View Apical Facial Middle Lingual Cervical Cervical Facial Middle Incisal Lingual www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 52. Proximal Facial Trapezoid Triangle Incisors PM Molars Rhomboid PMwww.indiandentalacademy.com Molars
  • 53. Facial of all teeth - trapezoidal www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 54. Break time – 10 minutes www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 55. Continue with terminology… www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 56. Contact areas  Area on proximal surface of a tooth – either M or D – when teeth are in good alignment – which touches adjacent tooth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 57. Contact areas  Area on proximal surface of a tooth – either M or D – when teeth are in good alignment – which touches adjacent tooth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 58. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 59. Variations yet characteristics for identification www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 60. Maxillary Incisors Purpose Along with mandibular incisors – Esthetics – Phonetics - speech – Incising / cutting www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 61. Information* and Photos with black background – Tooth Atlas www.indiandentalacademy.com * Information with asterisk from Tooth Atlas CD
  • 62. Maxillary Central Incisor Development* The initiation of calcification is between 3 and 4 months.  The completion of enamel formation is 4 to 5 years.  The eruption is between 7 to 8 years.  Root development complete at 10 years.  www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 63. Why DA ? www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 64. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 65. 5 views of teeth  Facial – Labial (anterior) – Buccal (posteriors)     Lingual Mesial Distal Incisal / Occlusal – Ant / posterior www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 66. Maxillary Central - #8 Facial view  Crown:Root - 11mm: 13 mm  M-Inc Corner - 90 degrees  D-Inc Corner - rounded  M contact D contact -  (Incisal/Middle) D www.indiandentalacademy.com Incisal Junction
  • 67. Maxillary Central - #8 Facial view  Size – MD – Inc-Cerv  M outline  D outline www.indiandentalacademy.com widest ANT tooth longest Crown straight sltly rounded
  • 68. Maxillary Central - #8 Facial view  Size – MD – Inc-Cerv  M outline  D outline www.indiandentalacademy.com widest ANT tooth longest Crown straight sltly rounded
  • 69. Maxillary Central - #8 Lingual view  Marginal ridges (MR) – MMR > DMR – Moderately pronounced  Cingulum – Moderately pronounced – D located  Fossa – Moderate depth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 70. Maxillary Central - #8 Lingual view  Marginal ridges (MR) – MMR > DMR – Moderately pronounced  Cingulum – Moderately pronounced – D located  Fossa – Moderate depth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 71. Maxillary Central - #8 Mesial view  Incisal Edge sltly F to . root axis  Facial surface  CEJ (cervical line) deeper on M  Root: flat – M surface – flat w/ depression – (D surface – convex w/ no depression) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 72. Maxillary Central - #8 Distal view  Incisal Edge sltly F to . root axis  Facial surface  CEJ (cervical line) deeper on M  Root: flat – M surface – flat w/ depression – (D surface – convex w/ no depression) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 73. Maxillary Central - #8 Incisal view  Geometric – Triangular – MD > FL –  Facial – flat  Cingulum – Distal location www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 74. Maxillary Lateral Incisor Most variable ANTERIOR tooth www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 75. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 76. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Facial view  Crown:Root -  M-Inc Corner -  D-Inc Corner - v. rounded  M contact D contact - Junction* Middle  10mm: 13 mm *(Incisal/Middle) www.indiandentalacademy.com rounded
  • 77. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Facial view  Crown:Root -  M-Inc Corner -  D-Inc Corner - v. rounded  M contact D contact - Junction* Middle  10mm: 13 mm *(Incisal/Middle) www.indiandentalacademy.com rounded
  • 78. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Facial view  Size – MD – Inc-Cerv smaller than CI shorter CI  M outline rounded  D outline v. rounded www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 79. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Facial view  Size – MD – Inc-Cerv smaller than CI shorter CI  M outline rounded  D outline v. rounded www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 80. Maxillary Lateral and Central - #7 - #8 Facial view www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 81. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Lingual view  Marginal ridges (MR) – MMR > DMR – Moderately pronounced – More than CI  Cingulum – More pronounced than CI – Centered  Fossa – Moderate depth – Pits / groove variation www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 82. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Lingual view  Marginal ridges (MR) – MMR > DMR – Moderately pronounced – More than CI  Cingulum – More pronounced than CI – Centered  Fossa – Moderate depth – Pits / groove variation www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 83. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 84. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Mesial view  Incisal Edge sltly F to . root axis  Facial surface more rnd  CEJ (cervical line) deeper on M  Root: – M surface – flat w/ depression – (D surface – flat / no depression) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 85. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Distal view  Incisal Edge sltly F to . root axis  Facial surface more rnd  CEJ (cervical line) deeper on M  Root: – M surface – flat w/ depression – (D surface – flat / no depression) www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 86. Maxillary Lateral - #7 Incisal view  Geometric – Rnded – MD > FL –  Facial – rnd  Cingulum – Centered www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 87. It’s been so lovely!!! Next session – Quiz and bring typodonts (we will provide prep) For LAB: bring matches (lighter) and stockings!!!! stockings www.indiandentalacademy.com
  • 88. Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com