Domenico Scarlatti By Javier San Martín, Adrián Zuazu and Iñigo Aristu
Who was Domenico Scarlatti?
When he was born?
Life is divided into His journeys
When he died?
His mother and his father
Family is divided into His brothers
His wifes and his childrens
Who was Domenico Scarlatti?
Domenico Scarlatti was an Italian composer who spends more of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families.
He is classified as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style.
His influential 555 sonatas were almost all written for the harpsichord with a few exceptions for chamber ensemble or organ.
Domenico Scarlatti was born in Naples in 1685
In 1709 he went to Rome in the service of the exiled Polish queen Marie Casimire
In 1719 he travelled to London
Domenico Scarlatti arrived in Lisbon on the 29 of November of 1719. He left Lisbon on the 28 of January of 1727 for going to Rome, where he married Maria Caterina Gentili on the 6 May of 1728.
After the death of his wife in 1742 he married Anastasia Maxarti Ximenes
In 1729 he moved to Sevilla and in 1733 he went to Madrid where he died when he was 71 years old
He was the son of the composer Alessandro Scarlatti and Christina. He was the sixth of ten children and his young brother (Pietro Filippo Scarlatti) was also a composer. Domenico first wife was Maria Caterina Gentili, with Maria he had 5 children. When his first wife died Domenico got married with Anastasia Maxarti Ximenes.
He became a composer and organist at the royal chapel in Naples in 1701. He was Maestro Di Cappella at St Peter's from 1715 to 1719. In 1719 he travelled to London to direct his opera Narciso at the King's Theatre. In 1729 he moved to Sevilla, staying for four years and gaining a knowledge of Flamenco. In 1733 he went to Madrid, his compositions during his time in Madrid were a number of the 555 keyboard sonatas for which he is best known.
Only a small fraction of Scarlatti's compositions were published during his lifetime; Scarlatti himself seems to have overseen the publication in 1738 of the most famous collection, his 30 Essercizi ("Exercises").
The many sonatas which were unpublished during Scarlatti's lifetime have appeared in print irregularly in the two and a half centuries since.
Scarlatti's 555 keyboard sonatas are single movements, mostly in binary form, and are almost all intended for the harpsichord (there are four for organ, and a few where Scarlatti suggests a small instrumental group).
Distinctive attributes of Scarlatti's style are the following:
The influence of Iberian folk music. An example is the Scarlatti use of the Phrygian mode and other tonal inflections more or less alien to European art music.
A formal device in which each half of a sonata leads to a pivotal point and which is sometimes underlined by a pause.
Harmonic audacity in their use of discords, and also unconventional modulations to remote keys