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Capturing the value of smarter grids_IESA

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All Documents are copyright materials of India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA). Without proper permission and reference no files can be copied or reproduced in any manner. …

All Documents are copyright materials of India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA). Without proper permission and reference no files can be copied or reproduced in any manner.
For details mail us at contact@indiaesa.info

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  • 1. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 1528 Walnut Street, 22nd Floor Philadelphia, PA 19102 USA Phone: +1-215-875-9440 Fax: +1-215-875-9490 info@ces-ltd.com Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt. Ltd. A 501, GO Square Aundh - Hinjewadi Link Rd, Wakad Pune, Maharashtra 411057 India Phone: 91-989-205-4504 info@ces-ltd.com Capturing the value of Smarter Grids Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Vice President, Emerging Tech & Markets, Customized Energy Solutions Presented at © 2012 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 1
  • 2. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Electricity Generation and Population Growth 2 Source: Gapminder.org © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 3. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Drivers for Smart Grid projects Operational Improving Grid Reliability Improve transfer capacity Deployment of AMI & associated IT infra. Renewable integration Expansion of Demand Response Social Lower energy prices Jobs growth Cleaner environment 3
  • 4. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Overview of a smarter electric grid Adapted from Walawalkar , Tongia et. al 2007
  • 5. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. 5 5 Smart Grid: Best Defined by Functionality Objectives of the smart grid are Enabling informed participation by customers Accommodating all generation and storage options Enabling new products, services, and markets Providing the power quality for the 21st century economy Optimizing asset utilization and operating efficiently Addressing disturbances through automated prevention, containment, and restoration Operating resiliently against all hazards Source: US Department of Energy
  • 6. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Emerging Business Models Electric Supply Improved Asset Utilization & Reduced Price Risk Integration of Renewables, Distributed Generation & Storage Transmission & Distribution Utilities Smart Distribution Grids Transmission Investment that Can Adapt to Alternative Futures Operations = System Integration + Markets Consumer Applications Vendor / Utility Partnerships & Competition Energy Management, Productivity, & Consumer Experience Apps Intelligent, Low-Energy Buildings Integrated Design Transportation PHEVs, EREVs, & EVs with Smart Charging Reuse of Batteries on the Grid 6
  • 7. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Challenges for Smart Grid Deployment Defining and understanding business case System planning & selection of right projects Regulatory & policy Consumer acceptance Culture and education Technical & Engineering Design Workforce training and education 7
  • 8. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Capturing the value from smarter grids Case 1: Renewable Integration Case 2: Demand Response © 2012 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 8
  • 9. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. India – Wind and Solar Resource Availability 9 Solar Map 13-17 GW of wind anticipated by 2013 Goal of 20 GW of solar by 2022 © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 10. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Renewable Energy Cost Trends 10
  • 11. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Challenges in integration of renewablesChallenges in integration of renewablesChallenges in integration of renewablesChallenges in integration of renewables 11Source: Dr. Michael Milligan NREL / AWEA : Dr. Jay Apt, CMU© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 12. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. India Grid Frequency 12© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 13. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Regional wind power generation forecast for Germany and realRegional wind power generation forecast for Germany and realRegional wind power generation forecast for Germany and realRegional wind power generation forecast for Germany and real observation dataobservation dataobservation dataobservation data 13http://www.meteologica.com/meteologica/content/regional-forecast© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 14. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Integrating advanced wind forecasting & scheduling 14 Wind Facility 1Wind Facility 1 Wind Forecast Provider CES-SecureRT Data Acquisition System -- Secure internet SCADA -- Database/interface Internet based FTP site Internet or Private Network Wind Facility nWind Facility nInternet w/ VPN EncryptionInternet Wind Output Forecasts (15 minute) Facility Output / Availability / Wind Data Facility Real Time Data (output, wind, availability, etc) State Load Dispatch Center (SLDC) © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. Customized’s Market Operations Center currently actively manages over 2650 MW of generation, energy storage and demand response resources to maximize profits for our clients.
  • 15. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. India – Grid Frequency Analysis 15© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 16. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Role of Energy Storage in Renewable IntegrationRole of Energy Storage in Renewable IntegrationRole of Energy Storage in Renewable IntegrationRole of Energy Storage in Renewable Integration 16Adapted from EPRI & AEP presentation© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 17. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Role of Electricity Markets in understanding the valueRole of Electricity Markets in understanding the valueRole of Electricity Markets in understanding the valueRole of Electricity Markets in understanding the value Provides price transparency to quantity value proposition of various EES technologies Market Design Access to various markets for energy, ancillary services capacity Generation Supply mix & Demand Curve Market size Locational factors Electric transmission network & interconnection 17
  • 18. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Smart Grid (EES) Demonstration ProjectsSmart Grid (EES) Demonstration ProjectsSmart Grid (EES) Demonstration ProjectsSmart Grid (EES) Demonstration Projects Major projects include: CAES demonstration (NY and CA), Renewable Integration (CA, TX, NM), Peak Shaving, Community Energy Storage and demonstration of new technologies. Visit www.energy.gov for additional details.
  • 19. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. 19 Case Study 2: Why Demand Response (DR)? DR can reduce marginal costs of peak production Especially the case where generators are paid market clearing prices under uniform auctions DR of 5% can mitigate market power, and reduce uneconomical investment in peaker units (as per studies) India has virtually no peaker units – we resort to load-shedding! DR might also manage variability in supply from renewables such as wind and solar PV
  • 20. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Load Profiles 1-Jan 13-Jan 25-Jan 6-Feb 18-Feb 1-Mar 13-Mar 25-Mar 6-Apr 18-Apr 30-Apr 12-May 24-May 5-Jun 17-Jun 29-Jun 11-Jul 23-Jul 4-Aug 16-Aug 28-Aug 9-Sep 21-Sep 3-Oct 15-Oct 27-Oct 8-Nov 20-Nov 2-Dec 14-Dec 26-Dec S1S5 S9S13S17S21 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 MW Days in Year Hrs in Day Summer Months
  • 21. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Short Run Marginal Cost Curve & Price Duration Curve * This price duration curve shows only the wholesale energy prices corresponding to the generation component of customer’s electricity bill. T&D costs are added onto these wholesale energy costs.
  • 22. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Demand Response can help balance supply & demand Energy Efficiency © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 22
  • 23. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. 23 Potential benefits of demand response Increased competition Operational savings Lower market prices Reduced price volatility Improved grid reliability Improved customer options Providing ancillary services Positive environmental benefits
  • 24. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Summary There is tremendous growth potential for renewable integration as well as demand response in India Current grid and supply mix is not geared to tackle the potential challenges that could impact power quality and reliability Smarter grids utilizing emerging technologies such as energy storage and smarter regulation can help Need to learn from international experiences as well as challenges faced by wind energy in recent years 24© 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd.
  • 25. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Contact US Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt. Ltd. A 501, GO Square Aundh - Hinjewadi Link Rd, Wakad Pune, Maharashtra 411057 India Phone: 91-20-32407682 info@ces-ltd.com Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 1528 Walnut Street, 22nd Floor Philadelphia, PA 19102 USA Phone: +1-215-875-9440 Fax: +1-215-875-9490 info@ces-ltd.com Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Vice President, Emerging Tech & Markets rahl@ces-ltd.com Phone: 91-20-32407682 Mobile: 91-989-205-4504 Folsom, CAFolsom, CA Richardson, TXRichardson, TX Carmel, INCarmel, IN Midlothian, VAMidlothian, VA Philadelphia, PAPhiladelphia, PA New York, NYNew York, NY Pune, IndiaPune, India Mumbai, IndiaMumbai, India © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 25