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  • Since morning we have repeatedly focussed on tag words or keywords. They are important in selecting the topic, in writing the protocol, in writing the title and introduction too. And now I will discuss how important they are in review of literature.
  • Since morning we have repeatedly focussed on tag words or keywords. They are important in selecting the topic, in writing the protocol, in writing the title and introduction too. And now I will discuss how important they are in review of literature.
  • Transcript

    • 1. How to look for references? Where to find them?
      Dr Ashok Shyam MS Orth
      Chief Researcher and Head - IORG
    • 2. Vidarbha Orthopaedic Society
      President - Dr SanjeevChaudhari
      Secretary – Dr RatnakarAmbade
      Academic Chairman – Dr S. Babhulkar
      Academic Vice President – Dr V. Verma
      Co-ordinator– Dr A. Ramteke
    • 3. What I will Cover
      How to start a reference search
      Tips on searching PUBMED
      Intro to Cochrane Library
      Google
    • 4. Resources
      www
      Books and Journals
      Library
    • 5. www
      Vast data bank but very difficult to get relevant information
      It does not act on questions like “best article on high flex TKR”
      It Requires “Keywords”
    • 6. Keywords
      Pillars of the Reference search [Keystones]
      If you have your keywords right, reference search is piece of cake
    • 7. Keywords
      Defined by topic of Search
      Conventionally they are talked in term of
      P – Population [TKR]
      I – Intervention [HIGH Flexion]
      C – Control [Conventional TKR]
      O – Outcome Measure [Functional]
    • 8. www Resources
      Pubmed
      Google
      Cochrane
    • 9. Level of Evidence
    • 10. Level of Evidence
    • 11. Pubmed - Tip 1
      If you directly put keywords in the pubmed you get
      - Hits containing the keyword
      Which means the hits
      - may not be about your terms
    • 12.
    • 13.
    • 14.
    • 15. PubMed Tip 2
      Concept of Fields
      IN square Bracket [ ] After the key word
      - Author [au]
      - Title [ti]
      - Journal Name [jour]
      - Abstract [tiab] etc…
    • 16. Author
    • 17. Title
    • 18. Title + Abstract
    • 19. “Fields”
      An entire list of field tags is available online
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/mms/medlineelements.html
    • 20. Tip 3
      But we need to search multiple Keywords?
      BOOLEAN OPERATORS
      -Boolean operators define the relationships between words or groups of words
    • 21. Main Boolean Operators
    • 22. What do they mean
    • 23. In Short
    • 24. Search Using Boolean Operator OR
      Total knee arthroplasty OR Functional Outcome
      Total Knee Arthroplasty
      Functional outcome
    • 25.
    • 26. Total knee arthroplasty and Functional Outcome
      High Flex TKR
      Functional outcome
      Search Using Boolean Operator And
    • 27.
    • 28. Handling Combination
      We want articles by Gautam Shetty in Journal of Arthroplasty
      Shetty GM [AU] Journal Of Arthroplasty [JOUR]
    • 29.
    • 30.
    • 31.
    • 32. FOR OUR EXAMPLE
      Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab]
      And
      (High Flexion [Tiab] Or Standard [Tiab])
    • 33.
    • 34.
    • 35.
    • 36.
    • 37.
    • 38.
    • 39.
    • 40.
    • 41.
    • 42. Is [TIAB] Enough
      Multiple Words
      - total knee arthroplasty
      - total knee replacement
      -TKR
      -TKA
      - Knee endoprosthesis
      Need for identification of Subject matter irrespective of the keywords
    • 43.
    • 44.
    • 45. MESH terms
      Especially made by PUBMED index
      Total knee replacement [ti]
      - gets all articles with Total knee replacement
      Total Knee Replacement [Mesh]
      - gets all article with Total knee replacement as a MESH term
      Meaning – the article is about total knee replacement
    • 46. Search Using MESH term
    • 47.
    • 48.
    • 49.
    • 50. Pubmed – Verifying References
      Single Citation Matcher
      Shetty GM knee alignment 2011
    • 51.
    • 52.
    • 53.
    • 54. Pubmed 5 points
      Word Search
      Field Search
      Boolean Operators
      MESH Search
      Citation Matcher
    • 55.
    • 56.
    • 57.
    • 58.
    • 59.
    • 60.
    • 61.
    • 62.
    • 63. Pubmed
      Most Useful Resource
      Follow steps
      Needs Practise to get acquainted
      It is not Google
    • 64. Citation
      Articles searched through Pubmed using keywords
      Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab] (High
      Flexion [Tiab] Or Standard [Tiab]) with And as booleanOpearator
    • 65. Pubmed
      Limiting searches to only case series, retrospective studies, RCT etc
      Limiting search to years
      Limiting searches to specific journal, specific MESH term
      Many more…..
    • 66. Cochrane Review
      Systematic Reviews
      - Provide Current Evidence on topics
      Analyzing every available RCT
      Doing a meta-analyses & “Systematic and bias free” reporting
      Systematic Review
      RCT
    • 67.
    • 68.
    • 69. IORG Literature Review
    • 70.
    • 71.
    • 72.
    • 73.
    • 74.
    • 75. Google
      Proxy to reach Pubmed
      Journals not listed in Pubmed
    • 76.
    • 77.
    • 78.
    • 79. Finding References
      Structured Approach
      Practice
      Constant Learning
    • 80. Finding References
      Pubmed
      Google
      Cochrane
      IORG
    • 81. Most Frequently Asked Question
      How do we get full text article
      - free online [Pubmed, Google]
      - individual Journal Subscription
      - Pay $30 or more for each
      - Libraries
      - Become an IORG Member
      [Alfa Service]
      [ASAP – authors share articles]
      [Members share articles ]
    • 82. THANKS FOR YOUR TIME!
      drashokshyam@yahoo.co.uk
      www.iorg.co.in