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Social Studies
Chapter 3
Lesson 3: Reconstruction
Lesson 4: Reconstruction Ends
Lesson Three: Reconstruction
Vocabulary Lesson 3
1. Assassinate---Murder
2. Reconstruction---Plans to rebuild
3. Black Codes---Limited the rights of fo...
People to Know
• John Wilkes Booth-Assassinated President
Lincoln
• Andrew Johnson-President after Lincoln
• Blanche K. Br...
Reconstruction Plans
President Lincoln
• Re-elected in 1864
• Knew that the South would soon
surrender
• Facing the task of rebuilding the Sout...
The Civil War’s Final Victim
President Lincoln Killed

Assassin John Wilkes
Booth

April 14, 1865
Reconstruction
President Lincoln’s Plans

President Johnson’s Plans

• Lincoln had already told
others of his plans to
bri...
Most of the South Was in Ruins
Thirteenth Amendment
December 1865
• Ended slavery in the
United States and
its territories.
The Black Codes
• The legislators
started meeting
again in Southern
states, and they
stated passing laws
to limit the righ...
Congress Was Angry
• Congress believed
President Johnson’s
plans for
Reconstruction were
too easy on the
South.
• They wan...
Fourteenth Amendment
• It says all people
born in the United
States are citizens
and have the right to
vote.
• To rejoin t...
Congress Takes Action
Union Soldier Enforcing Laws

Southerners Swearing Oath of
Allegiance
President Johnson’s
Impeachment
• President Johnson tried to
stop some of Congress’s
plan
• Congress passed limits on
the ...
New Elections
• Southern states
agreed to Congress’
new plans and held
new elections that
allowed African
Americans to vot...
Faces of Change
Blanche K. Bruce

Hiram R. Revels
African Americans Served in
State Government, Too
• Jonathan C. GibbsSecretary of State in
Florida.
• Francis I. CardozoSe...
Need to Know
• What were the different plans for
Reconstruction?
• What were the Black Codes?
• Why did Congress disagree ...
Lesson Four: Reconstruction
Ends
Vocabulary Lesson 4
• 1. Freedmen-----People who had been
enslaved
• 2. Sharecropping-Workers paid in a part
of a crop
• 3...
People to Know
President Rutherford B. Hayes

• In 1877, pulled federal
troops out of the South,
and Reconstruction was
ov...
President Rutherford B. Hayes
Booker T. Washington
The South’s Economy
Problems
• After the Civil War, the
South’s economy was
ruined.
• The economy affected
both blacks and...
Hard Times
Workers Without Work

Charleston, South Carolina
Sharecropping
Ex-Slaves
• Many had to stay on the
plantations where they
had been slaves.
• Many who left as soon as
they ...
Picking Cotton
Reconstruction Ends
Taking Away Voting Rights

Segregation

• Many landowners
organized to regain their
authority.
• They ...
A KKK Rally
“Jim Crow” Laws
Separated by Segregation
• “Jim Crow” Laws passed
to keep segregation in
place in many states.
• Laws set ...
Need to Know
• Know the challenges the South faced after
the war
• Know the vocabulary and People
• Know about the economy...
The End:

Chapter 3 the Civil War and
Reconstruction
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Social Studies Grade 5 Chapter 3 lessons 3 and 4 Reconstruction and Its End Leon

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Transcript of "Social Studies Grade 5 Chapter 3 lessons 3 and 4 Reconstruction and Its End Leon"

  1. 1. Social Studies Chapter 3 Lesson 3: Reconstruction Lesson 4: Reconstruction Ends
  2. 2. Lesson Three: Reconstruction
  3. 3. Vocabulary Lesson 3 1. Assassinate---Murder 2. Reconstruction---Plans to rebuild 3. Black Codes---Limited the rights of former slaves 4. Impeach---Bring charges against a public official 5. Acquit---Find not guilty
  4. 4. People to Know • John Wilkes Booth-Assassinated President Lincoln • Andrew Johnson-President after Lincoln • Blanche K. Bruce-Black Senator from Mississippi • Hiram R. Revels- Bruce-Black Senator from Mississippi • Jonathan C. Gibbs-Secretary of State in Florida • Francis L. Cardozo-Secretary of State in South Carolina • Joseph C. Corbin-Superintendent of Schools in Arkansas
  5. 5. Reconstruction Plans
  6. 6. President Lincoln • Re-elected in 1864 • Knew that the South would soon surrender • Facing the task of rebuilding the South • Five days after Gen. Lee surrendered, John Wilkes Booth, an actor, assassinated President Lincoln at Ford’s Theater in Washington.
  7. 7. The Civil War’s Final Victim President Lincoln Killed Assassin John Wilkes Booth April 14, 1865
  8. 8. Reconstruction President Lincoln’s Plans President Johnson’s Plans • Lincoln had already told others of his plans to bring the South back into the Union. • The South was not to be punished for the rebellion. • The South was to be rebuilt. • Similar to Lincoln’s • Not to punish the South • Southern states to hold elections, and when they passed laws against slavery, they could rejoin the Union. • Most Southern citizens had to pledge loyalty to the Union.
  9. 9. Most of the South Was in Ruins
  10. 10. Thirteenth Amendment December 1865 • Ended slavery in the United States and its territories.
  11. 11. The Black Codes • The legislators started meeting again in Southern states, and they stated passing laws to limit the rights of former enslaved people. • Not allowed to vote • Not allowed to travel freely • Not allowed to own certain kinds of property • Not allowed to work at certain jobs
  12. 12. Congress Was Angry • Congress believed President Johnson’s plans for Reconstruction were too easy on the South. • They wanted to punish the South. • They put the South under military rule.
  13. 13. Fourteenth Amendment • It says all people born in the United States are citizens and have the right to vote. • To rejoin the Union, the former Southern states had to rewrite their constructions.
  14. 14. Congress Takes Action Union Soldier Enforcing Laws Southerners Swearing Oath of Allegiance
  15. 15. President Johnson’s Impeachment • President Johnson tried to stop some of Congress’s plan • Congress passed limits on the President’s powers. • Johnson tried to fire his Secretary of War, which Congress had forbidden. • He was impeached, but acquitted. • He stayed in office, but was a weaken President.
  16. 16. New Elections • Southern states agreed to Congress’ new plans and held new elections that allowed African Americans to vote. • Blanche K. Bruce and Hiram R. Revels were elected to the Senate from Mississippi. • Twenty African American were elected to Congress during Reconstruction.
  17. 17. Faces of Change Blanche K. Bruce Hiram R. Revels
  18. 18. African Americans Served in State Government, Too • Jonathan C. GibbsSecretary of State in Florida. • Francis I. CardozoSecretary of State in South Carolina • Joseph C. CorbinSuperintendent of Schools in Arkansas Joseph C. Corbin
  19. 19. Need to Know • What were the different plans for Reconstruction? • What were the Black Codes? • Why did Congress disagree with President Johnson’s Reconstruction plans? • Why was the Fourteenth Amendment written? • Know the vocabulary for this lesson, and the list of people involved. • Be able to summarize the work of African Americans during Reconstruction.
  20. 20. Lesson Four: Reconstruction Ends
  21. 21. Vocabulary Lesson 4 • 1. Freedmen-----People who had been enslaved • 2. Sharecropping-Workers paid in a part of a crop • 3. Secret Ballot----No one knows how someone voted • 4. Segregation------Keeping groups of people apart based on race or culture
  22. 22. People to Know President Rutherford B. Hayes • In 1877, pulled federal troops out of the South, and Reconstruction was over. Booker T. Washington • African American leader • Worked to provide better education for former slaves. • Founded Tuskegee Institute in 1881
  23. 23. President Rutherford B. Hayes
  24. 24. Booker T. Washington
  25. 25. The South’s Economy Problems • After the Civil War, the South’s economy was ruined. • The economy affected both blacks and whites. • The land was rendered useless. • There were no seeds for a new crop and no one to work the land. Solutions • Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865. • Gave out food and supplies • It mainly set up schools. • Built more than 4,000 schools.
  26. 26. Hard Times Workers Without Work Charleston, South Carolina
  27. 27. Sharecropping Ex-Slaves • Many had to stay on the plantations where they had been slaves. • Many who left as soon as they were freed, had to return. • They had to return to the labor they did as slaves. Landowners • Set up sharecropping, a system in which the landowner provided a cabin, mules, tools, and seed. • The worked did not pay in money, but in a share of the crop when it was raised. • Even in good times, the worker shares paid very little.
  28. 28. Picking Cotton
  29. 29. Reconstruction Ends Taking Away Voting Rights Segregation • Many landowners organized to regain their authority. • They wanted to control how people voted. • Many states in 1860’s did not have a secret ballot. • Secret societies were formed to keep African Americans from voting. • Birth of the KKK, Ku Klux Klan • Used violence against blacks and anyone who tried to help former slaves. • Segregation became the normal thing. • Segregation keeps people in separate groups based on race or culture.
  30. 30. A KKK Rally
  31. 31. “Jim Crow” Laws Separated by Segregation • “Jim Crow” Laws passed to keep segregation in place in many states. • Laws set up a system that forced the races apart. • If someone broke one of these laws, he/she would be arrested and punished. Separate, But Unequal
  32. 32. Need to Know • Know the challenges the South faced after the war • Know the vocabulary and People • Know about the economy of the South after the war • Know about sharecropping • Know about segregation and “Jim Crow” Laws
  33. 33. The End: Chapter 3 the Civil War and Reconstruction
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