Government information i fish


Published on

Government Information By Beth Pfeffer - Ifish Forum meeting November 2012

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Government information i fish

  1. 1. Finding the Needle in the Haystack: US Government Information on the Web Beth Pfeffer iFISH November 2012
  2. 2. Agenda Introduction What types of information? Where to find the information? – Agency sites – Government Portals – Gov 2.0 Some useful government links Beth Pfeffer
  3. 3. Which information needs are met bygovernment information? Statistics (Census, Dept. of Transportation, etc.) Current research (stem cells, Mars mission) Laws and regulations (FDA, FCC, etc.) Trade, treaties, commerce Market research Beth Pfeffer
  4. 4. As a resource, government informationis… Highly reliable Primary source material (high level of accuracy, not second hand) Current and up-to-date (mostly) Copyright free (mostly) Free of charge (mostly) Beth Pfeffer
  5. 5. What do you need to know about theUS Government? How is it structured? Who is in charge of what? (Federal/State/Local) Uncle Sam wants YOU… to know Beth Pfeffer
  6. 6. The Federal Government Separation of powers System of checks and balances Beth Pfeffer
  7. 7. State, Local, and Tribal Government Distribution of power: Shared powers: make and enforce laws, tax, and borrow money. Beth Pfeffer
  8. 8. Domain names for US Gov’tInformation Online Federal: .gov, .mil, (also, .edu, .org …) State: .gov, (, .com… Local: .gov, .org,, .gov and .mil are restricted to government. Beth Pfeffer
  9. 9. Types of government information1. Reports, analyses, publications: prepared by experts in various agencies. Examples: Demographics: The Older Population: 2010 Economic Statistics: Economic Indicators Market Research: Medical Devices and Equipment: Competitive Conditions Industry Overviews: U.S. Wine Industry Statistical Analysis by Subject: The Statistical Abstract of the USA (R.I.P.)2. Datasets and statistics: accessible via various tools, apps and report generators. Examples: Census FactFinder Census Data Ferrett Beth Pfeffer
  10. 10. Where is the information?A search for information on soybean production in the US1. Identify the Agency Dept of Agriculture (USDA)2. Go to the USDA website3. Search for “soybeans” and “oil crops”4. Note the agency for statistics NASS for farming FSA for research ARS for economic research ERS economics, stats, marketing ESMIS5. Use the sub-agency’s search engine6. With any luck, you will find this: Soybeans and Oil Crops7. Consider contacting the subject expert directly Beth Pfeffer
  11. 11. Where is the information?The Technology Industry: – Federal Communications Commission (FCC) – National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) – National Science Foundation (NSF) – National Institutes for Health (NIH) – Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTC) Beth Pfeffer
  12. 12. Main US Government portal Lists government agency websites including sub- agencies, quasi-governmental agencies, individual reports, and bills (over 10,000 links) Takes a broad subject approach Searches sites containing government information, not only .gov and .mil Beth Pfeffer
  13. 13. The future is now: Open Data“The way to make government responsible is to hold it accountable. And the way to make government accountable is make it transparent so that the American people can know exactly what decisions are being made, how they’re being made, and whether their interests are being well served.” Barak ObamaPresident Obama launched the “Open Government Initiative” on his first day in office, January 21, 2009. Beth Pfeffer
  14. 14. Open Data (or Gov 2.0) “Government as a platform and not a portal.” Allows applications to be developed and operated using shared datasets. No more fragmented channels, redundant interfaces and custom applications to share information. A cultural change based on open access, reusability, optimization and social enrichment through communities. Beth Pfeffer
  15. 15. Federal Open Data Only Executive Branch data are included in the first version. Descriptions of the Federal datasets, information about how to access the datasets, and tools to access them. Growing from 47 datasets in 2009 to nearly 450,000 datasets today, across 172 federal agencies. The interface is changing: – Current interface: – Next generation interface: Beth Pfeffer
  16. 16. Beth Pfeffer
  17. 17. The catalogs: "Raw" Data Catalog: includes instant view/download of platform- independent, machine readable data (e.g., XML, CSV, KMZ/KML, or shape file formats). Tools Catalog: features widgets, data mining and extraction tools, applications, and other services. Geodata Catalog: includes trusted, authoritative, Federal geospatial information and tools. Beth Pfeffer
  18. 18. Beth Pfeffer
  19. 19. Beth Pfeffer
  20. 20. The US The Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about the US people and the economy Demographic data collected from households. Economic data from businesses. Census 2010 – Data is currently being released The American Community Survey (ACS) is replacing the 10- year census for socio-economic data. Data from the ACS appears in the New American Factfinder.Example Beth Pfeffer
  21. 21. The US Economic Prepared every 5 years (years ending in 2 & 7) Based on businesses (not households) Data are published for more than 1,000 industries, 15,000 products, every state, 3,200 counties, 10,000 cities and towns, and the Island Areas. Industry snapshots summarize the data: Form Beth Pfeffer
  22. 22. Export  provides online trade resources for businesses exporting from the US.  Commercial Guides for 120 countries.  Market Research for US registered companies only. Beth Pfeffer
  23. 23. Trade Leads and Gov’t Contracts is the single government point-of-entry (GPE) for Federal government procurement opportunities over $25,000. – Includes all government contracts, grants, spending – Includes subcontracting data (never collected before) Beth Pfeffer
  24. 24. Rules and Regulations - small business guides: good source of information on Laws and Regulations - includes federal regulations in the pipeline (does not include public laws) - National Institute of Standards and Technology Beth Pfeffer
  25. 25. Statistics and Technical Information Official US Statistics : Reference Center Open Government access to Executive Branch Datasets: Statistical Abstract of the US Contains a collection of statistics on social and economic conditions. Selected international data are also included. Loss of funding: Termination of program October 1, 2011 but it is still useful to find the sources of the information. Beth Pfeffer
  26. 26. Sources for Research Reports U.S. International Trade Commission An independent federal agency determining import injury to U.S. industries supporting policymakers through economic analysis and research on the global competitiveness of U.S. industries. National Technical Information Service The largest central resource for government-funded scientific, technical, engineering, and business related information. OpenCRS A project which provides citizens access to Congressional Research Service reports already in the public domain. Note that the CRS strongly believes that its sole purpose is to directly serve Congress and not the public. Beth Pfeffer
  27. 27. Questions?
  28. 28. Thank You Beth Pfeffer Information Specialist Beth Pfeffer