What is Inclusion? Social Inclusion • Persons with a disability are socially accepted and Functional Inclusion enabled to • Persons with a participate in school disability have and community necessary supports to activities participate inPhysical Inclusion normative experiences• Persons with a disability are present in the classroom, a sports team, in a recreational setting etc. Schleien et al. 1999
What is Inclusion? Everyone Participates Everyone Belongs
The #1 Factor in Ensuring Successful Inclusion is…A GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE TOGETHERTHAT IT IS POSSIBLE AND WORK TOGETHER TO MAKE IT HAPPEN.
Statements of Belief…• EVERY child can make friends.• EVERY child can participate.• EVERY child can be successful.
When it comes to leading kids…• If you’re ON FIRE, they’re HOT.• If you’re HOT, they’re WARM.• If you’re WARM, they’re COLD.• If you’re COLD, you’re FIRED!
If you are unsure of what to say when youfirst meet, try:a. “Hello.”b. “I’m not sure about this.”c. “How long have you been disabled?”
For activities you are doing, it might take aperson with a disability:a. forever. Don’t worry about waiting.b. extra time so be sensitive when planning.c. no more time than anyone else.
If a person with a disability has acompanion or sign language interpreter:a. speak directly to the person with a disability.b. speak as loudly as you can.c. speak directly to the companion or interpreter.
When you talk to a person in a wheelchairfor more than a few minutes:a. lean on the wheelchair to let the person know you are paying attention.b. bend over and put your hands on your knees.c. try to sit down so that you will be at eye level with that person.
If a person has difficulty speaking:a. give the person unhurried attention.b. don’t pretend to understand when you don’t – ask the person to repeat what they said.c. Both A and B.
When you greet a person who is visuallyimpaired:a. grab their hand and shake it.b. tell the person your name and where you are.c. pat them on the back.
Before you assist a person with a disability:a. ask.b. listen carefully to any instructions.c. Both A and B.
When people with disabilities accomplishnormal tasks,a. make it a big deal and show everyone around.b. ignore it.c. avoid excessive praise.
Which of the common expressions shouldyou avoid around people with disabilities?a. “I’ve got to run now.”b. “See you later.”c. “Have you heard?”d. Relax. People with disabilities use these phrases all the time.
Basic Questions to Think About• Time—How long/short will an activity need to be?• Tools—What do I need to change/add for an activity?• Cues—What will help reinforcement?• Transitions—How do we get to it, through it, and away from it?• Success—How do we (re)define success?
Activity Script LunchWe have lunch at camp.Before we eat, we line up.We take turns washing our hands.We have a special area for eating.I will get my lunch and find a seat with my friends.I can talk quietly to my friends while I am eating.When I’m done I need to throw my trash away.When I clean up my trash, I can help clean up the area.
Task CardDirections____________________________________________________________________ The activity ends at: