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How to look for references?  Where to find them?<br />Dr Ashok Shyam MS Orth <br />Chief Researcher and Head - IORG<br />
Vidarbha Orthopaedic Society<br />President - Dr SanjeevChaudhari<br />Secretary – Dr RatnakarAmbade<br />Academic Chairma...
What I will Cover<br />How to start a reference search<br />Tips on searching PUBMED<br />Intro to Cochrane Library<br />G...
Resources<br />www<br />Books and Journals<br />Library<br />
www<br />Vast data bank but very difficult to get relevant information<br />It does not act on questions like “best articl...
Keywords<br />Pillars of the Reference search [Keystones]<br />If you have your keywords right, reference search is piece ...
Keywords<br />Defined by topic of Search<br />Conventionally they are talked in term of <br />    P – Population  [TKR]<br...
www Resources <br />Pubmed<br />Google<br />Cochrane<br />
Level of Evidence<br />
Level of Evidence<br />
Pubmed - Tip 1<br />If  you directly put keywords in the pubmed you get<br />  - Hits containing the keyword<br />Which me...
PubMed Tip 2<br />Concept of Fields<br />IN square Bracket [   ]  After the key word<br />   - Author [au]<br />   - Title...
Author<br />
Title <br />
Title + Abstract<br />
“Fields”<br />An entire list of field tags is available online <br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/mms/medlineelements.html<b...
Tip 3<br />But we need to search multiple Keywords?<br />BOOLEAN OPERATORS<br />-Boolean operators define the relationship...
Main Boolean Operators <br />
What do they mean<br />
In Short<br />
Search Using Boolean Operator  OR<br />Total knee arthroplasty OR Functional Outcome<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty<br />Fun...
Total knee arthroplasty and Functional Outcome<br />High Flex TKR<br />Functional outcome<br />Search Using Boolean Operat...
Handling Combination<br />We want articles by Gautam Shetty in Journal of Arthroplasty<br />Shetty GM [AU] Journal Of Arth...
FOR OUR EXAMPLE<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab] <br />And <br />(High Flexion [Tiab] Or Standard [Tiab])<br />
Is [TIAB] Enough <br />Multiple Words <br />   - total knee arthroplasty<br />   - total knee replacement<br />   -TKR<br ...
MESH terms<br />Especially made by PUBMED index<br />Total knee replacement [ti]<br />   - gets all articles with Total kn...
Search Using MESH term<br />
Pubmed – Verifying References<br />Single Citation Matcher<br />Shetty GM knee alignment 2011<br />
Pubmed 5 points<br />Word Search<br />Field Search<br />Boolean Operators<br />MESH Search<br />Citation Matcher<br />
Pubmed <br />Most Useful Resource<br />Follow steps<br />Needs Practise to get acquainted<br />It is not Google<br />
Citation<br />Articles searched through Pubmed using keywords<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab] (High<br />Flexion [Tiab...
Pubmed<br />Limiting searches to only case series, retrospective studies, RCT etc<br />Limiting search to years<br />Limit...
Cochrane Review<br />Systematic Reviews<br />  - Provide Current Evidence on topics<br />  Analyzing every available RCT<b...
IORG Literature Review<br />
Google<br />Proxy to reach Pubmed<br />Journals not listed in Pubmed<br />
Finding References<br />Structured Approach<br />Practice<br />Constant Learning<br />
Finding References<br />Pubmed<br />Google<br />Cochrane<br />IORG <br />
Most Frequently Asked Question<br />How do we get full text article<br />    - free online [Pubmed, Google]<br />    - ind...
THANKS FOR YOUR TIME!<br />drashokshyam@yahoo.co.uk<br />www.iorg.co.in<br />
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Literature review

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  • Since morning we have repeatedly focussed on tag words or keywords. They are important in selecting the topic, in writing the protocol, in writing the title and introduction too. And now I will discuss how important they are in review of literature.
  • Since morning we have repeatedly focussed on tag words or keywords. They are important in selecting the topic, in writing the protocol, in writing the title and introduction too. And now I will discuss how important they are in review of literature.
  • Transcript of "Literature review "

    1. 1. How to look for references? Where to find them?<br />Dr Ashok Shyam MS Orth <br />Chief Researcher and Head - IORG<br />
    2. 2. Vidarbha Orthopaedic Society<br />President - Dr SanjeevChaudhari<br />Secretary – Dr RatnakarAmbade<br />Academic Chairman – Dr S. Babhulkar<br />Academic Vice President – Dr V. Verma<br />Co-ordinator– Dr A. Ramteke<br />
    3. 3. What I will Cover<br />How to start a reference search<br />Tips on searching PUBMED<br />Intro to Cochrane Library<br />Google <br />
    4. 4. Resources<br />www<br />Books and Journals<br />Library<br />
    5. 5. www<br />Vast data bank but very difficult to get relevant information<br />It does not act on questions like “best article on high flex TKR”<br />It Requires “Keywords”<br />
    6. 6. Keywords<br />Pillars of the Reference search [Keystones]<br />If you have your keywords right, reference search is piece of cake <br />
    7. 7. Keywords<br />Defined by topic of Search<br />Conventionally they are talked in term of <br /> P – Population [TKR]<br /> I – Intervention [HIGH Flexion]<br /> C – Control [Conventional TKR]<br /> O – Outcome Measure [Functional] <br />
    8. 8. www Resources <br />Pubmed<br />Google<br />Cochrane<br />
    9. 9. Level of Evidence<br />
    10. 10. Level of Evidence<br />
    11. 11. Pubmed - Tip 1<br />If you directly put keywords in the pubmed you get<br /> - Hits containing the keyword<br />Which means the hits<br /> - may not be about your terms<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13.
    14. 14.
    15. 15. PubMed Tip 2<br />Concept of Fields<br />IN square Bracket [ ] After the key word<br /> - Author [au]<br /> - Title [ti]<br /> - Journal Name [jour]<br /> - Abstract [tiab] etc…<br />
    16. 16. Author<br />
    17. 17. Title <br />
    18. 18. Title + Abstract<br />
    19. 19. “Fields”<br />An entire list of field tags is available online <br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/mms/medlineelements.html<br />
    20. 20. Tip 3<br />But we need to search multiple Keywords?<br />BOOLEAN OPERATORS<br />-Boolean operators define the relationships between words or groups of words<br />
    21. 21. Main Boolean Operators <br />
    22. 22. What do they mean<br />
    23. 23. In Short<br />
    24. 24. Search Using Boolean Operator OR<br />Total knee arthroplasty OR Functional Outcome<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty<br />Functional outcome<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. Total knee arthroplasty and Functional Outcome<br />High Flex TKR<br />Functional outcome<br />Search Using Boolean Operator And<br />
    27. 27.
    28. 28. Handling Combination<br />We want articles by Gautam Shetty in Journal of Arthroplasty<br />Shetty GM [AU] Journal Of Arthroplasty [JOUR]<br />
    29. 29.
    30. 30.
    31. 31.
    32. 32. FOR OUR EXAMPLE<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab] <br />And <br />(High Flexion [Tiab] Or Standard [Tiab])<br />
    33. 33.
    34. 34.
    35. 35.
    36. 36.
    37. 37.
    38. 38.
    39. 39.
    40. 40.
    41. 41.
    42. 42. Is [TIAB] Enough <br />Multiple Words <br /> - total knee arthroplasty<br /> - total knee replacement<br /> -TKR<br /> -TKA<br /> - Knee endoprosthesis <br />Need for identification of Subject matter irrespective of the keywords<br />
    43. 43.
    44. 44.
    45. 45. MESH terms<br />Especially made by PUBMED index<br />Total knee replacement [ti]<br /> - gets all articles with Total knee replacement<br />Total Knee Replacement [Mesh]<br /> - gets all article with Total knee replacement as a MESH term<br />Meaning – the article is about total knee replacement<br />
    46. 46. Search Using MESH term<br />
    47. 47.
    48. 48.
    49. 49.
    50. 50. Pubmed – Verifying References<br />Single Citation Matcher<br />Shetty GM knee alignment 2011<br />
    51. 51.
    52. 52.
    53. 53.
    54. 54. Pubmed 5 points<br />Word Search<br />Field Search<br />Boolean Operators<br />MESH Search<br />Citation Matcher<br />
    55. 55.
    56. 56.
    57. 57.
    58. 58.
    59. 59.
    60. 60.
    61. 61.
    62. 62.
    63. 63. Pubmed <br />Most Useful Resource<br />Follow steps<br />Needs Practise to get acquainted<br />It is not Google<br />
    64. 64. Citation<br />Articles searched through Pubmed using keywords<br />Total Knee Arthroplasty [Tiab] (High<br />Flexion [Tiab] Or Standard [Tiab]) with And as booleanOpearator<br />
    65. 65. Pubmed<br />Limiting searches to only case series, retrospective studies, RCT etc<br />Limiting search to years<br />Limiting searches to specific journal, specific MESH term<br />Many more…..<br />
    66. 66. Cochrane Review<br />Systematic Reviews<br /> - Provide Current Evidence on topics<br /> Analyzing every available RCT<br />Doing a meta-analyses & “Systematic and bias free” reporting<br />Systematic Review<br />RCT<br />
    67. 67.
    68. 68.
    69. 69. IORG Literature Review<br />
    70. 70.
    71. 71.
    72. 72.
    73. 73.
    74. 74.
    75. 75. Google<br />Proxy to reach Pubmed<br />Journals not listed in Pubmed<br />
    76. 76.
    77. 77.
    78. 78.
    79. 79. Finding References<br />Structured Approach<br />Practice<br />Constant Learning<br />
    80. 80. Finding References<br />Pubmed<br />Google<br />Cochrane<br />IORG <br />
    81. 81. Most Frequently Asked Question<br />How do we get full text article<br /> - free online [Pubmed, Google]<br /> - individual Journal Subscription<br /> - Pay $30 or more for each<br /> - Libraries<br /> - Become an IORG Member <br /> [Alfa Service]<br /> [ASAP – authors share articles]<br /> [Members share articles ]<br />
    82. 82. THANKS FOR YOUR TIME!<br />drashokshyam@yahoo.co.uk<br />www.iorg.co.in<br />
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