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IN@IU - Who We Are & Where We're At


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  • 1. Jim Williams
    Director, International networking
  • 2. Indiana University’s commitment to international activities
    “The value of an IU education cannot be contained within one classroom, one state, or one continent. It spans the globe.”
    President Michael McRobbie
    February 15, 2008
  • 3. Topics
    Wandering general observations
    A bit of international networking history
    Where are we today?
    The global picture of international networking
    Where are we headed at Indiana?
  • 4. High-performance networking as a tool
    To facilitate international collaborations in research and education
    To provide for sharing of expensive/scarce resources (telescopes, microscopes, physical locations …)
    To facilitate access to scientific materials and databases
    To enable one-way and site-to-site telepresence (remote medical activities)
    Science diplomacy
  • 5. A bit of history
    It all began with Michael McRobbie
    TransPAC – connecting Indiana to Asia
    Michael moves on…Jim moves in…
    TransPAC2 – more Asia, and Pakistan
  • 6. TransPAC
    HPIIS, Steve Goldstein, APAN and San Francisco
    35Mbps ATM service from Chicago to Tokyo purchased from AT+T (1998)
    Cost – about $130,000/month
    Gradually increased bandwidth (155Mbps; 2 x 622Mbps)
  • 7.
  • 8. TransPAC2 (2005)
    Michael moves on to bigger things [VP – Research; Provost; President]
    IRNC replaces HPIIS
    Jim leads TP2 effort
    TransPAC2 10Gbps – cost about $45,000/month (2005)
    Extension to Pakistan in 2008
  • 9. TransPAC2 Asia partners
    TransPAC2 Co-investigator partner – Internet2
    TransPAC2 Asia regional partner – APAN (
    TransPAC2 Japanese partners - National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) and the National Institute of Informatics (NII)
    TransPAC2 – EU TEIN2 partnership
  • 10. TransPAC2 overview
  • 11. Extension to Pakistan
    Connection to Asia funded by US National Science Foundation and partners in Japan
    Connection to Pakistan funded by US National Science Foundation and Pakistan Higher Education Commission
    My trip to Pakistan is blogged at:
  • 12. Members of the pioneering IU team from 1957 that established the Karachi Basic Medical Sciences Institute, which later became the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center. L – R: Dr. Rolla Harger, Biochemistry; Dr. Sherman Minton, Jr., Microbiology; Ralph France, Microbiology; John Guthrie, Shop; Eileen Cunningham, Library; Dr. Cranston Bernstorf, Anatomy; and Dr. Osgood Priddle, Pharmacology
    Photo courtesy of JPMC Archives; published in Bhatti and Alvi
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. Where are we today?
    Indiana is a major participant in international networking
    We have two new, large NSF awards – ACE and TP3 (map next)
    We have significant international partnerships with other NRENS and are deeply involved in global science projects such as the LHC and the NDDI/OS3E initiative.
    We are investigating workshops as a mechanism for strengthening international collaborations [US-India; US-Vietnam; US-PK].
    We have strong interests in “science support”.
  • 16. NSF International Research Network Connections Project: Leverage and partnerships
    Key IRNC concepts:
    1. Much more extensive network development and connectivity than IRNC only funding would permit
    2. Fostering/developing more active relationships between US and non-US network engineers
    3. Leads to better international scientific and technical interactions
  • 17. Two new initiatives/networks
    America Connects to Europe (ACE)
    TransPAC3: US connection to Asia
  • 18. ACE – America Connects to Europe
    US lead partner: Indiana University
    Partners: DANTE, NYSERNet, Internet2, and others…
    Multiple 10G connections, 40/100G option
    Connections continued across GN3 and TEIN3 to Asia and TP3
    Connection via EUMEDCONNECT to North Africa
    Connection to Internet2/NLR on US East Coast
    Trans-Atlantic part of TP3-TEIN3-GN3-ACE global network
  • 19. TransPAC3: US to Asia
    US lead partner: Indiana University
    Partners: APAN, TEIN3, NICT-Japan, NII-Japan, CERNET–China, and others…
    Multiple 10G connections from the US to Asia, 40/100G option
    Connections continued to Southeast Asia and South Asia
    Connection to TEIN3 network provides link to Europe
    Connection to Internet2/NLR on US West Coast
    Asian part of TP3-TEIN3-GN3-ACE global network
  • 20.
  • 21. Where are we headed at IU:Areas of interest and research
    Focus some attention on underserved areas (Africa, Central Asia, South Asia)
    Provide services beyond bandwidth (utilization, e-2-e, DC, security)
    Develop better tools for scientists [Martin Swany – DLT]
    Work as a community to being planning for future science experiments (gene sequencing; SKA; “brighter” LHC; ITER)
  • 22. Network-based services:Accountability and service
    Utilization statistics in a useable form
    e-2-e measurement – what researchers are really concerned about
    Custom networks and connections (dynamic circuits provisioned by researchers)
    As networks and network operations become more transparent, network operators must become more accountable.
    As networks become “more global” network operators must develop tools and mechanisms for shared/distributed operations.
    Security, security, security….how can we cooperatively attack this problem? One possible component:
  • 23. Stimulating research and education through better tools
    Development of tools to make researcher-provisioned connections and networks much simpler (no engineer involvement)
    Better collaboration tools using “social media-based” tools – for example, see the following:
    Researcher-specific tools, such as the Data Logistics Toolkit (DLT), need to become fully developed research aids -- see:
    Outreach activities, particularly in developing areas, designed to increase international research and education collaborations -- see the following:
  • 24. Final Report 2015 – ACE and TP3
    South Asia is fully connected and participating in global research and education activities.
    Asia, Europe and the US are fully engaged, cooperative partners in technology (networking) and science (use of networks). <Attendance at Internet2, APAN and TERENA meetings has much overlap>
    Significant progress has been made in connectivity to and science collaborations with Africa and Central Asia.
    All IRNC ProNet projects and their global partners now provide services beyond bandwidth (utilization, e-2-e, DC) and shared/distributed operations.
    Security continues to be a difficult challenge but all international network providers are working together on security activities.
    Social, data-management, and other tools make data intensive research and education use of networks a simple daily occurrence.
    The IRNC ProNet projects and partners in APAN and GN3 in conjunction with our commercial and international partners have made certain that both bandwidth and tools are available such that future science experiments (gene sequencing; SKA; “brighter” LHC; ITER) can
    fullyutilize the global cyberinfrastructure.
  • 25. Interesting URLs…
    IN@IU (new)
    TransPAC2 (old):
    Pakistan blog:
    NSF IRNC program (new):
    NSF IRNC program (old):
    Jim Williams: