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SOUTH AFRICAN
HIGHER EDUCATION
LIBRARY MERGERS:
WHAT DID THEY ACHIEVE?
Library and Information Services
15th LIASA Confere...
Library and Information Services
ORDER OF PRESENTATION
• Goals for higher education institutional mergers
• General percep...
Library and Information Services
GOALS
FOR THE HE
INSTITUTIONAL
MERGERS
An increased
contribution to
the solution of
socia...
Library and Information Services
GENERAL PERCEPTIONS
ON MERGERS
Traumatic
Government does not follow-up on
implementation ...
Library and Information Services
To assess the success of the
mergers in creating efficient
university of technology
libra...
Library and Information Services
(5)
Surveyed
areas
(3)
Focus on SA
UoTs formed
from mergers
(2)
Survey
Monkey
(1)
Questio...
Library and Information Services
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Small and targeted sample
Not aimed at all staff of the said lib...
Library and Information Services
Some of the directors may be for or against
the mergers
Survey may not cover the full ext...
Library and Information Services
FINDINGS
All the libraries surveyed report to academic environments
They have campus/bran...
Library and Information Services
Staff morale
in 66% of the
libraries was
low
• High rates
of
personnel
turnover
• Job-
ho...
Library and Information Services
66% of the libraries
were working on re-
aligning
organisational
structures with
institut...
Library and Information Services
…./ 4 findings
Funding for library collections
increased since the merger in 66% of
those...
Library and Information Services
…./ 5 findings
All the libraries allocated 60% of
the budgets to development of
e-resourc...
Library and Information Services
…./ 6 findings
Financial resources
66% of the libraries were not satisfied
with budgets r...
Library and Information Services
…./ 7 findings
Financial resources
66% of the respondents had not
received funding specif...
Library and Information Services
…./ 8 findings
Financial resources
Library development
LIBRARY
DEVELOPMENT
o establishmen...
…./ 9 findings
Infrastructure
Library and Information Services
34% had realised an extension of a library and its
renovati...
Library and Information Services
Whether library mergers enhanced the efficiency
of library services
…./ 9 findings
66% of...
Library and Information Services
There has not been
improvement in the
provision of human or
financial resources to 66%
of...
Library and Information Services
CONCLUSION
The majority of the libraries plan to re-engineer
their environments to
o Bett...
Library and Information Services
RECOMMENDATIONS
Institutions should include libraries in their
submissions for infrastruc...
Library and Information Services
…/2 Recommendations
Institutions should include libraries in their
submissions for redres...
Library and Information Services
…/3 Recommendations
Government should introduce mechanisms to ensure
alignment of resourc...
Library and Information Services
Questions/Comments?
agyeimv@tut.ac.za
“Merger policy is seldom merger practice”
Jonathan ...
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South African higher education library mergers

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Transcript of "South African higher education library mergers"

  1. 1. SOUTH AFRICAN HIGHER EDUCATION LIBRARY MERGERS: WHAT DID THEY ACHIEVE? Library and Information Services 15th LIASA Conference Vivian Agyei 10 October 2013 “Merger policy is seldom merger practice” Jonathan Jansen
  2. 2. Library and Information Services ORDER OF PRESENTATION • Goals for higher education institutional mergers • General perceptions on mergers • Aim of the study • Approach • Limitations of the study • Findings • Conclusions • Recommendations
  3. 3. Library and Information Services GOALS FOR THE HE INSTITUTIONAL MERGERS An increased contribution to the solution of social problems Improved use of financial and human resources Curriculum restructuring Improved administrative governance of higher education institutions Increased student access A better standard of higher education An increase in training and development of higher education staff
  4. 4. Library and Information Services GENERAL PERCEPTIONS ON MERGERS Traumatic Government does not follow-up on implementation of employment equity Government does not follow up on the cost of mergers Government does not follow up on utilisation of resources Mergers failed
  5. 5. Library and Information Services To assess the success of the mergers in creating efficient university of technology libraries out of the former technikon libraries w.r.t. provision ofo AIM OF THE STUDY Infrastructure Financial
  6. 6. Library and Information Services (5) Surveyed areas (3) Focus on SA UoTs formed from mergers (2) Survey Monkey (1) Questionnaire APPROACH (4) Obtain data
  7. 7. Library and Information Services LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY Small and targeted sample Not aimed at all staff of the said libraries Some of the directors may or may have not been in the former technikons The views of the directors may differ significantly from those of their staff
  8. 8. Library and Information Services Some of the directors may be for or against the mergers Survey may not cover the full extent of areas surveyed in the libraries Responses were interpreted at face value …./ 2 Limitations of the study
  9. 9. Library and Information Services FINDINGS All the libraries surveyed report to academic environments They have campus/branch libraries ranging in number from 6 to 13 Numbers of students served range from 25,000 to 55,000 they are universities they conduct research as a KPA All the libraries view UoTs as more demanding of LIS than technikons
  10. 10. Library and Information Services Staff morale in 66% of the libraries was low • High rates of personnel turnover • Job- hopping • Complaints All met employment equity targets Only 34% of those surveyed analysed needs per campus to determine staffing 66% indicated that the design and population of their current organisational structures were based on job retention for then existing staff – thus ignoring matching skills with jobs or needs Human resources …./ 2 findings
  11. 11. Library and Information Services 66% of the libraries were working on re- aligning organisational structures with institutional objectives …./ 3 findings Human resources Staff morale in 34% of the libraries was high o Taking advantage of new opportunities and o Personal growth from diverse cultures
  12. 12. Library and Information Services …./ 4 findings Funding for library collections increased since the merger in 66% of those surveyed For some, funding stagnated in the past few years COLLECTIONS OF INFORMATION RESOURCES Financial resources
  13. 13. Library and Information Services …./ 5 findings All the libraries allocated 60% of the budgets to development of e-resource collections, and 40% to print COLLECTIONS OF INFORMATION RESOURCES Financial resources
  14. 14. Library and Information Services …./ 6 findings Financial resources 66% of the libraries were not satisfied with budgets received: o No formula for allocations o Expressed needs not provided for o Allocations had been decreasing by the year 34% were satisfied with the budget allocated. OPERATIONAL BUDGETS
  15. 15. Library and Information Services …./ 7 findings Financial resources 66% of the respondents had not received funding specifically for library development since the merger However, all the libraries had seen development in one or more of o integration of information literacy training into curricula o statistics collection and analysis LIBRARY DEVELOPMENT
  16. 16. Library and Information Services …./ 8 findings Financial resources Library development LIBRARY DEVELOPMENT o establishment of an institutional repository o library e-learning for staff o setting up of e-tutorials o focused staff development and training o alignment of library services with university goals o postgraduate service with librarians especially for the purpose
  17. 17. …./ 9 findings Infrastructure Library and Information Services 34% had realised an extension of a library and its renovation into a modern academic library 66% of the libraries had not realised any improvement in infrastructure since the merger None of the libraries perceived existing infrastructure as adequate.
  18. 18. Library and Information Services Whether library mergers enhanced the efficiency of library services …./ 9 findings 66% of the participants answered in the affirmative * More diverse collections * A diverse skills base * The library is regarded by the institution as a strategic partner in teaching, learning and research * “We do things smarter and better” For 34%, there was misalignment between resourcing the libraries and the expectation of fulfilling objectives
  19. 19. Library and Information Services There has not been improvement in the provision of human or financial resources to 66% of the libraries since the merger Only 34% of those surveyed has seen improvement in the provision of human and financial resources since the merger None of the surveyed libraries had seen improvement in the infrastructure CONCLUSION
  20. 20. Library and Information Services CONCLUSION The majority of the libraries plan to re-engineer their environments to o Better align organisational structures, services and o human resources deployment with the demands of provision of service to a university of technology
  21. 21. Library and Information Services RECOMMENDATIONS Institutions should include libraries in their submissions for infrastructure for research support With respect to research support, the government expects institutions to have appropriate ‘research infrastructure in terms of library holdings’ (CEPD 2001: 68). They acknowledge that building research capacity and infrastructure may take time and depends on availability of resources.
  22. 22. Library and Information Services …/2 Recommendations Institutions should include libraries in their submissions for redress projects; e.g. IEF grants Government acknowledged that successful implementation of the National Plan for Higher Education was dependent on securing adequate funding for restructuring and re-engineering, in particular, for redress purposes.
  23. 23. Library and Information Services …/3 Recommendations Government should introduce mechanisms to ensure alignment of resource provision to institutions with their set outcomes. Otherwise, mergers will continue to be perceived as a stumbling block to development in higher education rather than an enabler that they were meant to be. Libraries must not let up on trying to get support for improved funding, re-engineering and infrastructure development
  24. 24. Library and Information Services Questions/Comments? agyeimv@tut.ac.za “Merger policy is seldom merger practice” Jonathan Jansen
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